List of cities in Portugal

This is a list of cities in Portugal. In Portugal, a city (Portuguese: cidade) is an honorific term given to locations that meet several criteria, such as having a minimum number of inhabitants, good infrastructure (schools, medical care, cultural and sports facilities), or have a major historical importance. The country's demographic expansion of the 1980s prompted the elevation of several towns to city status and, as of 2018, 159 locations in Portugal are considered a city.

OverviewEdit

In Portugal, the city is not an administrative division, therefore a city generally does not necessarily correspond to a municipality, with the exception of the entirely urban municipalities, such as Lisbon, Porto, Funchal, Amadora, Entroncamento, and São João da Madeira.

The municipality with the most cities is Paredes Municipality, which contains four cities.

Until 1910, a location was proclaimed city by royal charter, which happened 25 times to current Portuguese cities (royal charters were also granted to cities of the Portuguese Empire; for example, São Paulo in 1711). During the Portuguese First Republic, the process was transferred to the parliament, which elevated three towns to the category of city. The dictatorial Estado Novo regime proclaimed seven cities on the Portuguese mainland (as well as some more in the colonies), this time by government decree. After the 1974 Carnation Revolution, proclamation of cities returned to parliament and now, Portugal has 156 cities, one of the consequences being that the title no longer holds the prestige it once had.

Eight locations have been always considered cities since Portugal became an independent kingdom (de facto 1128): Braga, Coimbra, Lamego, Porto and Viseu, as well as Évora, Lisbon and Silves, which were annexed at a later date. Guarda was the first city proclaimed as part of the independent kingdom, in 1199.

The most recent cities are : Albergaria-a-Velha, Alfena, Lagoa (Azores), Valença, Senhora da Hora, São Pedro do Sul, Samora Correia, and Borba.

The most populous cities are: Lisbon (Lisboa), Porto, Vila Nova de Gaia, Braga, Amadora, Queluz, Funchal, Coimbra, Setúbal, Agualva-Cacém, Almada, Rio Tinto, Aveiro, Viseu, Odivelas, Leiria, Guimarães, Barreiro, Évora, Faro, Portimão and Ponta Delgada.

ListEdit

Coat of
Arms
City Municipality District or
autonomous
region
Population[1] A city since
  Abrantes Abrantes Santarém 18,600 1916-06-14
  Agualva-Cacém Sintra Lisbon 81,845 2001-07-12
  Águeda Águeda Aveiro 11,357 1985-08-14
  Albergaria-a-Velha Albergaria-a-Velha Aveiro 25,252 2011-04-06
  Albufeira Albufeira Faro 16,237 1986-08-20
  Alcácer do Sal Alcácer do Sal Setúbal 9,118 1997-07-12
  Alcobaça Alcobaça Leiria 15,800 1995-08-30
  Alfena Valongo Porto 17,800 2011-04-06
  Almada Almada Setúbal 101,500 1973-06-16
  Almeirim Almeirim Santarém 11,607 1991-08-16
  Amadora Amadora Lisbon 175,135 1979-09-17
  Amarante Amarante Porto 11,000 1985-08-14
  Amora Seixal Setúbal 48,629 1993-07-02
  Anadia Anadia Aveiro 3,533 2004-12-09
  Angra do Heroísmo Angra do Heroísmo Azores 21,200 1534-08-21
  Aveiro Aveiro Aveiro 67,003 1759-04-11
  Barcelos Barcelos Braga 20,000 1928-09-06
  Barreiro Barreiro Setúbal 78,764 1984-06-28
  Beja Beja Beja 23,475 1521-04-10
  Borba Borba Évora 7,333 2009-06-12
  Braga Braga Braga 143,532 20 BCE
  Bragança Bragança Bragança 19,998 1464-02-23
  Caldas da Rainha Caldas da Rainha Leiria 30,006 1927-08-26
  Câmara de Lobos Câmara de Lobos Madeira 16,842 1996-08-02
  Caniço Santa Cruz Madeira 11,586 2005-06-09
  Cantanhede Cantanhede Coimbra 7,066 1991-08-16
  Cartaxo Cartaxo Santarém 10,115 1995-08-30
  Castelo Branco Castelo Branco Castelo Branco 34,525 1771-03-20
  Chaves Chaves Vila Real 19,307 1929-03-18
  Coimbra Coimbra Coimbra 143,396 c. 200 BCE
Costa da Caparica Almada Setúbal 14,100 2004-12-09
  Covilhã Covilhã Castelo Branco 36,147 1870-10-20
  Elvas Elvas Portalegre 28,106 1513-04-03
  Entroncamento Entroncamento Santarém 20,065 1991-08-16
  Ermesinde Valongo Porto 40,139 1990-08-10
  Esmoriz Ovar Aveiro 11,200 1993-07-02
  Espinho Espinho Aveiro 10,500 1973-06-16
  Esposende Esposende Braga 9,148 1993-07-02
  Estarreja Estarreja Aveiro 7,000 2004-12-09
  Estremoz Estremoz Évora 9,011 1926-08-31
  Évora Évora Évora 46,417 c. 600 BCE
  Fafe Fafe Braga 15,323 1986-08-23
  Faro Faro Faro 43,757 1540-09-07
  Fátima Ourém Santarém 10,302 1997-07-12
  Felgueiras Felgueiras Porto 15,100 1990-08-10
  Figueira da Foz Figueira da Foz Coimbra 36,500 1882-09-20
  Fiães Santa Maria da Feira Aveiro 13,100 2001-07-12
  Freamunde Paços de Ferreira Porto 7,452 2001-07-12
  Funchal Funchal Madeira 111,892 1508-08-21
  Fundão Fundão Castelo Branco 8,957 1988-04-19
  Gafanha da Nazaré Ílhavo Aveiro 14,021 2001-07-21
  Gandra Paredes Porto 5,200 2003-08-26
  Gondomar Gondomar Porto 25,000 1991-08-16
  Gouveia Gouveia Guarda 3,500 1988-02-01
  Guarda Guarda Guarda 32,274 1199-11-27
  Guimarães Guimarães Braga 66,912 1853-06-23
  Horta Horta Azores 9,000 1833-07-04
  Ílhavo Ílhavo Aveiro 17,200 1990-08-09
  Lagoa (Algarve) Lagoa (Algarve) Faro 5,000 2001-07-12
  Lagoa (Azores) Lagoa (Azores) Azores 14,442 2012-03-22
  Lagos Lagos Faro 20,000 1573-01-27
  Lamego Lamego Viseu 12,000 c. 200 CE
  Leiria Leiria Leiria 50,264 1545-06-13
  Lisbon Lisbon Lisbon 547,631 c. 800 BCE
  Lixa Felgueiras Porto 5,500 1995-08-30
  Loulé Loulé Faro 24,000 1988-02-01
  Loures Loures Lisbon 26,000 1990-08-09
  Lourosa Santa Maria da Feira Aveiro 11,300 2001-07-12
  Macedo de Cavaleiros Macedo de Cavaleiros Bragança 7,800 1999-06-24
  Machico Machico Madeira 13,700 1996-08-02
  Maia Maia Porto 40,000 1986-08-23
  Mangualde Mangualde Viseu 8,107 2001-07-12
  Marco de Canaveses Marco de Canaveses Porto 9,000 1993-07-02
  Marinha Grande Marinha Grande Leiria 29,100 1988-04-19
  Matosinhos Matosinhos Porto 49,486 1984-06-28
  Mealhada Mealhada Aveiro 5,500 2003-08-26
  Mêda Mêda Guarda 2,004 2004-12-09
  Miranda do Douro Miranda do Douro Bragança 2,000 1545-07-10
  Mirandela Mirandela Bragança 11,000 1984-06-28
  Montemor-o-Novo Montemor-o-Novo Évora 14,000 1988-04-18
  Montijo Montijo Setúbal 30,486 1985-08-14
  Moura Moura Beja 10,000 1988-02-01
  Odivelas Odivelas Lisbon 59,559 1990-08-10
  Olhão da Restauração Olhão Faro 31,100 1985-08-14
  Oliveira de Azeméis Oliveira de Azeméis Aveiro 15,000 1984-05-16
  Oliveira do Bairro Oliveira do Bairro Aveiro 5,005 2003-08-26
  Oliveira do Hospital Oliveira do Hospital Coimbra 4,400 1993-07-02
  Ourém Ourém Santarém 11,100 1991-08-16
  Ovar Ovar Aveiro 18,900 1984-06-28
  Paços de Ferreira Paços de Ferreira Porto 9,000 1993-07-02
  Paredes Paredes Porto 12,500 1991-08-16
  Penafiel Penafiel Porto 10,000 1770-03-03
  Peniche Peniche Leiria 17,500 1988-02-01
  Peso da Régua Peso da Régua Vila Real 10,000 1985-08-14
  Pinhel Pinhel Guarda 3,500 1770-08-25
  Pombal Pombal Leiria 18,500 1991-08-16
  Ponta Delgada Ponta Delgada Azores 46,102 1546-04-02
  Ponte de Sor Ponte de Sor Portalegre 11,000 1985-08-14
  Portalegre Portalegre Portalegre 15,700 1550-05-23
  Portimão Portimão Faro 45,431 1924-12-11
  Porto Porto Porto 237,559 c. 275 BCE
  Vila Baleira (a.k.a. Porto Santo) Porto Santo Madeira 4,475 1996-08-02
  Póvoa de Santa Iria Vila Franca de Xira Lisbon 28,000 1999-06-24
  Póvoa de Varzim Póvoa de Varzim Porto 38,257 1973-06-16
  Praia da Vitória Praia da Vitória Azores 6,500 1981-06-20
  Quarteira Loulé Faro 21,000 1999-06-24
  Queluz Sintra Lisbon 75,179 1997-07-24
  Rebordosa Paredes Porto 12,100 2003-08-26
  Reguengos de Monsaraz Reguengos de Monsaraz Évora 7,900 2004-12-09
  Ribeira Grande Ribeira Grande Azores 6,350 1981-06-29
  Rio Maior Rio Maior Santarém 11,102 1985-08-14
  Rio Tinto Gondomar Porto 64,815 1995-08-30
  Sabugal Sabugal Guarda 2,300 2004-12-09
  Sacavém Loures Lisbon 17,000 1997-06-04
  Samora Correia Benavente Santarém 17,123 2009-06-12
  Santa Comba Dão Santa Comba Dão Viseu 3,200 1999-06-24
  Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Madeira 6,500 1996-08-02
  Santa Maria da Feira Santa Maria da Feira Aveiro 16,900 1985-08-14
  Santana Santana Madeira 3,300 2001-01-01
  Santarém Santarém Santarém 30,100 1868-12-24
  Santiago do Cacém Santiago do Cacém Setúbal 7,753 1991-08-16
  Santo Tirso Santo Tirso Porto 14,100 1985-08-14
  São João da Madeira São João da Madeira Aveiro 21,102 1984-06-28
  São Mamede de Infesta Matosinhos Porto 27,000 2001-07-12
  São Pedro do Sul São Pedro do Sul Viseu 16,851 2009-06-12
  São Salvador de Lordelo Paredes Porto 11,000 2003-08-26
  Seia Seia Guarda 7,000 1986-08-23
  Seixal Seixal Setúbal 31,101 1993-07-02
  Senhora da Hora Matosinhos Porto 29,000 2009-06-12
  Serpa Serpa Beja 9,990 2003-08-26
  Setúbal Setúbal Setúbal 90,640 1860-04-19
  Silves Silves Faro 11,000 c. 0 CE
  Sines Sines Setúbal 15,555 1997-07-12
  Tarouca Tarouca Viseu 3,200 2004-12-09
  Tavira Tavira Faro 13,300 1520-03-16
  Tomar Tomar Santarém 20,000 1844-02-12
  Tondela Tondela Viseu 10,120 1988-02-01
  Torres Novas Torres Novas Santarém 14,900 1985-08-14
  Torres Vedras Torres Vedras Lisbon 27,200 1979-02-03
  Trancoso Trancoso Guarda 3,350 2004-12-09
  Trofa Trofa Porto 22,000 1993-07-02
  Valbom Gondomar Porto 14,100 2004-12-09
  Vale de Cambra Vale de Cambra Aveiro 4,200 1993-07-02
  Valença Valença Viana do Castelo 14,127 2009-06-12
  Valongo Valongo Porto 27,900 1990-08-10
  Valpaços Valpaços Vila Real 4,102 1999-06-24
  Vendas Novas Vendas Novas Évora 10,103 1993-07-02
  Viana do Castelo Viana do Castelo Viana do Castelo 36,750 1848-01-20
  Vila do Conde Vila do Conde Porto 32,257 1988-02-01
  Vila Franca de Xira Vila Franca de Xira Lisbon 19,000 1984-06-28
  Vila Nova de Famalicão Vila Nova de Famalicão Braga 30,100 1985-08-14
  Vila Nova de Foz Côa Vila Nova de Foz Côa Guarda 3,303 1997-07-12
  Vila Nova de Gaia Vila Nova de Gaia Porto 186,503 1984-06-28
  Vila Nova de Santo André Santiago do Cacém Setúbal 12,123 2003-08-26
  Vila Real Vila Real Vila Real 27,250 1925-07-20
  Vila Real de Santo António Vila Real de Santo António Faro 11,000 1988-04-19
  Viseu Viseu Viseu 66,143 c. 0 CE
  Vizela Vizela Braga 10,100 1998-09-01

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Although the cities list does not indicate the cities' population, it indicates the parishes that compose them, therefore, this number is the sum of the population of the parishes. The population data was taken from the National Association of Portuguese Municipalities and is from 2004.
  • Except the city of Figueira da Foz

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Cidades Portuguesas". Instituto Nacional de Estatística. Archived from the original on 2007-05-23. Retrieved 2006-07-08.
  2. "Municípios Portugueses". Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses. Retrieved 2006-03-27.

External linksEdit