Almada (Portuguese pronunciation: [alˈmaðɐ] (listen)) is a city and a municipality in Portugal, located on the southern margin of the Tagus River, on the opposite side of the river from Lisbon. The two cities are connected by the 25 de Abril Bridge. The population in 2011 was 174,030, in an area of 70.21 km2. The urbanized center had a population of 101,500 in 2001.
|• President||Inês de Medeiros (PS)|
|• Total||70.21 km2 (27.11 sq mi)|
|Elevation||33 m (108 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC±00:00 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+01:00 (WEST)|
|Patron||São João Baptista|
Human presence in the area of Almada dates to the end of the Neolithic period about 5000 years ago; archeological excavations performed in the municipality suggest that non-sedentary nomadic tribes may have occupied this location sporadically. The gradual development of settlement here made its greatest advance with the coming of Islamic civilization, when Muslims constructed a fort at Almada to defend and monitor the entrance to the Tagus River. Lying across the river from Lisbon, the area of Almada was a crossroads for a succession of various peoples who traded along the Tagus, including Phoenicians, Romans and Moors.
As one of the principal Arab military bases along the southern margin of the Tagus, Almada was conquered by the Christian forces of Afonso I with the aid of English Crusaders in 1147. Alongside these Christians there lived many free Moors and Jews, under the royal protection guaranteed them by Afonso I in the charter of 1170 (which applied to all the former Moorish strongholds at Lisbon, Almada, Palmela and Alcácer).
Almada received a foral from King Sancho I in 1190, although it came at a price: Miramolim Jacub-Abu-Jassuf, son of the Moorish leader who had laid siege to Santarém in 1171, was angered by the Christian victories and gathered a large army. He boldly attacked in the north, conquering Alcácer do Sal and Silves, while forcing the residents of Almada, Palmela and other towns along the Tagus into hiding. It would be some time after the death of Sancho before this region would be restored to Portuguese control.
When this event occurred with the success of the Reconquista in driving the Muslims out, the Order of Santiago, a donatorio of Almada after 28 October 1186, had an important role in the territory (especially between the Tagus and Sado Rivers). In this role, it facilitated the repopulation of acquired territories and was the beneficiary of the various local economies.
Although small in area, the city of Almada has a large population. It is bounded to the southeast by Seixal, to the south by Sesimbra, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and northeast by the Tagus River. At Cacilhas, its main port, ferry boats transport visitors and local residents across to Lisbon daily, while the 25 de Abril Bridge, which spans the Tagus, is traversed by rail, commercial and personal vehicles daily. Almada is considered a transportation hub and a fast-growing suburb; its coast has several sandy beaches and panoramic vistas.
The 25 de Abril Bridge links Lisbon and Almada, which are on opposite sides of the Tagus river. The municipality is served by a light-rail transit system, the Metro Transportes do Sul, linking it to the suburban rail system (Fertagus) serving Greater Lisbon and the municipality of Seixal.
Sanctuary of Christ the KingEdit
- Joan of Portugal (1439–1475) Queen of Castile as the second wife of King Henry IV of Castile.
- Elvira Fortunato (born 1964) a Portuguese scientist, professor in the Materials Science Department at the NOVA University of Lisbon
- Diana Prata (born ca.1975) neuroscientist, head of the Biomedical Neuroscience at the University of Lisbon, brought up in Almada
- Diogo Batáguas (born ca.1984) stand-up comedian and public figure, notable for his monthly YouTube program named "Relatório DB".
- Vitor Gonçalves (born 1963) a Portuguese theatre director
- UHF (formed 1970's) rock band formed in Almada
- Anabela Braz Pires (born 1976) known as Anabela, singer and musical theatre actress.
- Xutos & Pontapés, (Wiki PT) (formed 1978) a Portuguese Rock band
- Sara Tavares (born 1978) a Portuguese singer, composer, guitarist and percussionist, family from Almada
- Pedro Barateiro (born 1979) a Portuguese artist
- Patricia Ribeiro (born 1981) transsexual singer, songwriter, dancer and convicted extortionist.
- Da Weasel (formed 1993) a Portuguese hip-hop band/rock band from Almada
- Aenima (formed 1997) a Portuguese dark wave, rock band
- Ava Inferi (2005–2013) a Portuguese Doom Metal band
- Alfredo Murça (1948–2007) a Portuguese international footballer with nearly 400 club caps
- Rui Eugénio (born 1966) a Portuguese former footballer with over 400 club caps
- Luís Figo (born 1972) known as Figo, former footballer with 570 caps and 127 for Portugal
- Telma Monteiro (born 1985), world champion judoka
- Silvestre Varela (born 1985) a footballer with over 400 club caps and 27 for Portugal
- Carlos Emanuel Soares Tavares (born 1985) known as Carlitos, a footballer with 350 club caps and 32 for Cape Verde
- Aylton Boa Morte (born 1993) a Portuguese footballer with over 350 club caps
- Mónica Mendes (born 1993) a Portuguese footballer with 51 caps for Portugal women
- Miguel Oliveira (born 1995) a Portuguese professional MotoGP Rider
- Instituto Nacional de Estatística
- "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
- City parishes: Almada, Cova da Piedade, Pragal e Cacilhas and Laranjeiro e Feijó. UMA POPULAÇÃO QUE SE URBANIZA, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades, 2004 Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Nuno Pires Soares, Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal)
- John Felix Pereira (2009), p.31
- Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 10" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "Acordos de Geminação". m-almada.pt (in Portuguese). Almada. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
- Anabela, IMDb Database retrieved 21 June 2021.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Almada.|