The metropolitan area (Portuguese: área metropolitana) is a type of administrative division in Portugal. Since the 2013 local government reform, there are two metropolitan areas: Lisbon and Porto. The metropolitan areas of Lisbon and Porto were created in 1991. A law passed in 2003 supported the creation of more metropolitan areas, under the conditions that they consisted of at least nine municipalities (concelhos) and had at least 350,000 inhabitants. Several metropolitan areas were created under this law (Algarve, Aveiro, Coimbra, Minho and Viseu), but a law passed in 2008 abolished these, converting them into intermunicipal communities, whose territories are (roughly) based on the NUTS III statistical regions.
The branches of administration of the metropolitan area are the metropolitan council, the metropolitan executive committee and the strategic board for metropolitan development. The metropolitan council is composed of the presidents of the municipal chambers of the municipalities.
The current metropolitan areas are:
- Lisbon metropolitan area (Área Metropolitana de Lisboa)
- Porto metropolitan area (Área Metropolitana do Porto)
The following is a list of those with mainland Functional Urban Areas (FUA).
- "Law nr. 75/2013" (PDF). Diário da República (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal). Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- Fernanda Paula Oliveira (2009), The Evolution and Regulation of the Metropolitan Areas in Portugal at the Internet Archive PDF (677 kB)
- "Law nr. 10/2003" (pdf). Diário da República (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal). Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "Law nr. 45/2008" (pdf). Diário da República (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal). Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- http://www.oecd.org/cfe/regional-policy/Portugal.pdf[bare URL PDF]