List of political parties in Portugal

This article lists political parties in Portugal. The Portuguese political scene has been dominated by the Socialist Party and the Social Democratic Party since the 1974 Carnation Revolution, although the CDS – People's Party has been present in some governments and the Portuguese Communist Party in coalition with The Greens holds the presidency of several municipalities.

The parties, as of 2022, represented in the Assembly of the Republic are the Socialist Party (120 MPs), the Social Democratic Party (77 MPs), the ENOUGH (12 MPs), the Liberal Initiative (8 MPs), the Communist Party (6 MPs), the Left Bloc (5 MPs), the FREE party (1 MP), and the People-Animals-Nature party (1 MP). Several other parties are represented in the legislatures of the autonomous regions, the Legislative Assembly of the Azores and the Legislative Assembly of Madeira.


General overviewEdit

 
Political posters in 1975.

This list presents all the existing parties recognized by the Portuguese Constitutional Court.[1]

National political partiesEdit

Parties represented in the Assembly of the Republic and/or the European ParliamentEdit

Party Main ideology Position Leader Affiliation MPs MEPs Ref.
Eur. EP group Intl.
PS   Socialist Party,
Partido Socialista
Social democracy Centre-left António Costa PES S&D PA
SI
120 / 230
9 / 21
[2][3][4]
PPD/PSD   Social Democratic Party,
Partido Social Democrata
Liberal conservatism Centre-right Rui Rio EPP EPP CDI
77 / 230
6 / 21
[2][5][6]
CH   ENOUGH,
CHEGA
Right-wing populism Right-wing to
far-right
André Ventura ID
12 / 230
[7][8][9][10]
IL   Liberal Initiative,
Iniciativa Liberal
Liberalism Centre-right to
right-wing
João Cotrim de
Figueiredo
ALDE
8 / 230
[11][12][13][14]
PCP   Portuguese Communist Party,
Partido Comunista Português
Marxism–Leninism Left-wing to
far-left
Jerónimo de Sousa GUE/NGL IMCWP
6 / 230
2 / 21
[15][16]
B.E.   Left Bloc,
Bloco de Esquerda
Democratic socialism Left-wing to
far-left
Catarina Martins PEL
EACL
GUE/NGL
5 / 230
2 / 21
[17][18][19]
PAN People Animals Nature,
Pessoas-Animais-Natureza
Environmentalism Centre-left Inês Sousa Real APEU
EGP
Greens/EFA
1 / 230
[20][21][22]
L   FREE,
LIVRE
Eco-socialism Centre-left to
left-wing
Collective leadership DiEM25
EGP
Greens/EFA
1 / 230
[23][24]
CDS–PP   CDS – People's Party,
CDS – Partido Popular
Conservatism Centre-right to
right-wing
Nuno Melo EPP EPP IDU
0 / 230
1 / 21
[25][26][27]

Parties without representation in the Assembly of the Republic or the European ParliamentEdit

Party Main ideology Position Leader Affiliation Ref.
Eur. EP group Intl.
A   Alliance
Aliança
Personalism Centre-right Jorge Nuno Sá [28]
PCTP/MRPP   Portuguese Workers' Communist Party
Partido Comunista dos Trabalhadores Portugueses
Anti-revisionism Far-left Maria Cidália Guerreiro [29]
RIR   React, Include, Recycle
Reagir, Incluir, Reciclar
Universalism Syncretic Vitorino Silva [30][31][32][33]
E   Rise Up!
Ergue-te!
Portuguese nationalism Far-right José Pinto Coelho AENM [34][35][36][37]
MPT   Earth Party
Partido da Terra
Green conservatism Centre-right Pedro Soares Pimenta EPP WEP [38][39]
NC   We, the Citizens!
Nós, Cidadãos!
Liberalism Centre-right Joaquim Rocha Afonso [40][41]
ADN   National Democratic Alternative
Alternativa Democrática Nacional
Traditional conservatism Centre Bruno Fialho EDP Renew [42]
PURP United Party of Retirees and Pensioners
Partido Unido dos Reformados e Pensionistas
Pensioners' rights Centre Fernando Loureiro [43][44]
JPP   Together for the People
Juntos Pelo Povo
Regionalism Centre Filipe Sousa [45]
PEV   Ecologist Party "The Greens"
Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes"
Eco-socialism Left-wing Collective leadership EGP Greens/EFA GG [3][46]
PPM   People's Monarchist Party
Partido Popular Monárquico
Monarchism Right-wing Gonçalo da Câmara Pereira ECPM IMC [47][48][49][50]
PTP   Portuguese Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Português
Democratic socialism Centre-left Amândio Madaleno [45]
MAS Socialist Alternative Movement
Movimento Alternativa Socialista
Trotskyism Left-wing Renata Cambra [51]
VP   Volt Portugal
Volt Portugal
Pro-Europeanism Centre to centre-left Tiago de Matos Gomes Volt [52]

Extinct partiesEdit

This list presents the parties and coalitions of the current Third Republic that were once recognized by the Portuguese Constitutional Court but ceased to exist. It is organized by political spectrum and alphabetical order (in Portuguese).

Far-leftEdit

Left-wing to far-leftEdit

Left-wingEdit

Centre-leftEdit

CentreEdit

Centre-rightEdit

Right-wingEdit

Far-rightEdit

Historical partiesEdit

This list includes the defunct political parties that never reached the Third Republic, in chronological order.

Constitutional Monarchy (1834–1910)Edit

First Republic (1910–1926)Edit

Ditadura Nacional (1926–1933)Edit

Estado Novo (1933–1974)Edit

Although the Estado Novo was a dictatorship, with the National Union being legally the only party, the opposition was sometimes allowed to compete in (sham) elections; other parties were constituted underground or in exile.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tribunal Constitucional – Partidos registados e suas denominações, siglas e símbolos
  2. ^ a b "Partidos registados e suas denominações, siglas e símbolos" Tribunal Constitucional. (in Portuguese)
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  4. ^ Lisi, Marco; Freire, André (2014). "The selection of political party leaders in Portugal". In Jean-Benoit Pilet; William Cross (eds.). The Selection of Political Party Leaders in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies: A Comparative Study. Routledge. p. 124. ISBN 978-1-317-92945-1.
  5. ^ Freire, André (2007). "The Party System of Portugal". In Oskar Niedermayer; Richard Stöss; Melanie Haas (eds.). Die Parteiensysteme Westeuropas. Springer-Verlag. p. 373. ISBN 978-3-531-90061-2.
  6. ^ Lisi, Marco (2007). "The Importance of Winning Office: The PS and the Struggle for Power". In Anna Bosco; Leonardo Morlino (eds.). Party Change in Southern Europe. Routledge. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-136-76777-7.
  7. ^ "Chega oficializa ligação à extrema direita europeia". www.sabado.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2020-07-02.
  8. ^ "Livre makes history in Portugal: not just first black woman MP, but first man in a skirt". The Portugal Resident. 28 October 2019.
  9. ^ "Portugal's Socialists win election, now eye alliances". Star Tribune. 7 October 2019. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Pastoral dos Ciganos considera racistas e ilegais declarações de André Ventura". Observador. 8 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Socialists victorious in Portuguese election – POLITICO".
  12. ^ "View of A Construção da Identidade dos Novos Partidos em Páginas Oficiais do Facebook". Proa.ua.pt. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  13. ^ "Portugal vs Spain elections: How Spain is CRUMBLING while Portugal leader holds firm | World | News | Express.co.uk".
  14. ^ https://santandertrade.com/en/portal/analyse-markets/portugal/economic-political-outline[bare URL]
  15. ^ "Portugal's Socialists lead election poll, but would not win majority". Reuters. 31 July 2019. When the Socialists came to power in 2015, they won the parliamentary support of two left wing parties, the Left Bloc and the Communists.
  16. ^ "Portugal president asks Socialist Costa to form government". Reuters. 8 October 2019.
  17. ^ Radical left parties in Europe. p.1801. Author - Luke March. Published by Routledge. Published December 2011.
  18. ^ Dinis, Rita (29 August 2014). "O que está a dividir o Bloco de Esquerda | Ainda não percebi bem. Então quais são hoje as correntes dentro do BE?" [What is dividing the Left Bloc | Still don't get it. So what are the current tendencies inside the BE?]. Observador (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  19. ^ {{bulleted list|"Risque pays du Portugal : Politique". Société Générale (in French). Archived from the original on 3 October 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  20. ^ Anjos, Mafalda (2019-06-06). "Nem de esquerda nem de direita". Visão (in European Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-01-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "SIC Notícias | PAN quer integrar família dos Verdes na Europa". SIC Notícias (in European Portuguese). 2018-12-13. Archived from the original on 2019-06-20. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
  22. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  23. ^ European Spring Webpage (retrieved on 17 October 2018)
  24. ^ Maria Lopes (23 May 2014). "Rui Tavares recebe apoio da cúpula dos Verdes europeus". Público (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  25. ^ David Art (2011), "Memory Politics in Western Europe", in Uwe Backes; Patrick Moreau (eds.), The Extreme Right in Europe, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, p. 364, ISBN 978-3-525-36922-7
  26. ^ "Portuguese socialists defend post-EU bailout austerity". EUobserver. 6 May 2019. The centre-right CDS-PP and PSD parties put forward the €800m/year idea.
  27. ^ ""CDS is a right-wing party, period"". Noticias ao Minuto. 23 January 2020.
  28. ^ "Novo partido de Pedro Santana Lopes vai chamar-se Aliança". SAPO 24 (in Portuguese). 18 August 2018.
  29. ^ "Political Parties in Portugal". Translation Company Group. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  30. ^ In portuguese:"O R.I.R. é um partido político que nasceu com o propósito integrador de aproximar os cidadãos da política e vice-versa(...)Incluir os cidadãos nas decisões do bem comum, incluir o bem-estar e o equilíbrio nos objectivos económicos, incluir todas as raças e culturas nos espaços habitáveis e incluir toda a população nos privilégios do Século XXI" in http://partido-rir.pt/
  31. ^ In portuguese: "O R.I.R adopta corno método de participação e actuação política “ouvir, aprender e propor” soluções participadas pelos vários saberes, por quem está directamente envolvido em diversas áreas fundamentais da sociedade desde a Academia, a Arte, o Engenho à vivência prática dos agentes económicos ( empreendedores, investidores e assalariados)." in https://partido-rir.pt/sobre-o-r-i-r/
  32. ^ "Sobre o R.I.R. – RIR". Partido-rir.pt. 2022-02-21. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  33. ^ In portuguese: "Questionado na altura se o partido se identifica com a direita ou com a esquerda, Vitorino Silva defendeu que o RIR “é um partido 360 graus, porque o próprio nome diz incluir. " in https://tvi24.iol.pt/politica/partidos/constitucional-aceita-partido-rir-de-tino-de-rans
  34. ^ da Costa, José Mourão (2011). "O Partido Nacional Renovador: a novadireita na democracia portuguesa". Análise Social. 46 (201): 765–787. JSTOR 41494872.
  35. ^ "http://www.opiniaopublica.ufmg.br/emdebate/Artigo_EAnita12.pdf" (PDF). opiniaopublica.ufmg.br. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2018-11-27. {{cite web}}: External link in |title= (help)
  36. ^ Tostes, Ana Paula (June 2009). "Reasons for intolerance in integrated Europe". Dados. 52 (2): 335–376. doi:10.1590/S0011-52582009000200003. ISSN 0011-5258.
  37. ^ Rocha, Frederico Pedroso (March 2014). "A Direita Radical E As Eleições Europeias Em 2014: Nacionalistas Em Busca De Pontes". Relações Internacionais (R:I) (41): 63–79. ISSN 1645-9199.
  38. ^ Close, Caroline (2019). "The liberal party family ideology: Distinct, but diverse". In Close, Caroline; van Haute, Emilie (eds.). Liberal Parties in Europe. Routledge. pp. 338–339. ISBN 9781351245487.
  39. ^ Tom Lansford, ed. (2013). Political Handbook of the World 2013. SAGE Publications. p. 1172. ISBN 978-1-4522-5825-6.
  40. ^ "Investigador Joaquim Rocha Afonso eleito presidente do partido Nós, Cidadãos! – Observador".
  41. ^ Nós, Cidadãos é o novo partido de centro-direita em formação, Publico.pt, retrieved 17 September 2015 (Portuguese)
  42. ^ "The PDR, new EDP member". Archived from the original on 2015-07-21. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  43. ^ Lusa. "Partido Unido dos Reformados e Pensionistas quer concorrer às próximas eleições". PÚBLICO (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  44. ^ "TC > Jurisprudência > Acordãos > Acórdão 370/2015 ". www.tribunalconstitucional.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  45. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "Madeira/Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018.
  46. ^ "Partido Ecologista Os Verdes" (in Portuguese). medium.com. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  47. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Azores/Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018.
  48. ^ "Partido Popular Monárquico | EUROPEIAS 2014". Partido Popular Monárquico. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  49. ^ "Partido Popular Monárquico | Programa Político". Partido Popular Monárquico. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  50. ^ "Monarchist Conference - Members". International Monarchist Conference. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  51. ^ Administrador. "Declaração conjunta de MAIS (Brasil) e MAS (Portugal)". MAS (in European Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  52. ^ Forthomme, Claude (28 February 2019). "Volt Europa: An Electric Jolt to Wake Up Europe". Impakter. Retrieved 27 February 2020.

External linksEdit