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RoboCup is an annual international robotics competition proposed[1] and founded in 1996 (Pre-RoboCup) by a group of university professors (among which Hiroaki Kitano, Manuela M. Veloso, and Minoru Asada). The aim of such a competition consists of promoting robotics and AI research, by offering a publicly appealing, but formidable challenge.

“Competition pushes advances in technologies. What we learn from robots playing soccer or navigating a maze can be applied to industry and help us solve difficult real-world problems,” according to Professor Maurice Pagnucco, Head of the School of Computer Science and Engineering at UNSW.[2]

The name RoboCup is a contraction of the competition's full name, "Robot Soccer World Cup", but there are many other stages of the competition such as "RoboCupRescue", "RoboCup@Home" and "RoboCupJunior". In 2019, the world's competition was held in Sydney, Australia. Peter Stone is the current president of RoboCup, since 2019.

The official goal of the project:

RoboCup 2019 Humanoid AdutSize winer NimbRo
RoboCup 2019 Humanoid AdutSize winer NimbRo
"By the middle of the 21st century, a team of fully autonomous humanoid robot soccer players shall win a soccer game, complying with the official rules of FIFA, against the winner of the most recent World Cup.[3]"

RoboCup leaguesEdit

 
Team rUNSWift competing in the Standard Platform League at RoboCup 2010 in Singapore
 
NimbRo-OP2X[4] robot in Humanoid AdultSize game át RoboCup 2018 in Montreal.

The contest currently has six major competition domains, each with a number of leagues and subleagues:

Each team is fully autonomous in all RoboCup leagues. Once the game starts, the only input from any human is from the referee.[8]

RoboCup editionsEdit

Number Year Host City Host Country Number of teams Number of countries Number of participants
1 RoboCup 1997 Nagoya   Japan 38 11
2 RoboCup 1998 Paris   France 63 19
3 RoboCup 1999 Stockholm   Sweden 85 23
4 RoboCup 2000 Melbourne   Australia 110 19
5 RoboCup 2001 Seattle   United States 141 22
6 RoboCup 2002 Fukuoka   Japan 197 29
7 RoboCup 2003 Padua   Italy 238 35
8 RoboCup 2004 Lisbon   Portugal 345 37
9 RoboCup 2005 Osaka   Japan 387 36
10 RoboCup 2006 Bremen   Germany 440 35
11 RoboCup 2007 Atlanta   United States 321 39 1,966
12 RoboCup 2008 Suzhou   People's Republic of China 373 35
13 RoboCup 2009 Graz   Austria 407 43 2,472
14 RoboCup 2010 Singapore   Singapore 500 40 3,000
15 RoboCup 2011 Istanbul   Turkey 451 40 2,691
16 RoboCup 2012 Mexico City   Mexico 381 42 2,356
17 RoboCup 2013 Eindhoven   Netherlands 410 45 3,033
18 RoboCup 2014 João Pessoa   Brazil 358 45 2,900
19 RoboCup 2015 Hefei   People's Republic of China[9] 346 43 2,032
20 RoboCup 2016 Leipzig   Germany[10] 404 45 3,500
21 RoboCup 2017 Nagoya   Japan[11] 500 50 2,520
22 RoboCup 2018 Montreal   Canada 360 40 2,345
23 RoboCup 2019 Sydney   Australia 335 40 2,200
24 RoboCup 2020 Bordeaux   France

The formal RoboCup was preceded by the (often unacknowledged) first International Micro Robot World Cup Soccer Tournament (MIROSOT) held by KAIST in Taejon, Korea, in November 1996. This was won by an American team from Newton Labs, and the competition was shown on CNN.[12]

RoboCup Asia-Pacific editionsEdit

Year Host City Host Country Number of teams Number of countries Number of participants
RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2017 Bangkok   Thailand
RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2018 Kish Island   Iran
RoboCup Asia-Pacific 2019 Moscow Russia


Recent RoboCup local eventsEdit

Warwick Mobile Robotics (from the University of Warwick) robot navigates red step fields, in the RoboCupRescue arena at the 2009 RoboCup German Open
Brainstormers Tribots (from Universität Osnabrück) play RFC Stuttgart (from Universität Stuttgart) in the RoboCupSoccer Middle-Size League at the 2009 RoboCup German Open

2019Edit

2018Edit

2017Edit

2016Edit

2015Edit

2014Edit

2013Edit

2012Edit

2011Edit

2010Edit

  • IranOpen 2010 Tehran, Iran
  • Latin America & Brazil Open 2010, São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
  • Robocup Mediterranean Open 2010, Rome, Italy
  • Robocup German Open (unofficial all-European tournament), Magdeburg, Germany
  • AUT cup 2010 Tehran, Iran

RoboCup teamsEdit

 
Team rUNSWift competing in the 4-Legged League at Bremen, Germany, 2006
 
Team CASualty competing in the Rescue Robot League at Singapore, 2010
  •   United Arab Emirates
    • Munai School - Ras Al Khaimah
    • Saif Al Dawlah School - Fujairah
    • Rashid Bin Humaid School - Ajman
  •   Australia
    • rUNSWift - University of New South Wales, Sydney
    • NUbots - University of Newcastle
    • UTS Unleashed! - University of Technology Sydney
    • UTS-USTC WrightEagle Unleashed! - University of Technology Sydney and University of Science and Technology of China
    • Karachi Koalas - University of Technology Sydney and Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan
    • RobotAssist - University of Technology Sydney, Centre for Autonomous Systems, Sydney
  •   Austria
    • GRIPS Graz University of Technology
    • Austrian-Kangaroos Vienna University of Technology, University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien
    • RRT-Team University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria
  •   Brazil
    • EDROM - Federal University of Uberlândia
    • RoboIME - IME
    • ITANDROIDS - ITA
    • UnBeatables - University of Brasilia
    • Jaguar - IFRJ Volta Redonda
    • DROID - University of Brasilia
    • UnBall - University of Brasilia
    • Pequi Mecânico - Federal University of Goiás
    • Bahia Robotics Team - Bahia State University
    • Warthog Robotics - University of São Paulo at São Carlos
    • RoboFEI - Centro Universitário da FEI
    • NIPAR - UTFPR
    • Molibdênio - Colégio Objetivo
    • Positronics - Colégio Santa Emília
    • Comphaus - São Paulo
  •   Canada
    • Thunderbots - University of British Columbia
    • Walking Machine - École de Technologie Supérieure
  •   Chile
    • UChile Homebreakers - Universidad de Chile
    • UChile Robotics Team (SPL) - Universidad de Chile
  •   China
    • Water - Beijing Information Science & Technology University
    • TJArk - Tongji University
    • ZjuNlict - Zhejiang University
    • WrightEagle - University of Science and Technology of China
    • AUA - Anhui University of Architecture
    • MT - HeFei University
  •   Colombia
    • STOx's - Universidad Santo Tomás
  •   Croatia
    • Hrvatski robotički savez
    • Udruga Robofreak
  •   Finland
    • Botnia–Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
  •   France
    • Rhoban Football Club - LaBRI - Bordeaux University
    • The Three Musketeers - Versailles Saint-Quentin University - Paris8 University
    • CPE Lyon
  •   Germany
    • Nao-Devils, TU Dortmund
    • RT-Lions, Reutlingen University
    • AllemaniACs RoboCup Team, RWTH Aachen University
    • AutonOHM, Technische Hochschule Nürnberg
    • Nao-Team HTWK, HTWK-Leipzig
    • b-it bots, Bonn-Rhine-Sieg University of Applied Sciences
    • B-Human - University of Bremen
    • Brainstormers - University of Freiburg (abandoned)
    • C-PALB–CJD High School Königswinter
    • Carologistics - RWTH Aachen University & FH Aachen University of Applied Sciences
    • Carpe Noctem - University of Kassel
    • LUHbots - Leibniz Universität Hannover
    • NimbRo - University of Bonn
    • Virtual Werder 3D - University of Bremen
    • Bembelbots - University of Frankfurt
    • FRA-UNIted - Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
    • FUmanoids - Freie Universität Berlin
    • GETbot - Universität Paderborn
    • magmaOffenburg - Hochschule Offenburg
    • Darmstadt Dribblers - Technische Universität Darmstadt
    • Team Hector Darmstadt - Technische Universität Darmstadt
    • NaoTH - Humboldt Universität zu Berlin
    • WF Wolves - Ostfalia - Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaften
    • Hamburg Bit-Bots - Universität Hamburg
    • Hamburg Ultra Legendary Kickers HULKs - Technische Universität Hamburg Harburg
    • BavarianBendingUnits - Technische Universität München, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
    • TIGERs Mannheim - Duale Hochschule Baden Württemberg
    • Robotics Erlangen
  •   Greece
    • Kouretes - Technical University of Crete
    • P.A.N.D.O.R.A. - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
  •   Hungary
    • Rescube - Private (Datastart Ltd.)
  •   India
    • AcYut - BITS Pilani, Pilani
    • Forever EV3 - Bal Bharati Public School, Pitampura (Byte Club)[13][14]
    • KGP Kubs- Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur
  •   Indonesia
  •   Iran
    • Cyrus Soccer Simulation 2D Team, Atomic Energy High School
    • IRC Humanoid Team, Islamic Azad University of Ilkhichi, East Azarbayjan, Iran
    • Razi Research Team [R2T] , Mashhad, Iran
    • Immortals, University of Tehran, Department of Mechanical Engineering
    • Eslam-B, ESLAM high school, Tehran, Iran
    • Farzanegan1, - Farzanegan HighSchool, Tehran, Iran
    • Aryan,- Islamic Azad University Of Malard
    • Nexus,[Nexus, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran]
    • YRA Teams, [ Yazd Robotics Association] , Islamic Azad University Yazd Branch, Yazd, Iran
    • MarliK - University of Guilan, Marlik Institute of Innovation and Technology, Rasht, Iran
    • VRU Robotics Group, [VRU, Vali-E-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Real Rescue Robot Team, Rafsanjan, Iran]
    • Cyrus,[Cyrus, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran]
    • Ziziphus - Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch
    • Sina,[Sina, AbouAliSina Educational Complex, Tehran, Iran]
    • S.O.S, [Amirkabir University of Technology, Rescue Simulation Group, Tehran, Iran]
    • EmJa ETERNALS, [IJHS's RC lab, Robotics and Simulation Group, Tehran, Iran]
    • S2PLUS, [Salam Dibaji Robocup Laboratory, Simulation Group, Tehran]
    • Positron, [Positron Simulation Group]
    • ResQuake Robotic Team, [K.N.Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran]
    • IUST Robotics Community Teams, [Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran]
    • MRL Teams, [Mechatronics Research Laboratory, Qazvin, Iran]
    • POOYESH, [emam sadegh highschool, Isfahan, Iran]
    • DANESH, [danesh, Danesh HighSchool, Tehran, Iran]
    • XeneX RoboCup Team, Tehran RoboCup Inc
    • Parsian Team – Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)
    • Impossibles Team–Sharif University of Technology
    • Persian Gulf RoboCup Team - Azad University
    • BraveCircles - SheikhBahaee University
    • PersianGulf3D - Shiraz Payam Noor University
    • paydar - [ paydar robotics group]
    • Persia Humanoid Team - Islamic Azad University Of Isfahan (Khurasgan Branch)
    • LegenDary - University of Guilan, Shahid Beheshti University
  •   Ireland
    • Robo Eireann - Maynooth University
  •   Israel
  •   Italy
    • dInfoBots–University of Palermo
    • SPQR Team, Sapienza University of Rome
  •   Japan
    • JEAP - Osaka University
    • eR@sers - Tamagawa University
  •   South Korea
    • KUDOS - Kookmin University
  •   Mexico
    • Borregos RoboCup Teams - Monterrey Tech
    • Cyberlords - Universidad La Salle
    • Eagle Knights - Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México
    • Golem - IIMAS, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • Leones - Colegio Cristóbal Colón De la Salle
    • Pumas - Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • Robótica UP - Universidad Panamericana Campus Bonaterra
    • TecRams ITESM-CEM Aibo Team
  •   Netherlands
    • Tech United Eindhoven - Eindhoven University of Technology
    • [1] Robohub Eindhoven - Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven
    • Dutch Robotics - 3TU
    • BORG - University of Groningen
    • Dutch Nao Team - Universiteit van Amsterdam
    • Swarmlab - Maastricht University
    • Robot Sports
    • Falcons
    • Small Size Holland - Saxion University of Applied Sciences
  •   Pakistan
  •   Portugal
    • ISocRob / UInstitute for Systems and Robotics, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon TU
    • CAMBADA - IEETA / University of Aveiro
    • MinhoTeam - LAR / University of Minho
  •   Romania
    • Oxsy - Sibiu
  •   Spain
  •   Taiwan
    • NTU RoboPal, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
  •   Thailand
    • BART LAB Rescue Team - Mahidol University, Bangkok
    • Plasma-Z, Plasma-RX, Plasma-MK - Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok
    • SKUBA - Kasetsart University, Bangkok
    • iRAProbot - king mongkut's university of technology north bangkok
  •   Turkey
    • Yildiz, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul
    • Cerberus, Bogazici University, Istanbul
    • RoboAKUT, Bogazici University, Istanbul
    • beeStanbul, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul
  •   Northern Cyprus
  •   United Kingdom
    • ORIon [2] - University of Oxford
    • Bold Hearts [3] - University of Hertfordshire
    • Calday Robotics
    • Christ's College Finchley
    • Edinferno - University of Edinburgh
    • Plymouth Humanoids
    • Warwick Mobile Robotics - University of Warwick
  •    Switzerland
    • Z-Knipsers - ETH Zürich
    • Team Solidus - Höhere Fachschule für Technik Mittelland
  •   United States
    • CMDragons - Carnegie Mellon University
    • ISI, University of Southern California
    • Northern Bites - Bowdoin College
    • RoboCats - Ohio University Athens, Ohio
    • RoboJackets – Georgia Institute of Technology
    • RoboPatriots - George Mason University
    • UT Austin Villa - The University of Texas at Austin
    • RoMeLa - University of California Los Angeles
    • UPennalizers - University of Pennsylvania
    • RFC Cambridge - Harvard and MIT

Media articlesEdit

  • No feel for the ball, on the 2006 RoboCup in Bremen, at signandsight.com
  • RoboCup Atlanta Report, the 2007 RoboCup in Atlanta, at SaySport
  • RoboCup Istanbul Report, The RoboCup 2011 report by BBC

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "RoboCup: The Robot World Cup Initiative". RoboCup. 1995. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.49.7511. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Pagnucco, Professor Maurice. "RoboCup 2019". Business Events Sydney. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  3. ^ "RoboCup: Objective". RoboCup. 1998. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  4. ^ Ficht, Grzegorz; Farazi, Hafez; Brandenburger, Andre; Rodriguez, Diego; Pavlichenko, Dmytro; Allgeuer, Philipp; Hosseini, Mojtaba; Behnke, Sven (2018). "NimbRo-OP2X: Adult-Sized Open-Source 3D Printed Humanoid Robot". 2018 IEEE-RAS 18th International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids). Beijing, China: IEEE. arXiv:1810.08395. doi:10.1109/HUMANOIDS.2018.8625038.
  5. ^ "RoboCup@Home"
  6. ^ "RoboCup@Work"
  7. ^ "RoboCupJunior – Creating a learning environment for today, fostering technological advancement for tomorrow". junior.robocup.org. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  8. ^ "A New Goal for Open Source"
  9. ^ http://www.wantinews.com/news-8698440-2015-RoboCup-Whispering-Hefei.html
  10. ^ http://www.leipzig.de/news/news/robocup-wm-2016-kommt-nach-leipzig/
  11. ^ http://robocup2017.org/eng/
  12. ^ http://www.newtonlabs.com/soccer/
  13. ^ "Aryan | Home". aryanm.me. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  14. ^ India, RoboCupJunior. "RoboCupJunior National Competition Winners 2017 in Bangalore - India". rcjindia.com. Retrieved 2018-11-23.

External linksEdit

  Media related to RoboCup at Wikimedia Commons