Church of Saint Francis, Kochi

Saint Francis Church, in Fort Kochi (Fort Cochin), Kochi, originally built in 1503, is one of the oldest European churches in India[1] and has great historical significance as a mute witness to the European colonial struggle in the subcontinent.[2][3] The Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama died in Kochi in 1524 when he was on his third visit to India. His body was originally buried in this church, but after fourteen years his remains were moved to Lisbon and now located at Jerónimos Monastery.[4][5]

Saint Francis CSI Church near Bhavanas house
havana
St Francis Church Fort Kochi DSC 1048.JPG
The front side of the Church
9°57′57″N 76°14′28″E / 9.965945°N 76.241102°E / 9.965945; 76.241102Coordinates: 9°57′57″N 76°14′28″E / 9.965945°N 76.241102°E / 9.965945; 76.241102
LocationKochi, Kerala
CountryIndia
DenominationChurch of South India
Websitestfranciscsichurch.org
History
Consecrated1506
Architecture
Completed1516
Administration
DioceseKochi Diocese

HistoryEdit

Vasco da Gama, who discovered the sea route from Europe to India, landed at Kappad near Kozhikode (Calicut) in 1498.[4] He was followed by Pedro Álvares Cabral[4] and Afonso de Albuquerque. They built Fort Emmanuel at the Fort Kochi Beach with permission from the Raja of Cochin. Within the fort, they built a church with a wooden structure, which was dedicated to St. Bartholomew. The neighbourhood is now known as Fort Kochi. Francisco de Almeida, the Portuguese viceroy, was allowed, in 1506, by the Raja of Cochin to reconstruct wooden buildings in stone and masonry.[4]

The Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama died in Kochi in 1524 on his third visit to India. His body was originally buried in this church, but after fourteen years his remains were moved to Lisbon.[4][5]

 
Towards the entrance in front of St Francis Church
 
Front view of the church

The Franciscans retained control over the church till the Dutch captured Kochi in 1663. While the Portuguese were Roman Catholics, and the Netherlands had Catholic and Protestant citizens, the Dutch government and Colonialists were Protestant. They demolished all the churches except this one. They reconditioned it and converted it into a government church.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National Portal of India". Govt Of India. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  2. ^ "St. Francis Church, Kochi". Wonderful Kerala. Retrieved 21 February 2008.
  3. ^ Missick, Stephen Andrew. "Mar Thoma: The Apostolic Foundation of the Assyrian Church and the Christians of St. Thomas in India" (PDF). Ancient Indian Christianity. Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies Vol. XIV, no. 2, 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "St. Francis Church". webindia123. Retrieved 21 February 2008.
  5. ^ a b Ayub, Akber (ed), Kerala: Maps & More, Fort Kochi, 2006 edition 2007 reprint, pp. 20–24, Stark World Publishing, Bangalore, ISBN 81-902505-2-3

External linksEdit