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Democracy in Europe Movement 2025

The Democracy in Europe Movement 2025, or DiEM25, is a pan-European political movement launched in 2015 by former Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis and Croatian philosopher Srećko Horvat. The movement was officially presented at a ceremonial event held on 9 February 2016 in the Volksbühne theatre in Berlin[2] and on 23 March in Rome.[3] The movement aims to reform the European Union's existing institutions to create a "full-fledged democracy with a sovereign Parliament respecting national self-determination and sharing power with national Parliaments, regional assemblies and municipal councils".[4] The movement is supported by intellectuals, activists such as Julian Assange, founder of WikiLeaks, prominent American linguist and political activist Noam Chomsky, Italian philosopher Antonio Negri, American anthropologist Charles Nuckolls, Dutch sociologist Saskia Sassen, American economist James K. Galbraith, former Labour MP Stuart Holland and Slovenian philosopher Slavoj Žižek, among others.

Democracy in Europe
Movement 2025
Formation9 February 2016; 2 years ago (2016-02-09)
TypePolitical movement
Key people

They argue that the moment of organising at the continental level should not be wasted today, considering that the model of national parties forming fragile alliances in the European Parliament is obsolete and that a pan-European movement is necessary to confront the great economic, political and social crisis that Europe is going through. In its analysis, the movement considers that this crisis threatens to disintegrate Europe and has characteristics that are similar to the Great Depression experienced in the 1930s.[5]

The acronym DiEM refers to the Roman carpe diem. To highlight the urgency of democratising Europe before reaching a point of no return, the movement sets the horizon for the year 2025 to draft a democratic constitution that will replace all the European treaties that are in force today. One year after its foundation, DiEM25 declared that it had over 60,000 members from across the European Union.[1]

Its tendencies are alter-globalisation,[6] social ecology,[7] ecofeminism,[8] post-growth,[9][10] post-capitalism[11][12] and European federalism.[11] Implementation of a universal basic income is widely defended among its members.[13][14][11]



DiEM25 seeks to create a more democratic Europe. They see the European Union becoming a technocratic superstate ruled by edict and aim to make Europe a union of people governed by democratic consent. DiEM25 cites eight distinct elements of European governance by compulsion, the first of which is "hit-squad inspectorates and the Troika they formed together with unelected ‘technocrats’ from other international and European institutions".[4]

DiEM25 would like to act as an umbrella organization, gathering left-wing parties, grassroots protest movements and "rebel regions" to develop a common response to the five crises Europe faces today: debt, banking, poverty, low investment and migration.[15] Further, DiEM25 wishes to reform EU institutions, originally designed to serve industry, so that they become fully transparent and responsive to European citizens. Ultimately, DiEM25 envisions European citizens writing a democratic constitution for the European Union.

DiEM25 seeks to avert European fracture. They cite emerging extremist nationalism, and so-called Brexit and Grexit as splintering Europe. In the lead up to the Brexit referendum, DiEM25 co-founder Yanis Varoufakis worked with British Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn to support Britain's stay in the European Union. Varoufakis cited the special concessions [16] granted by the European Union to the United Kingdom in February 2016 as evidence of European disintegration.[17]

DiEM25 seeks to form the first transnational political party, and in May 2017 began discussing running such a party in the 2019 European Parliament election.[18] Varoufakis stated that in some countries it would cooperate with national parties that agree with the DiEM25 agenda, such as Razem in Poland or The Alternative in Denmark, while in others it might decide to run separately from any existing parties.[19]

DiEM25 supports the petition "Transparency in Europe now!", requesting the live broadcasting of the meetings of major European institutions, a comprehensive list of all Brussels lobbyists and the electronic publication of all TTIP negotiating documents.[20]


DiEM25 is led by a Coordinating Collective composed of 12 individuals and overseen by an Advisory Board of well known personalities. On the local level, DiEM25 is represented by the DiEM Spontaneous Collectives (DSCs). The project is funded by crowdfunding.[21]

The Coordinating Collective has several missions, including coordinating the various activities or naming the sub-coordinators. It is composed of twelve members (who can not be simultaneously members of another political party, ministers or parliamentarians still in office) and who meet once a week. Half of the CC's seats are renewed every six months by an electronic vote of all members of DiEM25.

The Advisory Board is made up of well-known personalities from different backgrounds (artistic, political and academic) who are recognised for their expertise in their field. They are intended to advise the DiEM25 on the various decisions to be taken and are elected jointly by the Coordinating Collective and the Validation Council.

The Validation Council (or VC) is responsible for monitoring the good conduct of all members of the DiEM25, making decisions when a choice has to be made urgently and time is lacking to organise a digital referendum and to validate the proposals made by the Coordinating Collective. It is made up of 100 members, anyone can apply and the selection is made by drawing lots. Like the Coordinating Collective, half of the VC's seats are renewed every six months.

The DSCs or Spontaneous Collectives of DiEM25 are self-managed groups, meeting face-to-face or online, composed of members of the DiEM25 according to their affinities and their origin (most are therefore municipal, regional or national committees).

Development, criticism and receptionEdit

The launch of the initiative was widely covered by the international press. The leading European media reflected in their reports the following days both the potential of the movement as the major contradictions it faces. Varoufakis was asked by the press about the relationship between his initiative and the proposals that exist on the part of other leaders of the European left to confront and to handle the so-called "crisis of neoliberalism", namely the position of Oskar Lafontaine in Germany and Jean-Luc Mélenchon in France, for a recovery of sovereignty and a return to national currencies, abandoning the euro. On this point, which is arguably the most contentious due to the confrontation of opposing positions within the European left, Varoufakis responded in a clear and unequivocal way, rejecting this proposal. On the contrary, the emphasis of its movement would be on the repolitisation of Europe as a unit and on the democratisation of its institutions as a way of dealing with tendencies of separation, fragmentation, competition and isolation.[22]

In an article entitled "Varoufakis' kleine Internationale gegen Kapitalismus" (Varoufakis' small International against capitalism), the conservative German newspaper Die Welt suggested that Varoufakis' proposals "would shatter Europe apart rather than cure it". In its note on the launching of DiEM25, the paper suggests that this initiative was a product of Varoufakis being "embittered" by the rejection of his ideas. According to the article, Varoufakis could not have been able to accept that his colleagues had not wanted to follow him and—since he had not been able to impose himself at the national level—he would have concluded that he needed international alliances. While in Hungary or Poland the conservative sectors are betting on emancipation, Varoufakis would be trying to form an alliance all across Europe to defend left-wing politics.[23]

National parties associated with DiEM25Edit

This is a list of national political parties that agree with the DiEM25 agenda.

Party Nation Seats in upper chamber Seats in lower chamber Seats in European Parliament Last Election Result Ref
Piráti Czech Republic
3 / 81
22 / 200
0 / 21
Did Not Stand [24]
Alternativet Denmark Unicameral
10 / 179
0 / 13
4.8% [citation needed]
Génération.s France
1 / 348
1 / 577
2 / 74
Did Not Stand [25]
Nouvelle Donne
0 / 348
0 / 577
0 / 74
Did Not Stand [26]
Demokratie in Europa Germany
0 / 69
0 / 709
0 / 96
Did Not Stand [27]
Demokratie in Bewegung 0.1% [27]
MeRA25 Greece Unicameral
0 / 300
0 / 21
Did Not Stand [28]
DemA Italy
0 / 315
0 / 630
0 / 73
Did Not Stand [29]
Razem Poland
0 / 100
0 / 460
0 / 51
3.6% [30]
LIVRE Portugal Unicameral
0 / 230
0 / 21
0.7% [31]
Actúa Spain
0 / 265
0 / 350
0 / 54
Did Not Stand [26]

Prominent membersEdit


  1. ^ a b "Members". Diem25 - Democracy in Europe Movement 2025.
  2. ^ Varoufakis, Yanis (9 February 2016). "EU no longer serves the people". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Democracy in Europe: DiEM25 in Rome with Yanis Varoufakis". openDemocracy. 29 March 2016.
  4. ^ a b "The EU will be democratised. Or it will disintegrate!" (PDF). Democracy in Europe Movement 2025. 9 February 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  5. ^ Redacción (9 February 2016). "Varoufakis lanza un movimiento para evitar la desintegración de la UE". AFP (Agence France-Presse). Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  6. ^ Yanis Varoufakis (December 2015). Capitalism will eat democracy — unless we speak up (Video). TEDGlobal. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  7. ^ Susan George (October 2009). Susan George on Ecological Economics (Video). EcoLabs1 via YouTube. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  8. ^ Pietrandrea, Paola (March 2018). "The polis needs the feminine, at least as much as the feminine needs the polis". Democracy in Europe Movement 2025. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  9. ^ Collins, Abel (13 February 2014). "Chomsky: Putting the eco back in economy". HuffPost. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  10. ^ Bershidsky, Leonid (20 March 2017). "Happy nations don't focus on growth". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  11. ^ a b c "Progressive Agenda for Europe". Democracy in Europe Movement 2025. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  12. ^ Lydon, Christopher (2 June 2017). "Noam Chomsky: Neoliberalism is destroying our democracy". The Nation. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  13. ^ Samuel, Henry (29 January 2017). "Leftist Benoît Hamon who wants 'universal wage' for all wins French Socialist primaries in boost for Emmanuel Macron". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  14. ^ Yanis Varoufakis and Noam Chomsky (28 June 2017). Noam Chomsky & Yanis Varoufakis discuss Basic Income (Video). acTVism Munich via Pressenza. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  15. ^ Oltermann, Philip (10 February 2016). "Yanis Varoufakis launches pan-European leftwing movement DiEM25". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  16. ^ Mason, Rowena; Rankin, Jennifer (2 February 2016). "EU renegotiation: UK wins partial concession on migrant worker benefits". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  17. ^ Sánchez-Vallejo, María Antonia (21 February 2016). ""Lo ocurrido con Cameron confirma la descomposición de la UE"". El País (in French). Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  18. ^ "DiEM25 to form Europe's first transnational political party". Democracy in Europe Movement 2025. May 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  19. ^ Beucker, Pascal; Hecht, Patricia (26 May 2017). "„Wir fangen gerade erst an"". Die Tageszeitung. Archived from the original on 31 May 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  20. ^ "„Transparency in Europe now!"". WeMove.EU. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  21. ^ Guerzoni, Monica (23 March 2016). "„Le sinistre senza guida"". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  22. ^ Bascetta, Marco; Sandro Mezzadra (10 February 2016). "Varoufakis appeals for democratic awakening". Il Manifesto (global edition). Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  23. ^ Jan Dams (10 February 2016). "Varoufakis' kleine Internationale gegen Kapitalismus". Die Welt. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  24. ^ "Democracy in Europe Movement 2025". 2018. 4 February 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  25. ^ E1 (22 January 2018). "Européennes : Hamon et Varoufakis veulent pousser des listes avec un programme commun". Europe 1 (in French). Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  26. ^ a b "The European Spring is arriving in Frankfurt on October 26!". Democracy in Europe Movement 2025. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  27. ^ a b "Alliance électorale entre DiE et DiB". (in French). Democracy in Europe Movement 2025. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  28. ^ Smith, Helena (1 April 2018). "Yanis Varoufakis: 'Greece is a debtors' prison'". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  29. ^ François, Jean-Baptiste (11 March 2018). "Des gauches européennes s'unissent en mouvement transnational". La Croix (in French). Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  30. ^ "Czym jest DiEM25". (in Polish). Partia Razem. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  31. ^ DiEM25 Communications. ""European Spring": The transnational list to present a progressive alternative in 2019 gathers pace". Democracy in Europe Movement 2025. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  32. ^ DiEM25 (5 October 2016). "Leading activists, artists, scholars and political figures take central role in DiEM25". OpenDemocracy. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  33. ^ Horák, Jan (27 October 2017). "Piráti koketují s radikální levicí, přihlásili se k hnutí řeckého marxisty Varufakise". Lidové Noviny (in Czech). Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  34. ^ "Actúa asiste al encuentro de Diem25 en Lisboa y comparte la idea de construir una alternativa transnacional a partir de unos mínimos programáticos de cara a las Elecciones Europeas de 2019". Actúa (in Spanish). April 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.

External linksEdit