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Santa Maria da Feira (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɐ̃tɐ mɐˈɾi.ɐ ðɐ ˈfɐjɾɐ] (About this soundlisten)) is a city and a municipality in Aveiro District in Portugal, 23 km from central Porto. The population in 2011 was 139,309,[1] in an area of 215.88 km².[2]

Santa Maria da Feira
Castelo de Sta. Maria da Feira6.jpg
Flag of Santa Maria da Feira
Flag
Coat of arms of Santa Maria da Feira
Coat of arms
LocalSantaMariaDaFeira.svg
Coordinates: 40°56′N 8°32′W / 40.933°N 8.533°W / 40.933; -8.533Coordinates: 40°56′N 8°32′W / 40.933°N 8.533°W / 40.933; -8.533
Country Portugal
RegionNorte
Metropolitan areaPorto
DistrictAveiro
Parishes21
Government
 • PresidentEmídio Sousa (PSD)
Area
 • Total215.88 km2 (83.35 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total139,309
 • Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneWET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Websitehttps://www.cm-feira.pt/portal/site/cm-feira

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Castle at Santa Maria da Feira

Santa Maria is located in area that allowed it to be a crossroads of various peoples. Ancient Roman roadways connected Porto, Viseu, Lisbon and Braga and intersected the region, and was used until the 19th century. In addition, pre-Roman castros dotted the territory.

Eventually, nomadic tribes began to settle in the vicinity of the castle. This settlement soon became known as the Terra de Santa Maria. This name first appeared in 1117, in a donation by D. Teresa, who began to reside in the castle around 1120. The lands of Santa Maria included a vast territory that included not only the municipality of Feira, but also Ovar, Vila Nova de Gaia, Vale de Cambra and São João da Madeira, among others.[citation needed]

The castle of Santa Maria da Feira, the ex-libris of Feira, is a testament to the military architecture of the Middle Ages. It is the fulcrum of the history of the region, and an important point in the Reconquista.

In the time of king Denis of Portugal, Feira already was the see of a julgado (old administrative division). This is testified by an ancient document called Foral Velho. It was awarded a new foral in 1514, when Manuel I of Portugal was the King of Portugal.

ArtEdit

Danonaselo is a sculpture created by San Damon at the very beginning of the creation of Oniroscopism in 2004 and even before. It is part of the S.O.G. series (Geometric Oniroscopic Sculpture). Danonaselo is a very specific proper name given by San Damon to this sculpture. All the difficulty comes from the fact that Damon had to move from 2D drawing to 3D sculpture with the particular twists and angles that emerge from the strange character. Indeed, the night lighting surrounding the Danonaselo and the daylight that illuminates it, and in particular the presence of the sun that revolves around it, makes us see a totally different character. Shadows are thrown to the ground and angles are projected on the facades. The Danonaselo is placed for life in a public square in Portugal, in Fiães in the entity of Santa Maria da Feira and is part of the Portuguese heritage. The work is three metres high and looks out, as San Damon wanted, towards the ocean through the lands of Mozelos, Lourosa, São Paio de Oleiros, etc. The roundabout on which the Danonaselo is placed is decorated with certain flowers in harmony with the work. A plaque on the base explains the meaning of the work and a poem written by San Damon encloses it.

GeographyEdit

YearPop.±%
1801 27,851—    
1849 37,823+35.8%
1900 44,596+17.9%
1930 52,679+18.1%
1960 83,483+58.5%
1981 109,531+31.2%
1991 118,641+8.3%
2001 135,964+14.6%
2011 139,312+2.5%

The municipality includes several towns (vilas) and 3 cities (cidades): Santa Maria da Feira, Fiães and Lourosa. It is the most populous município in Entre Douro e Vouga and it is part of the Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto.

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 21 civil parishes (freguesias):[3]

International relationsEdit

Santa Maria da Feira Municipality is twinned with:

EconomyEdit

Santa Maria da Feira is a heavily industrialized municipality and is famous for its several cork transforming and shoe factories. The town is the headquarters of Amorim corporation. The seat of the municipality is Feira, famous for its medieval castle which was the residence of Portugal's first king, Afonso Henriques, for a short period of time. The castle, located at the top of a hill, was of considerable strategic importance during its time.

Every year, in summer, a medieval festival takes place in Santa Maria da Feira - the Viagem Medieval - during which the city goes back to the Middle Ages.

ArchitectureEdit

The municipality's sights include the Convento do Espírito Santo (convent), the Igreja da Misericórdia (church; 18th century), and the Rua Direita (street; 18th and 19th century architecture). However, its greatest landmark is the castelo Santa Maria da Feira Castle, from the 11th century.

CultureEdit

 
Medieval festival parade
 
Fogaça - typical sweet bread

The municipal holiday is January 20. It's the day when the whole municipality celebrates the Fogaceiras. The Fogaceiras is a special local holiday. During the Middle Ages, the lands of Santa Maria (as it was known back then) were infested by the dark plague. To get rid of this calamity, the locals offered a sweet roll, called fogaça, to the patron saint Saint Sebastien. The Fogaceiras have been celebrated for five hundred years, since the eradication of the dark plague.

The municipality has a science museum, the Visionarium.

SportEdit

C.D. Feirense is based in the municipality.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE), Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal
  2. ^ "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  3. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, pages 552 106-107" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  4. ^ "International Contacts". Targovishte Municipality. Archived from the original on 2006-08-21. Retrieved 2013-08-29.

External linksEdit