Peniche, Portugal

Peniche (Portuguese pronunciation: [pɨˈniʃ(ɨ)] (About this soundlisten)) is a seaside municipality and a city in Portugal. It is located in Oeste Subregion in formerly Estremadura Province. The population in 2011 was 27,753,[1] in an area of 77.55 km2.[2] The city itself has a population of about 15,600 inhabitants. The present mayor is Henrique Bertino, elected by the independent coalition GCEPP (Grupo de Cidadãos Eleitores por Peniche; Electors for Peniche Group of Citizens).[3]

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Flag of Peniche
Coat of arms of Peniche
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 39°21′N 9°22′W / 39.350°N 9.367°W / 39.350; -9.367Coordinates: 39°21′N 9°22′W / 39.350°N 9.367°W / 39.350; -9.367
Country Portugal
Intermunic. comm.Oeste
 • PresidentHenrique Bertino (GCEPP)
 • Total77.55 km2 (29.94 sq mi)
 • Total27,753
 • Density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
Time zoneWET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Local holidayMonday after the 1st Sunday of August

History and landmarksEdit

The city was built on a rocky peninsula which is considered by geologists[4][5] a unique example of the Toarcian turnover during the worldwide Early Jurassic extinction.[6][7][8]

Peniche is known for its long beaches, which are popular for recreational activities and sports such as surfing, windsurfing, bodyboarding and kite surfing. These beaches are consistently windy and have good surf breaks with Supertubos, i.e., waves forming fast and powerful tubes, considered among the best in Europe. The area has been called the "European Pipeline", after the Banzai Pipeline in Hawaii.

Peniche Fortress is a notable example of Portuguese coastal defences. During the authoritarian rule during the 20th Century, known as the Estado Novo, or Second Republic, it was used as a prison for communist and other opponents of the regime.

The Berlengas islands, about 10 kilometres (6 mi) offshore from the peninsula, are part of the municipality. They form one of the world's first nature reserves. In summer, the islands can be visited by taking a ferryboat from Peniche.

Peniche, with its scenic harbour, white windmills, chapels and long sandy beaches has inspired famous artists like Maurice Boitel.


Since ancient times Peniche has been an important fishing harbour. Besides fisheries, the economy of the Peniche municipality relies on agriculture, services and tourism.


Besides schools for primary, secondary and vocational education, Peniche is home to a state-run polytechnic school of the Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, which through its Escola Superior de Turismo e Tecnologia do Mar de Peniche, awards academic degrees in marine technologies and tourism.


Administratively, the municipality is divided into 4 civil parishes (freguesias):[9]



Peniche is one of the best surfing locations in Europe. It has beaches and breaks facing three distinctly different directions, making it a consistent destination for surfers. Home to many surf camps/schools, it annually hosts the MEO Rip Curl Pro Portugal from the World championship tour of the World Surf League (WSL) at the Supertubos beach.[10]


The football club of the city is called Grupo Desportivo de Peniche.

Peniche Amigos Clube is known nationally for their Triathlon and Futsal teams.

Clube Stella Maris is known nationally for their basketball and badminton teams. The club gives the population a pavilion which hosts many sport-related events.

The city annually hosts the Triatlo de Peniche, which unites the Portuguese Cup and the National Universities Championships with the historical event, the first ever in Portugal.[11][12]

The best-known athletes from Peniche are Telma Santos, who has participated in the 2012 Summer Olympics in London and the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro , Silvano Lourenço, the European bodyboarding champion in 2007, and Victoria Kaminskaya who participated in the swimming competitions of the 2016 Summer Olympics.




  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  3. ^ Group, Global Media (2017-10-20). "Nacional - Autárquicas: Novo presidente da Câmara de Peniche promete rigor e transparência na gestão". DN (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2017-10-21.
  4. ^ Jurassic Heritage and Geoconservation in Portugal: Selected Sites – at Estudo Geral
  5. ^ Paper (pt) with English abstract
  6. ^ The Evolution of the Coastline at Peniche and Berlengas Islands Archived 2011-11-24 at the Wayback Machine – article by Teresa Azevedo and Elisabete Nunes
  7. ^ Ammonites from lumpy limestones in the lower pliensbachian of Portugal: taphonomic analysis and palaeoenvironmental implications – article by S. R. Fernández-López, L. V. Duarte and M.H.P. Henriques]
  9. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 93" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  10. ^ "2017 MEO Rip Curl Pro Portugal". World Surf League. Archived from the original on July 22, 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  11. ^ Peniche, FTP / Câmara Municipal de. "Triatlo de Peniche". Federação de Triatlo de Portugal (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  12. ^ "História do Triatlo". Retrieved 2019-02-07.

External linksEdit