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The Nagoya Municipal Subway (名古屋市営地下鉄, Nagoya Shiei Chikatetsu) is a rapid transit system serving Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture in Japan. It consists of six lines that cover 93.3 kilometers (58.0 mi) of route and serve 87 stations.[1] Approximately 90% of the subway's total track length is underground.

Nagoya Municipal Subway
Nagoya Municipal Subway Logo
Nagoya Municipal Subway Logo
Overview
Native name名古屋市営地下鉄
Nagoya Shiei Chikatetsu
LocaleNagoya, Aichi, Japan
Transit typeRapid Transit
Number of lines6
Number of stations87[1]
Daily ridership1,171,289[2]
WebsiteTransportation Bureau, City of Nagoya
Operation
Began operation15 November 1957 (1957-11-15)
Operator(s)Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya
Technical
System length93.3 km (58.0 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Higashiyama and Meijō/Meikō Lines)
1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) (Tsurumai, Sakura-dōri, and Kamiiida Lines)
Electrification600 V DC third rail (Higashiyama and Meijō/Meikō Lines)
1,500 V DC overhead lines (Tsurumai, Sakura-dōri, and Kamiiida Lines)

The subway system is owned and operated by Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya and, like other large Japanese cities including Tokyo and Osaka, is heavily complemented by suburban rail, together forming an extensive network of 47 lines in and around Greater Nagoya. Of them, the subway lines represent 38% of Greater Nagoya's total rail ridership of 3 million passengers a day.[3]

In 2002, the system introduced Hatchii as its official mascot.

Contents

Lines and infrastructureEdit

The six lines that comprise the Nagoya subway network are, for the most part, independent. However, Meikō Line services partially interline with the Meijō Line, and the operations of both lines are combined. Therefore, there are in fact five distinct services on the subway. They are mostly self-contained, but two of its lines have through services onto lines owned and operated by Meitetsu, the largest private railway operator in the region. One of these, the Kamiida Line, is essentially an extension of the Meitetsu Komaki Line to which it connects.

The first two subway lines, the Higashiyama and Meijō/Meikō Lines, run on standard gauge track and use 600 volt DC electrification from a third rail. They are three of the eleven subway lines in Japan which use both third-rail electrification and standard gauge track (the Ginza and Marunouchi lines in Tokyo are the only other two lines to use third rail at that voltage; five of the eight lines of the Osaka Metro and the Blue Line in Yokohama all use 750 V DC third rail). Subsequent lines were built to narrow gauge and employ 1,500 volt DC electrification from overhead lines, in common with most other rapid transit lines in the country.

As with other railway lines in Japan, tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines in stations. Since February 2011, this has largely been supplemented by Manaca, a rechargeable smart card. By the next year, it had replaced Tranpass, the predecessor integrated ticketing system, which could be used at all subway stations and for other connected transportation systems in the region.[4]

Line
color
Line
icon
Mark Line
number
Name Japanese Opened Last extension Length Stations
yellow   H Line 1 Higashiyama Line 東山線 1957 1982 20.6 km (12.8 mi) 22
purple   M Line 2 Meijō Line 名城線 1965[Note 1] 1971 8.9 km (5.5 mi) 12[Note 2]
Line 4 1974[Note 3] 2004 17.5 km (10.9 mi) 17[Note 2]
E Line 2 Meikō Line 名港線 1971[Note 4] 6.0 km (3.7 mi) 7[Note 5]
blue   IY Via trackage rights Meitetsu Inuyama Line 名鉄犬山線 1993[Note 6] 21.4 km (13.3 mi) 13[Note 7]
T Line 3 Tsurumai Line 鶴舞線 1977 1993 20.4 km (12.7 mi) 20
TT Via trackage rights Meitetsu Toyota Line 名鉄豊田線 1979[Note 8] 15.2 km (9.4 mi) 8[Note 9]
MY Meitetsu Mikawa Line 名鉄三河線 N/A[Note 10] 1.4 km (0.87 mi) 2[Note 9]
red   S Line 6 Sakura-dōri Line 桜通線 1989 2011 19.1 km (11.9 mi) 21
pink   KM Via trackage rights Meitetsu Komaki Line 名鉄小牧線 2003[Note 11] 18.3 km (11.4 mi) 13[Note 12]
2003[Note 13] 2.3 km (1.4 mi) 2[Note 14]
K Line 7 Kamiiida Line 上飯田線 2003[Note 15] 0.8 km (0.50 mi) 2[Note 16]
Total (Subway only – not incl. trackage rights portions): 93.3 km[1] 87[1]

NotesEdit

 
Platform of Shiyakusho Station
 
Entrance to Shiyakusho Station
 
Ticket gates
 
Ticket vending machines

Connecting servicesEdit

JR CentralEdit

(for Shin-Yokohama, Tokyo, Kyoto, and Shin-Osaka)
(for Gifu, Ōgaki, Obu, Kariya, Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Hamamatsu)
(for Kozoji (transfer to former Expo Site), Tajimi, and Nakatsugawa)
(for Yokkaichi, Tsu and Kameyama)
(Limited Express only, for Gero and Takayama)

MeitetsuEdit

(for Meitetsu Gifu, Chiryu, Hekinan, Nishio, Higashi Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Toyokawa Inari)
(for Otagawa, Chita Handa, Kowa, Utsumi, Tokoname, and Central Japan Int'l Airport)
(for Iwakura, Inuyama, Mikakino and Shin Kani)
(for Tsushima, Saya and Yatomi)
(for Owari Seto)
(for Toyotashi)

KintetsuEdit

(for Yokkaichi, Tsu, Nakagawa, Matsusaka, Ise, Toba, and Osaka)

Nagoya Seaside Rapid RailwayEdit

(for Kinjo-Futo (Nagoya International Exhibition Hall))

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e トップページ - ご意見・お問い合わせ - よくあるご質問 - 地下鉄について [Top - Feedback and inquiries - Frequently Asked Questions - For subway] (in Japanese). Transportation Bureau, City of Nagoya. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ 平成21年版名古屋市統計年鑑 11.運輸・通信 [Nagoya Statistics for Year 21 of the Heisei Era, 11 Transportation and Communication] (in Japanese). Nagoya City. 2009. Archived from the original on 16 June 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-03-29. Retrieved 2017-08-12. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Tickets - Nagoya Transportation Bureau". Archived from the original on 2014-03-11. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External linksEdit