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The National Stadium of Thailand (Thai: สนามกีฬาแห่งชาติ or กรีฑาสถานแห่งชาติ) is a sports complex located in Pathum Wan District, Bangkok. Founded in 1937 with the construction of Supachalasai Stadium (สนามศุภชลาศัย; RTGS: Supphachalasai), its main venue, the complex has since expanded and now consists of multiple stadia and sporting facilities.
|Full name||Supachalasai National Stadium|
|Location||Wang Mai, Pathum Wan, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Public transit||National Stadium|
|Architect||Department of Physical Education|
|Thailand national football team (selected matches)|
The stadium construction started in 1937 in the original area of Thai Windsor Palace that demolished in 1935. The Department of Physical Education entered into a 29-year lease agreement with Chulalongkorn University. First use of the stadium happened when King Ananda Mahidol presided over in the opening ceremony of 1938 men's athletics competition, which changed the venue from Sanam Luang.
It is used mostly for football matches. It served as the main stadium for the 1966, 1970, and 1978 Asian Games. It was also used for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup, but only for one game (Oman v Iraq in Group A). The stadium is easy for spectators to get to as it is served by the BTS Skytrain which stops at the 'National Stadium BTS station' right next to the stadium.
The stadium is a single tier construction which is uncovered on three sides. A plain but effective roof covers the main-stand side. Although there is a running track, the tribunes are immediately adjacent to it so spectators are not as far from the action as they are at the newer Rajamangala Stadium. Spectator comfort was increased in 2007 with the addition of red bench seats to the previously bare concrete steps on the three open sides.
Thai league clubs often play at the Suphachalasai in Asian competitions as their own stadiums do not meet Asian Football Confederation criteria. However, it is now rarely used by the national team who usually play at the Rajamangala National Stadium. Other stadiums in Bangkok include the Thai Army Sports Stadium, the Thai-Japanese Stadium and Chulalongkorn University Stadium.
Suphachalasai Stadium is the majority part of the National Stadium. It is the multi-purpose stadium with track and field for athletic purposes, as well as a partial roof on one of its side. With its capacity of 19,793, the stadium is being used to hold important matches such as the Thai FA Cup and Thai League Cup. The stadium named after Luang Supachalasai (Bung Supachalasai), considered the Father of Thai Sport and the first Director-General of Thai Department of Physical Education.
Thephasadin Stadium was constructed in 1965 for the use in 1966 Asian Games as the Hockey venue, hence its original name, Hockey Field. It was renamed in 1983 in memorial of Sanan Thephasadin na Ayutthaya, considered the Father of Thai Football. With its capacity of 6,378 seats, it was retired from being the hockey stadium.
Jindarat Stadium, constructed after the Pacific War, was formerly used as the outdoor stadium for medium-level sporting events and practicing purposes. It was originally named Ton Pho Stadium, but was renamed in 1983 in memorial of Jindarat (Jamlong Sawat-chuto), former director of the Office of Sports and Recreation Development.
Wisutamol Pool was constructed in 1961 under the term of director Kong Wisutamol. It was the Olympic-size swimming pool with two sides of stands, used for the competition and general practices. Originally named the Olympic Pool, it was renamed in memorial of the director Wisutamol who organized the construction.
Nimibutr Stadium, opened in 1963 is an indoor stadium used for sports including boxing, badminton, gymnastics, futsal, basketball and handball.
Jhanthana-Yingyong Gymnasium was built in 1965.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "จุฬาฯ ยังคงให้ประชาชนเข้ามาใช้บริการสนามกีฬาแห่งชาติ". 19 April 2019.
- "สนามกีฬาศุภชลาศัย". SATC (in Thai). Archived from the original on 2017-12-03. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- "ระบบจองสนาม กรมพลศึกษา".
- "สนามกีฬาแห่งชาติ ศุภชลาศัย".
- ""อนุทิน-สาธิต" ใช้สบยช.-สนามกีฬาหัวหมาก-นิมิบุตร เป็นศูนย์แรกรับ-ส่งต่อผู้ป่วยโควิดไม่มีเตียง".
- http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2480/D/2831_2.PDF[bare URL PDF]
- "สนามศุภชลาศัย สนามกีฬาที่อยู่คู่กับวงการกีฬาไทยมากว่า 80 ปีแล้ว".
- "อาจเหลือแค่ความทรงจำ : 80 ปี ศุภชลาศัย กับอนาคตซึ่งไร้คำตอบ | FourFourTwo". Archived from the original on 2018-08-27.
- "ส่อง9สนามฟุตบอลหัวเมืองใหญ่ ไทยพร้อมแค่ไหนกับเจ้าภาพบอลโลก". Archived from the original on 2018-08-27.
- Dangerous Tour
- "เปิดบันทึก 'หลวงศุภชลาศัย' ตัวแทนคณะราษฎรเข้าเฝ้าร.7 ถึงกับประหม่า ขาสั่น ชาไปทั้งตัว". 17 April 2021.
- "หลวงศุภชลาศัย – Seafarer Library".
Media related to Suphachalasai Stadium at Wikimedia Commons