Red Velvet (group)

Red Velvet (Hangul: 레드벨벳) is a South Korean girl group formed by SM Entertainment. The group debuted on August 1, 2014, with the digital single "Happiness" and four group members: Irene, Seulgi, Wendy and Joy. In March 2015, Yeri joined the group.

Red Velvet
Red Velvet at the 2019 Soribada Awards From left to right: Joy, Yeri, Irene, Seulgi and Wendy
Red Velvet at the 2019 Soribada Awards
From left to right: Joy, Yeri, Irene, Seulgi and Wendy
Background information
OriginSeoul, South Korea
Years active2014 (2014)–present
Associated acts

Since their debut, Red Velvet has released two studio albums, one reissue album, one compilation album and nine extended plays in Korean, with eleven of them topping South Korea's Gaon Album Chart. Their singles "Happiness", "Ice Cream Cake", "Dumb Dumb", "Russian Roulette", "Rookie", "Peek-a-Boo", "Bad Boy" and "Psycho" have all charted in the top five on Gaon Digital Chart, while their singles "Red Flavor" and "Power Up" topped the chart upon release. The group ventured into the Japanese music scene in July 2018 with the extended play #Cookie Jar and has since released another extended play while continuing touring between South Korea and Japan. With the release of The ReVe Festival trilogy, they became the first girl group in history to hit the top spot of the US iTunes Album Chart three times in a singular calendar year.

Regarded as one of the most popular K-pop groups worldwide by Time and Billboard, Red Velvet has received several awards for their discography, choreography and popularity, including the Golden Disc New Artist Award in 2015 and the Mnet Asian Music Award for Best Female Group in 2017. The group was also hailed as a major contributor and one of the country's most talented idol groups who have "largely promoted K-pop", according to the director of the Korea Foundation for International Cultural Exchange while discussing the Korean Wave in 2018. Additionally, they won the Song of the Year Award at the Asia Artist Awards for "Umpah Umpah" and Stage of the Year at the Soribada Best K-Music Awards in 2019.

Known for their unique dual sonic concept which stemmed from their own group name, Red Velvet often combines both sides of their music to create "sensual, reminiscing, colorful, and sophisticated" feelings, which eventually reflect on the group's image as well. The group, however, also focuses on each sonic concept with certain releases. The 'red' half of the group's music is predominantly pop with experiments from other genres such as electronic, while the 'velvet' half focuses primarily on R&B with a strong '90s influence and incorporates elements from genres such as funk, hip hop and jazz.


2007–2014: Formation and pre-debut activitiesEdit

Seulgi was the first member to be cast as an SM Entertainment trainee through an audition in 2007, while Irene was cast in 2009, and Yeri in 2011. In 2012, Wendy and Joy were cast through the SM Global Auditions in Canada and Seoul respectively.[2] Preparations for Red Velvet began in late 2013, with the introduction of Irene and Seulgi in December 2013 and Wendy in March 2014 through SM Entertainment's trainee group SM Rookies.[3][4] Prior to the group's debut, several members had their first activities through other labelmates' work; Irene having a cameo appearance in the music video for "1-4-3 (I Love You)" by then-labelmate Henry, whom also worked with fellow member Seulgi for both the music video of his 2014 single "Fantastic" (as his love interest) and the album track "Butterfly" (which Seulgi was featured).[5][6][7] In March 2014, Wendy (whom was then credited as SR14G) was introduced directly through her first solo soundtrack for the Mnet drama Mimi, titled "Because I Love You."[8] The three members were rumored to debut as a group in July, which was then confirmed by SM Entertainment.[9][10][11] With the addition of member Joy, the quartet went on to debut as Red Velvet, SM Entertainment's first girl group in five years since f(x), and subsequently the label's first idol group since the debut of labelmate EXO in 2012.[12]

2014–2015: Debut, addition of Yeri, breakthrough with Ice Cream Cake and The RedEdit

Red Velvet at KCON 2015 in Los Angeles

On August 1, 2014, Red Velvet made their official debut stage on the music program Music Bank.[13] Their debut single, "Happiness", was digitally released on August 4.[14] The song was penned by Yoo Young-jin and composed by Will Simms, Chad Hugo (The Neptunes), Chris Holsten, and Anne Judith Wik (Dsign Music). It was described as an urban Europop song with "strong synth sound" and "African tribal beat".[15] The original music video for "Happiness" gained more than 2 million views on YouTube in its first 24 hours of release before being removed due to controversy over problematic background images and replaced with an edited version. "Happiness" was the second-most viewed K-pop music video worldwide for the month of August in 2014.[16] Red Velvet is also the first K-pop girl group to send their debut single to the Billboard charts, where it peaked at number 4.[17] The group then released their second digital single "Be Natural" and its music video on October 13, 2014.[18] The song, which includes a rap verse by then-SR14B member Taeyong, is a remake of the 2000 same-name single by S.E.S., SM Entertainment's first girl group.[19] The music video for the song was directed by Kwon Soon-wook and Shim Jae-won, choreographed by Kyle Hanagami, and features original choreography seen in a pre-debut teaser of Irene and Seulgi, which they performed as part of SM Rookies.[20][21] The group started their promotions on October 9, making their first appearance on the music program, M Countdown.[22] The song peaked at number 33 on the Gaon Digital Chart and at number 6 on the Billboard World Digital Songs chart.[23][24] For their debut, Red Velvet went on to win "Rookie of The Year" at the Golden Disk Awards and the Seoul Music Awards.[25]

Red Velvet at the Incheon Hallyu K-pop Concert in October 2015

Following news reported that the group was in the middle filming in a desert just outside of Palmdale, California in February 2015, SM Entertainment announced that former-SM Rookies member Yeri would officially join the group on March 11, 2015 with their first proper release as a quintet since the group's debut.[26][27] Prior to the label's confirmation, Yeri was originally one of the remaining SM Rookies female trainees to appear in the group's music video for "Happiness", and had her first introduction to the public through a Rookie Station video and a group performance on SM Town Live World Tour IV.[28] Preceded by the release of "Automatic", the group's first mini-album Ice Cream Cake was released on March 17, 2015 to both critical and commercial success, with the second single "Ice Cream Cake" becoming their breakthrough commercial success.[29][30] On March 19, the group held their album showcase on Ice Cream TV, a program streamed through Naver Music and hosted by Shinee's Minho.[31] On March 27, they won their first music show trophy on KBS's Music Bank. The album went on to become the best selling album by a girl group in South Korea for the first half of 2015 on the Hanteo Chart.[32] In August 2015, Red Velvet held their first U.S. performance during the annual KCON convention and music festival in Los Angeles, California.[33] The group then released The Red, their first full-length album and subsequently the first "Red" sonic-centric release on September 9, 2015, to both critical and commercial success.[34] Billboard's Jeff Benjamin called The Red "an impressive, solid debut album", stating that it "indicates big things for the act that needs to follow in the footsteps of their beloved female label mates Girls' Generation and f(x)."[35] The album debuted at number one on the Billboard World Albums Chart and South Korea's Gaon Album Chart,[36] and appeared in Billboard's list of the "10 Best K-Pop Albums of 2015", which described the album as "one of the year's most enjoyable and experimental pop LPs."[37] The lead single "Dumb Dumb" also attained similar success to its parental album, peaking at number two on the Gaon Digital Chart and number three on the Billboard World Digital Songs chart, while topping the list of the "Top 20 K-pop Tracks of 2015" by Dazed, which stated that the group has "surpassed their idol competitors" and "marked a monumental, career-crowning musical tornado".[38] The music video for "Dumb Dumb" was included as the only non-English language entry in Rolling Stone's "10 Best Music Videos of 2015".[39] Red Velvet went on to take part in the S.M. Entertainment's special Christmas project Winter Garden, which also saw the participation of labelmate f(x) and BoA, releasing a digital single titled "Wish Tree" on December 18, 2015.[40][41]

2016–2017: The Velvet, Russian Roulette, Rookie, The Red Summer, first headlining concert and Perfect VelvetEdit

Red Velvet on stage at the Myongji University Festival in 2016

Red Velvet's second mini album The Velvet was intended to be released on March 16, 2016, however, SM Entertainment announced that the music video and album's release would be delayed "to guarantee a high quality of work".[42] The album and its title track "One of These Nights" (Korean title: 7월 7일) was only released on March 17.[43] The album showcases the smooth R&B-influenced "velvet" side of the group's concept and is a direct follow-up album to The Red, which highlighted the group's bright and bold "red" persona.[44]

The group released their third extended play Russian Roulette on September 7.[45][46] The album consisted of seven tracks, with the lead single titled "Russian Roulette".[47] On September 13, 2016, Red Velvet took their first music show win for Russian Roulette on The Show.[48] The title track also peaked at number two on the Gaon Digital Chart and Billboard's World Digital Songs chart, making it their highest rankings on both charts at the time.[49][50]

On February 1, 2017, Red Velvet released their fourth mini album, Rookie.[51] The EP consisted of six tracks; it featured the title track "Rookie" and a solo track by Wendy titled "Last Love" (마지막 사랑). The album topped the Weekly Gaon Album Chart as well as the Billboard World Albums Chart.[52] The group took their first music show win for "Rookie" on The Show on February 7, followed by wins on Show Champion, M Countdown, Music Bank, and Inkigayo.[53][54][55] On March 31, the group released the first single for SM Station 2, titled "Would U".[56] For further promotions, from July 27 to September 10, Red Velvet starred in their first reality television program, Level Up Project which showcased the footage of their trip to Thailand. The show aired for 23 episodes, and was shot without member Joy who was filming the drama The Liar and His Lover where she was the female lead.[57]

Red Velvet attending the Idol Star Athletics Championships in 2017

On July 9, Red Velvet released their first summer special extended play The Red Summer with the title track "Red Flavor" (빨간 맛).[58] It was their first summer release.[59] The EP was a commercial success, again topping the Gaon Album Chart and the Billboard World Albums Chart. This was their third number 1 release and it set the record for most number 1 albums on the chart by a K-pop girl group.[60] Additionally, "Red Flavor" debuted atop the Gaon Digital Chart with the other four songs from the EP also charting in the Top 50.[61]

On August 18, the group held their first solo concert titled "Red Room" to an audience of 11,000. Although it was initially planned to be a two-day concert, another day was added due to demand.[62] On October 4, SM Entertainment announced through their Japanese website that the group would have their first showcase in Japan.[63] "Red Velvet Premium Showcase F'U'N Room Reveluv-Baby Party" took place at the Yebisu The Garden Hall in Tokyo on October 23.[64] They performed the Japanese versions of their Korean songs "Dumb Dumb" and "Red Flavor" for the first time.[65] After wrapping up the showcase, it was officially announced that Red Velvet's concert "Red Room" would take place in Japan in 2018.

Red Velvet revisited their "velvet" image by releasing their second full-length album Perfect Velvet on November 17 with the lead single "Peek-a-Boo".[66] Unlike their first "velvet" release, the album and single were both commercially successful.[67] The album peaked atop Billboard's World Album Chart. "Peek-a-Boo" peaked at number 2 on Billboard's World Digital Songs chart, tying with their 2016 single "Russian Roulette".[68] In South Korea, the album and the single "Peek-a-Boo" both charted at number 2 on the Gaon Album Chart and Gaon Digital Chart.[69][70] Through the release of Rookie, The Red Summer and Perfect Velvet all in the same year, along with the popularity of the single "Red Flavor" (which according to Jung Ji-won of Osen best represents the year of 2017), and the success of their albums overseas, Red Velvet achieved a "top girl group" status in South Korea; their status was further cemented when Perfect Velvet sold over 100,000 copies and "Peek-A-Boo" won first place on the music program Inkigayo on their last day of promotions for the song, proving its longevity on the charts.[71][72]

2018: The Perfect Red Velvet, Japanese debut, Summer Magic, RBB and touringEdit

The group released a reissue of Perfect Velvet, The Perfect Red Velvet, on January 29, 2018. It included five new tracks in addition to all the songs from Perfect Velvet, with the single "Bad Boy" promoted as its title track.[73]

The album topped the Gaon Album Chart upon its release while "Bad Boy" debuted at number 2 on the Gaon Digital Chart.[74] The Perfect Red Velvet also charted at number 3 on Billboard's World Albums chart while "Bad Boy" debuted at number 2 on its World Digital Songs chart. Red Velvet also entered the Top 10 of Billboard's Social 50 chart for the first time, charting at number nine.[75] The album also marked the first time the group has appeared on the Canadian Hot 100 and charted at number 87, becoming only the seventh K-pop artist and the third female act to appear on the chart.[76] Red Velvet promoted the song on various South Korean music shows, earning their first music show win for "Bad Boy" on February 8 on Show Champion.[77] In December, Billboard chose "Bad Boy" as the best K-pop song of the year.[78]

Red Velvet at Dream Concert on May 12, 2018.

Red Velvet's solo concert "Red Room" was held in Tokyo, Japan on March 28 and 29 at the Musashino Forest Sports Plaza, a 10,000-seat capacity venue that will later be used for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.[79] On the second day, the group announced that they would be officially debuting in Japan in July through a song release.[80] On May 29, 2018, Red Velvet performed alongside other selected South Korean artists for an inter-Korean concert in Pyongyang, North Korea.[81] This makes them the first artist from SM Entertainment in fifteen years since Shinhwa to perform in North Korea.[82]

On April 29, 2018, Red Velvet held their first fan meeting at the Rosemont Theater in Chicago, to an audience of 4,000.[83] This event was first solo performance from a female K-pop group in the United States since 2016.[84] The group later toured six Japanese cities in May and June, reaching a total audience of 20,000.[85] Their debut Japanese EP, titled #Cookie Jar, was released on July 4, 2018 by the label Avex Trax, and included six new songs including the Japanese versions of "Dumb Dumb", "Russian Roulette" and "Red Flavor". The other songs were "#Cookie Jar" ,"Aitai-tai", and "Cause it's you".[86] The EP debuted at the third spot of the Oricon Weekly Albums chart and sold 26,124 copies on its first week of release in Japan.[87]

On July 19, 2018, Red Velvet announced that they would be making a comeback, and they had filmed their music video outdoors in Gyeonggi-do. The songs from the new album were performed at Red Velvet's second concert "Redmare", held in Seoul on August 4–5.[88] On August 6, Red Velvet released their second summer special EP Summer Magic containing eight tracks, including one bonus track and one iTunes exclusive special audio track.[89] Its lead single "Power Up" allowed the group to achieve a "perfect all-kill" for the first time in their career after it topped all of South Korea's real-time, daily and weekly music charts upon its release.[90] The music video for "Power Up" went on to be the only K-pop music video to be included in Billboard's list of 50 best music videos of 2018.[91] In September and October, "Redmare" was taken to Bangkok, Taipei and Singapore.[92]

Red Velvet released their third album in the year and their fifth EP overall on November 30. The EP, titled RBB, includes six tracks with the lead singles being "RBB (Really Bad Boy)" and its English version.[93][94][95]

2019–2020: Continued touring, Sappy, The ReVe Festival and first sub-unitEdit

Red Velvet at Dream Concert on May 18, 2019.

On January 6, 2019, Red Velvet released their first Japanese digital single, titled "Sappy".[96] The group released another Japanese single, "Sayonara", on February 20.[97] Both singles are included in their second Japanese EP, Sappy, which was released on May 29; the EP also includes Japanese versions of "Peek-a-Boo", "Rookie" and "Power Up" as well as a new song called "Swimming Pool".[98]

In February, Red Velvet embarked on the North American leg of their Redmare Tour. They went on to hold shows in Los Angeles, Dallas, Miami, Chicago and Newark in the United States and Toronto and Vancouver in Canada, becoming the first K-pop girl group to hold a North American tour in three years.[99][100]

On April 5, Red Velvet were featured in a remixed version of "Close to Me" by Ellie Goulding and Diplo, with members Yeri and Wendy contributing Korean lyrics to the song.[101] The song won Choice Electronic/Dance Song at the 2019 Teen Choice Awards.[102]

On June 19, Red Velvet released their sixth Korean EP, titled The ReVe Festival: Day 1,[103] which features the lead single "Zimzalabim" and is the first entry of The ReVe Festival trilogy, followed by their seventh EP, The ReVe Festival: Day 2, with its lead single "Umpah Umpah" on August 20.[104] The single won Song of the Year at the 2019 Asia Artist Awards on November 26. The final release of the trilogy, The ReVe Festival: Finale, was released on December 23, led by the single "Psycho".[105][106][107] To promote The ReVe Festival trilogy, the group embarked on their third tour, La Rouge, which began in Seoul on November 23 and 24.[108]

In early 2020, La Rouge continued as an arena tour in Japan without Wendy, who was involved in a stage accident during her solo stage rehearsal at the 2019 SBS Gayo Daejeon on December 25. In February 2020, Wendy was discharged from the hospital after spending two months recovering and began outpatient treatment. After three dates in Japan, the final two La Rouge concerts at Yokohama were postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

On April 21, 2020, SM Entertainment confirmed that Irene and Seulgi would form Red Velvet's first sub-unit and that they were preparing an album. The sub-unit is set to release their mini-album Monster in July 2020.[109]


Red Velvet plays on what they call their "red" and "velvet" sides, which influences both their image and the music they release. The "red" half showcases an intensely captivating image while their "velvet" side is feminine and soft. Most of their recent works mix the two sides together to give sensual, reminiscing, colourful and sophisticated feels.[110][111][112][113]

Musical stylesEdit

The 'red' half of the group's music is predominantly of the pop genre while the 'velvet' is primarily R&B and ballads, with the group often mixing it with various genres.[116][117]


Red Velvet's dual image also affects the members' styling. For their "red" concept, they are usually dressed in colorful, girlish clothing, such as the pastel sweaters and skirts from "Ice Cream Cake" or the red doll outfits from "Dumb Dumb".[118][119] They are dressed more maturely for their "velvet" side, most notably, when they wore suits for "Be Natural".

Red Velvet has been lauded for breaking stereotypes among popular girl groups in South Korea whose concepts tend to fall under two categories which are "cute or pure" and "sexy", often to fulfill a certain fantasy. In a country where girl groups' fanbases are typically mostly male, according to Taylor Glasby of Dazed Digital, the majority of Red Velvet's fans are young women.[120][121][122] IZE Magazine named the group as one of the successful female figures who helped transform the "passive image" of South Korean women.[123] Billboard reported in December 2018 that Red Velvet was the overall favorite k-pop group of the year among every gender and sexual identity on the popular internet forum Reddit.[124]


In February 2018, Time magazine named Red Velvet as one of the best K-pop groups, highlighting their versatile musical styles.[125] Red Velvet was also recognized for their brand recognition and marketing power, having topped the 'Girl Group Brand Power Ranking' published by the Korean Corporate Reputation Research Institute several times, including three consecutive months in 2017 and 2018.[126] In November 2019, Billboard crowned Red Velvet as "the best idol group alive" and named "Red Flavor" as the second-best K-pop song of the 2010s.[127] In 2020, Red Velvet were featured in the animated musical film Trolls World Tour, representing the K-pop trolls, with their song "Russian Roulette" also being featured in the film. The film had the biggest digital debut of all time and broke streaming records.[128]

Red Velvet performed in Pyongyang on April 1, 2018. This made them the seventh idol group to ever perform in North Korea and the first one since 2003.[129][130] They performed "Red Flavor" and "Bad Boy" at the East Pyongyang Grand Theatre to an audience including Kim Jong-un. The concert was billed as "Spring is Coming" and is part of a wider diplomatic initiative between South Korea and North Korea.[131][132] In October of the same year, South Korea's Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism awarded the group the 'Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism's Commendation' for their contributions in raising awareness of the country's popular culture and arts.[133] The director of the Korea Foundation for International Cultural Exchange while discussing the Korean Wave in 2018 cited Red Velvet as a major contributor and one of the country's most talented idol groups who have "largely promoted K-pop".[134]




Reality showEdit


Year Title Role Note Ref.
2015 SMTown: The Stage Themselves Biographical film [135]
2020 Trolls World Tour The K-Pop Gang Computer-animated, musical comedy film [136]


  • Red Velvet DVD & Blu-ray “ Red Velvet 1st Concert “Red Room” in JAPAN [137]
  • Red Velvet DVD & Blu-ray " Red Velvet 2nd Concert “REDMARE” in JAPAN [138]

Concerts and toursEdit

  • Red Velvet 1st Concert "Red Room" (2017–2018)
  • Red Velvet 2nd Concert "Redmare" (2018–2019)
  • Red Velvet 3rd Concert "La Rouge" (2019–2020)

Awards and nominationsEdit


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External linksEdit