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The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) is the political group in the European Parliament composed primarily of green and regionalist political parties.[6][7][8]

The Greens/European
Free Alliance
European Parliament group
Logo greens-efa.png
NameThe Greens/European Free Alliance
English abbr.Greens/EFA[1]
French abbr.Verts/ALE[2]
Formal nameParliamentary Group of The Greens/European Free Alliance in the European Parliament
IdeologyGreen politics[3]
Minority politics[3]
Regionalism[3]
Pro-Europeanism
European partiesEuropean Green Party
European Free Alliance
European Pirate Party
Volt Europa[4][5]
From1999; 20 years ago (1999)
Preceded byThe Green Group
European Radical Alliance
Chaired byPhilippe Lamberts
Ska Keller
MEP(s)
74 / 751
Websitegreens-efa.eu

Formed following the 1999 European elections for the 5th European Parliament, the Greens/EFA group now consists of three distinct European political parties, namely the larger European Green Party (EGP) and the European Free Alliance (EFA)[9] and the smaller European Pirate Party. The EFA consists of parties representing stateless nations, regionalist and minority political interests. The group has generally limited its membership to progressive parties.[10] These European parties are joined by MEPs from non-aligned national parties, which have included the Dutch Europe Transparent (2004–2009) and the Swedish (2009–2014), German (2014–) and Czech (2019–) Pirate Parties.[11]

Contents

Group membersEdit

9th European ParliamentEdit

State National party European party MEPs[12]
  Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative
Die Grünen – Die Grüne Alternative (Grüne)
EGP               
2 / 18
  Belgium Ecolo EGP
2 / 8
Groen EGP
1 / 12
  Czech Republic Czech Pirate Party
Česká pirátská strana (Piráti)
PPEU
3 / 21
  Denmark Socialist People's Party
Socialistisk Folkeparti (SF)
EGP
2 / 14
  Finland Green League
Vihreä liitto (Vihr.)
EGP
2 / 13
  France Europe Ecology – The Greens[B 1]
Europe Écologie Les Verts (EELV)
EGP
9 / 74
Independent Ecological Alliance
Alliance écologiste indépendante (AEI)
None
2 / 73
Party of the Corsican Nation
U Partitu di a Nazione Corsa (PNC)
EFA
1 / 73
  Germany Alliance '90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Grüne)
EGP
21 / 96
Pirate Party
Piratenpartei Deutschland (Piraten)
PPEU
1 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party
Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei (ÖDP)
None
1 / 96
Volt[B 2] VOLT
1 / 96
  Ireland Green Party
Comhaontas Glas
EGP
2 / 13
  Latvia Latvian Russian Union
Latvijas Krievu savienība (LKS)
EFA
1 / 8
  Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union
Lietuvos valstiečių ir žaliųjų sąjunga (LVŽS)
None
2 / 11
  Luxembourg The Greens
Déi Gréng (DG)
EGP
1 / 6
  Netherlands GreenLeft
GroenLinks (GL)
EGP
3 / 26
  Portugal People-Animals-Nature
Pessoas-Animais-Natureza (PAN)
APEU
1 / 21
  Spain Republican Left of Catalonia[B 3]
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)
EFA
2 / 54
Catalonia in Common
Catalunya en Comú (CatComú)
EGP
1 / 54
  Sweden Green Party
Miljöpartiet de gröna (MP)
EGP
2 / 20
  United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales
Plaid Werdd Cymru a Lloegr (GPEW)
EGP
7 / 73
Scottish National Party
Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba (SNP)
EFA
3 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales
(Plaid)
EFA
1 / 73
  European Union
Total
74 / 751

8th European ParliamentEdit

State National party European party MEPs 2014[13]
  Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
3 / 18
  Belgium Ecolo EGP
1 / 21
Green EGP
1 / 21
  Croatia ORaH[B 4] EGP
1 / 11
  Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 13
  Estonia Indrek Tarand (independent) Independent[14]
1 / 6
  Finland Green League EGP
1 / 13
  France Europe Ecology – The Greens[B 1] EGP
6 / 74
  Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
11 / 96
Pirate Party PPEU
1 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party None
1 / 96
  Hungary Politics Can Be Different EGP
1 / 21
Dialogue for Hungary None
1 / 21
  Italy Federation of the Greens EGP
1 / 73
  Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 8
  Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union None
1 / 11
  Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
  Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
2 / 26
  Spain Republican Left of Catalonia[B 3] EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
Coalició Compromís EFA
1 / 54
New Catalan Left EFA
1 / 54
  Slovenia Verjamem None
1 / 8
  Sweden Green Party EGP
4 / 20
  United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
3 / 73
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 73
  European Union
Total
52 / 751

7th European ParliamentEdit

State National party European party MEPs 2009[15]
  Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
2 / 19
  Belgium Ecolo EGP
2 / 22
Green EGP
1 / 22
New Flemish Alliance[B 5] EFA
1 / 22
  Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 13
  Estonia Indrek Tarand (independent) Independent[14]
1 / 6
  Finland Green League EGP
2 / 13
  France Europe Ecology – The Greens[B 1] EGP
15 / 74
Party of the Corsican Nation EFA
1 / 72
  Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
14 / 99
  Greece Ecologist Greens EGP
1 / 22
  Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 9
  Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
  Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
3 / 26
  Spain Republican Left of Catalonia[B 3] EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
  Sweden Green Party EGP
2 / 20
Pirate Party PPEU
2 / 20
  United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
2 / 73
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 73
  European Union
Total
55 / 751

6th European ParliamentEdit

State National party European party MEPs 2004
  Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
2 / 19
  Belgium Ecolo EGP
1 / 24
Green EGP
1 / 24
  Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 14
  Finland Green League EGP
1 / 14
  France Europe Ecology – The Greens[B 1] EGP
6 / 78
Party of the Corsican Nation EFA
1 / 78
  Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
13 / 99
  Italy Federation of the Greens EGP
2 / 78
  Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 9
  Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
  Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
2 / 23
Europe Transparent None
2 / 23
  Romania László Tőkés (independent)[B 6] Independent
1 / 35
  Spain Republican Left of Catalonia[B 3] EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
  Sweden Green Party EGP
1 / 19
  United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
2 / 78
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 78
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 78
  European Union
Total
42 / 751
  1. ^ a b c d For 2019 it include Benoît Biteau, an independent politician
  2. ^ Officially a European-only International political party
  3. ^ a b c d Until 31 December 2011.
  4. ^ From 20 April 2016 the MEP Davor Škrlec become independent
  5. ^ From 2004-2009 with EPP-ED and from 2014 with ECR
  6. ^ Realigned with the EPP since 2009

European Parliament resultsEdit

 
The Greens/EFA has MEPs from 18 states, 9 with multiple MEPs (in dark green) and 9 with one MEP each (light green) following the 2014 election
Election year No. of
overall seats won
+/–
1999
48 / 626
48  
2004
42 / 732
6  
2009
55 / 736
13  
2014
50 / 751
5  
2019
75 / 751
[16]
25  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Who we are". Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Qui sommes-nous ?" Archived 2012-12-23 at the Wayback Machine. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  4. ^ https://twitter.com/EuropeElects/status/1137769312431824897
  5. ^ https://euranetplus-inside.eu/damian-boeselager-we-need-european-solutions-to-european-problems/
  6. ^ Tapio Raunio (2012). "Poltiical Interests: The European Parliament's Party Groups". In John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (eds.). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. p. 341. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  7. ^ Andreas Staab (2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  8. ^ Lori Thorlakson (2013). "Federalism and the European Party System". In Alexander H. Trechsel (ed.). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1.
  9. ^ "Who we are". Greens-efa.eu. Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Gupta, Devashree (April 2008). "Nationalism across borders: transnational nationalist advocacy in the European Union". Comparative European Politics. 6 (1): 61–80. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110127.
  11. ^ "VoteWatch Europe: European Parliament, Council of the EU" Archived 2013-02-10 at the Wayback Machine. Votewatch.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  12. ^ See the 2019 European Parliament election results.
  13. ^ See the 2014 European Parliament election results.
  14. ^ a b "Indrek Tarand". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  15. ^ "List of elected MEPs". Greens-efa.eu. Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "2019 Election Results". Election-Results.eu. Retrieved 26 May 2019.

External linksEdit