List of ruling political parties by country

This is a list of ruling political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to an overview of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country. A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. Individual parties are properly listed in separate articles under each nation.

The ruling party in a parliamentary system is the political party or coalition of the majority in parliament. It generally forms the central government.

TableEdit

AEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Abkhazia Multi-party Independents
Forum for the National Unity of Abkhazia, United Abkhazia
2017 (parliament)
  Afghanistan One-party Taliban none
  Åland Multi-party Centre, Moderate Coalition, ObS, Sustainable Initiative
Liberals, Social Democrats, Future of Åland, Ålandic Democracy[1]
2019 (legislative)
  Albania Multi-party Socialist Party of Albania
Democratic Party, LSI, PDIU, Republican Party, PBDNj
2021 (parliament)
  Alderney Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2020 (general)
  Algeria Multi-party National Liberation Front, National Rally for Democracy
MSP, Future Front, National Construction Movement, FFS
2021 (legislative)
2019 (presidential)
  Andorra Multi-party Democrats for Andorra, Liberal Party
Social Democratic Party, Third WayUL, SDP
2019 (parliament)
  Angola Dominant-party People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola 2017 (legislative)
  Anguilla Two-party Anguilla Progressive Movement
Anguilla United Front
2020 (general)
  Antigua and
  Barbuda
Two-party Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party
United Progressive Party/Barbuda People's Movement
2018 (general)
  Argentina Multi-party Frente de Todos (PJ, FR, Federal Commitment)
Juntos por el Cambio (PRO, UCR), Federal Consensus (PDC, PS)
2019 (general)
  Armenia Multi-party Civil Contract Alliance (KP, United Labour Party)
HD (ARF, Reborn Armenia, One Armenia), I Have Honor (RPA, Homeland)
2021 (parliament)
  Artsakh Multi-party Free Motherland - UCA Alliance, United Motherland
Justice, Armenian Revolutionary Federation, Democratic Party
2020 (general)
  Aruba Multi-party People's Electoral Movement, RAIZ
AVP, Aruban Sovereignty Movement, RED, Real Democracy
2021 (general)
  Ascension Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2019 (general)
  Australia Two-party Liberal Party, National Party
Labor Party, Greens, Centre Alliance
2019 (federal)
  Austria Multi-party Austrian People's Party, The Greens
Social Democratic Party, Freedom Party, NEOS
2019 (legislative)
  Azerbaijan Dominant-party New Azerbaijan Party 2020 (parliament)

BEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Bahamas Two-party Free National Movement
Progressive Liberal Party
2021 (general)
  Bahrain Dominant-party Pro-monarchy independents, Al Asalah
al-Minbar
2018 (general)
  Bangladesh Multi-party Awami League
Nationalist Party, Jatiya Party, JSD
2018 (general)
  Barbados Two-party Barbados Labour Party
Democratic Labour Party
2018 (general)
  Belarus Dominant-party Belaya Rus, Communist Party, Patriotic Party, RPTS, Agrarian Party, LDPB 2019 (parliament)
  Belgium Multi-party PS, MR, Ecolo, CD&V, Open Vld, Groen, Vooruit
N-VA, Vlaams Belang, PTB/PVDA, cdH, DéFI
2019 (general)
   Flanders Multi-party N-VA, CD&V, Open Vld
Vooruit, Groen, Vlaams Belang, PTB/PVDA
2019 (parliament)
   Wallonia Multi-party PS, MR, cdH
PTB/PVDA, Ecolo
2019 (parliament)
   Brussels Multi-party PS, Ecolo, DéFI, Groen, Open Vld, Vooruit
MR, PTB/PVDA, cdH, DierAnimal, N-VA, Vlaams Belang, CD&V, Agora
2019 (parliament)
  Belize Two-party People's United Party
United Democratic Party
2020 (general)
  Benin Two-party Progressive Union
Republican Bloc
2021 (presidential)
2019 (parliament)
  Bermuda Two-party Progressive Labour Party
One Bermuda Alliance
2020 (general)
  Bhutan Two-party Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa
DPT
2018 (legislative)
  Bolivia Multi-party Movement for Socialism
Civic Community, Creemos
2020 (general)
  Bonaire Multi-party Bonaire People's Movement
Bonaire Democratic Party, Bonaire Patriotic Union
2019 (general)
  Bosnia and
  Herzegovina
Multi-party SDA, SNSD, HDZ BiH, DF-SDP BiH, US, SP
SDP, SDS-PDP, NS-NB, SBB BiH-PDA, NES, DNS
2018 (general)
  Botswana Dominant-party Botswana Democratic Party
UDC, Botswana Patriotic Front, Alliance for Progressives
2019 (general)
  Brazil Multi-party PSL, PP, PL, PSD, MDB, Republicans, DEM, PSC, PTB, Podemos, Avante, Patriota
PT, PSDB, PSB, PDT, Solidariedade, PROS, PSOL, PCdoB, NOVO, Cidadania, PV, REDE
2018 (general)
  Brunei Absolute monarchy; no political parties[a] No elections
  Bulgaria Multi-party none (caretaker government)
ITN, GERB-SDS, BSP for Bulgaria, DPS, Democratic Bulgaria
July 2021 (parliament)
  Burkina Faso Dominant-party MPP, NTD, UPC
CDP, ADF-RDA, UNIR/PS
2020 (general)
  Burundi Dominant-party National Council for the Decense of Democracy
National Congress for Liberty, Union for National Progress
2020 (general)

CEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Cambodia Dominant-party Cambodian People's Party 2018 (parliament)
  Cameroon Dominant-party Cameroon People's Democratic Movement
Social Democratic Front, UNDP, Cameroon Democratic Union, UPC
2020 (parliament)
  Canada Multi-party Liberal Party (minority)
Conservative Party, Bloc Québécois, New Democratic Party, Green Party
2021 (federal)
  Cape Verde Two-party Movement for Democracy
African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde, UCID
2016 (presidential)
2021 (parliament)
  Cayman Islands Two-party Independents
People's Progressive Movement
2021 (general)
  Central African
  Republic
Multi-party United Hearts Movement
MLPC, Democratic Rally, Kwa Na Kwa, URCA, MNI, UNDP
2020-21 (general)
  Chad Dominant-party Transitional Military Council
MPS, UNDR, Union for Renewal and Democracy, National Rally of Chadian Democrats, Federation
2021 (presidential)
2011 (parliament)
  Chile Multi-party Chile Vamos (National Renewal, UDI, PRI, Evópoli), Republican Party
NPS (PS, PPD, Radical Party, PDC, Liberal Party), Broad Front, Chile Digno (Communist Party, FREVS)
2017 (general)
  China One-party Chinese Communist Party
United Front led by CCP
2018 (congressional)
    Hong Kong Multi-party Legislative Council: Pro-Beijing camp; District Councils: Pro-democracy camp 2016 (legislative)
2019 (local)
    Macau Dominant-party Pro-Beijing camp
Pro-democracy camp
2021 (legislative)
  Colombia Multi-party Democratic Center, Radical Change, Conservative Party, Citizen Option, MIRA, Colombia Justa Libres
Liberal Party, Social Party of National Unity, Green Alliance, Commons, PDA
2018 (legislative)
2018 (presidential)
  Comoros Multi-party Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros
Orange Party, RADHI, Democratic Rally of the Comoros
2020 (legislative)
  Congo Dominant-party PCT, MAR, RDPS
UPADS, DRR, Union for a Popular Movement
2021 (presidential)
2017 (parliament)
  DR Congo Multi-party President: UDPS; Parliament: Common Front for Congo
Parliamentary opposition: Lamuka, Heading for Change
2018 (general)
2019 (senate)
  Cook Islands Multi-party Cook Islands Party (minority)
Democratic Party, One Cook Islands Movement
2018 (general)
  Costa Rica Multi-party Citizens' Action Party (minority)
PLN, Unidad, National Restoration Party, PIN, Social Christian Republican Party, Broad Front
2018 (general)
  Croatia Multi-party Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ, HDS), SDSS, Social Liberty Party (HSLS, NS-R), HNS-LD, HSU
SDP, DP, The Bridge, Green–Left Coalition, Croatian Sovereignists, Centre-GLAS, HSS-RF, IDS-DDI, Focus
2020 (parliament)
  Cuba One-party Communist Party of Cuba 2018 (parliament)
  Curaçao Multi-party MFK, National People's Party
PAR, Partido MAN, Kòrsou Esun Miho, Work for Curaçao
2021 (general)
  Cyprus Multi-party Democratic Rally
AKEL, DIKO, ELAM, EDEK-Citizens' Alliance, Democratic Front, KOSP
2021 (legislative)
  Czech Republic Multi-party SPOLU (ODS, KDU–ČSL, TOP 09), PaS (STAN, Pirate Party)
ANO 2011, Freedom and Direct Democracy
2021 (legislative)
2018 (presidential)

DEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Denmark Multi-party Social Democrats, SF, Social Liberal Party, Red–Green Alliance
Venstre, DF, DKF, New Right, Liberal Alliance, Independent Greens, Alternative, Christian Democrats
2019 (general)
  Djibouti Dominant-party Union for the Presidential Majority
Union for National Salvation
2021 (presidential)
2018 (parliament)
  Dominica Two-party Dominica Labour Party
United Workers' Party
2019 (general)
  Dominican Republic Multi-party Modern Revolutionary Party, Broad Front, APD, Dominicans for Change, BIS
PLD, People's Force, PRSC, Dominican Revolutionary Party, ALPAÍS
2020 (general)

EEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  East Timor Multi-party Fretilin, People's Liberation Party, KHUNTO, Democratic Party
CNRT, Timorese Democratic Union, Frenti-Mudança, PUDD
2018 (parliament)
2017 (presidential)
  Ecuador Multi-party CREO, PSE, MC, MEU, Avanza, PSP, MDS, UE, MC25, Pachakutik, ID
Union for Hope (FCS, CD), Social Christian Party
2021 (general)
  Egypt Multi-party Nation's Future Party
RPP, Wafd, HDP, NF (Tagammu, Conference), NEP, CDM (RDP, SDP, Justice), Freedom, Al-Nour, EPM, EGP, SDP
2018 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
  El Salvador Multi-party Nuevas Ideas, GANA, PCN, PDC
ARENA, FMLN, Nuestro Tiempo, Vamos
2019 (presidential)
2021 (legislative)
  Equatorial Guinea Dominant-party Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea
Convergence for Social Democracy
2017 (parliament)
2016 (presidential)
  Eritrea One-party People's Front for Democracy and Justice none
  Estonia Multi-party Reform Party, Centre Party
Conservative People's Party, Isamaa, Social Democratic Party
2019 (parliament)
  Eswatini no political parties 2018 (general)
  Ethiopia Dominant-party Prosperity Party
NaMA, EZEMA, Gedeo People's Democratic Organization
2021 (general)
  EU Multi-party European People's Party, S&D, Renew Europe
ECR, ID, Greens/EFA, The Left
2019 (parliament)

FEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Falkland Islands Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2017 (general)
  Faroe Islands Multi-party Union Party, People's Party, Centre Party
Social Democratic Party, Republic, Progress, Self-Government
2019 (parliament)
  Fiji Multi-party FijiFirst
Social Democratic Liberal Party, National Federation Party
2018 (general)
  Finland Multi-party SDP, Centre Party, The Greens, Left Alliance, Swedish People's Party
Finns Party, Kokoomus, KD, Movement Now, VKK, Blue Reform
2019 (parliament)
  France Multi-party La République En Marche!, Democratic Movement
LR, UDI, PS, PRG, La France Insoumise, PCF, National Rally, Debout la France
2017 (presidential)
2017 (legislative)
  French Guiana Multi-party DVG, Péyi Guyane, La France Insoumise, MDES, Socialist Party
DVC, Guiana Rally, The Republicans
2021 (regional)
  French Polynesia Multi-party Tapura Huiraatira
Tahoera'a Huiraatira, Tavini Huiraatira
2018 (legislative)

GEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other Parties
Last election
  Gabon Dominant-party Gabonese Democratic Party
The Democrats, RPM, SDG, RVR, others
2016 (presidential)
  Gambia Multi-party United Democratic Party, independents
National Reconciliation Party, APRC, GDC, PDOIS, People's Progressive Party
2017 (parliament)
  Georgia Multi-party Georgian Dream
DE (ENM, SK, PdT, EDP), For Georgia, Lelo, European Socialists, SA, Girchi, Citizens, Republicans, European Georgia, Girchi-MT, KdS, SLP
2020 (parliament)
  Germany Multi-party CDU/CSU, Social Democratic Party
The Left, A90/Greens, Free Democratic Party, AfD
2021 (federal)
  Ghana Two-party New Patriotic Party
National Democratic Congress
2020 (general)
  Gibraltar Two-party GSLP–Liberal Alliance
Gibraltar Social Democrats, Together Gibraltar
2019 (general)
  Greece Multi-party New Democracy
Syriza (official opposition), KINAL, KKE, Greek Solution, MeRA25
2019 (legislative)
  Greenland Multi-party Inuit Ataqatigiit, Naleraq, Atassut
Siumut, Democrats
2021 (general)
  Grenada Two-party New National Party
National Democratic Congress
2018 (general)
  Guadeloupe Multi-party GUSR, DVC
Plural Left
2021 (regional)
  Guatemala Multi-party Vamos, Valor, FCN, Todos, VIVA, Humanist, Citizen Prosperity, BIEN, Unionist, Victory, PAN, Podemos
UNE, Semilla, CREO, BIEN, Winaq, URNG–MAIZ, Victory, MLP
2019 (general)
  Guernsey Multi-party Independents
Guernsey Partnership of Independents, Guernsey Party, Alliance Party Guernsey
2020 (general)
  Guinea Two-party Rally of the Guinean People
Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea
2020 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
  Guinea-Bissau Multi-party Madem G15, Party for Social Renewal
PAIGC, New Democracy Party, Union for Change
2019 (presidential)
2019 (legislative)
  Guyana Multi-party People's Progressive Party
People's National Congress (APNU, AFC), A New and United Guyana
2020 (legislative)

HEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Haiti Multi-party none
Inite, APD, Haitian Tèt Kale Party, KID, Fanmi Lavalas
2016–17 (senate)
Nov 2016 (presidential)
  Honduras Multi-party National Party, Patriotic Alliance, DC, PUD
Libre, Liberal Party, Innovation and Unity Party, Anti-Corruption Party
2017 (general)
  Hungary Dominant-party Fidesz–KDNP
MSZP, Dialogue, Jobbik, Democratic Coalition, Liberals, Greens, New Start
2018 (parliament)

IEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Iceland Multi-party Independence Party, Left-Green Movement, Progressive Party
Samfylkingin, People's Party, Pirate Party, Reform Party, Centre Party
2021 (parliament)
  India Multi-party NDA (BJP, JD(U), LJP, AD(S), AJSU, AIADMK, NDPP, NPP, NPF, MNF, SKM)
UPA (INC, DMK, NCP, JKNC, IUML, JMM, RSP, VCK), AITC, YSRCP, SS, BJD, BSP, TRS, SP, TDP, CPI(M), SAD, CPI, AIMIM, AIUDF, KC(M), JD(S), AAP, RLP
2019 (general)
  Indonesia Multi-party PDI-P, Golkar, Gerindra, Nasdem Party, PKB, PAN, PPP
Democratic Party, PKS
2019 (general)
  Iran Dominant-party[b] Principlists (SHANA, Stability Front)
Reformists (Moderation and Development Party, Executives of Construction Party), independents
2021 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
  Iraq Multi-party Saairun, Victory Alliance, Al-Wataniya, National Wisdom Movement, Muttahidoon
Fatah Alliance, KDP, State of Law Coalition, PUK
2021 (parliament)
  Ireland Multi-party Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, Green Party
Sinn Féin, Labour Party, Social Democrats, PBP/S, Aontú, Right To Change
2020 (general)
  Isle of Man Two-party Independents
Labour Party, Liberal Vannin Party
2021 (general)
  Israel Multi-party Yesh Atid, Blue and White, Labor, Yisrael Beiteinu, Yamina, New Hope, Meretz, Ra'am
Likud, Shas, Joint List, UTJ, Religious Zionist Party, Joint List
2021 (legislative)
  Italy Multi-party MS5, Lega Nord, PD, Forza Italia, Italia Viva, PSI, LeU, CD, NcI, USEI, AdC, Action, +Eu, RI, Aut, CI, Greens, IdeA, Cambiamo!, MAIE
Brothers of Italy, L'Alternativa c'è
2018 (general)
2021 crisis
  Ivory Coast Multi-party Rally of Houphouëtists for Democracy and Peace
PDCI-RDA, Together for Democracy and Sovereignty, UDPCI, FPI
2021 (parliament)

JEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Jamaica Two-party Jamaica Labour Party
People's National Party
2020 (general)
  Japan Multi-party Liberal Democratic Party, Komeito
CDP, SDP, Ishin, DPFP, Communist Party, RGGSP
2017 (general)
2019 (Sangiin)
  Jersey Multi-party[c] Jersey Alliance, independents
Reform Jersey, Progress Party
2018 (general)
  Jordan Multi-party[d] Pro-monarchy independents
IAF, Zamzam, Islamic Centre, NCP, Civil Alliance, Ba'ath, JCP
2020 (general)

KEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Kazakhstan Dominant-party Nur Otan, Assembly of People of Kazakhstan
Ak Zhol, People's Party
2019 (presidential)
2021 (legislative)
  Kenya Multi-party Jubilee Party
NASA (ODM, WDM-K, FORD-Kenya, ANC), KANU, PDR
2017 (general)
  Kiribati Two-party Tobwaan Kiribati Party
Boutokaan Kiribati Moa Party
2020 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
  Kuwait No political parties 2020 (general)
  Kyrgyzstan Multi-party SDPK, Kyrgyzstan, Ata Meken
Respublika–Ata Zhurt (president's party), Bir Bol, Onuguu–Progress
2020 (parliament)
2021 (presidential)
  Kosovo Multi-party Vetëvendosje, Multiethnic group (KDTP, NDS, IRDK, Vakat, LPRK, SDU, PAI)
PDK, LDK, Serb List, AAK
2021 (parliament)

LEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Laos One-party Lao People's Revolutionary Party 2021 (parliament)
  Latvia Multi-party JKP, Development/For!, National Alliance, New Unity
Harmony, ZZS, Law and Order, Latvia First
2018 (parliament)
  Lebanon Multi-party FPM, ARF, LDP, FM, Amal, Ba'ath, Hezbollah, PSP, MM, Azm, SSNP, DM, AICP, UP
Lebanese Forces, OPN, National Dialogue Party
2018 (general)
  Lesotho Multi-party ABC, Democratic Congress, MEC, Basotho National Party, Popular Front for Democracy
Congress for Democracy, AD, Basotho Action Party, RCL
2017 (general)
  Liberia Two-party Coalition for Democratic Change
Unity Party
2017 (general)
  Libya No political parties 2014 (parliament)
  Liechtenstein Multi-party Progressive Citizens' Party, Patriotic Union
Free List, Democrats for Liechtenstein
2021 (general)
  Lithuania Multi-party Homeland Union, Liberal Movement, Freedom Party
LVŽS, LSDP, LŽP, Labour Party, LLRA–KŠS, LRP, LT
2020 (parliament)
2019 (presidential)
  Luxembourg Multi-party Democratic Party, LSAP, The Greens
CSV, ADR, Pirate Party, The Left
2018 (general)

MEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Madagascar Multi-party Young Malagasies Determined
Tiako I Madagasikara, independents
2018 (presidential)
  Malawi Multi-party Malawi Congress Party, UTM, independents
DPP, UDF, People's Party, Alliance for Democracy
2020 (presidential)
  Malaysia Multi-party Barisan Nasional, Perikatan Nasional, Gabungan Parti Sarawak, PBS
Pakatan Harapan, WARISAN, PEJUANG, Sarawak United Party, MUDA
2018 (general)
2020 crisis
  Maldives Multi-party Maldivian Democratic Party, Jumhooree Party
PPM, People's National Congress, MDA, DRP
2018 (presidential)
2019 (parliament)
  Mali Military junta; no political parties 2021 coup d'état
  Malta Two-party Labour Party
Nationalist Party
2017 (legislative)
  Marshall Islands Two-party Independents (Aelon̄ Kein Ad, United Democratic Party) 2019 (general)
  Mauritania Multi-party Union for the Republic
Tewassoul, Union for Democracy and Progress
2019 (presidential)
2018 (parliament)
  Mauritius Multi-party MSM, ML, OPR, MAG, Plateforme Militante
MMM, PMSD, Labour Party
2019 (general)
  Mayotte Multi-party The Republicans, NÉMA, DVD
MDM, UDI, DVG
2015 (legislative)
  Mexico Multi-party Morena, Green Party, Labor Party, Social Encounter Party
PAN, PRI, Citizens' Movement, PRD
2018 (general)
2021 (legislative)
  Micronesia Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2021 (parliament)
  Moldova Multi-party Party of Action and Solidarity
BeCS (Socialist Party, Communist Party), Șor Party
2021 (parliament)
  Monaco Dominant-party Priorité Monaco
Horizon Monaco, Union Monégasque
2018 (parliament)
  Mongolia Multi-party Mongolian People's Party
Democratic Party, Right Person Electorate Coalition
2021 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
  Montenegro Multi-party DF, Peace is Our Nation, SNP, Movement for Changes, In Black and White
Democratic Party of Socialists, SD, Bosniak Party, SDP
2020 (legislative)
  Montserrat Two-party Movement for Change and Prosperity
People's Democratic Movement
2019 (general)
  Morocco Multi-party PJD, Popular Movement, RNI, USFP, Constitutional Union, PPS
Istiqlal Party, PAM, UMT, CDT, UNTM, UGTM, MDS, PPS, FGD, PRD, FDT
2021 (general)
  Mozambique Two-party FRELIMO
RENAMO, Democratic Movement
2019 (general)
  Myanmar Military junta; no political parties none

NEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Namibia Dominant-party SWAPO
PDM, LPM, NUDO, APP, UDF, Republican Party, NEFF, IPC, RDP, CDV, SWANU
2019 (general)
  Nauru Multi-party Nauru First, nonpartisans
Oppositionists
2019 (parliament)
2016 (presidential)
  Nepal Multi-party Nepali Congress, CPN (Maoist), CPN (Unified Socialist), PSP-N, Loktantrik Samajbadi Party
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
2017 (legislative)
  Netherlands Multi-party VVD, CDA, D66, Christian Union
PVV, PvdA, GL, SP, PvdD, FvD, 50PLUS, SGP, Volt, JA21, DENK, BBB, BIJ1
2021 (general)
  New Caledonia Multi-party Caledonian Union, FLNKS, UNI, LKS, Labour Party
Future with Confidence, Caledonia Together
2019 (legislative)
  New Zealand Multi-party Labour Party, Green Party
National Party (official opposition), ACT New Zealand, Māori Party
2020 (general)
  Nicaragua Dominant-party Sandinista National Liberation Front
PLC, PLI, Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance, Conservative Party, APRE, YATAMA
2016 (general)
  Niger Multi-party PNDS-Tarayya, MPR-Jamhuriya, MNSD-Nassara, El Mottamar, ANDP-Zaman Lahiya, RDP-Jama'a
MODEN/FA-Lumana, MPN-Kiishin Kassa, AMEN-Amin, PSD-Bassira
2020-21 (general)
  Nigeria Two-party All Progressives Congress
Peoples Democratic Party
2019 (general)
  Niue Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2020 (general)
  North Korea One-party Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea (WPK) 2019 (parliament)
  North Macedonia Multi-party We Can: (SDSM, Besa, Liberal Democratic Party, NSDP), DUI, DPA
Renewal: (VMRO-DPMNE, SPM), Alliance for Albanians, The Left
2019 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
  Northern Cyprus Multi-party National Unity Party, Democratic Party, Rebirth Party
Republican Turkish Party, People's Party, Communal Democracy Party
2018 (parliament)
  Norway Multi-party Labour Party, Centre Party
Conservative Party, FrP, SV, Liberal Party, Red Party, KrF, Green Party, PF
2021 (parliament)

OEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition Last election
  Oman Political parties outlawed 2019 (general)

PEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Pakistan Multi-party PTI, MQM–P, PML–Q, BAP, GDA, Awami Muslim League, Jamhoori Wattan Party
PML–N, PPP, MMA, Balochistan National Party, ANP
2018 (general)
  Palau Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2020 (general)
  Palestine Multi-party PLO (Fatah, PFLP, DFLP, PPP), National Initiative, Third Way
Hamas (de facto control of the Gaza Strip)
2006 (legislative)
  Panama Multi-party Democratic Revolutionary Party, MOLIRENA
Democratic Change, Panameñista Party
2019 (general)
  Papua New Guinea Multi-party PNC, Pangu Party, MAP, PPP, ODP, PNGNP, Allegiance Party, THE Party
URP, NA, PP, Country Party, SDP, PNG Party, Labour Party, CFRP, MLP, PDM, PMFCP, One Nation Party, UP
2017 (general)
  Paraguay Multi-party Colorado Party
PLRA, Guasú Front, PPQ, PDP, UNACE, GANAR, Hagamos Party, PEN
2018 (general)
  Peru Multi-party Free Peru, Together for Peru, We Are Peru
Popular Force, AP, APP, Avanza País, Popular Renewal, PP
2021 (general)
  Philippines Multi-party PDP–Laban, Nacionalista, NUP, NPC, Lakas–CMD, others
Liberal Party, others
2019 (general)
  Pitcairn Islands Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2019 (general)
  Poland Multi-party United Right (PiS, SP, Agreement, Republican Party)
KO (PO, .N, IPL, Greens), Polish Coalition (PSL, UED), The Left (SLD, PPS, LR), Confederation (KORWiN, RN, Korona), 2050, Kukiz'15
2020 (presidential)
2019 (parliament)
  Portugal Multi-party Socialist Party
PSD, Left Bloc, PCP, CDS-PP, PAN, PEV, Chega, Liberal Initiative
2019 (parliament)
2021 (presidential)
  Puerto Rico Two-party Popular Democratic Party
New Progressive Party (governor's party), MVC, PIP, PD
2020 (general)

QEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition Last election
  Qatar No political parties 2021 (general)

REdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Romania Multi-party National Liberal Party, Democratic Alliance of Hungarians
PSD, Save Romania Union, AUR, PPU-SL, NR
2019 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
  Russia Dominant-party United Russia
KPRF, LDPR, SR-ZP, New People, Rost, Rodina, Civic Platform
2018 (presidential)
2021 (legislative)
  Rwanda Dominant-party Rwandan Patriotic Front
Social Democratic Party, PS-Imberakuri, PL, Democratic Greens
2017 (presidential)
2018 (parliament)

SEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Saint Helena Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2021 (general)
Multi-party PAM, Concerned Citizens' Movement, Nevis Reformation Party, PLP
Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party
2020 (general)
  Saint Lucia Two-party Labour Party
United Workers Party
2021 (general)
Two-party Archipelago Tomorrow (LR)
Together for the Future (PRG)
2017 (legislative)
Two-party Unity Labour Party
New Democratic Party
2020 (general)
  Samoa Two-party Faʻatuatua i le Atua Samoa ua Tasi, Samoa National Democratic Party
Human Rights Protection Party
2021 (general)
  San Marino Multi-party Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party, RETE Movement, DML, NplR
Libera, Future Republic
2019 (general)
Multi-party MLSTP/PSD, PCD-MDFM-UDD
Independent Democratic Action (president's party), MCISTP
2021 (presidential)
2018 (legislative)
  Saudi Arabia Absolute monarchy; no political parties none
  Senegal Dominant-party Alliance for the Republic
Manko Wattu Sénégal, Manko Taxawu Sénégal, Party for Unity and Rally
2019 (presidential)
  Serbia Dominant-party For Our Children, SPS-led coalition, PUPS, SDPS, JS, VMSZ, SPP-USS
Party for Democratic Action, Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak
2017 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
  Seychelles Two-party Linyon Demokratik Seselwa
United Seychelles
2020 (presidential)
  Sierra Leone Two-party All People's Congress
Sierra Leone People's Party
2018 (general)
  Singapore Dominant-party People's Action Party
Workers' Party, Progress Singapore Party
2020 (general)
  Sint Maarten Multi-party National Alliance, United People's Party
USP, Party for Progress, UD
2020 (general)
  Slovakia Multi-party Ordinary People, Freedom and Solidarity, We Are Family, For the People
Direction, ĽSNS, Voice, Republic, Life, Progressive Slovakia, Together
2020 (parliament)
  Slovenia Multi-party SDS, SMC, New Slovenia, Slovenian National Party
List of Marjan Šarec, SD, The Left, Party of Alenka Bratušek, DeSUS
2018 (parliament)
  Solomon Islands Multi-party [data unknown/missing] 2019 (general)
  Somalia [?] Nabad iyo Nolol 2017 (presidential)
  Somaliland Multi-party Waddani, Justice and Welfare Party
Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party
2017 (presidential)
  South Africa Dominant-party African National Congress
DA (official opposition), EFF, IFP, FF+, ACDP, UDM, ATM, Good, NFP, AIC, COPE
2019 (general)
  South Korea Two-party Democratic Party, Open Democratic Party
People Power, Justice Party, People Party, Basic Income Party, Transition Korea
2017 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
  South Ossetia Multi-party United Ossetia
People's Party, Nykhaz, Unity of the People, Communist Party
2019 (parliament)
  South Sudan Dominant-party Sudan People's Liberation Movement
SPLM-IO, South Sudan Opposition Alliance
2010 (general)
  Spain Multi-party PSOE, Unidas Podemos, ERC–Sobiranistes, EAJ-PNV, EH Bildu, PDeCAT
People's Party, Vox, Citizens, Junts
2019 (general)
  Sri Lanka Multi-party Sri Lanka People's Freedom Alliance
Samagi Jana Balawegaya, TNA, NPP, Tamil National People's Front
2019 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
  Sudan No political parties due to 2019–2024 Sudanese transition to democracy 2015 (general)
  Suriname Multi-party VHP, ABOP, National Party of Suriname, Pertjajah Luhur
National Democratic Party, Brotherhood and Unity in Politics
2020 (general)
  Sweden Multi-party Social Democratic Party, Green Party, Centre Party, Left Party
Moderate Party, Sweden Democrats, Christian Democrats, Liberals
2018 (general)
  Switzerland Multi-party Swiss People's Party, SP, The Centre, FDP.The Liberals
Greens, Green Liberal Party
2019 (federal)
  Syria Dominant-party National Progressive Front: (Ba'ath Party, SSNP, ASU) 2020 (parliament)
2021 (presidential)

TEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Taiwan Multi-party Democratic Progressive Party, Taiwan Statebuilding Party
Kuomintang, People's Party, New Power Party
2020 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
  Tajikistan Dominant-party People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan, Agrarian Party, Communist Party
Party of Economic Reforms, Democratic Party, Socialist Party
2020 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
  Tanzania Dominant-party Chama Cha Mapinduzi
Chadema, Civic United Front, Alliance for Change and Transparency
2020 (general)
  Thailand Multi-party Palang Pracharath, BJT, Democrat Party, CP, ACT, TLP, NEP, Chart Pattana, FCP, NDP, New Democracy Party
PTP, Move Forward, TLP, Prachachart, Pheu Chat, Palang Puangchon Thai, Thai Civilized Party
2019 (general)
  Togo Dominant-party Union for the Republic
Union of Forces for Change
2020 (presidential)
2018 (parliament)
  Tokelau Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2020 (general)
  Tonga Dominant-party Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands 2017 (general)
  Transnistria One-party Obnovlenie 2016 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
Two-party People's National Movement
United National Congress
2020 (general)
   Tobago Two-party People's National Movement
Progressive Democratic Patriots
2021 (House of Assembly)
  Tunisia Multi-party Ennahda, Democratic Bloc (Democratic Current, People's Movement), Tahya Tounes
Heart of Tunisia, Dignity Coalition, Machrouu Tounes, Free Destourian Party
2019 (parliament)
  Turkey Dominant-party Justice and Development Party, Nationalist Movement Party, Great Unity Party
Republican People's Party, Peoples' Democratic Party, Good Party, TIP, Homeland Party, DP, SP, DEVA, LDP
2018 (presidential)
2018 (parliament)
  Turkmenistan Dominant-party Democratic Party of Turkmenistan, Agrarian Party, Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs
no opposition
2018 (parliament)
Dominant-party Progressive National Party
People's Democratic Movement
2021 (general)
  Tuvalu Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2019 (general)

UEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Uganda Dominant-party National Resistance Movement
NUP, FDC, Democratic Party, UPC, JEEMA, PPP
2021 (general)
  Ukraine Multi-party Servant of the People, For the Future, Trust
OPZZh, European Solidarity, Fatherland, Voice
2019 (parliament)
  United Arab Emirates Political parties outlawed 2019 (parliament)
  United Kingdom Multi-party Conservative Party
Labour (official opposition), SNP, Lib Dems, DUP, Sinn Féin, Plaid Cymru
2019 (general)
 Northern Ireland Multi-party DUP, Sinn Féin, SDLP, UUP, Alliance
Greens, TUV, People Before Profit
2017 (parliament)
   Scotland Multi-party Scottish National Party, Scottish Greens
Conservatives, Labour, Liberal Democrats
2021 (parliament)
   Wales Multi-party Labour
Conservatives (official opposition), Plaid Cymru, Lib Dems
2021 (parliament)
  United States Two-party Democratic Party
Republican Party
2020 (general)
  Uruguay Multi-party National Party, Colorado Party, CA, PI, Partido de la Gente
Broad Front, PERI
2019 (general)
  Uzbekistan Multi-party UzLiDeP, Milliy Tiklanish
Justice Social Democratic Party, O'zXDP, Ecological Party
2016 (presidential)
2019-20 (parliament)

VEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Vanuatu Multi-party Vanua'aku Pati, Union of Moderate Parties, NUP
GJP, Reunification Movement for Change, Leaders Party
2020 (general)
  Vatican City Elective absolute monarchy; no parties 2013 papal conclave
  Venezuela Dominant-party GPPSB (PSUV, PPT, Tupamaro, others)
Democratic Alliance, United Venezuela Alliance, APR
2020 (parliament)
2018 (presidential)
  Vietnam One-party Communist Party of Vietnam 2021 (parliament)
  British Virgin Islands Multi-party Virgin Islands Party
NDP, Progressive Virgin Islands Movement, Progressives United
2019 (general)
  U.S. Virgin Islands Multi-party Democratic Party
Republican Party, Independent Citizens Movement
2018 (gubernatorial)

WEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Wallis and Futuna Multi-party People's Union for Wallis and Futuna, independents
The Republicans, Together for a Better Future, Centrists
2017 (legislative)
  Western Sahara One-party Polisario Front 2012 (legislative)

YEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Yemen Dominant-party General People's Congress
Al-Islah, YSP, Nasserists, Ba'ath Party
2012 (presidential)
   Houthi Yemen One-party Houthi movement none

ZEdit

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
  Zambia Multi-party United Party for National Development
Patriotic Front, Party of National Unity and Progress
2021 (general)
  Zimbabwe Two-party ZANU–PF
Movement for Democratic Change, NPF
2018 (general)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Small parties exist, but have no power.
  2. ^ Iran's parties must adhere to a religious system of governance.
  3. ^ Independent politicians dominate Jersey's political system.
  4. ^ Parties must operate within the monarchic system in Jordan.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ny regering på Åland | Ålands landskapsregering". www.regeringen.ax. Retrieved 2021-02-26.