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Aichi Prefecture (愛知県, Aichi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region.[1] The region of Aichi is also known as the Tōkai region. The capital is Nagoya. It is the focus of the Chūkyō metropolitan area.[2]

Aichi Prefecture
愛知県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese愛知県
 • RōmajiAichi-ken
Flag of Aichi Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Aichi Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Aichi Prefecture
Coordinates: 35°10′48.68″N 136°54′48.63″E / 35.1801889°N 136.9135083°E / 35.1801889; 136.9135083Coordinates: 35°10′48.68″N 136°54′48.63″E / 35.1801889°N 136.9135083°E / 35.1801889; 136.9135083
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
IslandHonshu
CapitalNagoya
Government
 • GovernorHideaki Ōmura (since February 2011)
Area
 • Total5,153.81 km2 (1,989.90 sq mi)
Area rank28th
Population (May 1, 2016)
 • Total7,498,485
 • Rank4th
 • Density1,454.94/km2 (3,768.3/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-23
Districts7
Municipalities54
FlowerKakitsubata (Iris laevigata)
TreeHananoki (Acer pycnanthum)
BirdScops-owl (Otus scops japonicus)
FishKuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus)
Websitewww.pref.aichi.jp/global/en/index.html

Contents

HistoryEdit

Originally, the region was divided into the two provinces of Owari and Mikawa.[3] After the Meiji Restoration, Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system, Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula, was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture. Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.

The government of Aichi Prefecture is located in the Aichi Prefectural Government Office in Nagoya, which is the old capital of Owari. The Aichi Prefectural Police and its predecessor organisations have been responsible for law enforcement in the prefecture since 1871.

The Expo 2005 World Exposition was held in Seto and Nagakute.

EtymologyEdit

In the third volume of the Man'yōshū there is a poem by Takechi Kurohito that reads: "The cry of the crane, calling to Sakurada; it sounds like the tide, draining from Ayuchi flats, hearing the crane cry". Ayuchi is the original form of the name Aichi, and the Fujimae tidal flat is all that remains of the earlier Ayuchi-gata. It is now a protected area.[4][5]

For a time, an Aichi Station existed on the Kansai Line (at the time the Kansai Railway) between Nagoya and Hatta stations, but its role was overtaken by Sasashima-Live Station on the Aonami Line and Komeno Station on the Kintetsu Nagoya Line.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Aichi Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village
 
Satellite photo of Mikawa Bay

Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu, Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Nagano Prefecture to the northeast, Gifu Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture to the west. It measures 106 km east to west and 94 km south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain. With an area of 5,153.81 km2 it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1,415 m above sea level.

The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya, Japan's third largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the period from October 2005 to October 2006, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo, at 7.4 per cent.

As of April 1, 2012, 17% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Aichi Kōgen, Hida-Kisogawa, Mikawa Wan, and Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Parks along with seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

CitiesEdit

Thirty-eight cities are located in Aichi Prefecture.

Towns and villagesEdit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

MergersEdit

EconomyEdit

International relationsEdit

Sister Autonomous Administrative divisionEdit

DemographicsEdit

As of 2001, Aichi Prefecture's population was 50.03% male and 49.97% female. 139,540 residents (nearly 2% of the population) are of foreign nationality.

Population by age (2001)Edit

Age % population % male % female
0–9 10.21 10.45 9.96
10–19 10.75 11.02 10.48
20–29 15.23 15.71 14.75
30–39 14.81 15.31 14.30
40–49 12.21 12.41 12.01
50–59 15.22 15.31 15.12
60–69 11.31 11.22 11.41
70–79 6.76 6.01 7.52
Over 80 3.12 2.01 4.23
Unknown 0.38 0.54 0.23

TransportEdit

RailEdit

 
Nagoya Station and Nagoya Station building
 
Komaki Junction
 
Chubu Centrair International Airport, constructed on an artificial island
 
Port of Mikawa
 JR Central
 Tokaido Shinkansen
Tokaido Line
Chūō Main Line
Kansai Line
Taketoyo Line
Iida Line
 Meitetsu
 NH Nagoya Line
 IY Inuyama Line
 KM Komaki Line
 TA Centrair Line
 TA Tokoname Line
 ST Seto Line
 TK Toyokawa Line
 GN Gamagori Line
 TT Toyota Line
 KC Chita Line
 MU  MY Mikawa Line
 TB Bisai Line
 CH Chikko Line
 TB Tsushima Line
 Kintetsu
 E Nagoya Line
 Aonami Line
 Nagoya Municipal Subway
 Higashiyama Line
 Meijo Line
 Tsurumai Line (connecting to Meitetsu Toyota and Inuyama Line)
 Sakura-dori Line
 Meiko Line
 Kamiiida Line (connecting to Meitetsu Komaki Line)
 Toyohashi Railroad
 Aichi Loop Line

People movers and tramwaysEdit

  • Nagoya Guideway Bus
  • Linimo
  • Toyohashi Railroad

RoadEdit

Expressways and toll roads

National highways

 AirportsEdit

PortsEdit

  • Nagoya Port – International Container hub and ferry route to Sendai and Tomakomai, Hokkaido
  • Mikawa Port – mainly automobile and car parts export and part of inport base
  • Kinuura Port – Handa and Hekinan

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

National universities

Public universities

Private universities

Senior high schoolsEdit

SportsEdit

TourismEdit

 
Osu Kannon Temple, Naka, Nagoya
 
Jōkōji, Seto
 
Akabane Beach, Tahara
 
Twin Arch 138 Tower in Kiso River Park, Ichinomiya

Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, which preserves historic buildings from Japan's Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright's old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).

Other popular sites in Aichi include the tour of the Toyota car factory in the city by the same name, the monkey park in Inuyama, and the castles in Nagoya, Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Inuyama.

Aichi Prefecture has many wonderful beaches. For example, Himakajima Beach, Shinojima Beach, Akabane Beach, Utsumi Beach.

Festival and eventsEdit

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage[8]
etcetera

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Aichi-ken" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 11, p. 11, at Google Books; "Chūbu" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Nagoya" p. 685, p. 685, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "Summary of Aichi Prefecture". Aichi Prefecture. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
  5. ^ Kato, Sadamichi (2000). "Rediscovering an Ancient Poem to Save a Tidal Flat". International Studies in Literature and Environment. Oxford University Press. 7 (2): 189–197. doi:10.1093/isle/7.2.189.
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Domestic production and sales bases Archived 2015-05-10 at the Wayback Machine.". Sumitomo Riko. Retrieved on January 28, 2015.
  8. ^ "Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals in Japan". UNESCO. Retrieved 13 January 2017.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit