Welcome to the Portugal portal
Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, overlooking the Tagus river
Location of Portugal in Europe
Portugal (Portuguese: [puɾtuˈɣal]), officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]), is a country located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments. The official and national language is Portuguese.
Portugal is the oldest nation state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times. Inhabited by pre-Celtic and Celtic peoples, visited by Phoenicians-Carthaginians, Ancient Greeks and ruled by the Romans, who were followed by the invasions of the Suebi and Visigothic Germanic peoples. After the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, most of its territory was part of Al-Andalus. Portugal as a country was established during the early Christian Reconquista. Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamede (1128). The Kingdom of Portugal was later proclaimed following the Battle of Ourique (1139), and independence from León was recognized by the Treaty of Zamora (1143).
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global maritime and commercial empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II, with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope (1488), Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India (1497–98) and the European discovery of what would become Brazil (1500). During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castile, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. However, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil (1822) erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence.
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A perspective from the expansive crater of Serra de Cume, the remnants of a volcanic eruption
(Portuguese pronunciation: [tɨɾˈsɐjɾɐ]
) is a volcanic island in the Azores
archipelago, in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean
. It is one of the larger islands of the archipelago, with a population of 56,000 inhabitants in an area of approximately 396.75 square kilometres (153.19 square miles). It is the location of the Azores' oldest city, Angra do Heroísmo
, the historical capital of the archipelago and UNESCO World Heritage Site; the seat of the judicial system (Supreme Court); and the main base of the Azores Air Zone Command
: Comando da Zona Aérea dos Açores
), Base Aérea nº 4
, and a United States Air Force detachment. Read more...
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This is a Featured article, which represents some of the best content on English Wikipedia.
Mozambique within modern-day Africa.
The Mozambican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the guerrilla forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front or FRELIMO (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique), and Portugal. The war officially started on September 25, 1964, and ended with a ceasefire on September 8, 1974, resulting in a negotiated independence in 1975.
Portugal's wars against guerrilla fighters seeking independence in its 400-year-old African territories
began in 1961 with Angola
. In Mozambique, the conflict erupted in 1964 as a result of unrest and frustration amongst many indigenous Mozambican
populations, who perceived foreign rule as exploitation and mistreatment, which served only to further Portuguese economic interests in the region. Many Mozambicans also resented Portugal's policies towards indigenous people, which resulted in discrimination, traditional lifestyle turning difficult for many Africans, and limited access to Portuguese-style education and skilled employment. Read more...
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The following are images from various Portugal-related articles on Wikipedia.
A bride and her groom in the carnival of Lazarim, Portugal
Maios celebration in Madeira island 
Caliphate disintegrated into small Taifas kingdoms in 1031.
Visigothic Hispania and its regional divisions in 700 AD.
Portuguese colonies in Africa by the time of the Colonial War.
This 1755 copper engraving shows the ruins of Lisbon in flames and a tsunami overwhelming the ships in the harbor.
The arrival of the Portuguese in Japan, the first Europeans who managed to reach it, initiating the Nanban ("southern barbarian") period of active commercial and cultural exchange between Japan and the West.
The main language areas in Iberia, circa 300 BC.
Iberian Peninsula c. 560. Suebi territory with its capital in Braga (blue); Visigothic territory with its capital in Toledo (green)
Caretos in the carnival of Podence, Portugal
"Levantamento do mastro" in Fonte Arcada, Portugal
Gomes da Costa and his troops march victorious into Lisbon on 6 June 1926.
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Selected Biography -
Carmen Miranda GCIH OMC (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkaɾmẽȷ̃ miˈɾɐ̃dɐ]; born Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha; 9 February 1909 – 5 August 1955) was a Portuguese-born Brazilian samba singer, dancer, Broadway actress, and film star who was popular from the 1930s to the 1950s. Nicknamed "The Brazilian Bombshell", Miranda is noted for her signature fruit hat outfit she wore in her American films. As a young woman, she designed hats in a boutique before making her first recordings with composer Josué de Barros in 1929. Miranda's 1930 recording of "Taí (Pra Você Gostar de Mim)", written by Joubert de Carvalho, catapulted her to stardom in Brazil as the foremost interpreter of samba.
During the 1930s Miranda performed on Brazilian radio and appeared in five Brazilian chanchadas
, films celebrating Brazilian music, dance, and the country's carnival culture. Hello, Hello Brazil!
and Hello, Hello, Carnival!
embodied the spirit of these early Miranda films. The 1939 musical Banana da Terra
(directed by Ruy Costa) gave the world her "Baiana" image, inspired by African-Brazilians from the northeastern state of Bahia
. Read more...
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Panoramic view of the historical part of Porto, featuring the river Douro
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File:Argiope July 2012-3.jpg
File:Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2.jpg
File:Campilhas March 2015-1a.jpg
File:Erizo de mar violáceo (Sphaerechinus granularis), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 40.jpg
File:Iberian Peninsula antique map.jpg
File:Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01.JPG
File:Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside.jpg
File:Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer.jpg
File:POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99).jpg
File:Porto Covo pano April 2009-4.jpg
File:Portugal 1729 8 Escudos.jpg
File:Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13.JPG
File:Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01.jpg
File:Torre Belém April 2009-4a.jpg
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