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Chulalongkorn University (Thai: จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย; rtgsChulalongkon Mahawitthayalai; pronounced [t͡ɕù.lāː.lōŋ.kɔ̄ːn má.hǎː.wít.tʰá.jāː.lāj]), abbreviated either CU or Chula (Thai: จุฬาฯ), is a public and autonomous research university in Bangkok, Thailand.[2] The university was established in 1917, making it the oldest institute of higher education in Thailand.[3]

Chulalongkorn University
จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย
Phra Kiao.svg
Former names
  • Royal Pages School
  • Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn
Motto
  • ความรู้คู่คุณธรรม (official)
  • เกียรติภูมิจุฬาฯ คือเกียรติแห่งการรับใช้ประชาชน (unofficial)
  • เสาหลักแห่งแผ่นดิน (vision)
Motto in English
  • Knowledge with Virtue (official)
  • Honour of Chula is the Honour of Serving the Public (unofficial)
  • Pillar of the Kingdom (vision)
Type National
Established March 26, 1917 (1917-03-26)
Founder King Vajiravudh of Siam
President Prof. Bundhit Eua-arporn, Ph.D.
(บัณฑิต เอื้ออาภรณ์)
Students 37,609
Undergraduates 25,464 [1]
Postgraduates 8,419
2,582
Location Pathum Wan, Bangkok, Thailand
13°44′18″N 100°31′56″E / 13.738354°N 100.532188°E / 13.738354; 100.532188Coordinates: 13°44′18″N 100°31′56″E / 13.738354°N 100.532188°E / 13.738354; 100.532188
Campus Downtown 2.0944 km2 (0.8087 sq mi)
Anthem "Maha Chulalongkorn"
("Great Chulalongkorn")
Colours      Pink
Affiliations ASAIHL, AUN, APRU
Mascot Chamchuri (tree)
Website www.chula.ac.th
Pillar of the Kingdom

The university began taking shape during King Chulalongkorn's reign when he founded the Royal Pages School in 1902 at The Grand Palace of Thailand. During the reign of his son, King Vajiravudh, the Royal Pages School became the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn. The Rockefeller Foundation[4] was instrumental in helping the college from its academic foundation.[5][6] On March 26, 1917, King Vajiravudh renamed the college to "Chulalongkorn University".[7]

Chulalongkorn University is a comprehensive and research-intensive university. It is also ranked as the best university in Thailand in many aspects of qualities covering the quality of the university itself,[8][9][10][11] quality of students,[12] quality of research,[13][14][15] quality in particular subjects,[16] university reputation,[17] environmental management systems.[18] According to QS world university ranking 2017. CU is placed 245th in the world, 45th in Asia, 1st in Thailand, and 151-200 in the graduate employability ranking. It is ranked as Thailand's No. 1 university from various organizers such as , Round university ranking, Academic Ranking of World Universities.[8][10][11][12][19]

Chulalongkorn University is one of the National Research Universities and supported by the Office of Nation Education Standards and Quality Assessment of Thailand. Moreover, CU is the only Thai university which is a member of Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU).[20]

Admission to CU is highly selective, and applicants are required to have high test scores. Applicants ranking within the top 10 national scores is chosen for study at CU.[21]

Bird-angle view of Chulalongkorn University

CU comprises nineteen faculties, a School of Agriculture, three colleges, ten institutes and two other schools. Its campus occupies a vast area in downtown Bangkok. Graduates customarily received their diplomas from the King of Thailand, a tradition begun by King Prajadhipok (Rama VII).

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The university was named after King Chulalongkorn
 
Statue of King Chulalongkorn and King Vajiravudh

The demands of officials specialized in various fields by the government in the late 19th century Siam was an result of King Chulalongkorn's bureaucratic reforms, which aimed to transform the feudal Thai society into a modernized state. In 1899, the king founded the Civil Service Training School[22] near the northern gate of the Royal Palace. Those who graduated from the school would become royal pages. Being royal pages, they learned how to administer organizations by working closely with the king, which was a traditional way of entrance to Siamese bureaucracy. After being royal pages, they would then serve in the Mahattai Ministry or other government ministries.

On April 1, 1902[23] the king thought the name of the school should be renamed to increase the dignity of students and graduates. Hence the name Royal Pages School (Thai: โรงเรียนมหาดเล็ก) was later used. Later, on January 1, 1911,[24] King Vajiravudh renamed the school again to Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn (Thai: โรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนของพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) as a memorial to his father and moved the school to Windsor Palace (Thai: วังวินด์เซอร์ หรือวังใหม่) in the Pathumwan district.

The academic demands, however, increased all over the country as a whole as Siam was modernized. King Vajiravudh then took the remaining funds of Chulalongkorn's Royal Equestrian Statue construction, which was collected from people. Then combined with his own funds to subsidize the construction of a university campus. The king organized various schools around the city proper into the Chulalongkorn's College. The college offered 8 majors taught by 5 schools including;

 
Chulalongkorn University main auditorium

King Rama VI then realized that the education should be provided to all people not only for the bureaucrats. On March 26, 1917, the college was upgraded to the Chulalongkorn University (Thai: จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย),[25] and the schools were transformed into four faculties: Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Faculty of Public Administration, Faculty of Engineering, and Faculty of Medicine.

The university firstly granted certificates to its graduates. The education for a degree was then prepared. The Rockefeller Foundation reorganized the curriculum of the Faculty of Medicine. In 1923, the Faculty of Medicine became the first faculty to accept students from the secondary education (known as Mattayom). The remaining faculties then followed suit. After the 1932 Revolution, the Khana Ratsadon wanted the legal and political studies to be independent of "royalists'" Chulalongkorn University so they took the Faculty of Law and Political Science into their new Thammasat University in 1933.

In 1938, the Chulalongkorn University's Preparatory School was founded to provide pre-collegiate education for its students. Those who managed to enter the university had to spend two years in the Preparatory School before going on to the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. The Preparatory School, however, ceased to be a university-owned preparatory school in 1947 and became independent Triam Udom Suksa School. Later, the university established Chulalongkorn University Demonstration School (CUD) system as laboratory primary and high schools for Faculty of Education.

View of the main lawn of Chulalongkorn University with The Statue of King Chulalongkorn and King Vajiravudh. Chulalongkorn University auditorium is in the center of background

SymbolsEdit

Phra KiaoEdit

 
Model of Pra Kiao in CU Museum

Since the establishment of the Royal Pages School, the former name of the university, Chulalongkorn authorized the use of his personal emblem as school emblem.[26] The emblem is 'Phra Kiao', or Thai style coronet which is made to fit hair topknot. As the school was transformed into the university, the King of Thailand authorized the use of Phra Kiao until nowadays. Today, Phra Kiao is used in formal letters, transcripts, souvenirs made by the university and student uniforms.

Student UniformEdit

Undergraduate students are required to wear the uniform as they are studying, taking examinations and contacting the university. For graduate students, collared or polo shirt and dark trousers are required for male students while plain blouse with a properly long skirt are required for female students.

Originally, the university uniform was adapted from uniform worn by Chulalongkorn's heirs.[27] Later, the uniform was changed into more modernized version but the original one is reserved as a formal uniform. Formal uniform is usually worn by student leaders and bachelor graduates.

Today, the normal uniform for male undergraduate students are the plain white shirt with long or short sleeves and black (or dark blue) trousers. Dark blue necktie with colored Phra Kiao in its front is required for first-year students but optional for higher years. However, black tie with silver Phra Kiao pin is usually used by higher year students in some faculties. For female students, they are required to wear a short-sleeved blouse with a fold along the spine. The buttons must be made of metal and Phra Kiao emblem must be pinned on right chest. Slightly dark blue or black pleated skirt and any black, white, brown shoes that conceal heels are also required. For female first year students, white leather shoes are required.[28] Chulalongkorn University's uniform has long been the template of uniforms used in other universities in Thailand.

Academic DressEdit

The academic dress of Chulalongkorn University is based on ceremonial attire called suea krui, which is long-sleeved robe made of very fine mesh. Like dresses worn in the United Kingdom, the robe is open-fronted and calf-length. Cap and hood, however, are omitted. Colored felt strip decorated with gold-colored ribbons is attached to the margin of the gown including elbow and wrist. Bachelor and master students use the black strip, while respective scarlet and pink are for doctors (including honorary degrees recipients) and lecturers. Yellow strip is specially used for the king of Thailand.[29]

In addition, the colored yarn (bachelor) or ribbon (master and doctor) is added to the center of the strip longitudinally, according to degree-granting faculty.[30] The gown was authorized for use by Vajiravudh.[31]

Example of Felt StripsEdit

Rain TreeEdit

 
Rain Tree in front of CU Auditorium

Rain tree is very common on the university campus. It was deeply associated with the university since the past. Fresh green leaves in the beginning of the semester represent freshmen's enjoyment. As the tree produces slimy pods and sheds leaves, the below ground becomes dirty and slippery. As a simile, it is described as a warning to students to be ready for examination. When they walk carefully, they do not slip (able to pass examination). Whereas if they walk carelessly, they would slip and get injured (unable to pass examination).[32]

Around 1937–1957, many rain trees were to be cut down to allocate the area for new buildings and enhance cleanliness. The King Bhumibol Adulyadej recognized the dramatic decrease in the number of rain trees. Hence on January 15, 1962, the king planted five trees that he brought from Hua Hin in front of the university auditorium and said: "Hence I give these five trees as eternal memorial" (Thai: จึงขอฝากต้นไม้ไว้ห้าต้นให้เป็นเครื่องเตือนใจตลอดกาล).

OrganizationEdit

 
Chulalongkorn Business School
 
Faculty of Communication Arts

Chulalongkorn University consists of 19 faculties, 3 colleges, 1 school and many institutes which function as a teaching and researching unit.[33][34]

In 1917, the university had four faculties: Arts and Sciences, Public Administration, Engineering and Medicine. The Faculty of Law was established in 1933 as part of the Faculty of Law and Political Science.[35] During the 1930s to the 1950s it expanded to various fields including Pharmacy (1934), Veterinary Science (1935), Architecture (1939), Dentistry (1940), and Commerce and Accountancy (1943). In 1943, the regency government under General Phibun separated the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Veterinary Science to become the University of Medical Sciences (now Mahidol University). In 1948, the Faculty of Political Science was re-established. The Faculty of Education was established in 1957 from the School of Teacher Training at Baan Somdet Chao Phraya (Thai: โรงเรียนฝึกหัดครู บ้านสมเด็จเจ้าพระยา).[36] In 1967, the Faculty of Veterinary Science was returned from Kasetsart University and the Faculty of Medicine at Chulalongkorn Hospital was moved from University of Medical Sciences to Chulalongkorn University. In 1972, the Faculty of Dentistry and Faculty of Pharmacy were retrieved.

Office of Commission on Agricultural Resource Education (OCARE) was established in 2009.[37] It is actually not administration office but the school in which teaching and research are carried out. It intakes students from two groups: one from Northern Thailand provinces (Nan, Phayao, Phrae, Uttaradit) and another from the rest of country. It has been upgraded into School of Agricultural Resources with full degree-granting power by university council on 5 March 2014.[34] It was transformed its organizational structure in 2014. It was renamed to School of Agricultural, Chulalongkorn University (SAR).

 
Central region of CU Campus

Health SciencesEdit

Sciences and TechnologiesEdit

  • Faculty of Architecture
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Science
  • School of Agricultural Resources

Social Sciences and HumanitiesEdit

Graduate institutesEdit

Research institutesEdit

  • Aquatic Resources Research Institute
  • Energy Research Institute
  • Environmental Research Institute
  • Institute of Asian Studies
  • Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
  • Metallurgy and Materials Science Research Institute
  • Social Research Institute
  • Transportation Institute

Associated institutesEdit

  • Police Nursing College
  • Red Cross College of Nursing

ResearchEdit

Chulalongkorn University has research organizations in many fields of study.

  • Aquatic Resources Research Institute
  • Energy Research Institute
  • Environment Research Institute
  • Social Research Institute
  • The Institute of Biotechnology and Genetics Engineering
  • Metallurgy and Material Science Research Institute
  • Institute of Asian Studies
  • Transportation Institute

The other research supporting organization.

The Unisearch purposes to promote academic staffs and researchers to publish their researches and The Intellectual Property Institute purposes to help the researchers register their patents. CU also supports endowments to set up Research Units(RU) and Center of Excellence(CE). Nowadays, CU has over 100 research units and 20 national Center of Excellence.

RankingsEdit

Ranking
National Ranking Global Ranking
QS Asia (2016) 1[9] 45
QS World (2017) 1[8] 245
QS GER (2017) 1[12] 151-200
CWUR (2016) 1[10] 320
RUR (2017) 1[11] 398
RUR Reputation 1[17] 182
RUR Research 1[15] 424
CWTS (2016) 1[13] 432
THE World (2016) 2[38] 601-800
ARWU (2017) 1[19] 401-500
SIR (2016) 2[39] 475
Nature Index (2016) 1[14] -
U.S. News (2016) 2[40] 579
UI Green Metric City Center (2016) 1[16] 15
  • In the QS Asia University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn has been ranked as the top Thai university and 45th in Asia[9]
  • In the QS World University Rankings 2017/18. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand and 245th in the world[8][41]
  • In the QS graduate employability rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 151 - 200 in the world
  • In the Center for World University Ranking or CWUR, Chulalongkorn is ranked as number 1 university in Thailand and 320th in world rankings in 2016, considered by alumni, researches, quality of curriculums and instructors.[10]
  • In the Round University Ranking 2017. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand and ranked 398th in the world.[11]
  • In the RUR Research Performance World University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 424 in the world
  • In the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand and ranked 432nd in the world.[13]
  • In the THE World University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is ranked 601- 800 in the world.[38]
  • In the RUR Reputation Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 182 in the world.[17]
  • In the SCImago institutions Ranking, which ranks international researches of universities. Chulalongkorn is ranked 475th in World rankings in 2016, up six places from last year.[39]
  • In the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 401-500 in the world.[19]
  • In the Nature Index, the affiliations of high-quality scientific articles. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand in 2016.[14]
  • In the U.S. News. Chulalongkorn is ranked 579th in the world.[40] considered by the university's reputation, medium, citations, international cooperation, the quantity of Ph.D. students, etc.

QS World University Ranking by Subject 2017[42]

World rank Subject
51 – 100
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Modern Languages
101 – 150
  • Architecture / Built Environment
  • Pharmacy & Pharmacology
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Geography
  • Accounting & Finance
151 – 200
  • Art & Design
  • Linguistics
  • Civil & Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical, Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Medicine
  • Chemistry
  • Materials Sciences
  • Business & Management
201 – 250
  • Biological Sciences
  • Economics & Econometrics
251 – 300
  • Computer Science & Information system
301 –350
  • Physics & Astronomy

Other Rankings

  • In the UI Green Metric-City Center, Chulalongkorn was ranked the 1st in national rankings and the 15th in world rankings.[16] considered by Setting and Infrastructure, Energy and Climate Change, Waste, Water, Transportation and Education.
  • The Webometric ranking indicates quantity and quality of the university's medium, considered by being searched by search engines, online documents, and citations in Google Scholar. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in national rankings 548th in the world.[43]

Exploring Chulalongkorn UniversityEdit

 
Inside Chulalongkorn University Auditorium

Panoramic view of Chulalongkorn: CU 360°

International ProgramsEdit

International Programs offered at Chulalongkorn University

UndergraduateEdit

Faculty/College/School Degree Calendar System Programs
Architecture B.Sc. Semester Architectural Design
B.A. Semester Communication Design
Arts B.A. Semester Language and Culture
Commerce and Accountancy B.B.A. Semester Accounting
B.B.A. Semester International Business Management
Communication Arts B.A. Semester Communication Management
Economics B.A. Semester Economics
Engineering B.Eng. Semester Aerospace Engineering
B.Eng. Semester Automotive Design and Manufacturing Engineering
B.Eng. Semester Information and Communication Engineering
B.Eng. Semester Nano Engineering
Psychology B.Sc. Semester Psychological Science
Science B.Sc. Semester Applied Chemistry

GraduateEdit

Faculty/College/School Degree Calendar System Programs Faculty/College/School Degree Calendar System Programs
Allied Health Sciences M.Sc./Ph.D. Semester Food and Nutrition Nursing Ph.D. Semester Nursing Science
Architecture M.Arch. Semester Architectural Design Pharmaceutical Science M.Sc./Ph.D. Semester Pharmaceutical Technology
Arts M.A./Ph.D Semester Thai Studies M.Sc./Ph.D. Semester Social and Administrative Pharmacy
Commerce and Accountancy M.M. Semester International Business Management Ph.D Semester Pharmaceutical Care
M.Sc. Trimester Finance Political Science M.A. Trimester International Development Studies
M.Sc. Trimester Financial Engineering M.A. Trimester Governance
D.B.A. Semester Business Administration (Management/Finance/Marketing) Science M.Sc./Ph.D. Semester Computer Science and Information Technology
Ph.D. Semester Information Technology in Business M.Sc. Semester Food Science and Technology
Ph.D. Semester Quantitative Finance M.Sc. Trimester Petroleum Geoscience
Communication Arts M.A. Semester Strategic Communication Management Graduate School Grad.Dip. Semester Fashion Business
Dentistry M.Sc. Semester Esthetic Restorative and Implant Dentistry M.A. Semester Cultural Management
Ph.D. Semester Dental Public Health M.A./Ph.D. Semester English as an International Language
Economics M.A. Trimester Business and Managerial Economics M.A./Ph.D. Trimester European Studies
M.A. Trimester International Economics and Finance M.A./Ph.D. Semester Environment, Development, and Sustainability
M.A. Trimester Labour Economics and Human Resource Management M.Sc./Ph.D. Semester Hazardous Substance and Environmental Management
M.Sc. Trimester Health Economics and Health Care Management M.A. Semester Korean Studies
Ph.D. Trimester Economics M.A. Trimester Russian Studies
Education Higher Grad. Dip. Semester Higher Education Management M.A. Semester Southeast Asian Studies
M.Ed. Semester Teaching English as a Foreign Language Ph.D Semester Agricultural Technology
Engineering M.Eng Semester Engineering Management Ph.D Semester Logistics Management and Supply Chain Management
M.Eng Semester Petroleum Engineering Ph.D Semester Nanoscience and Technology
M.Eng Semester Georesources and Petroleum Engineering Public Health Sciences M.P.H./Ph.D. Trimester Public Health
D.Eng. Semester Civil Engineering M.Sc./Ph.D. Trimester Public Health Sciences
Law LL.M. Trimester Business Law SASIN M.B.A./M.Sc./Executive Module Business Administration
Medicine M.Sc. Semester Health Development Grad.Dip./M.Sc. Module Human Resource Management
M.Sc./Ph.D. Semester Medical Sciences Ph.D. Quarters Business Administration (Finance/Marketing)
M.Sc./Ph.D. Semester Clinical Sciences Petroleum and Petrochemical M.S Semester Petroleum Technology
Ph.D. Semester Biomedical Science and Biotechnology M.S./Ph.D. Semester Petrochemical Technology
M.S./Ph.D. Semester Polymer Science

ScholarshipsEdit

Research ScholarshipsEdit

  • The 90th Anniversary of Chulalongkorn University Scholarship
  • CU.Graduate School Thesis Grant
  • Overseas Research Experience Scholarship for Graduate Student
  • Overseas Academic Presentation Scholarship for Graduate Students
  • Overseas Academic Presentation Scholarship Option II for Graduate Student's and Postdoctoral Fellow's Publication
  • Domestic Academic Presentation Scholarship for Graduate Student
  • Postdoctoral Fellowship

Education ScholarshipsEdit

  • The 100th Anniversary Chulalongkorn University for Doctoral Scholarship
  • H.M. the King Bhumibhol Adulyadej's 72nd Birthday Anniversary Scholarship
  • Thainess Study Schorlarship for Graduate Students
  • 60/40 Support for Tuition Fee
  • Teaching Assistant Scholarship
  • Research Assistant Scholarship
  • Tuition fees Scholarship for Master to Doctoral
  • ASEAN Scholarship
  • Scholarship for International Graduate Students

for more details see Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University.

AccommodationEdit

Chulalongkorn University International House (CU iHouse)

Chulalongkorn University International House ( CU iHouse) is a 26-storey, 846-unit, on campus residence for international students and lecturers. Rooms come fully furnished with air conditioning, modern conveniences, 24-hour security and safety systems. The residence is included in the university’s shuttle bus services.

for more details see website

Honorary DegreesEdit

The University has given honorary degrees to heads of state and other international dignitaries, including two US Presidents:

TraditionsEdit

Chulalongkorn University student traditions include:

  • Chula–Thammasat Traditional Football Match: The annual football match between Chulalongkorn University and Thammasat University in January at Suphashalasai Stadium. It first started in 1934.
  • Loy Krathong: an annual celebration of the full moon night, which usually falls on the first full moon day in November. Since the festival is open to the public, it attracts many people, especially Chulalongkorn students and faculty and those who live in downtown Bangkok, to come to the university to float their Krathongs on the university's pond.
  • Chulalongkorn Academic Exhibition: a triennial academic and research exhibition presented by Chulalongkorn University's students and faculty. It is regarded as one of the most important academic fairs in Thailand.

Student activities and clubsEdit

 
Chulalongkorn University Dormitory

The University is host to 40 student clubs, including the Buddhism and Traditions Club, the Religious Studies Club, the Mind Study Club, and the Thai Classical Music Club. Chulalongkorn also have a Morals Network, which actively campaigns to protect student activities from damaging the university's reputation. The University's Cheer Club annually organizes the Chula-Thammasat traditional football match.

Notable alumniEdit

International ReputationEdit

  • Two medals from Olympic 2016 Rio de Janeiro games
  • The PH21 team, Computer Engineering students at Chulalongkorn University, got the 1st prize from the Microsoft Imagine Cup 2016 in the games category[51]
  • Chulalongkorn University Concert Choir Won Gold Award in World-Class Musical Competition 2014[52][53]

Robocup competitionsEdit

The university Robocup team, Plasma‐Z, got several prizes from the robotics competition as follow.[54]

  • In 2005, almost reached the quarter-final at Osaka RoboCup.
  • In 2006, the third place and technical challenge at Bremen RoboCup.
  • In 2007, second place Atlanta World RoboCup.
  • In 2008, finally, the team got champion of World RoboCup Small‐Sized Robot League at Suzhou, China.

Moreover, another university Robocup team, Plasma-RX has participated in Rescue robot league at World RoboCup 2008, Suzhou, China, and won the first prize and the best-in-class in mobility award.[55][56]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Office of the Registrar, Chulalongkorn University. Statistics on Students in Different Level Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Last updated January 16, 2016
  2. ^ "Siam Square - Siam-Square.com". Siam-Square.com. Retrieved 2016-12-10. 
  3. ^ "CU History". Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2016. 
  4. ^ Becker, William H. Innovative Partners The Rockefeller Foundation and Thailand. New York, New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, 2013. William H. Becker. “Assets: Rockefellerfoundation.” Rockefellerfoundation. 2013. https://assets.rockefellerfoundation.org/app/uploads/20131001203515/Innovative-Partners.pdf (29 November 2106 accessed).
  5. ^ "CU History". Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved December 10, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Thailand’s "Father of Modern Medicine"". News. 2014-01-23. Retrieved 2016-12-10. 
  7. ^ Chulalongkorn University official website. CU History Archived October 8, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d "QS World University Rankings 2016". 2016-08-25. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  9. ^ a b c "QS University Rankings: Asia 2016". 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  10. ^ a b c d "CWUR 2016 | Top Universities in Thailand". cwur.org. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  11. ^ a b c d "RANKINGS". roundranking.com. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  12. ^ a b c "Graduate Employability Rankings 2016". Top Universities. 2016-11-17. Retrieved 2016-11-24. 
  13. ^ a b c (CWTS), Centre for Science and Technology Studies. "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016". CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  14. ^ a b c "2016 tables: Institutions | 2016 tables | Institutions | Nature Index". www.natureindex.com. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  15. ^ a b "Research Performance". roundranking.com. Retrieved 2016-12-20. 
  16. ^ a b c "Ranking By Campus Setting – City Center 2016 | Greenmetric UI". greenmetric.ui.ac.id. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  17. ^ a b c "Reputation Rankings". roundranking.com. Retrieved 2016-12-20. 
  18. ^ "Ranking By Campus Setting – City Center 2016 | Greenmetric UI". greenmetric.ui.ac.id. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  19. ^ a b c "World University Rankings - 2017 | Thailand Universities in Top 500 universities | Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2017 | Shanghai Ranking - 2017". shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2017-08-15. 
  20. ^ "Association of Pacific Rim Universities - Member Universities". apru.org. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  21. ^ "Top Admission Score Students Apply to Chulalongkorn University". Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  22. ^ Thai: โรงเรียนสำหรับฝึกหัดวิชาข้าราชการฝ่ายพลเรือน
  23. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการประกาศตั้งโรงเรียนมหาดเล็ก. เล่ม ๑๙, ตอน ๑, ๖ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๔๔๕, หน้า ๑๖ (Royal Order to establish Royal Page School)
  24. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการประกาศตั้งโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนฯ , เล่ม ๒๗, ตอน ก, ๑๑ มกราคม พ.ศ.๒๔๕๔, หน้า ๑๒๓ (Royal Order to establish the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn)
  25. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศประดิษฐานโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนของพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัวขึ้นเป็นโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือน, เล่ม ๒๗, ตอน ก, ๑๕ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๔๖๐ (ประกาศเมื่อวันที่ ๒๖ มีนาคม พ.ศ.๒๔๖๐, หน้า ๑๒๓ (Royal Order to establish the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn.)
  26. ^ About Phra Kiao by Chulalongkorn Memorial Hall Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ History about CU uniform. Archived May 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ข้อบังคับจุฬาฯ ว่าด้วยเครื่องแบบ เครื่องหมาย และเครื่องแต่งกายนิสิต พ.ศ.๒๕๕๓, เล่ม ๑๒๗, ตอนพิเศษ ๕๒ ง, ๒๖ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๕๕๓ (The university regulation on uniform and dress codes, 2010)
  29. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา.พระราชกำหนดเสื้อครุยบัณฑิตของจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย พ.ศ.๒๔๗๓. เล่ม ๔๗, ๖ กรกฎาคม ๒๔๗๓. (Regulation on Chulalongkorn University Graduation Gown, 1930)
  30. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา.ข้อบังคับจุฬาฯ ว่าด้วยการกำหนดปริญญาในสาขาวิชา อักษรย่อสำหรับสาขาวิชา ครุยวิทยฐานะ เข็มวิทยฐานะ และครุยประจำตำแหน่ง พ.ศ.๒๕๕๓.เล่ม ๑๒๗ ตอนพิเศษ ๕๒ ง, ๒๖ เมษายน ๒๕๕๓. (University Regulation on Degrees Granted, Graduation and Faculty Gowns, 2010)
  31. ^ Graduation Gown of Chulalongkorn University Archived May 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ Rain Tree-The Symbol of Chulalongkorn University Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  33. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย เรื่อง ส่วนงานของมหาวิทยาลัย พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๒, เล่ม ๑๒๗, ตอนพิเศษ ๑๖ ง, ๑ กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๓, หน้า ๗๐ (University notification (rather command) on academic units, 2008)
  34. ^ a b ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย เรื่อง ส่วนงานของมหาวิทยาลัย (ฉบับที่ ๒) พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๗, เล่ม ๑๓๑, ตอนพิเศษ ๔๙ ง, ๑๘ มีนาคม พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๗, หน้า ๓ (Amendment to 2008 regulation, ratified 2014)
  35. ^ www.law.chula.ac.th Archived August 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  36. ^ Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University Archived September 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  37. ^ Principles and history of establishing OCARE. Archived March 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
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  40. ^ a b "Top World University Rankings | US News Best Global Universities". Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  41. ^ "Chulalongkorn University". Top Universities. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2017-06-07. 
  42. ^ "CU Subjects Top Country's List in QS World University Ranking by Subject 2017". Retrieved 2017-03-16. 
  43. ^ "Thailand | Ranking Web of Universities". www.webometrics.info. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  44. ^ "President Johnson received an Honorary Doctorate in Political Science from Chulalongkorn University. | U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Thailand". U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Thailand. Retrieved 2016-12-10. 
  45. ^ "William J. Clinton: Remarks at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok". www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 2016-12-10. 
  46. ^ "Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory". Db.nelsonmandela.org. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  47. ^ "Thailand’s “Father of Modern Medicine”". News. 2014-01-23. Retrieved 2017-09-30. 
  48. ^ Becker, William H. Innovative Partners The Rockefeller Foundation and Thailand. New York, New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, 2013. William H. Becker. “Assets: Rockefellerfoundation.” Rockefellerfoundation. 2013. https://assets.rockefellerfoundation.org/app/uploads/20131001203515/Innovative-Partners.pdf (29 November 2016 accessed).
  49. ^ a b จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย. "สองนิสิตจุฬาฯ นักกีฬาเทควันโดทีมชาติไทย คว้ามาได้ 2 เหรียญจากกีฬาโอลิมปิก 2016". สำนักบริหารกิจการนิสิต (in Thai). Retrieved 2016-12-10. 
  50. ^ PCL., Post Publishing. "Olympics: Tawin wins silver, Panipak wins bronze, Ariya tops day 1 golf". http://www.bangkokpost.com. Retrieved 2016-12-10.  External link in |newspaper= (help)
  51. ^ "Games, Innovation and World Citizenship winners announced in Microsoft Imagine Cup, setting stage for Friday's World Championship - The Fire Hose". 2016-07-28. Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  52. ^ "Chulalongkorn University Concert Choir Won Gold Award in World-Class Musical Competition". Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  53. ^ "This Imagine Cup team gives you the power to manipulate time and see the future". Microsoft Imagine Blog. Retrieved 2016-12-10. 
  54. ^ PlasmaZ Extended Team Description Paper[permanent dead link]
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  56. ^ Plasma-RX: Autonomous Rescue Robots

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