|Founded||5 March 1990|
|Headquarters||Lisbon and Porto|
|Circulation||28,360 (September–October 2013)|
History and profileEdit
Público was first published on 5 March 1990. The paper was founded by Sonae and is owned by the Sonae group. In 1992 Italian media company Repubblica International Holding SA, a subsidiary of Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso, acquired 16.75% of the paper.
Público is published in tabloid format and has its headquarters in Lisbon. The paper is known as a publication of the French school with extensive texts and few illustrations. Its first editor-in-chief was Vicente Jorge Silva, formerly sub-editor-in-chief at Expresso. José Manuel Fernandes also served as the editor-in-chief of the paper. Since 2009 Bárbara Reis has served as the editor-in-chief.
Público is one of the first Portuguese mainstream newspapers to have an online edition which was started in 1995. Its online edition was free and included almost all the articles from the print edition, except for the pictures. In 2005 it changed from a fully free-access to a subscription model. In 2006, the HTML version of the current day's edition became free again, while the other contents, such as the PDF version (only for subscribers), enhanced HTML version and access to past editions, are still subject to registration and subscription. The online edition of Público was named as Europe’s online-medium of the year in 2013.
The paper was awarded the European Newspaper of the Year in the category of nationwide newspapers by European Newspapers Congress in 2014. The current editorial line is outspokenly pro-europeanist.
Between January and March 2003 Público had a circulation of 60,000 copies. The circulation of the paper was 58,000 copies in 2003, making it the fourth best selling newspaper in the country. In 2005 the paper had a circulation of 46,111 copies. Next year its circulation was 41,706 copies. In 2007 it was the fourth best-selling Portuguese newspaper with a circulation of 42,000 copies. Its 2008 circulation was 42,527 copies. The paper had a circulation of 38,229 copies in 2009 and 35,137 copies in 2010. The circulation of the paper was 33,159 copies in 2011.
In the 6th July 2019 edition, Público published an article by historian Maria de Fatima Bonifacio defending that racial minorities (in particular, black people and Roma people) are unable to integrate in Portuguese Society, are racist, and do not share the "Christian values" of the Portuguese white majority. The article, and the director's (Manuel Carvalho) decision to publish it, have sparked a great deal of criticism from other Portuguese newspapers   and a formal complaint by SOS Racism to the Portuguese Public Prosecution Office 
- Guia do Lazer
- Inimigo Público
Discontinued supplements and sectionsEdit
- Público Junior
- Rui Alexandre Novais; Hugo Ferro (2013). "Media Stratups in a Creative Destructive Scenario" (PDF). II. International Conference on Communication, Media, Technology and Design. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
- Manuel Pinto; Helena Sousa (2004). "Portugal". In M. Kelly; et al. (eds.). The Euromedia Handbook (PDF). London: SAGE. pp. 180–190. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Overview of the Sector". GMCS. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
- Helena Sousa (1994). "Portuguese Media: New Forms of Concentration" (Conference paper). University of Minho. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Portuguese Media". BPI Equity. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- "History. 1990s". Gruppo Espresso. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Case Study "Público": Perfect brand management on all platforms". European Newspaper Congress. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Peter Karibe Mendy Lobban Jr. (17 October 2013). Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. Scarecrow Press. p. 468. ISBN 978-0-8108-8027-6. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- João Canavilhas (2012). "From Remediation to Convergence: Looking at the Portuguese media" (PDF). Brazilian Journalism Research. 8 (1). Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "Case Study "publico.pt": Storytelling for tablet & Co". European Newspaper Congress. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "16th European Newspaper Award". Publicitas. 16 November 2014. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- Carvalho, Manuel; Correia, Amílcar; Lopes, Ana Sá; Pontes, David; Pedro, Tiago Luz (16 August 2018). "Os compromissos da Direcção Editorial" [The commitments of the Editorial Board]. Público (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 January 2019.
A newspaper committed to fostering (...) support for the ideals of the European project and the certainty that as Portuguese we are part of a world that shapes us and in which we ought to participate.
- "Top 10 Daily Newspapers in Portugal by Circulation". Top Ten.com. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "World Press Trends" (PDF). World Association of Newspapers. Paris. 2004. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Anabela Gradim. "Press and profitable news. A business model for online newspapers" (PDF). BOCC. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- Anne Austin; et al. (2008). "Western Europe Market and Media Fact" (PDF). ZenithOptimedia. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- Anabela Carvalho (2010). "Portugal: Media System" (PDF). The International Encyclopedia of Communication. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "National Newspapers". International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "Imprensa: Circulation Portugal 2011". Ligatea Media. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "Reaction to Bonifacio's article (Diario de Noticias)".
- "Reaction to Bonifacio's article (Sabado)".
- "Reaction to Bonifacio's article (SOS Racism)".