LIVRE (L)[8] or FREE, previously known as LIVRE/Tempo de Avançar (L/TDA), meaning FREE/Time to Move On[9] or FREE/Time to Move Forward,[citation needed] is an eco-socialist political party in Portugal founded in 2014.

FREE

LIVRE
LeaderCollective leadership
Founded31 January 2014 (2014-01-31)
Legalised20 March 2014 (2014-03-20)
HeadquartersPraça Olegário Mariano, n.º 5, 2.º esq. 1170–278 Lisbon
IdeologyEco-socialism[1]
Democratic socialism[2]
Social democracy
Pro-Europeanism[3]
Political positionCentre-left[3] to left-wing[4]
European affiliationDiEM25
European Spring[5]
European Green Party
European Parliament groupThe Greens–European Free Alliance[6]
Colours  Green
Assembly of the Republic
0 / 230
[7]
European Parliament
0 / 21
Regional parliaments
0 / 104
Local government
0 / 2,086
Website
partidolivre.pt

Its founding principles are ecology, universalism, freedom, equity, solidarity, socialism and Europeanism.[10] Its symbol is the poppy.

It was legalised by the Portuguese Constitutional Court on 20 March 2014.[11] On 20 May 2015, it officially changed its name LIVRE to LIVRE/Tempo de Avançar, with L/TDA as its abbreviation.[12]

Electoral resultsEdit

Assembly of the RepublicEdit

Election year No. of overall
votes
% of overall
vote
No. of overall
seats won
+/- Notes
2015 39,330 0.7 (9th)
0 / 230
Rui Tavares was the main candidate.
2019 56,940[13] 1.1 (9th)
1 / 230
  1 Joacine Katar Moreira was the main candidate.
She was expelled from the LIVRE caucus in January 2020.

European ParliamentEdit

Election year No. of overall
votes
% of overall
vote
No. of overall
seats won
+/- Notes
2014 71,495 2.2 (6th)
0 / 21
MEP Rui Tavares was the main candidate.
2019 60,575 1.83 (8th)
0 / 21
Rui Tavares was the main candidate.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Henley, Jon (7 October 2019). "Portugal election result cements modest gains for Europe's centre-left". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b Tilo Wagner (24 April 2014). "Upstart Portuguese party wants more Europe". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  4. ^ Andrei Khalip (8 October 2019). "Portugal president asks Socialist Costa to form government". Euronews. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  5. ^ European Spring Webpage (retrieved on 17 October 2018)
  6. ^ Maria Lopes (23 May 2014). "Rui Tavares recebe apoio da cúpula dos Verdes europeus". Público (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  7. ^ https://observador.pt/2020/01/31/assembleia-do-livre-retira-confianca-a-joacine-katar-moreira/
  8. ^ ACÓRDÃO N.º 316/2017 Tribunal Constitucional. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  9. ^ Paul Mitchell (25 May 2015). "Moves for a "left alliance" government accelerate in Portugal". World Socialist Web Site. International Committee of the Fourth International. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Declaração de princípios aprovada na reunião de 16 de novembro de 2013". LIVRE (in Portuguese). 16 November 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  11. ^ "ACÓRDÃO N.º 255/2014" (in Portuguese). Tribunal Constitucional. 19 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  12. ^ "ACÓRDÃO N.º 283/2015" (in Portuguese). Tribunal Constitucional. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Mapa Oficial n.º 9-A/2019" (PDF). cne.pt (in Portuguese). Comissão Nacional de Eleições. 22 October 2019. p. 10. Retrieved 28 May 2020.

External linksEdit