Outline of Portugal

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Portugal:

The location of Portugal
An enlargeable basic map of Continental Portugal.

The Portuguese Republic, commonly known as Portugal, is a sovereign country principally located on the Iberian Peninsula in Southern Europe.[1] Portugal is the westernmost country of continental Europe and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira (including the Savage Islands) are also part of Portugal.

The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been continuously settled since prehistoric times. Some of the earliest civilizations include Lusitanians and Celtic societies. Incorporation into the Roman Republic dominions took place in the 2nd century BC. The region was ruled and colonized by Germanic peoples, such as the Suebi and the Visigoths, from the 5th to the 8th century. From this era, some vestiges of the Alans were also found. The Muslim Moors arrived in the early 8th century and conquered the Christian Germanic kingdoms, eventually occupying most of the Iberian Peninsula. In the early 12th century, during the Christian Reconquista, Portugal appeared as a kingdom independent of its neighbour, the Kingdom of León and Galicia. In a little over a century, in 1249, Portugal would establish almost its entire modern-day borders.

During the 15th and 16th centuries, with a global empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia and South America, Portugal was one of the world's major economic, political, and cultural powers. In the 17th century, the Portuguese Restoration War between Portugal and Spain ended the sixty-year period of the Iberian Union (1580–1640). In the 19th century, armed conflict with French and Spanish invading forces and the loss of its largest territorial possession abroad, Brazil, disrupted political stability and potential economic growth. In 1910, the last Portuguese king was overthrown and a republic was proclaimed. In 1926, a coup d'état established a military dictatorship that would be replaced by a fascist regime called Estado Novo in 1933. After the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974) and the Carnation Revolution coup d'état in 1974, the ruling regime was deposed in Lisbon, a democracy was established and the country handed over its last overseas provinces in Africa. Portugal was accepted as a member of the European Economic Community in 1986. Portugal's last overseas territory, Macau, was handed over to China in 1999.

General referenceEdit

Geography of PortugalEdit

 
An enlargeable satellite image of Continental Portugal
 
The Azores archipelago (including the islands of Flores, Corvo, Terceira, Graciosa, São Jorge, Pico, Faial, Santa Maria and São Miguel).
 
The Madeira archipelago (including Madeira, Porto Santo and the Desertas).
 
Location of the Savage islands.
 
Map of the Savage islands

Geography of Portugal

Environment of PortugalEdit

Natural geographic features of PortugalEdit

Regions of PortugalEdit

Regions of Portugal

Ecoregions of PortugalEdit

List of ecoregions in Portugal

Administrative divisions of PortugalEdit

Administrative divisions of Portugal

Autonomous Regions of PortugalEdit

Autonomous regions of Portugal

Districts of PortugalEdit

Districts of Portugal

Municipalities of PortugalEdit

Municipalities of Portugal

Parishes of PortugalEdit

Parishes of Portugal

Demography of PortugalEdit

Demographics of Portugal

Portuguese people

Government and politics of PortugalEdit

Branches of the government of PortugalEdit

Executive branch of the government of PortugalEdit

Legislative branch of the government of PortugalEdit

Judicial branch of the government of PortugalEdit

Foreign relations of PortugalEdit

International organization membershipEdit

The Portuguese Republic is a member of:[1]

Law and order in PortugalEdit

Military of PortugalEdit

Local government in PortugalEdit

History of PortugalEdit

History of Portugal

Culture of PortugalEdit

Culture of Portugal

Art in PortugalEdit

Sports in PortugalEdit

Sports in Portugal

Economy and infrastructure of PortugalEdit

Economy of Portugal

Education in PortugalEdit

Education in Portugal

Health in PortugalEdit

Health in Portugal

See alsoEdit

Portugal

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Portugal". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of Portugal