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Interior ministry

  (Redirected from Ministry of Interior)

An interior ministry (sometimes ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry typically responsible for policing, emergency management, national security, registration, supervision of local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters. The ministry is often headed by a minister of the interior or a minister of home affairs. In some countries, matters relating to the maintenance of law and order and the administration of justice are the responsibility of a separate justice ministry.

In some countries, policing and national security belong to a separate ministry (often titled "ministry of public order", "ministry of security" etc.), with the interior ministry being limited to control over local governments, public administration, elections etc. Notable examples include Greece (ministry of citizen protection) and Israel (ministry of public security).

In countries with a federal constitution, an interior minister will often be found at both the federal and sub-national levels. Similarly, autonomous entities and dependent territories may also have interior ministers.

In certain jurisdictions, similarly named government departments may have other responsibilities. In the United States, the Department of the Interior has radically different functions—primarily the management and conservation of natural resources, and programs and policies dealing with indigenous peoples of the U.S. The functions that fall under what most other countries call an "interior ministry" are under other government departments—mostly the Department of Homeland Security (with functions such as public safety and disaster relief), with some others falling under the Department of Justice (with functions such as handling the national police and the management of prisons).

In Canada the Interior Minister's post existed from 1873 to 1936, replacing previous role of the Secretary of State for the Provinces. The current position is held by the newer Minister of Public Safety since 2003.

In Hong Kong, the Secretary for Home Affairs is responsible for matters relating to communities, culture, sports and local governance. Policing and related matters are the responsibilities of the Secretary for Security.

In India, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is responsible for internal security, demographics, promotes the official language.[1] It tasks specialized functions by virtue of its departments, namely Department of Border Management, Department of Internal Security, Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs, Department of Home, Department of Official Language and Department of States. As such it heads such functions as the internal intelligence, and police and Civil Services of India as also protocol, freedom fighter pensions and manning of the courts.[2]

In Japan, law enforcement is decentralised with the National Public Safety Commission coordinating between the National Police Agency and the government through its chairman, who is a cabinet member. National security and immigration matters fall under the Ministry of Justice, whilst the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications handles the administrative system, local government, elections, telecommunication and post matters.

In Vietnam, The Ministry of Public Security is responsible for policing, national security, and immigration matters.

List of interior ministriesEdit

Country Ministry Head
  Afghanistan Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Albania Ministry of Interior Affairs Minister of Interior
  Algeria Ministry of Interior and Local Collectivities Minister of Interior and Local Collectivities
  Angola Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Argentina Ministry of Interior, Public Works and Housing Minister of Interior, Public Works and Housing
  Australia Attorney-General's Department Attorney-General
  Austria Federal Ministry of the Interior Federal Minister of the Interior
  Azerbaijan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Bahamas Ministry of National Security Minister of National Security
Ministry of Immigration Minister of Immigration
  Bahrain Ministry of the Interior Minister of Interior
  Bangladesh Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  Belarus Ministry of Internal Affairs Interior Minister
  Belgium FPS Interior Belgium Federal Minister of the Interior
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Security Minister of Security
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republika Srpska
Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Brunei Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  Bulgaria Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Cambodia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Canada Department of Public Safety Minister of Public Safety
  People's Republic of China Ministry of Public Security Minister of Public Security
Ministry of Supervision Minister of Supervision
  People's Republic of China
  Hong Kong, People's Republic of China
Home Affairs Bureau Secretary for Home Affairs
Security Bureau Secretary for Security
  People's Republic of China
  Macau, People's Republic of China
Secretariat for Security Secretary for Security
  Chile Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Colombia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Croatia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Cuba Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Cyprus Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Czech Republic Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Denmark Ministry for the Interior and Health Minister for the Interior and Health
  Djibouti Ministry of Interior and Decentralization Minister of Interior and Decentralization
  Dominican Republic Ministry of Interior and Police Minister of Interior and Police
  Egypt Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Estonia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  European Union Directorate-General for Home Affairs Commissioner for Home Affairs
  Finland Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  France Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior and Overseas Territories
  Georgia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Germany Federal Ministry of the Interior Federal Minister of the Interior
  Greece Ministry of Interior and Public Order Minister for the Interior and Public Order
  Hungary Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
  Iceland Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  India Ministry of Home Affairs Union Minister of Home Affairs
  Indonesia Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
National Police Chief of National Police
  Iran Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Israel Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice
Ministry of Public Security Minister of Public Security
  Iraq Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Isle of Man Department of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  Italy Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice
  Japan National Public Safety Commission Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice
  Jamaica Ministry of National Security Minister of National Security
Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice
Ministry of Local Government and Community Development Minister of Local Government and Community Development
  Jordan Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Kenya Ministry for Internal Security and Provincial Administration Minister for Internal Security and Provincial Administration
  Kosovo Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Kazakhstan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Kuwait Ministry of Interior Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior
  Kyrgyzstan Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Lithuania Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Lebanon Ministry of Interior and Municipalities Minister of Interior and Municipalities
  Luxembourg Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Macedonia Ministry of Interior Affairs Minister of Interior
  Malaysia Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  Malta Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  Mauritania Ministry of the Interior
  Mauritius Ministry of Home Affairs Prime Minister's Office
  Mexico Secretariat of Governance Secretary of Governance
  Moldova Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Mongolia Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs
  Montenegro Ministry of Interior Affairs and Public Administration Minister of Internal Affairs and Public Administration
  Morocco Minister of Interior Minister of Interior
  Mozambique Interior Ministry Minister of Interior
  Myanmar Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  Netherlands Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
  New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Nigeria Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Pakistan Ministry of Interior Interior Minister
  Peru Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Philippines Department of the Interior and Local Government Interior Secretary (DILG Secretary)
Department of Justice Justice Secretary
  Poland Ministry of Interior Minister of Internal Affairs
  Portugal Ministry of Internal Administration Minister of Internal Administration
  Romania Ministry of Administration and Interior Minister of Administration and Interior
  Russia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Saudi Arabia Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Senegal Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Serbia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Slovenia Ministry of Internal Affairs
  Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs Minister for Home Affairs
  Slovakia Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
  Somalia Ministry of Interior and Security Minister of Interior and Security
  South Africa Department of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  South Korea Ministry of the Interior and Safety Minister of the Interior and Safety
  South Sudan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Spain Ministry of the Interior Minister of Interior
  Sri Lanka Ministry of Home Affairs and Public Administration Minister of Home Affairs and Public Administration
  Sudan Ministry of Interior Affairs Minister of the Interior
  Switzerland Federal Department of Home Affairs Member of the Swiss Federal Council
  Syria Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
  Republic of China (Taiwan) Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Thailand Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
  Tunisia Ministry of the Interior
  Turkey Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
  Turkmenistan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Tajikistan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Ukraine Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  United Arab Emirates UAE Ministry of Interior The Interior Minister
  United Kingdom Home Office Secretary of State for the Home Department (Home Secretary)
Ministry of Justice Lord Chancellor & Secretary of State for Justice
Attorney General's Office Attorney General for England and Wales
Department for Communities and Local Government Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
  United States Department of Homeland Security Secretary of Homeland Security
Department of Justice Attorney General
  Uruguay Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
 Uzbekistan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
  Venezuela Ministry of Interior and Justice Minister of Interior and Justice
  Vietnam Ministry of Public Security Minister of Public Security
Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  Zambia Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
  Zimbabwe Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ MHA, India. "Ministry of Home Affairs, India". Union Government of India. Govt of India, National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  2. ^ MHA, Govt of India. "Pink Book" (PDF). http://mha.nic.in/. Retrieved 24 June 2014.