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The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) is the political group in the European Parliament containing green, regionalist and left-wing nationalist political parties.[4][5][6]

The Greens/European
Free Alliance
European parliamentary group
Logo greens-efa.png
NameThe Greens/European Free Alliance
English abbr.Greens/EFA[1]
French abbr.Verts/ALE[2]
Formal nameParliamentary Group of The Greens/European Free Alliance in the European Parliament
IdeologyGreen politics[3]
Minority politics[3]
Regionalism[3]
European partiesEuropean Green Party
European Free Alliance
European Pirate Party
From1999; 20 years ago (1999)
Preceded byThe Green Group
European Radical Alliance
Chaired byPhilippe Lamberts
Ska Keller
MEP(s)
51 / 751
Websitegreens-efa.eu

Formed following the 1999 European elections for the 5th European Parliament, the Greens/EFA group now consists of three distinct European political parties, namely the larger European Green Party (EGP) and the European Free Alliance (EFA)[7] and the smaller European Pirate Party. The EFA consists of parties representing stateless nations, regionalist and minority political interests. The group has generally limited its membership to progressive parties.[8] These European parties are joined by MEPs from non-aligned national parties, which have included the Dutch Europe Transparent (2004–2009) and the Swedish (2009–2014) and German (2014–) Pirate Parties.[9]

Group membersEdit

 
The Greens/EFA has MEPs from 18 states, 9 with multiple MEPs (in dark green) and 9 with one MEP each (light green)
State National party European party MEPs 2004–2009 MEPs 2009–2014 MEPs 2014–2019
  Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative European Green Party
2 / 19
2 / 19
3 / 18
  Belgium Ecolo European Green Party
1 / 24
2 / 22
1 / 21
Green European Green Party
1 / 24
1 / 22
1 / 21
New Flemish Alliance European Free Alliance In the EPP–ED group
1 / 22
In the ECR group
  Croatia Davor Škrlec (independent)
Elected on list and formerly member of ORaH
Independent
1 / 11
  Denmark Socialist People's Party European Green Party, NGLA
1 / 14
1 / 13
1 / 13
  Estonia Indrek Tarand (independent) Independent[10]
1 / 6
1 / 6
  Finland Green League European Green Party
1 / 14
2 / 13
1 / 13
  France Europe Ecology – The Greens European Green Party
6 / 78
15 / 74
[B 1]
6 / 74
Party of the Corsican Nation European Free Alliance
1 / 78
1 / 72
0 / 73
  Germany Alliance '90/The Greens European Green Party
13 / 99
14 / 99
11 / 96
Pirate Party European Pirate Party
1 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party Non-aligned
1 / 96
  Greece Ecologist Greens European Green Party
0 / 24
1 / 22
0 / 21
  Hungary Politics Can Be Different European Green Party
1 / 21
Dialogue for Hungary Non-aligned
1 / 21
  Ireland Green Party (Ireland) European Green Party - -
0 / 11
  Italy Federation of the Greens European Green Party
2 / 78
0 / 72
1 / 73
  Latvia Latvian Russian Union European Free Alliance
1 / 9
1 / 9
1 / 8
  Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union Non-aligned
1 / 11
  Luxembourg The Greens European Green Party
1 / 6
1 / 6
1 / 6
  Malta Democratic Alternative European Greens Party
0 / 6
0 / 6
0 / 6
  Netherlands GreenLeft European Green Party
2 / 23
3 / 26
2 / 26
Europe Transparent Non-aligned
2 / 23
  Portugal LIVRE[B 2] European Green Party
0 / 21
People–Animals–Nature European Green Party
0 / 21
  Romania Independent (László Tőkés) European Free Alliance
1 / 35
[B 3]
  Spain EQUO European Green Party
0 / 54
0 / 54
0 / 54
[B 4]
Republican Left of Catalonia/Left for the Right to Decide European Free Alliance
0 / 54
1 / 54
[B 5]
2 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens European Green Party
1 / 54
1 / 54
1 / 54
Valencian Nationalist Bloc European Free Alliance
1 / 54
Basque Solidarity European Free Alliance
1 / 54
0 / 54
0 / 54
Galician Nationalist Bloc European Free Alliance
0 / 54
1 / 54
[B 6]
0.5 / 54
  Slovenia Verjamem Non-affiliated
1 / 8
  Sweden Green Party European Green Party
1 / 19
2 / 20
4 / 20
Pirate Party European Pirate Party
2 / 20
[B 1]
0 / 20
  United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales European Green Party
2 / 78
2 / 73
3 / 73
Scottish National Party European Free Alliance
2 / 78
2 / 73
2 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales European Free Alliance
1 / 78
1 / 73
1 / 73
Sources [11] [12]
  1. ^ a b Including one Lisbon MEP.
  2. ^ Independent candidate Rui Tavares until formation of LIVRE in 2014.
  3. ^ Realigned with the EPP.
  4. ^ It is shared with Bloc Nacionalista Vaencià.
  5. ^ Until 31 December 2011.
  6. ^ From 1 January 2012.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Who we are". Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Qui sommes-nous ?". Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  4. ^ John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (22 March 2012). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. pp. 341–. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  5. ^ Andreas Staab (24 June 2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. pp. 67–. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  6. ^ Alexander H. Trechsel (13 September 2013). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. pp. 72–. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1.
  7. ^ "Who we are". Greens-efa.eu. Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Gupta, Devashree (April 2008). "Nationalism across borders: transnational nationalist advocacy in the European Union". Comparative European Politics. 6 (1): 61–80. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110127.
  9. ^ "VoteWatch Europe: European Parliament, Council of the EU". Votewatch.eu. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Indrek Tarand". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  11. ^ "List of elected MEPs". Greens-efa.eu. Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ See the 2014 European Parliament election results.

External linksEdit