Evolutionist Party

The Republican Evolutionist Party (Portuguese: Partido Republicano Evolucionista, PRE), commonly known as the Evolutionist Party, was a political party in Portugal led by António José de Almeida.


The party was established on 24 February 1912 as the result of a split in the Portuguese Republican Party that led to the creation of the PRE, the Democratic Party and the Republican Union.[1] It won 26 seats in the House of Representatives and nine seats in the Senate in the 1915 parliamentary elections, emerging as the second-largest faction after the Democratic Party.

The party boycotted the 1918 elections,[2] but returned to run in the 1919 elections, in which it won 38 House seats, regaining its place as the second-largest party.

After Almeida became president in 1919, the party merged with the Republican Union to form the Republican Liberal Party during the same year.[1]


  1. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1548 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1557