List of metro systems

This list of metro systems includes electrified rapid transit train systems worldwide. In some parts of the world, metro systems are referred to as subways, U-Bahn or undergrounds. As of December 2017, 182 cities[1] in 56 countries around the world host the approximately 180 metro systems that are listed here.

The London Underground (top) is the oldest metro system. The New York City Subway (middle) has the most stations. The Shanghai Metro (bottom) is the metro system with the longest route length.

The London Underground first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863 and its first electrified underground line opened in 1890,[2] making it the world's oldest metro system.[3] The New York City Subway has the greatest number of stations.[4][5] The country with the most metro systems is China, with 42 in operation.[6] The Shanghai Metro has the world's largest metro network.[7]

ConsiderationsEdit

The International Association of Public Transport (L'Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic".[8][9] The terms heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[10][11][12] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway".[10][11]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[10][11] and commuter rail,[10][11] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail",[8] the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) distinguish all three modes.[10][11] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks may match the service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as S-Bahn, suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included in this list. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this list should not be used to infer the size of a city's, region's, or country's urban rail transit systems, or to establish a ranking.

LegendEdit

 
The locations of all the world's metro systems
 
Countries shown in green have at least one operational metro system, while countries shown in yellow have at least one metro system under construction.
City
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country
Sovereign state in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the metro system (including a link to the article for that system).
Year opened
The year the metro system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (most notably electrification) is the one listed.
Year of last expansion
The last time the system length or number of stations in the metro system was expanded.
Stations
The number of stations in the metro network, with stations connected by transfer counted as one.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers or miles. Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Ridership
The number of unique journeys on the metro system every year. There is a major discrepancy between the ridership figures: some metro systems count transferring between lines as multiple journeys, but others do not.

ListEdit

This list is sortable. Click on the   icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

Note: This list may not be fully representative due to some systems having yearly ridership numbers during the COVID-19 pandemic while others have numbers from previous years.

City Country Name Year opened Year of last expansion Stations System length Annual ridership
(millions)
Algiers   Algeria Algiers Metro 2011[13] 2018[14] 19[14] 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[15] 45.3 (2019)[R 1]
Buenos Aires   Argentina Buenos Aires Underground 1913[Nb 1] 2019[18] 90[19] 56.7 km (35.2 mi)[19] 74.0 (2020)[R 2]
Yerevan   Armenia Yerevan Metro 1981[20] 1996[21] 10[20] 13.4 km (8.3 mi)[20] 10.75 (2020)[R 3]
Sydney   Australia Sydney Metro 2019[22] 13[22] 36 km (22 mi)[22][23] 12.9 (2020)[R 4][R Nb 1]
Vienna   Austria Vienna U-Bahn 1976[24][Nb 2] 2017[25] 98[26] 83.3 km (51.8 mi)[24] 459.8 (2019)[R 6]
Baku   Azerbaijan Baku Metro 1967[27] 2021[28] 26[27] 38.03 km (23.63 mi)[27] 72.1 (2020)[R 3]
Minsk   Belarus Minsk Metro 1984[29] 2020[29] 33[30] 40.8 km (25.4 mi)[30] 219.3 (2019)[R 3]
Brussels   Belgium Brussels Metro 1976[31] 2009[Nb 3] 59[31][Nb 4] 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[32] 87.6 (2020)[R 7]
Belo Horizonte   Brazil Belo Horizonte Metro 1986[33] 2002[33] 19[34] 28.1 km (17.5 mi)[35] 58.4 (2018)[R 8]
Brasília   Brazil Brasília Metro 2001[36] 2020[37] 25[38] 42.4 km (26.3 mi)[38][39] 42.8 (2019)[R 9]
Porto Alegre   Brazil Porto Alegre Metro 1985[40] 2014[40] 22[41] 43.8 km (27.2 mi)[41] 51.7 (2018)[R 10]
Recife   Brazil Recife Metro[Nb 5] 1985[42] 2009[42] 28[43] 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[43] 93.5 (2019)[R 11]
Rio de Janeiro   Brazil Rio de Janeiro Metro 1979[44] 2016[45] 41[44] 58 km (36 mi)[45] 118.7 (2020)[R 12]
Salvador   Brazil Salvador Metro 2014[46] 2018[47] 19[48] 32.5 km (20.2 mi)[47][49] 62 (2020)[R 13]
São Paulo   Brazil São Paulo Metro 1974[50] 2019[51] 89[51] 101.1 km (62.8 mi)[51] 763.6 (2020)[R 14]
Sofia   Bulgaria Sofia Metro 1998[52] 2021[53] 47[53] 52 km (32 mi)[53] 93.1 (2018)[R 15]
Montreal   Canada Montreal Metro 1966[54] 2007[54] 68[55] 71 km (44 mi)[55] 164.0 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Toronto   Canada Toronto Subway[56] 1954[57] 2017[57] 75[58] 76.5 km (47.5 mi)[59] 166.0 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2][R Nb 3]
Vancouver   Canada SkyTrain 1985[60] 2016[61] 53[61] 79.6 km (49.5 mi)[61] 74.5 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Santiago   Chile Santiago Metro 1975[62] 2019[63] 136[64] 140 km (87 mi)[65] 263.4 (2020)[R 17]
Beijing   China Beijing Subway[66] 1971[Nb 6] 2020[67] 342[Nb 7] 727 km (452 mi)[67][Nb 8] 2292.65 (2020)[R 18]
Changchun   China Changchun Rail Transit 2002 2021[68] 63 72.6 km (45.1 mi) 154.37 (2020)[R 18]
Changsha   China Changsha Metro 2014[69] 2020[70] 100 142.5 km (88.5 mi) 385.76 (2020)[R 18]
Changzhou   China Changzhou Metro 2019[71] 2021[72] 43 54.21 km (33.68 mi) 22.82 (2020)[R 18]
Chengdu   China Chengdu Metro 2010 2020[73] 285[Nb 9] 519.2 km (322.6 mi)[74] 1219.62 (2020)[R 18]
Chongqing   China Chongqing Rail Transit 2005 2021[75] 198 370 km (230 mi)[76] 839.75 (2020)[R 18]
Dalian   China Dalian Metro[77] 2003 2018[78] 69 153.5 km (95.4 mi) 125.22 (2020)[R 18]
Dongguan   China Dongguan Rail Transit 2016[79] 15 37.8 km (23.5 mi) 35.06 (2020)[R 18]
Foshan   China Foshan Metro[Nb 10] 2010 2018 22 34.4 km (21.4 mi) n/a[R Nb 4]
Fuzhou   China Fuzhou Metro 2016[80] 2020[81] 46[81] 59.72 km (37.11 mi)[81] 94.75 (2020)[R 18]
Guangzhou   China Guangzhou Metro 1997 2021[82] 247 531.1 km (330.0 mi)[83] 2415.60 (2020)[R 18]
Guiyang   China Guiyang Metro 2017[84] 2021[85] 55 75.7 km (47.0 mi)[85] 36.98 (2020)[R 18]
Hangzhou   China Hangzhou Metro[86] 2012 2021[87] 175 323.2 km (200.8 mi) 582.41 (2020)[R 18]
Harbin   China Harbin Metro 2013[88] 2021[89] 44 60 km (37 mi)[89] 51.33 (2020)[R 18]
Hefei   China Hefei Metro 2016[90] 2020[91] 95 114.74 km (71.30 mi) 195.07 (2020)[R 18]
Hohhot   China Hohhot Metro 2019[92] 2020[93] 44[92] 49.039 km (30.471 mi)[92] 21.30 (2020)[R 18]
Hong Kong   China Mass Transit Railway 1979[Nb 11] 2021[Nb 12] 97[94] 204.4 km (127.0 mi)[95] 1155.8 (2020)[R 19][R 20][R Nb 5]
Jinan   China Jinan Metro 2019[96] 2021[97][6] 40[96][98] 84.3 km (52.4 mi)[96][98] 8.68 (2020)[R 18]
Kunming   China Kunming Metro 2012 2020[99] 84 139.4 km (86.6 mi)[100] 159.26 (2020)[R 18]
Lanzhou   China Lanzhou Metro 2019[101] 20[101] 25.9 km (16.1 mi)[101] 52.48 (2020)[R 18]
Luoyang   China Luoyang Subway 2021[6][102] 19[6][102] 25.3 km (15.7 mi)[6] n/a
Nanchang   China Nanchang Metro 2015 2020[103] 74 88.747 km (55.145 mi) 135.93 (2020)[R 18]
Nanjing   China Nanjing Metro[104] 2005 2018[104][Nb 13] 159[105] 378 km (235 mi)[105] 801.34 (2020)[R 18]
Nanning   China Nanning Metro[106] 2016 2020[106] 84 108 km (67 mi) 208.41 (2020)[R 18]
Ningbo   China Ningbo Rail Transit[107] 2014 2020[108] 102 154.9 km (96.3 mi) 159.86 (2020)[R 18]
Qingdao   China Qingdao Metro 2015[109] 2020[110] 106 246.2 km (153.0 mi) 139.09 (2020)[R 18]
Shanghai   China Shanghai Metro 1993[111] 2021[112] 369[Nb 14] 743 km (462 mi)[114][Nb 15] 2834.69 (2020)[R 18]
Shaoxing   China Shaoxing Metro 2021[115] 10[115] 20.3 km (12.6 mi)[115] n/a
Shenyang   China Shenyang Metro 2010 2020[116] 91 116 km (72 mi) 316.28 (2020)[R 18]
Shenzhen   China Shenzhen Metro 2004 2020[117] 270 411 km (255 mi)[117] 1626.73 (2020)[R 18]
Shijiazhuang   China Shijiazhuang Metro 2017 2021[118] 60[118] 76.5 km (47.5 mi)[118] 71.71 (2020)[R 18]
Suzhou   China Suzhou Rail Transit 2012 2021[119] 154 210.8 km (131.0 mi)[119] 308.57 (2020)[R 18]
Taiyuan   China Taiyuan Metro 2020 23 23.65 km (14.70 mi)[120] 0.876 (6 days in 2020)
Tianjin   China Tianjin Metro 1984 2019[121] 145 236 km (147 mi) 338.75 (2020)[R 18]
Ürümqi   China Ürümqi Metro 2018 2019[122] 21 27.6 km (17.1 mi) 19.11 (2020)[R 18]
Wenzhou   China Wenzhou Rail Transit 2019[123] 2019[124] 18 53.5 km (33.2 mi)[124] 7.01 (2020)[R 18]
Wuhan   China Wuhan Metro 2004 2021[125] 241 360.3 km (223.9 mi)[126] 628.03 (2020)[R 18]
Wuxi   China Wuxi Metro 2014[127] 2020[128] 66 89.4 km (55.6 mi) 87.22 (2020)[R 18]
Xiamen   China Xiamen Metro 2017[129] 2021[130] 65 98.7 km (61.3 mi) 113.97 (2020)[R 18]
Xi'an   China Xi'an Metro 2011 2021[131] 164 266.38 km (165.52 mi) 731.04 (2020)[R 18]
Xuzhou   China Xuzhou Metro 2019[132] 2021[133] 51 64.35 km (39.99 mi) 20.94 (2020)[R 18]
Zhengzhou   China Zhengzhou Metro 2013[134] 2021[135] 126 206.3 km (128.2 mi) 341.01 (2020)[R 18]
Medellín   Colombia Medellín Metro 1995[136] 2012[Nb 16] 27[136] 31.3 km (19.4 mi)[136] 115.4 (2020)[R 21]
Prague   Czech Republic Prague Metro 1974[137] 2015[Nb 17] 58[138] 65.2 km (40.5 mi)[139] 251.4 (2020)[R 22]
Copenhagen   Denmark Copenhagen Metro 2002[140] 2020[140] 39[141] 38.2 km (23.7 mi)[141] 63.7 (2020)[R 23]
Santo Domingo   Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Metro 2009 2018[142] 34[142][143][144] 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[143][144] 49.6 (2020)[R 24]
Cairo   Egypt Cairo Metro[145] 1987 2020[Nb 18] 71[145] 89.4 km (55.6 mi)[145] 1314 (2015)[R 25][R Nb 6]
Helsinki   Finland Helsinki Metro 1982[146] 2017[Nb 19][147] 25[148] 35 km (22 mi)[149] 60.4 (2020)[R 26]
Lille   France Lille Metro 1983[150] 2000[150] 60[151] 45 km (28 mi)[151] 127.6 (2019)[R 27]
Lyon   France Lyon Metro 1978[152] 2013[153] 40[154] 32.0 km (19.9 mi)[154] 219.5 (2019)[R 27]
Marseille   France Marseille Metro 1977 2019 29[155] 22.3 km (13.9 mi)[155] 76.6 (2019)[R 27]
Paris   France Paris Métro 1900[156] 2020[157] 304[158] 219.9 km (136.6 mi)[159] 753 (2020)[R 28][R Nb 7]
Rennes   France Rennes Metro 2002 15 9.4 km (5.8 mi) 37.2 (2019)[R 27]
Toulouse   France Toulouse Metro 1993[160] 2007[160][Nb 20] 37[161] 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[160] 118.2 (2019)[R 27]
Tbilisi   Georgia Tbilisi Metro 1966[162] 2017[163] 23[164] 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[164] 69.78 (2020)[R 3]
Berlin   Germany Berlin U-Bahn 1902[165] 2020[166] 174[167] 147.8 km (91.8 mi)[168] 596 (2019)[R 29]
Hamburg   Germany Hamburg U-Bahn 1912[169] 2019[170] 93[171] 105.8 km (65.7 mi)[171] 249.5 (2019)[R 30]
Munich   Germany Munich U-Bahn 1971[172] 2010[Nb 21] 96[172] 95 km (59 mi)[172] 429 (2019)[R 31]
Nuremberg   Germany Nuremberg U-Bahn 1972 2020[173][174] 49[174] 38.2 km (23.7 mi)[174] 114.6 (2019)[R 32]
Athens   Greece Athens Metro[Nb 22] 1904[177][Nb 23] 2020[178] 64[179] 88.7 km (55.1 mi)[175] 259.2 (2018)[R 33][R Nb 8]
Budapest   Hungary Budapest Metro 1896 2014[180] 48 38.2 km (23.7 mi)[180][181] 232.8 (2020)[R 34]
Ahmedabad   India Ahmedabad Metro 2019[182] 6[182] 6.5 km (4.0 mi)[183] 0.4 (2021)[184]
Bengaluru   India Namma Metro 2011[185] 2021[186] 45[187] 56 km (35 mi)[187] 174.22 (2020*)[R 35]
Chennai   India Chennai Metro 2015[188] 2021[189] 42[190] 54 km (34 mi)[191] 42 (2021)[184]
Delhi   India Delhi Metro 2002[192] 2021[193] 230[Nb 24] 348.12 km (216.31 mi)[196][197] 926.1 (2018*)[R 36]
Gurgaon   India Rapid Metro 2013[198] 2017[199] 11[199] 11.7 km (7.3 mi)[199] 18.3 (2018*)[R 37][R Nb 9]
Hyderabad   India Hyderabad Metro 2017[200] 2020[201] 56[201] 69 km (43 mi)[201] 173 (2021)[184]
Jaipur   India Jaipur Metro 2015[202][203] 2020[203] 11[203] 12.0 km (7.5 mi)[203] 7 (2021)[184]
Kochi   India Kochi Metro 2017[204] 2020[205] 22[205] 24.9 km (15.5 mi)[205] 17 (2021)[184]
Kolkata   India Kolkata Metro 1984[206] 2021[207] 33[208] 38.5 km (23.9 mi)[208] 256 (2021)[184]
Lucknow   India Lucknow Metro 2017[209] 2019[210] 21[209] 22.87 km (14.21 mi)[209] 22 (2021)[184]
Mumbai   India Mumbai Metro 2014[211] 12[212] 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[212] 126 (2021)[213]
Nagpur   India Nagpur Metro 2019[214] 2021[215] 24[216][217][218] 26.1 km (16.2 mi)[217] 4 (2021) [184]
Noida   India Noida Metro 2019[219] 21 29.7 km (18.5 mi) 5 (2021)[184]
Jakarta   Indonesia Jakarta MRT 2019[220] 13 15.7 km (9.8 mi) 9.9 (2020)[R 38]
Isfahan   Iran Isfahan Urban Railway 2015[221] 2018[222][223] 20[222] 20.2 km (12.6 mi)[222] n/a
Mashhad   Iran Mashhad Urban Railway 2011[224] 2019[225] 35[226] 37.5 km (23.3 mi)[227] 44.4 (2018)[R 39]
Shiraz   Iran Shiraz Metro 2014[228] 2020[Nb 25] 20 24.5 km (15.2 mi) 18 (2018)[R 40]
Tabriz   Iran Tabriz Metro 2015[229] 2020 15 17.2 km (10.7 mi) n/a
Tehran   Iran Tehran Metro 2000[230][Nb 26] 2021[231] 122[Nb 27][232] 155.6 km (96.7 mi)[Nb 27][232] 820 (2018*)[R 41]
Brescia   Italy Brescia Metro 2013[233] 17[234] 13.7 km (8.5 mi)[234] 18.7 (2019)[R 42]
Catania   Italy Catania Metro 1999[235] 2017[236] 10[237] 8.8 km (5.5 mi) 5.8 (2018)[R 43]
Genoa   Italy Genoa Metro 1990[238] 2012[238] 8[238] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[238] 15.3 (2018)[R 44][R Nb 10]
Milan   Italy Milan Metro 1964[239] 2015[239] 106[Nb 28] 96.8 km (60.1 mi)[241] 386.8 (2019)[R 45]
Naples   Italy Naples Metro[Nb 29] 1993 2021[Nb 30] 23[242] 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[242] 41.1 (2019)[R 46][R Nb 11]
Rome   Italy Rome Metro 1955 2018[243] 73[244] 60 km (37 mi)[245][246] 320 (2018)[R 47]
Turin   Italy Turin Metro 2006[247] 2021[248] 23[247][248] 15.1 km (9.4 mi)[248] 42.5 (2018)[R 48]
Fukuoka   Japan[Nb 31] Fukuoka City Subway 1981[249] 2005[249] 35[249] 29.8 km (18.5 mi)[249] 173.3 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Hiroshima   Japan[Nb 31] Astram Line 1994[250] 2015[251] 21 18.4 km (11.4 mi)[250] 24.0 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Kobe   Japan[Nb 31] Kobe Municipal Subway 1977[250] 2001 28 38.1 km (23.7 mi)[250] 114.2 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Kyoto   Japan[Nb 31] Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981[250] 2008 31[252] 31.2 km (19.4 mi)[250] 146.4 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Nagoya   Japan[Nb 31] Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957[250] 2011[253] 87[253] 93.3 km (58.0 mi)[253] 487.4 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Osaka   Japan[Nb 31] Osaka Metro 1933[254] 2006[254] 100[255] 129.9 km (80.7 mi)[254][256] 870.4 (2016*)[R 50][R Nb 12]
Sapporo   Japan[Nb 31] Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971[250] 1999 46[257] 48.0 km (29.8 mi)[250] 226.9 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Sendai   Japan[Nb 31] Sendai Subway 1987[258] 2015[259] 29[258] 28.7 km (17.8 mi)[258] 91.7 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Tokyo   Japan[Nb 31] Toei Subway 1960[260] 2002[260] 99[Nb 32] 109.0 km (67.7 mi)[260] 1174.9 (2019*)[R 51][R 49][R Nb 12]
Tokyo Metro 1927[263] 2020[264] 142[265] 195.1 km (121.2 mi)[266] 2757.4 (2019*)[R 51][R 49][R Nb 12]
Rinkai Line 1996[250] 2002 8 12.2 km (7.6 mi)[250] 95.0 (2019*)[R 52][R Nb 12]
Yokohama   Japan[Nb 31] Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972[267] 2008[267] 40[267] 53.4 km (33.2 mi)[267] 243.2 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Minatomirai Line 2004[250] 2008 6 4.1 km (2.5 mi)[250] 80.6 (2019*)[R 49][R Nb 12]
Almaty   Kazakhstan Almaty Metro 2011[268] 2015[268] 9 11.3 km (7.0 mi)[268] 7.0 (2020)[R 3]
Pyongyang   North Korea Pyongyang Metro 1973 1987[Nb 33] 17 22 km (14 mi) 36 (2009)[R 53]
Busan   South Korea Busan Metro 1985 2017[Nb 34] 135 139.9 km (86.9 mi) 361 (2019)[R 54][R Nb 13]
Daegu   South Korea Daegu Metro 1997 2015[Nb 35] 58[269] 81.2 km (50.5 mi)[269] 168 (2019)[R 54]
Daejeon   South Korea Daejeon Metro 2006 2007[Nb 36] 22 22.7 km (14.1 mi) 40 (2019)[R 54]
Gwangju   South Korea Gwangju Metro 2004 2008[Nb 37] 20 20.1 km (12.5 mi) 19 (2019)[R 54]
Incheon   South Korea Incheon Subway 1999 2020[270] 56[271] 59.4 km (36.9 mi)[271] 116 (2019)[R 54]
Seoul   South Korea Seoul Subway[Nb 38][Nb 39] 1974[272] 2021[273] 338[274] 364.9 km (226.7 mi)[274] 2127.2 (2020)[R 55][R Nb 14][R Nb 15]
Korail metro lines[Nb 40][Nb 39] 1994[Nb 41] 2020[275] 86 151.7 km (94.3 mi)[276] 426.4 (2019)[R 56][R Nb 16]
Shinbundang Line[Nb 39] (Neo Trans) 2011 2016[277] 12 31.3 km (19.4 mi)[277] 122.5 (2019)[R 56][R Nb 17]
Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia Rapid Rail[Nb 42] 1996 2017[278] 104 142.5 km (88.5 mi) 113.2 (2020)[R 57]
Guadalajara   Mexico Tren Eléctrico Urbano[Nb 43] 2020 18 21.5 km (13.4 mi) n/a
Mexico City   Mexico Mexico City Metro 1969[279] 2012[Nb 44] 163[Nb 45] 200.9 km (124.8 mi)[280][Nb 46] 935.2 (2020)[R 58]
Monterrey   Mexico Metrorrey 1991[281] 2021[282] 38[283] 40.5 km (25.2 mi)[283] 109.9 (2020)[R 59]
Amsterdam   Netherlands Amsterdam Metro 1977 2018[284] 39[285] 41.2 km (25.6 mi) 111.3 (2019)[R 60][R Nb 18]
Rotterdam   Netherlands Rotterdam Metro[Nb 47] 1968 2019 70 100.6 km (62.5 mi) 99 (2019)[R 61]
Oslo   Norway Oslo Metro[Nb 48] 1966[Nb 49] 2016[Nb 50] 101 85 km (53 mi)[286] 74 (2020)[R 62]
Lahore   Pakistan Lahore Metro 2020[287] 26 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[287] n/a
Panama City   Panama Panama Metro 2014 2019[288] 29 36.8 km (22.9 mi) 49.9 (2020)[R 63]
Lima   Peru Lima Metro 2011 2014[289] 26 34.6 km (21.5 mi)[289] 110.4 (2018)[R 64]
Manila   Philippines Manila Light Rail Transit System 1984[290] 2021[290] 33[291] 37.2 km (23.1 mi)[290][292] 218.2 (2019)[R 65][R Nb 19]
Manila Metro Rail Transit System 1999 2000 13 16.9 km (10.5 mi)[293] 96.9 (2019)[R 66]
Warsaw   Poland Warsaw Metro 1995 2020[294] 33 35.5 km (22.1 mi) 195.4 (2019)[R 67]
Lisbon   Portugal Lisbon Metro 1959[295] 2016[295] 56[295] 44.2 km (27.5 mi)[295] 85.6 (2020)[R 68]
Doha   Qatar Doha Metro 2019[296] 2019[297] 36[297] 76 km (47 mi)[Nb 51] n/a
Bucharest   Romania Bucharest Metro 1979[298] 2020[299] 63[300] 78.5 km (48.8 mi)[299] 179.2 (2019)[R 69]
Kazan   Russia Kazan Metro[301] 2005 2018[302] 11[303] 16.8 km (10.4 mi)[303] 21.5 (2019)[R 3]
Moscow   Russia Moscow Metro[304] 1935 2021 198[Nb 52][305] 412.1 km (256.1 mi)[305] 1618.2 (2020)[R 3]
Nizhny Novgorod   Russia Nizhny Novgorod Metro 1985 2018[306] 15[306] 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[citation needed] 20.4 (2020)[R 3]
Novosibirsk   Russia Novosibirsk Metro 1986 2010[307] 13[303] 15.9 km (9.9 mi)[303] 58.1 (2020)[R 3]
Saint Petersburg   Russia Saint Petersburg Metro 1955 2019[308] 64[Nb 53][309] 124.8 km (77.5 mi)[309] 495.0 (2020)[R 3]
Samara   Russia Samara Metro 1987[310] 2015[311] 10[303] 11.6 km (7.2 mi)[303] 8.8 (2020)[R 3]
Yekaterinburg   Russia Yekaterinburg Metro 1991 2012[312] 9[303] 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[303] 27.3 (2020)[R 3]
Singapore   Singapore Mass Rapid Transit 1987 2021[313] 127[314][313] 216 km (134 mi)[315] 738.4 (2020)[R 70][R Nb 20]
Barcelona   Spain Barcelona Metro[Nb 54] 1924 2020[316] 159[317] 122.3 km (76.0 mi)[317] 217.93 (2019)[R 71]
Bilbao   Spain Metro Bilbao[Nb 55] 1995[318] 2020[319][320] 42[321][320] 45.1 km (28.0 mi)[321] 91.6 (2019)[R 72]
Madrid   Spain Madrid Metro[Nb 56] 1919[322] 2019[323] 242[324] 288.5 km (179.3 mi)[324] 349.8 (2020)[R 73]
Stockholm   Sweden Stockholm Metro 1950[325][Nb 57] 1994[325] 100[326] 108 km (67 mi)[326] 355 (2018)[R 74]
Lausanne    Switzerland Lausanne Métro[Nb 58] 2008[327] 14 5.9 km (3.7 mi) 32.8 (2019)[R 75][R Nb 21]
Kaohsiung   Taiwan Kaohsiung Rapid Transit 2008 2012 37[328] 42.7 km (26.5 mi)[328] 65.4 (2019)[R 76]
Taipei   Taiwan Taipei Metro 1996[329] 2020[330] 119[Nb 59] 146.2 km (90.8 mi)[331] 695.7 (2020)[R 77]
Taichung   Taiwan Taichung Metro[333] 2021[334] 18[334] 16.7 km (10.4 mi)[334] n/a
Taoyuan   Taiwan Taoyuan Metro 2017 22[335] 53.1 km (33.0 mi) 28.0 (2019)[R 78]
Bangkok   Thailand BTS Skytrain 1999[336] 2021[337] 60[337] 68.2 km (42.4 mi)[338] 236.9 (2020*)[R 79]
Metropolitan Rapid Transit 2004[339] 2019[339] 53[340] 71 km (44 mi)[340] 95.3 (2020)[R 80][R Nb 22]
Adana   Turkey Adana Metro 2009 2010 13[341] 13.9 km (8.6 mi)[341] 14 (2011)[R 81]
Ankara   Turkey Ankara Metro 1997 2017[342][Nb 60] 56[343] 64.36 km (39.99 mi)[342][343] 66.4 (2020)[R 82]
Bursa   Turkey Bursaray 2002 2014[Nb 61] 38[344] 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[344] 91.3 (2010)[R 83]
Istanbul   Turkey Istanbul Metro[Nb 62] 1989[345] 2021[346] 107[Nb 63] 135.7 km (84.3 mi)[347] 262.3 (2020)[R 84][R Nb 23]
İzmir   Turkey İzmir Metro 2000[349] 2014[349] 17[349] 20 km (12 mi)[349] 100 (2019)[R 85]
Dnipro   Ukraine Dnipro Metro 1995 6[350] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[350] 3.55 (2020)[R 86]
Kharkiv   Ukraine Kharkiv Metro 1975 2016 30[350] 38.1 km (23.7 mi)[350] 128.1 (2020)[R 87]
Kyiv   Ukraine Kyiv Metro 1960 2013 52[350] 67.6 km (42.0 mi)[350] 279.5 (2020)[R 88]
Dubai   United Arab Emirates Dubai Metro 2009[351] 2021[352] 56 89.5 km (55.6 mi) 113.6 (2020)[R 89]
Glasgow   United Kingdom Glasgow Subway 1896[353] 15[353] 10.4 km (6.5 mi)[353] 12.7 (2019*)[R 90]
London   United Kingdom London Underground[354] 1863[2][Nb 64] 2021[2] 272[355] 405.2 km (251.8 mi)[355] 296 (2020*)[R 91][R 92][R Nb 24]
Docklands Light Railway 1987[356] 2011[356] 45[356] 34 km (21 mi) 39.9 (2020*)[R 91][R 92]
Atlanta   United States MARTA 1979[357] 2000[357] 38[358] 76.6 km (47.6 mi)[358] 24.1 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Baltimore   United States Baltimore Metro SubwayLink 1983[359] 1995[360] 14[360] 24.9 km (15.5 mi)[360] 2.9 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Boston   United States MBTA subway[Nb 65] 1901[359][Nb 66] 2014[361] 51[362] 61 km (38 mi)[362] 57.5 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Chicago   United States Chicago "L"[Nb 67] 1892[363][Nb 68] 2015[364] 145[365] 165.4 km (102.8 mi)[365][Nb 69] 76.0 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Cleveland   United States RTA Rapid Transit: Red Line 1955[366] 1968[366] 18[367] 31 km (19 mi)[367] 2.6 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Los Angeles   United States Metro Rail[Nb 70] 1993[368] 2000[368][Nb 71] 16[368][Nb 70] 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[368] 22.8 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2][R Nb 25]
Miami   United States Metrorail 1984[369] 2012 23[370] 40.1 km (24.9 mi)[370] 9.6 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
New York City   United States New York City Subway 1904[371][Nb 72] 2017[372] 424[Nb 73] 399 km (248 mi)[373] 639.5 (2020)[R 93]
Staten Island Railway 1925[359][Nb 74] 2017[374] 21[371][375] 22.5 km (14.0 mi)[373] 2.7 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
PATH 1908[376] 1937[Nb 75] 13[377] 22.2 km (13.8 mi)[378] 29.7 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Philadelphia   United States SEPTA[379][Nb 76] 1907[359] 1973 75[379] 59.1 km (36.7 mi)[380][381] 37.7 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
PATCO Speedline 1936[359][Nb 77] 1980[382] 13[382] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[382] 3.9 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
San Francisco   United States BART[Nb 78] 1972[383] 2020[384] 47[383][Nb 79] 186.8 km (116.1 mi)[383][Nb 80] 34.1 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
San Juan   United States Tren Urbano 2004[359] 2005 16 17.2 km (10.7 mi) 1.1 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Washington, D.C.   United States Washington Metro 1976[385] 2014[386] 91[385] 188 km (117 mi)[385] 68.1 (2020)[R 16][R Nb 2]
Tashkent   Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro 1977 2020[Nb 81] 39[387] 57.1 km (35.5 mi)[387] 38.8 (2020)[R 3]
Caracas   Venezuela Caracas Metro[Nb 82] 1983[388] 2015[389] 52[Nb 83] 67.2 km (41.8 mi)[Nb 83] 358 (2017)[R 94]
Table notes

^* Indicates ridership figures based on the fiscal year rather than the calendar year.

List by countryEdit

As of 30 August 2021
Country Systems Length Inauguration
  China 42 6,641.3 km (4,126.7 mi) 1971
  USA 15 1,344.7 km (835.6 mi) 1892
  South Korea 8 871.2 km (541.3 mi) 1974
  Japan 13 791.2 km (491.6 mi) 1927
  India 13 731.5 km (454.5 mi) 1984
  Russia 7 615.5 km (382.5 mi) 1935
  Spain 3 455.9 km (283.3 mi) 1919
  UK 3 446.4 km (277.4 mi) 1863
  Germany 4 386.8 km (240.3 mi) 1902
  France 6 356.8 km (221.7 mi) 1900
  Brazil 7 345.4 km (214.6 mi) 1974
  Turkey 5 272.86 km (169.55 mi) 1989
  Mexico 3 262.9 km (163.4 mi) 1969
  Taiwan 4 258.7 km (160.7 mi) 1996
  Iran 5 255.0 km (158.4 mi) 2000
  Canada 3 227.1 km (141.1 mi) 1954
  Italy 7 222.0 km (137.9 mi) 1955
  Thailand 2 210.25 km (130.64 mi) 1999
  Singapore 1 216 km (134 mi) 1987
  Malaysia 1 142.4 km (88.5 mi) 1996
  Netherlands 2 141.8 km (88.1 mi) 1968
  Chile 1 140 km (87 mi) 1975
  Ukraine 3 112.8 km (70.1 mi) 1960
  Sweden 1 108 km (67 mi) 1950
  UAE 1 89.5 km (55.6 mi) 2009
  Egypt 1 89.4 km (55.6 mi) 1987
  Greece 1 88.7 km (55.1 mi) 1904
  Norway 1 85.0 km (52.8 mi) 1966
  Austria 1 83.3 km (51.8 mi) 1976
  Romania 1 78.5 km (48.8 mi) 1979
  Qatar 1 76.0 km (47.2 mi) 2019
  Venezuela 1 67.2 km (41.8 mi) 1983
  Czech Republic 1 65.2 km (40.5 mi) 1974
  Uzbekistan 1 57.1 km (35.5 mi) 1978
  Argentina 1 56.7 km (35.2 mi) 1913
  Bulgaria 1 52 km (32 mi) 1998
  Portugal 1 44.2 km (27.5 mi) 1959
  Philippines 2 44.1 km (27.4 mi) 1984
  Belarus 1 40.8 km (25.4 mi) 1984
  Belgium 1 39.9 km (24.8 mi) 1976
  Hungary 1 38.2 km (23.7 mi) 1896
  Denmark 1 38.2 km (23.7 mi) 2002
  Panama 1 36.8 km (22.9 mi) 2014
  Azerbaijan 1 37.6 km (23.4 mi) 1967
  Australia 1 36 km (22 mi) 2019
  Poland 1 35.5 km (22.1 mi) 1995
  Finland 1 35.0 km (21.7 mi) 1982
  Peru 1 34.6 km (21.5 mi) 2011
  North Korea 1 32 km (20 mi) 1973
  Colombia 1 31.3 km (19.4 mi) 1995
  Dominican Republic 1 31 km (19 mi) 2009
  Georgia 1 28.3 km (17.6 mi) 1966
  Pakistan 1 27.1 km (16.8 mi) 2020
  Algeria 1 18.5 km (11.5 mi) 2011
  Indonesia 1 15.7 km (9.8 mi) 2019
  Armenia 1 13.4 km (8.3 mi) 1981
  Kazakhstan 1 11.3 km (7.0 mi) 2011
   Switzerland 1 5.9 km (3.7 mi) 2008

Under constructionEdit

The following is a list of new worldwide metro systems that are currently actively under construction. Note that in some cases it is not clear if the system will be considered a full metro system once it begins operational service. Only metro systems under construction are listed where there is no metro systems currently in operation in the same city.

The countries of Bangladesh, Ecuador, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, and Vietnam are currently constructing their first ever metro systems.

City Country Name Start of construction Planned opening
Dhaka   Bangladesh Dhaka Metro 2016[UC 1] 2022[UC 2]
Guilin   China Guilin Metro 2017[UC 3] 2022
Jinhua   China Jinhua Rail Transit[UC 4] 2017[UC 5] 2021[UC 4]
Liuzhou   China Liuzhou Metro 2016 2022
Nantong   China Nantong Metro 2017 2022
Qingyuan   China Qingyuan Maglev 2019 2021
Shantou   China Shantou Metro 2016 2025
Taizhou   China Taizhou Rail Transit 2016 2021
Wuhu   China Wuhu Rail Transit[UC 6] 2016 2021[UC 6]
Bogotá   Colombia Bogotá Metro 2020[UC 7] 2028
Quito   Ecuador Quito Metro[UC 8] 2012[UC 8][UC 9] 2022[UC 10]
Thessaloniki   Greece Thessaloniki Metro 2006[UC 11] 2023[UC 12]
Agra   India Agra Metro 2020 2025
Bhopal   India Bhopal Metro 2018 2023[UC 13]
Indore   India Indore Metro 2018 2023[UC 13]
Kanpur   India Kanpur Metro 2019 2022
Navi Mumbai   India Navi Mumbai Metro[UC 14] 2011 2021[UC 14]
Patna   India Patna Metro 2020 2024
Pune   India Pune Metro 2017 2021[UC 15]
Surat   India Surat Metro 2021 2024
Ahvaz   Iran Ahvaz Metro 2004 unknown (after 2020)[UC 16]
Karaj   Iran Karaj Metro [fa] 2006[UC 17] 2021[UC 18]
Kermanshah   Iran Kermanshah Metro [fa] 2011 2022[UC 19]
Qom   Iran Qom Metro[UC 20] 2009 2021[UC 21]
Abidjan   Ivory Coast Abidjan Metro 2017 2023[UC 22]
Lagos   Nigeria Lagos Rail Mass Transit 2009 2022[UC 23]
Chelyabinsk   Russia Chelyabinsk Metro[UC 24] 1992 unknown (after 2025)[UC 25]
Riyadh   Saudi Arabia Riyadh Metro[UC 26] 2014[UC 26] 2021[UC 27]
Gebze   Turkey Gebze Metro 2018 2023
New Taipei   Taiwan New Taipei Metro 2016[UC 28] 2023[UC 28]
Honolulu   United States Honolulu Rail Transit 2012[UC 29] 2021[UC 29]
Hanoi   Vietnam Hanoi Metro[UC 30][UC 31] 2010[UC 30] 2021
Ho Chi Minh City   Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Metro[UC 32][UC 31] 2012[UC 32] 2024[UC 33]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

System notesEdit

  1. ^ Line A opened in stages between 1913 and 1914 by the Anglo-Argentine Tramways Company. Line A services continued as above-ground tram services through an access ramp at Primera Junta Station. Subway-surface services into Line A ceased in 1926, with the line and its rolling stock transitioned into pure rapid transit operation by 1927.[16][17]
  2. ^ Vienna's Metropolitan Railway (Wiener Stadtbahn) first opened for service in 1898, operating steam locomotive trains on mostly elevated or underground ROWs. From 1976 onwards, part of it was integrated into the newly established Vienna U-Bahn system (lines U4 and U6), operating as a modern metro.
  3. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009
  4. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  5. ^ Includes METROREC's rapid transit lines only: Linha Centro (Center Line) and Linha Sul (South Line).
  6. ^ The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on 1 October 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on 15 January 1971. Initially, only members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on 27 December 1972. The subway line passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on 15 September 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to 55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.
  7. ^ The number is 342 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 408 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line. Both counts exclude the 6 stations of the Xijiao LRT line.[66]
  8. ^ Length excludes the Xijiao LRT line and Yizhuang T1 LRT Line.
  9. ^ 285 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station. 337 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line. Excludes light rail line T2.
  10. ^ First line of Foshan Metro serves two cities – Foshan and Guangzhou
  11. ^ The first MTR route to offer metro service was the Modified Initial System in 1979, which consists of portions of the later Tsuen Wan Line and Kwun Tong Line. Though the eventual East Rail Line opened as a conventional railway in 1910, it did not offer metro service until at least in 1982 when it was electrified.
  12. ^ Tuen Ma Line Phase 2
  13. ^ Line S7
  14. ^ As of December 2020, the number is 457 if the 64 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it's 369 if they're combined; shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are anyway counted as a single stations (nine in all between Hongqiao Road and Baoshan Road).[112][113]
  15. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  16. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  17. ^ Line A was extended in April 2015.
  18. ^ Line 3's first section opened in 2012 and was extended in 2014, and extended again on 15 June 2019.
  19. ^ Opening of the Länsimetro extension on 18 November 2017.
  20. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro Line B.
  21. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  22. ^ The Blue Line (Line 3) also has a 20.7 km (12.9 mi) section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.[175][176]
  23. ^ The Green Line (Line 1), operated until 2011 by Athens–Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A.[175]
  24. ^ As of September 2021, the number is 254 if the 24 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 230, including the six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line, if they are combined; Ashok Park Main station, where the two diverging branches of Line 5 share tracks/platforms, is anyway counted as a single station.[194][195]
  25. ^ Kaveh station opens
  26. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  27. ^ a b The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here – only metro Lines 1–4 and 6–7 are.
  28. ^ As of October 2018, the number is 113 if the 7 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 106 if they are combined.[239][240]
  29. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
  30. ^ Partial opening (line 1 only) of Municipio station in June
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  32. ^ As of October 2018, the number is 106 if the 7 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 99 if they are combined; Higashi-nihombashi station and Bakuro-yokoyama station, where an out-of-system transfer between Asakusa Line and Shinjuku Line is possible, are anyway counted as two stations.[260][261][262]
  33. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  34. ^ Line 1
  35. ^ Daegu Metro Line 3 opened in 2015.
  36. ^ Second phase of line 1
  37. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  38. ^ The Seoul Subway Lines 1-9 and Seoul Light Rapid Transit is actually operated by several different operators – Seoul Metro and Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation (SLM9), plus through-operation services from Korail – but because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, here in the table they're counted together as one system.
  39. ^ a b c Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metro-standards network would be 543.7 km (337.8 mi), and it would serve a grand total of 434 stations.
  40. ^ Includes Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Ilsan Line: 19.2 km, 10 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon Line and Ansan Line: 40.4 km, 22 stations), and the Suin–Bundang Line (108.1 km, 63 stations in part shared with the Ansan Line).
  41. ^ Extension of both Gwacheon Line and Subway Line 4 to Namtaeryeong Station and start of the metro through-operation on April, 1.
  42. ^ Statistics presented include rapid transit lines only: Ampang Line, Sri Petaling Line, Kelana Jaya Line Sungai Buloh-Kajang Line. KL Monorail, KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit Line are not included.
  43. ^ Only Line 3 counts as a Metro line. Line 1 is light rail, and Line 2 is a light Metro system.
  44. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  45. ^ The number is 163 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one, or 195 if stations are counted multiple times for each line.[280]
  46. ^ Note that:
    • "Operación": route length in active revenue and non-revenue service
    • "Servicio": route length in active revenue service
    • "Vuelta": track length in active revenue service
    • "Total": all track length in active revenue, maintenance and non-revenue service
    System length value derived from "RED Servicio" or net route length in active revenue service.
  47. ^ Some sections of the Rotterdam Metro (portions of Lines A, B, E) have some level crossings (with priority) and so could therefore be considered "light rail" instead of "metro".
  48. ^ These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of the existence of road level crossings, but are listed since they are almost entirely separated from roads.
  49. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  50. ^ Opening of the Løren station in 2016.
  51. ^ Combined lengths of the Red, Green, and Gold lines.
  52. ^ The number is 198 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 241 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  53. ^ The number is 64 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 72 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  54. ^ TMB-operated lines L1-L5 and L9-L11 only. FGC-operated lines L6-L8 share track with other FGC commuter lines, and thus don't qualify as metro-standards lines.
  55. ^ CTB-owned and "Metro Bilbao S.A."-operated line 1 and Line 2 only.
  56. ^ Including TFM, MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  57. ^ The first line, later known as Green Line, was opened by stages during the 1950s, partly converting to metro operations prior rapid tram alignments. These included the oldest tunnel, built in 1933, which name (Tunnelbana) and symbol were bequeathed to the new system.
  58. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail, while Line M2 is rapid transit. The stats listed are for Line M2 only.
  59. ^ As of January 2020, the number is 131 if the 12 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it's 119 if they're combined. Out-of-station transfers at Banqiao and Xinpu - Xinpu Minsheng, which require leaving paid area, are counted as 2 stations each; transfer stations that provide cross-platform interchange are anyway counted as a single stations (four in all: Ximen, CKS Memorial Hall, Guting and Dongmen stations).[331][332]
  60. ^ Opening of lines M2 and M3.
  61. ^ Extension to Gürsu.
  62. ^ Currently operational metro standards lines, M1–M7, only included. All other Istanbul lines or segments are either tram or commuter rail, or are under construction, and so are not included here.
  63. ^ As of November 2020, the number is 104 if the 5 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 99 if they are combined.[347][348]
  64. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  65. ^ Includes MBTA's rapid transit lines only: Red Line, Orange Line and Blue Line.
  66. ^ The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that had opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  67. ^ System contains many sections with grade crossings.
  68. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified. However, the L first was electrified in 1895, when the Metropolitan West Side Elevated opened.
  69. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2013.): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  70. ^ a b Rapid transit B and D lines only. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are light rail, and are not included here.
  71. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the B Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  72. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  73. ^ The number is 424 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 472 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.[371]
  74. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  75. ^ The last completely new stations were the current Newark and Harrison stations, which respectively replaced the Park Place and Harrison stations on a different alignment in 1937. According to PATH, its newest station is World Trade Center, which was completed in 2015 but replaced a previous station on the same site.
  76. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  77. ^ Opening of the Bridge Line, the precursor rapid transit line to PATCO's, which ran between 8th Street in Philadelphia and Broadway in Camden. The current PATCO Speedline, with service through to Lindenwold, opened in 1969.[382]
  78. ^ BART's rapid transit lines only; the eBART line to Antioch and the Oakland International Airport (OAK) APM are excluded.
  79. ^ 47 rapid transit stations, plus three additional stations (two eBART and one AGT) within the system.
  80. ^ This figure excludes the eBART extension from Pittsburg/Bay Point to Antioch (9.2 miles) and the "BART to Oakland International Airport (OAK) elevated guideway" (3.2 miles).
  81. ^ The Circle Line was opened in 2020
  82. ^ Statistics presented here include the Los Teques Metro which functions as effectively a subsidiary and extension of the Caracas Metro.
  83. ^ a b By the end of 2014, Caracas Metro had a length of 54.03 km and 47 stations;[388] further 1.3 km was added with the single-station extension to Bello Monte in the following year.[389] Los Teques Metro contributes to the system’s total with 11.9 km in length and four stations.[390][391]

Ridership notesEdit

  1. ^ This patronage figure is derived from OPAL trips (i.e. a tap-on/tap-off pair of the same OPAL card, including isolated tap-on or tap-off), non-OPAL ridership, as the users of some concessional cards or integrated tickets for events, is excluded.[R 5]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  3. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA Ridership report – in other words, this figure includes ridership on the Line 3 Scarborough (RT) line which APTA considers to be "Intermediate Rail (IR)".
  4. ^ Counted in with Guangzhou's ridership figures.
  5. ^ Note that:
    1. the ridership includes "Domestic Service", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary";
    2. "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" and "High Speed Rail (HSR)" are excluded from the counts.
  6. ^ Figure extrapolated from 3.6 million average daily boardings
  7. ^ Does not include ridership on the RER/Transilien (264 million in 2020) and the Tramways (210 million).
  8. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the two "Μετρό" figures (Γ1 line, or "Ηλεκτρικός", formerly ran by IASA and Γ2 - Γ3 lines, formerly ran by AMEL) from the OAΣA's 2018 Activity Report.
  9. ^ Figure extrapolated from 50 000 average daily boardings.
  10. ^ Figure extrapolated from 42 000 average daily boardings
  11. ^ 56.4 million including 4 Funicular lines
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  13. ^ This ridership figure includes the Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit ridership in the total.
  14. ^ This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes Seoul Metro and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Other lines that function as separate systems within the greater Seoul urban rail network are excluded.
  15. ^ Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  16. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the total annual trips (수송인원, boarding and transfer passengers) on the five lines (Gwacheon/Ansan, Bundang, Ilsan and Suin) from the accompanying reference. Overall, Korail metro/commuter lines in Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMESRS) carry 1,189 million passengers annually (2019).
  17. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the total annual trips (수송인원, boarding and transfer passengers) on the two sections (Phase 1 and Phase 2) of the line, from the accompanying reference.
  18. ^ This figure includes in full the ridership on Amstelveen Line until March 2019, when route 51 was curtailed at Zuid Station.
  19. ^ This figure is the sum of the passenger ridership on the two LRTA lines, L1 and L2, from the accompanying reference; it is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, etc.).
  20. ^ Figure extrapolated from 2.023 million average daily ridership.
  21. ^ Ridership figure is for rapid transit Line M2 only; ridership on the light rail M1 line is excluded.
  22. ^ This ridership figure is obtained by the average per day ridership monthly figures from the BEM's 2020 Ridership Report.
  23. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the total annual trips on the metro lines M1–M7, from the accompanying reference; it is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, etc.).
  24. ^ Does not include ridership on the separate Docklands Light Railway (39.9 million), London Overground (53.8 million), Tramlink or National Rail systems within Greater London.
  25. ^ L.A. Metro's heavy rail lines, B and D lines, only.

ReferencesEdit

System referencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Metro Figures 2018 – Statistic Brief" (PDF). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). September 2018. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Woohoo! The Northern Line Extension Opens On 20 September". Londonist. 3 September 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  3. ^ "The Metro: an opportunity for sustainable development in large cities" (PDF). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). November 2003. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  4. ^ "What is the largest metro system in the world?". CityMetric. 5 September 2015. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Beijing subway trips top 10 million a day: official". www.ecns.cn. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e Benton, Andrew (29 March 2021). "Luoyang and Ji'nan open metro lines". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  7. ^ Chen, Huizhi (26 December 2020). "Shanghai adds 7,000th train to Metro fleet". shine.cn. Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Recommended basic reference for developing a minimum set of standards for voluntary use in the field of urban rail, according to mandate M/486" (PDF). UITP (L'Union internationale des transports publics/International Association of Public Transport). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  9. ^ Schwandl, Robert (2007). "What is a metro?". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Fact Book Glossary – Mode of Service Definitions". American Public Transportation Association. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d e "National Transit Database Glossary". U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Transit Administration. 18 October 2013. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  12. ^ Balcombe, R., ed. (2004). "The demand for public transport: a practical guide" (PDF). Transport Research Laboratory. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
  13. ^ "Algiers metro dual extensions enter service". RATP Dev. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Métro d'Alger: une grande part des études de réalisation des futures extensions livrées" [Algiers Metro: many of the feasibility studies of the future extensions delivered] (in French). Algérie Presse Service. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Alger metro extensions open". Metro Report International. DVV Media International Ltd. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  16. ^ Barreiro, Ricardo (2015). 100 años bajo Buenos Aires – Historia de la Línea A [100 years under Buenos Aires – History of Line A] (in Spanish). Editorial Dunken. pp. 16, 30–31. ISBN 978-987-02-8141-2.
  17. ^ Solsona, Justo; Hunter, Carlos (December 1990). "El proyecto "subterraneo" de la Avenida de Mayo". La Avenida de Mayo: un proyecto inconcluso [Avenida de Mayo: an unfinished project] (in Spanish). Nobuko S.A. p. 254. ISBN 950-9575-34-8. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Inauguramos las estaciones Correo Central, Catalinas y Retiro de la Línea E". Buenos Aires Ciudad - Gobierno de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Próximamente tres nuevas estaciones en la Línea E". Buenos Aires Ciudad - Gobierno de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  20. ^ a b c "Yerevan authorities negotiating new metro line projects with banks". ArmeniaNow.com. 27 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  21. ^ Charbakh, Schwandl, Robert. "Yerevan". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  22. ^ a b c O'Sullivan, Matt; Saulwick, Jacob (27 May 2019). "It's been promised at every election for generations, but now it's a reality". The Sydney Morning Herald. Nine Entertainment Co. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Funding secured: Sydney Metro to be a reality". Transport for NSW. 4 June 2015. Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  24. ^ a b "2017 Zahlen, Daten, Fakten – Unternehmen" [Company Profile – Figures, Data, Facts 2017] (PDF) (in German). Wiener Linien. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  25. ^ Reidinger, Erwin (4 September 2017). "Vienna opens Line U1 extension". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  26. ^ "40 Jahre U–Bahn: Eine Wiener Verkehrsrevolution" [40 years of UBahn: a Viennese transport revolution]. Die Presse (in German). "Die Presse" Verlags-Gesellschaft m.b.H. Co KG. 25 February 2018. slide 16. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  27. ^ a b c "History – Baku Metropolitan". Bakı Metropoliteni. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016.
  28. ^ "Baku metro extended". Railway Gazette International.
  29. ^ a b История развития метрополитена [History of the metro]. Государственное предприятие "Минский Метрополитен" [State Enterprise "Minsk Metro"]. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  30. ^ a b Метро сегодня [Metro today] (in Russian). Государственное предприятие "Минский Метрополитен" [State Enterprise "Minsk Metro"]. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  31. ^ a b "40 years of Brussels Metro: The Lines of Life – Nodes of Exchanges". UITP – Union Internationale des Transports Publics. 24 October 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  32. ^ "Activity Report 2011 – Figures & statistics '11" (PDF). STIB/MIVB. p. 2. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  33. ^ a b "Empresa – História" [Company – History] (in Portuguese). CBTU – METRÔ BH. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  34. ^ "Operação – Linha em operação" [Operations – Line in operation] (in Portuguese). CBTU – METRÔ BH. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  35. ^ "Operação – Dados operacionais" [Operations – Operational data] (in Portuguese). CBTU – METRÔ BH. Archived from the original on 21 August 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  36. ^ "Sobre o metro – Memória" (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal – Metrô. 2013. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  37. ^ Germano Bastos Lopes, Camilla (7 January 2020). "Em fase de testes, nova estação do metrô é aberta" [In testing phase, new metro station is opened]. Jornal de Brasília (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  38. ^ a b As for the size the system reached by the end of 2019, see Eufrásio, Jéssica; Cotrim, Thiago (17 November 2019). "Metrô é alternativa eficiente para amenizar o problema do trânsito no DF" [Metro is an efficient alternative to alleviate the traffic problem in DF]. Correio Braziliense (in Portuguese). Diários Associados. Retrieved 1 March 2020.

    As for the station opened after the end of 2019, see "Estação Estrada Parque começa a funcionar na segunda-feira" [Estrada Parque station starts operating on Monday]. Correio Braziliense (in Portuguese). Diários Associados. 3 January 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.

  39. ^ "Sobre o metro – Estrutura" (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal – Metrô. 2013. Archived from the original on 20 November 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  40. ^ a b "História" [History]. www.trensurb.gov.br (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. – TRENSURB. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  41. ^ a b "Estações e sistema" [Stations and network]. www.trensurb.gov.br (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. – TRENSURB. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  42. ^ a b "Empresa – Histórico" [Company – History] (in Portuguese). CBTU-STU Recife. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  43. ^ a b "Características – Características Técnicas E Operacionais Do Metrô" [Characteristics – Technical and Operational Characteristics of Metro] (in Portuguese). CBTU-STU Recife. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  44. ^ a b "Sobre o MetrôRio" [About MetrôRio] (in Portuguese). Concessão Metroviária do Rio de Janeiro S.A. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  45. ^ a b Rodrigues, Matheus; Silveira, Daniel (30 July 2016). "Com Temer e Pezão, Linha 4 do Metrô no Rio é inaugurada" [With Temer and Pezão, Line 4 of the Metro in Rio is inaugurated]. Rio de Janeiro. G1 (in Portuguese). Grupo Globo. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  46. ^ Barrow, Keith (11 June 2014). "Salvador metro opens in time for World Cup". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  47. ^ a b Barrow, Keith (1 May 2018). "Salvador metro airport extension opens". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  48. ^ "Mapa da linha | CCR Metrô Bahia". CCR Metrô Bahia. 2017. Archived from the original on 11 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  49. ^ Barrow, Keith (13 September 2017). "Salvador metro line 2 reaches Mussurunga". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  50. ^ "Quem somos" [About us] (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano de São Paulo - Metrô. 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  51. ^ a b c "Governo de SP entrega 3 novas estações do Metrô". São Paulo.sp. Governo do Estado de São Paulo. 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  52. ^ "General Info about Sofia Metro". MetroSofia.com. 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
  53. ^ a b c СВЕТОСЛАВ СПАСОВ (21 April 2021). "Метрото вече стига до Горна баня". СЕГА (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  54. ^ a b Gilbert, Dale (14 November 2017). "Montréal Metro". In Graves, Bronwyn (ed.). The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  55. ^ a b "Mobile network". www.stm.info. Société de transport de Montréal (STM). Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  56. ^ "TTC – Subway". Toronto Transit Commission. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  57. ^ a b "2017 – Operating Statistics". Toronto Transit Commission (TTC). 2018. Section Two › Official Opening Date. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  58. ^ "2017 – Operating Statistics". Toronto Transit Commission (TTC). 2018. Section One › System Quick Facts. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  59. ^ "2017 – TTC Operating Statistics: Section One". 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  60. ^ "Happy 25th, SkyTrain!". The Buzzer. TransLink. 14 January 2011. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 July 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  61. ^ a b c "TransLink opens Evergreen Extension". Passenger Transport. American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 16 December 2016. ISSN 0364-345X. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  62. ^ "Corporativa – Historia – Historia de Metro" [Corporate – History – History of Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. 1 July 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
  63. ^ "La inauguracion de la esperada linea 3 de metro" (in Spanish).
  64. ^ "Conoce la "estación fantasma" de la Línea 3: fue construida hace 30 años y no será utilizada". BioBioChile - La Red de Prensa Más Grande de Chile. 21 January 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  65. ^ "Guía del Viajero" [Plan Your Journey] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  66. ^ a b "北京:加强地铁防控 防止疫情蔓延". Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  67. ^ a b "三条轨道交通新线12月31日开通 北京轨道交通运营里程增至727公里". The People's Government of Beijing Municipality. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  68. ^ 地铁开到汽车城!长春城市轨道交通2号线西延线正式开通. www.sohu.com. Retrieved 2021-10-21. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  69. ^ "Changsha metro opens". Railway Gazette International. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  70. ^ "长沙地铁3、5号线今日正式载客 "红黄蓝绿紫"五彩地铁点亮星城". news.changsha.cn. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  71. ^ 澎湃新闻 (21 September 2019). "江苏地铁第四城诞生 常州地铁1号线21日正式开通". news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  72. ^ "开启"换乘时代"!常州地铁2号线今日开通,来看看这些设计亮点_新华报业网". news.xhby.net. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  73. ^ "China's Chengdu opens 5 new metro lines - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  74. ^ 中國新聞网 (18 December 2020). "成都地铁新开5条线 运营里程558公里".
  75. ^ "重庆市政府 -". www.cq.gov.cn. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  76. ^ 王春光. "环线东北半环和4号线一期开通试运营 重庆轨道运营里程在中西部率先突破300公里". cq.cqnews.net. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  77. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Dalian". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  78. ^ 地铁辛寨子站开通啦! [Xinzhaizi Station opened for passengers.]. sohu.com. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  79. ^ "UrbanRail.Net > Asia > China > Dongguan Metro". urbanrail.net. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  80. ^ "UrbanRail.Net > Asia > China > Fuzhou Metro". www.urbanrail.net. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  81. ^ a b c Rohde, Mike. "Fuzhou". Metro Bits. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  82. ^ "广州地铁八号线北延段正式开通 同德围"解围"-新华网". www.gd.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  83. ^ "广州地铁 全程为你--公司新闻". www.gzmtr.com. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  84. ^ 贵阳地铁今日13时启程 (in Chinese). Qianxun. 28 December 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  85. ^ a b "贵阳轨道交通2号线4月28日全线开通运营-新华网". www.gz.xinhuanet.com.
  86. ^ "Hangzhou Metro" [Hangzhou Metro] (in Chinese). Hangzhou Metro. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  87. ^ "一票换乘!杭州地铁8号线一期和杭海、杭绍城铁正式开通". news.sina.com.cn. 28 June 2021. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  88. ^ Briginshaw, David (26 September 2013). "Trial operation starts on Harbin's first metro line". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  89. ^ a b Burroughs, David (21 September 2021). "Harbin Metro Line 2 opens". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  90. ^ "Archived copy" 合肥地铁1号线开通运营 13.55万人尝"地铁小鲜肉". Archived from the original on 7 July 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  91. ^ "合肥地铁5号线南段正式通车运行_中新网_安徽新闻". www.ah.chinanews.com. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  92. ^ a b c "确定了!12月29日呼市地铁一号线正式开通运营". 内蒙古晨报. 27 December 2019.
  93. ^ "呼和浩特市地铁2号线10月1日起开通初期运营". nm.people.com.cn. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  94. ^ "MTR – Services and Facilities – MTR Train Services". MTR Corporation. 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  95. ^ "Business Overview" (PDF). MTR Corporation. January 2014. p. 5. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  96. ^ a b c “泉城”济南迈进地铁时代 ["Spring city" Jinan is entering the subway era] (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  97. ^ "济南地铁2号线开通试运行!济南地铁进入"换乘时代"_山东新闻_大众网". 山东频道 大众网. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  98. ^ a b "探营地铁3号线:28日初期运营,可"刷脸"乘车 - 海报新闻". 大众网.
  99. ^ "昆明地铁4号线开通初期运营". m.yunnan.cn. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  100. ^ "昆明地铁4号线6号线二期开通初期运营". m.yunnan.cn. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  101. ^ a b c "6月23日兰州轨交1号线试运营". 21 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  102. ^ a b 官宣!洛阳地铁1号线3月28日开通 中西部非省会城市第一个 [Official announcement! Luoyang Metro Line 1 opens on March 28, the first non-capital city in Midwestern China]. Luoyang Daily (in Chinese). 26 March 2021. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  103. ^ "地铁3号线正式开通初期运营". Weixin Official Accounts Platform. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  104. ^ a b Schwandl, Robert. "Nanjing Metro Ten Lines in Running". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  105. ^ a b 南京地铁运营有限责任公司简介 – Nanjing Metro. 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  106. ^ a b "中国地铁首个"海绵车辆段"线路投入运营". sohu.com. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  107. ^ 1号线二期上午9点开通试运营 全天地铁免费乘坐 (in Chinese). 中国宁波网. 19 March 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  108. ^ "3号线鄞奉段、机场快速路南延南段、三官堂大桥9月27日开通-新闻中心-中国宁波网". www.cnnb.com.cn. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  109. ^ "Qingdao Metro". Qingdao Metro. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  110. ^ 凤凰网青岛 (25 December 2020). "双地铁线开通,大格局青岛真的来了?". finance.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  111. ^ Xu, Lingchao (8 September 2018). "Shanghai Metro: from nothing to world leader". Shine. Shanghai United Media Group. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  112. ^ a b 1月23日起上海地铁15号线开通初期运营 [Shanghai Metro Line 15 to open on 23 January]. www.shmetro.com (in Chinese). 21 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  113. ^ "Shanghai Metro Network Map" (jpeg). www.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Shanghai Shentong Metro Group Co., Ltd. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  114. ^ 10号线二期、18号线一期南段12月26日起开通试运营 [Phase 2 of Line 10 and Phase 1 (south section) of Line 18 will opens on December 26]. www.shmetro.com (in Chinese). Shanghai Shentong Metro Group Co., Ltd. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  115. ^ a b c "绍兴正式进入"地铁时代" 两地"一张网"运营创全国先例". 28 June 2021.
  116. ^ "沈阳地铁十号线今日开通运营-辽宁频道-东北新闻网". liaoning.nen.com.cn.
  117. ^ a b "深圳地铁"山海专列"开通 全网里程突破400公里-新华网". www.gd.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  118. ^ a b c "3号线一期东段及二期工程今日开通运营!石家庄地铁首期建设顺利收官". 6 April 2021. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  119. ^ a b "江苏明日开通第23条地铁,5城21条地铁在建". www.xhby.net. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  120. ^ "太原地铁2号线一期开通运营". news.sxrb.com. Retrieved 6 January 2020.[permanent dead link]
  121. ^ "地铁1号线东延线周六开通4站-新华网". www.tj.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  122. ^ "通南彻北展通途 乌鲁木齐地铁与您逐梦同行". 微信公众号. 乌鲁木齐地铁. 27 June 2019. Archived from the original on 27 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  123. ^ "温州首条轨道交通S1线正式开通 这项模式全国首创". zj.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  124. ^ a b "官宣!9月28日12时,温州轨道交通S1线全线正式贯通运营!". news.66wz.com.
  125. ^ "武汉2条地铁线通车时间定了!_站台". www.sohu.com. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  126. ^ "地铁8号线三期今天开通试运营_长江日报报业集团_汉网_长江日报_武汉晚报_武汉晨报_电子报_数字报_第页_首页_汉网_cnhan.com". whcb.cnhan.com. Archived from the original on 9 November 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  127. ^ 无锡地铁7月1日开通 全长29.42公里 [Wuxi Metro with a total length of 29.42km opening 1 July] (in Chinese). Jiangsu Real Estate Association. 27 June 2014. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  128. ^ "无锡地铁3号线一期工程正式开通运营 黄钦宣布通车". www.wxrb.com. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  129. ^ 高颜值地铁成厦门民众“新年礼物” 厦门进入地铁时代-新华网. www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  130. ^ "厦门地铁3号线25日将开通运营 同步新增10条公交接驳线路". fj.people.com.cn. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  131. ^ "西安地铁14号线开通运营 全程票价为九元-新华网". m.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  132. ^ "每经24点 | 徐州首条地铁开通 淮海经济区进入"地铁时代";美国会就特朗普"电话门"传唤国务卿蓬佩奥 | 每经网". www.nbd.com.cn. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  133. ^ "徐州地铁3号线一期工程通车运营-新华网". www.js.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  134. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Zhengzhou". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  135. ^ 王海霞. "郑州地铁3号线一期、4号线正式开通 - 新华网河南频道". www.ha.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  136. ^ a b c "Datos del sistema" [System data] (jpg) (in Spanish). Metro de Medellín. Retrieved 20 December 2017 – via https://www.metrodemedellin.gov.co/Viajeconnosotros/Mapas.aspx.
  137. ^ "History – Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy". Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  138. ^ "Colliers International releases the first Prague Office Metro Map" (Press release). Best Communications. 29 May 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  139. ^ "Company Profile – Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy". Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  140. ^ a b "The opening of Cityringen to be celebrated with great public celebration and free transport". intl.m.dk. 11 September 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  141. ^ a b "Sporplan" [Track plan] (in Danish and English). Metroselskabet. 22 November 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2014 – via http://www.m.dk/#!/kundeservice/pjecer+og+tryksager.
  142. ^ a b "Presidente dominicano inaugura ampliación del Metro de Santo Domingo" [Dominican President inaugurates expansion of Santo Domingo Metro]. La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 9 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  143. ^ a b "Línea 2 – 1ra Etapa" [Line 2 – 1st Stage] (in Spanish). Oficina para el Reordenamiento de Transporte (OPRET). Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
  144. ^ a b "Línea 1" [Line 1] (in Spanish). Oficina para el Reordenamiento de Transporte (OPRET). Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
  145. ^ a b c Rohde, Mike. "Cairo". Metro Bits. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  146. ^ "This is HKL >> History of HKL". City of Helsinki, Helsinki City Transport. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  147. ^ "West Metro › Metro services from 18 November 2017". Helsinki Regional Transport Authority. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  148. ^ "By metro". City of Helsinki, Helsinki City Transport. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  149. ^ "By metro >> Track and depot". City of Helsinki, Helsinki City Transport. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  150. ^ a b "Qui sommes-nous? – Notre Histoire" [Who are we? – Our History] (in French). Transpole. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  151. ^ a b "Les chiffres clés" [Key figures] (in French). Transpole. Archived from the original on 27 October 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  152. ^ "Les lignes de Métro et de Funiculaire" [The lines of the metro and funiculars] (in French). SYTRAL. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  153. ^ Barrow, Keith (12 December 2013). "Lyon opens metro Line B extension". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  154. ^ a b "Le métro lyonnais tisse sa toile depuis 40 ans" [Lyon Metro spins its web for 40 years] (PDF) (Press release) (in French). SYTRAL. 11 June 2018. p. 15. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  155. ^ a b "Fiche d'identité de l'entreprise – Le métro" [ID card of the company – The Metro] (in French). RTM. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  156. ^ "Brief history of the Paris metro". france.fr – The official website of France. Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  157. ^ "Alstom's new automatic MP14 metro enters commercial service on the Line 14 extension in Paris and its region" (Press release). Alstom SA. 14 December 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  158. ^ As for the size the system reached by the end of 2017, see "The Metro: a Parisian institution". RATP. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2018. The Montmartre funicular is considered to be part of the metro system, within which is represented by a 303rd fictive station "Funiculaire".

    As for the section opened after the end of 2017, see "Ce que va permettre le prolongement de la ligne 14 du métro à Paris" [What the extension of metro line 14 in Paris will allow]. L'Express (in French). Altice Europe N.V. 14 December 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2020.

  159. ^ Groneck, Christoph (20 May 2020). U-Bahn, S-Bahn & Tram in Paris – Urban Rail in the French Capital. Robert Schwandl Verlag. p. 8. ISBN 978-3-936573-62-6.
  160. ^ a b c "Qui sommes-nous? – Nos réalisations" [Who are we? – Our achievements] (in French). Tisséo. Archived from the original on 18 November 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  161. ^ "Métro. Une nouvelle "voix" occitane pour annoncer les stations" [Metro. A new Occitan "voice" to announce the stations]. La Dépêche du Midi (in French). Toulouse: Groupe La Dépêche. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  162. ^ "Tbilisi Transport Company". Tbilisi Transport Company. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  163. ^ New Metro Station University Opens in Tbilisi, Gugunishvili, Nino. "New Metro Station University Opens in Tbilisi Today". Georgiatoday.ge. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  164. ^ a b "Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Tbilisi Transport Company. pp. 24–27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  165. ^ "Architecture". www.bvg.de. Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG). Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  166. ^ Fender, Keith (4 December 2020). "Berlin U5 extension opens". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  167. ^ Marcus, Imanuel (11 November 2020). "Berlin: Goodbye to an 'U-Bahn' Train Station and Hello to Three New Ones". The Berlin Spectator. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  168. ^ As for the size the system reached by the end of 2009, see Schwandl, Robert (2 July 2014). U-Bahn, S-Bahn & Tram in Berlin (2nd ed.). p. 8. ISBN 978-3-936573-43-5.

    As for the section opened after the end of 2009, see Fender, Keith (4 December 2020). "Berlin U5 extension opens". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 8 December 2020.

  169. ^ "Historie der HOCHBAHN" [History of the U-Bahn] (in German). Hamburger Hochbahn AG. 2013. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  170. ^ "Platform roofing Hamburg-Oldenfelde". crowdoutside.com. Creators of the Outside World (CROWD). 15 December 2019. Archived from the original on 27 February 2021. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  171. ^ a b "Die HOCHBAHN auf einen Blick" [The HOCHBAHN at glance] (in German). Hamburger Hochbahn AG. 1 May 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  172. ^ a b c "MVG in figures" (PDF). Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH (MVG) Marketing. June 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013 – via mvg-mobil.de.
  173. ^ Bernhardt, Jens (15 October 2020). "A new extension for Nuremberg's metro U3". Urban Transport Magazine. Transport & Verkehr Media UG. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  174. ^ a b c Lankes, Matthias; Seitzinger, Elisabeth (15 October 2020). "Großreuth bei Schweinau" (PDF). U-Bahn Nürnberg Heft [Nuremberg U-Bahn booklet]. No. 19. Stadt Nürnberg / Planungs- und Baureferat [City of Nuremberg / Planning and Construction Department]. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  175. ^ a b c "Homepage – The Company – Historic Data – Transit in Athens". Attiko Metro S.A. Archived from the original on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  176. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Athina". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  177. ^ "Historical Data". STASY S.A. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013. The Athens Metro incorporates the steam-powered Athens–Piraeus Railway (SAP, now Line 1), which opened on 27 February 1869. The railway's first tunnel section, between Monastiraki and Omonoia, opened on 17 May 1895, and SAP completed the electrification of the line on 16 September 1904.
  178. ^ "PM to inaugurate three new Athens metro stations". Kathimerini. Archived from the original on 8 July 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  179. ^ "Global heavyweights enter race for Athens €1.5bn metro line". GCR – Global Construction Review. Chartered Institute of Building. 14 August 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  180. ^ a b "New Surface Transport Network Following Start of Metro Line 4 on 29 March 2014". BKV Zrt. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  181. ^ "Annual Report 2011" (PDF). BKV Zrt. 2011. p. 48. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
  182. ^ a b "First phase of Ahmedabad metro now open for public! Check details here | Business News". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  183. ^ "PM Modi inaugurates Ahmedabad Metro first phase, takes a ride - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  184. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ashish Chandrorkar (19 February 2021). "A comprehensive report on India's metro rail systems" (PDF). Swarajyamag.
  185. ^ "Bangalore metro rail begins operations today". NDTV. Bangalore. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  186. ^ "Namma Metro extends its service on Green Line". The Hindu. 16 January 2021. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  187. ^ a b As for the size the system reached by the end of 2020, see "Siemens Mobility to provide CBTC and automated train technology for Bengaluru Metro" (Press release). Siemens AG. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2021.

    As for the section opened after the end of 2020, see Nag, Devanjana (14 January 2021). "Bengaluru Metro: Kanakapura Namma Metro section to be inaugurated today; will benefit 75,000 commuters". Financial Express. Indian Express Ltd. Retrieved 18 January 2021.

  188. ^ "Chennai metro opens". Railway Gazette International. DVV Media Group Ltd. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  189. ^ Mariappan, Julie (14 February 2021). "PM Modi launches Chennai Metro Rail phase 1 extension line, hands over indigenous Arjun Main Battle Tank to Army". The Times of India. Chennai: The Times Group - Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  190. ^ As for the size the system reached by the end of 2020, see "Chennai: CMRL gears up for launch of last leg metro line". Deccan Chronicle. Deccan Chronicle Holdings Limited (DCHL). 10 February 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2019.

    As for the latest extension, see "'CMRL likely to handle up to 3.5L daily commuters soon'". The Times of India. Chennai: The Times Group - Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 14 February 2021. Retrieved 16 February 2021.

  191. ^ "Now, reach airport from North Chennai in 1 hour". The New Indian Express. Express Publications Ltd. 15 February 2021. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  192. ^ "Indian PM launches Delhi metro". BBC News. 24 December 2002. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  193. ^ "Grey Line gets one more station, Metro touches Delhi's rural heart". Hindustan Times. New Delhi: HT Media Ltd. 19 September 2021. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  194. ^ For the size of the system as of October 2019, see:
  195. ^ "Route Map". www.delhimetrorail.com. DMRC. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  196. ^ "Delhi Metro - About us". Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  197. ^ "Route map". www.delhimetrorail.com. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  198. ^ "India's first private Rapid Metro starts operation from Gurgaon today". India Today. Living Media India Ltd. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  199. ^ a b c Joel Joseph (25 April 2017). "Two more Rapid Metro stations open today". The Times of India. Gurugram: The Times Group - Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  200. ^ Hyderabad (24 September 2018). "Hyderabad Metro to start services on Ameerpet-L B Nagar route today". Times of India. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  201. ^ a b c V, Rishi Kumar (7 February 2020). "KCR flags off Corridor II of the Hyderabad Metro". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  202. ^ "Rajasthan CM launches Jaipur Metro". DD News. 3 June 2015. Archived from the original on 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  203. ^ a b c d "Present Status". www.transport.rajasthan.gov.in. JMRC - Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. 28 November 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  204. ^ "With 'Metro Man' E Sreedharan by side, PM Narendra Modi flags off Kochi Metro". The Times of India. New Delhi. 18 June 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  205. ^ a b c "Kerala CM inaugurates extension of Kochi Metro till Petta". The Indian Express. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  206. ^ "Engineering Department » Existing Features". www.mtp.indianrailways.gov.in. Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS). 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  207. ^ Roy, Subhajoy (14 February 2020). "First phase of East-West Metro unveiled". The Telegraph. Ananda Bazar Patrika (ABP) Group. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  208. ^ a b As for the size the system reached by the end of 2019, see "Engineering Department » Existing Features". Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS). 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2020.

    As for the section opened after the end of 2019, see Roy, Subhajoy (14 February 2020). "First phase of East-West Metro unveiled". The Telegraph. Ananda Bazar Patrika (ABP) Group. Retrieved 15 February 2020.

  209. ^ a b c "Lucknow Metro flagged off, will open officially to public tomorrow". The Indian Express. New Delhi. 5 September 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  210. ^ "All set for inauguration of Lucknow Metro operation on 23-km route on March 8". Hindustan Times. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  211. ^ "Mumbai Metro rolls out, over 1 lakh commuters take maiden ride". Financial Express. Indian Express Ltd. 9 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  212. ^ a b "Your Metro – Features". www.reliancemumbaimetro.com. Mumbai Metro One Private Ltd. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  213. ^ "BEST Strike Pushes daily metro ridership over 5 lakh for first time". The Times of India.
  214. ^ "Nagpur Metro flagged off by PM Modi, to open for public on Women's Day". News18. Network18 Media & Investments Ltd. 7 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  215. ^ "Commercial service on Sitabuldi – Kasturchand Park stretch of Orange Line from today - The Live Nagpur". Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  216. ^ Ashish Roy (8 January 2020). "Nagpur: Jai Prakash Nagar station doubles Metro's ridership". The Times of India. Nagpur: The Times Group - Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  217. ^ a b "Maha Metro opens first section of Aqua Line of Nagpur Metro Rail project". Urban Transport News. Indian Infra Business Solutions Group (IIBSG). 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  218. ^ Roy, Ashish. "Two more Metro stations to open soon". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  219. ^ "Metro's Aqua line connecting Noida to Greater Noida opens today, CM Yogi Adityanath to inaugurate". Hindustan Times. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  220. ^ "Indonesia's Jakarta inaugurates MRT system to tackle one of world's worst traffic jams". The Straits Times. Singapore Press Holdings. AFP. 24 March 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  221. ^ خبرنامه دانشجویان ایران – اصفهان پس از 20 سال انتظار صاحب مترو شد. خبرنامه دانشجویان ایران (in Persian).
  222. ^ a b c "Esfahan metro reaches Soffeh". Metro Report International. DVV Media International Ltd. 16 July 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  223. ^ "Isfahan's new subway line opened". www.imna.ir. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  224. ^ "Mashhad metro starts running". Metro Report International. DVV Media International Ltd. 24 April 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  225. ^ ایستگاه کوهسنگی خط 2 قطار شهری مشهد به بهره برداری رسید [Kouhsangi station of Mashhad Urban Railway Line 2 came into operation]. news.mashhad.ir (in Persian). 10 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  226. ^ معرفی خطوط قطارشهری مشهد [Introducing lines of Mashhad Urban Railway]. metro.mashhad.ir (in Persian). 11 December 2019. Archived from the original on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  227. ^ "قطارشهری مشهد به میدان شهید کاوه رسید". metro.mashhad.ir. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  228. ^ "Shiraz metro Line 1 opens". Metro Report International. DVV Media International Ltd. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  229. ^ نیوز, پورتال خبری- تحلیلی نصر. افتتاح فاز اول خط یک مترو تبریز +تصاویر. nasrnews.ir. Archived from the original on 31 July 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  230. ^ "After 13 years, Iran's first metro completed". Deseret News. Associated Press. 21 February 2000. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
  231. ^ "The deepest metro station in Tehran, Milad Tower, connects to Metro network". Tehran Urban Research & Planning Center. 17 November 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
  232. ^ a b آشنایی با مختصات خطوط مترو تهران.
  233. ^ "Parte la metro! 2 marzo 2013" [The Metro is coming!] (in Italian). Brescia Mobilità. 2 March 2013. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  234. ^ a b "Mappa della linea metropolitana" [Metro line map] (PDF) (in Italian). Brescia Mobilità. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
  235. ^ "Ferrovia Circumetnea - Tariffe e Orari della Metropolitana". www.circumetnea.it. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  236. ^ "Metropolitana di Catania, oggi l'inaugurazione della tratta Borgo-Nesima". 30 March 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  237. ^ "Metropolitana di Catania". 11 July 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  238. ^ a b c d "Metropolitana" [Metro] (in Italian). Azienda Mobilità e Trasporti SpA (AMT). 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  239. ^ a b c "L'opera che ha fatto di Milano una grande metropoli" [The project that made Milan a great metropolis] (in Italian). Metropolitane Milanesi SpA. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  240. ^ "Metro Network and Suburban Railways" (map). Azienda Trasporti Milanesi (ATM) SpA. June 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  241. ^ "Carta della Mobilità 2017" (PDF) (in Italian). Azienda Trasporti Milanesi (ATM) S.p.A. p. 17. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  242. ^ a b Cascetta, Ennio (8 September 2017). "La linea M1 della città di Napoli - il valore della 'bellezza'" [The M1 line of the city of Napoli - the value of ‘beauty’] (PDF) (in Italian). M.N. Metropolitana di Napoli S.p.A. p. 3. Retrieved 7 October 2018 – via www.comune.napoli.it.
  243. ^ Rossi, Fabio (12 May 2018). "Roma: Metro C a San Giovanni, oggi apre la nuova tratta" [Rome: Metro C to San Giovanni, today opens the new section]. Il Messaggero (in Italian). Il Messaggero S.p.A. – Caltagirone Editore. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  244. ^ "Roma, scegli una fermata della metro e ti dirò quanto ti costa comprare o affittare casa" [Rome, choose a metro stop and I'll tell you how much it costs you to buy or rent a house]. Mercato turistico. www.idealista.it (in Italian). Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  245. ^ "Home > Azienda – I numeri di atac – Trasporto pubblico" [Home > Company – The numbers of ATAC – Public transportation] (in Italian). ATAC. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  246. ^ Marco Chiandoni (30 June 2015). "Rome metro Line C reaches Lodi". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  247. ^ a b "La Linea 1 di Metropolitana" [Metro Line 1] (PDF) (in Italian). Città di Torino. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  248. ^ a b c "La metro di Torino arriva in piazza Bengasi" [Turin Metro reaches Bengasi square] (in Italian). GTT SpA (Gruppo Torinese Trasporti). 23 April 2021. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  249. ^ a b c d "Fukuoka Municipal Subway". 一般社団法人 日本地下鉄協会 [Japan Subway Association]. 17 June 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  250. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Subways in Japan". www.jametro.or.jp. 一般社団法人 日本地下鉄協会 [Japan Subway Association]. 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  251. ^ Walsh, Paul (16 March 2015). "Shin Hakushima Station Opening Day". GetHiroshima. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  252. ^ "How to Take the Subway – 0. Taking the Kyoto City Subway". 京都市 [City of Kyoto]. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  253. ^ a b c よくあるご質問 › 地下鉄について [FAQ › About the subway] (in Japanese). Transportation Bureau, City of Nagoya. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  254. ^ a b c 地下鉄の概要 [Overview of the subway] (in Japanese). 大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau]. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  255. ^ 営業路線の現況 [Current status of routes in commercial service] (in Japanese). 一般社団法人 日本地下鉄協会 [Japan Subway Association]. 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  256. ^ 営業線の概要 [Overview of operating lines] (in Japanese). 大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau]. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  257. ^ "Your Transportation / Subway". www.global.hokudai.ac.jp. Hokkaido University. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  258. ^ a b c 仙台市地下鉄 [Sendai Municipal Subway] (in Japanese). 一般社団法人 日本地下鉄協会 [Japan Subway Association]. 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  259. ^ "New subway line opens in disaster-hit Sendai". National. The Japan Times. Jiji Press Ltd. 6 December 2015. Archived from the original on 6 December 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  260. ^ a b c d 都営地下鉄 [Toei Subway] (in Japanese). 東京都交通局 [Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation]. 1 April 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  261. ^ 路線図 [Network map] (in Japanese). 一般社団法人 日本地下鉄協会 [Japan Subway Association]. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  262. ^ "Information on each station › Bakuro-yokoyama". 東京都交通局 [Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation]. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  263. ^ Hornyak, Tim (16 December 2017). "Heart of gold: The Ginza Line celebrates its 90th birthday". Japan Times. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  264. ^ 日比谷線新駅の名称を「虎ノ門ヒルズ駅」に決定しました! [The name for the Hibiya Line new station has been finalised to be "Toranomon Hills Station"!] (PDF). Tokyo Metro. 5 December 2018.
  265. ^ "Traffic Performance by Station". Tokyo Metro Co., Ltd. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  266. ^ "Business Situation". Tokyo Metro Co., Ltd. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  267. ^ a b c d "Yokohama Municipal Subway". 一般社団法人 日本地下鉄協会 [Japan Subway Association]. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  268. ^ a b c Kava, Alexander (20 April 2015). "Presidential opening for Almaty metro extension". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  269. ^ a b "Overview > Company Information > Operation System". Daegu Metropolitan Transit Corporation. Archived from the original on 29 January 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  270. ^ Lee, In-kyung (14 December 2020). 인천도시철도 1호선 송도달빛축제공원역 개통 기념 첫 손님맞이행사 실시 [First-guest-welcoming event to commemorate the opening of Songdo Moonlight Festival Park Station on Incheon Metro Line 1]. www.itrailnews.co.kr (in Korean). Rail News Corp. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  271. ^ a b As for the Line 2, whose current length has been reached by the end of 2018, see "General information". Incheon Transit Corporation. Archived from the original on 2 July 2019.

    As for the Line 1, which was extended after the end of 2018, see Lee, In-kyung (14 December 2020). 인천도시철도 1호선 송도달빛축제공원역 개통 기념 첫 손님맞이행사 실시 [First-guest-welcoming event to commemorate the opening of Songdo Moonlight Festival Park Station on Incheon Metro Line 1]. www.itrailnews.co.kr (in Korean). Rail News Corp. Retrieved 21 December 2020.

  272. ^ 지하철건설현황 [Status of Subway Construction] (in Korean). Seoul Metropolitan Government. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  273. ^ 지하철 5호선 강일역 모레부터 운영…하남선 완전 개통 [Subway Line 5 Gangil Station will operate from the day after tomorrow... Complete opening of Hanam Line]. Hankyung (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. 25 March 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  274. ^ a b As for the part of the system which Seoul Metro is in charge of, see

    As for the part of the system which SML9 is in charge of (line 9, 1st stage), see

  275. ^ "Seoul inaugurates Suin line connection". Railway Gazette International. DVV Media International Ltd. 15 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  276. ^ As for the lines the current length of which has been reached by the end of 2013, see "KORAIL Metropolitan Railroad HQ serves 23 million people of the Seoul Metropolitan area". Korea Railroad corp. (KORAIL). Retrieved 17 September 2020.

    As for the Suin Line, which was extended after the end of 2013, see Burroughs, David (15 September 2020). "Final phase of Korea's Suin Line complete". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 17 September 2020.

  277. ^ a b "Shinbundang Line Extension open for passenger service". Rail Professional Asia Pacific. Rail Professional Ltd. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2017.[permanent dead link]
  278. ^ "Thousands throng Kajang Stadium in conjunction with MRT SBK Phase 2 launch". 17 July 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  279. ^ "Inauguraciones y Ampliaciones en Orden Cronológico Hasta 2000" [Inaugurations and Extensions in Chronological Order Until 2000] (in Spanish). Metro de la Ciudad de Mexico. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  280. ^ a b "Longitud de las Líneas (KM.)" [Length of the Lines (km)] (in Spanish). Metro de la Ciudad de Mexico. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  281. ^ "Sistema de Transporte Colectivo › Metrorrey › Historia" [Collective Transit System › Metrorrey › History] (in Spanish). Gobierno del Estado de Nuevo León, México. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  282. ^ Alanís, Ricardo (27 February 2021). "Inauguran línea 3 del metro en Nuevo León" [Metro line 3 inaugurated in Nuevo León]. Milenio (in Spanish). Grupo Multimedios. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  283. ^ a b "Proyecto Metro Línea 3, Monterrey – Presentación general" [Metro Line 3 Project, Monterrey – General presentation] (PDF) (in Spanish). Secretaria de Comunicaciones y Transportes. December 2016. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  284. ^ "Amsterdam's north–south metro line opens". Metro Report International. DVV Media International Ltd. 23 July 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  285. ^ "Railkaart [Rail Map]" (PDF). GVB. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  286. ^ "Årsrapport 2016" [Annual Report 2016] (PDF) (in Norwegian). Ruter As. 2016. p. 23. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  287. ^ a b "Punjab CM inaugurates Lahore's much-delayed Orange Line Metro Train". Daily Pakistan. 25 October 2020. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  288. ^ Rivera, Lourdes. "Presidente Varela entrega la Línea 2 del Metro de Panamá, obra construida con "transparencia y eficiencia" – El Metro de Panamá" (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  289. ^ a b "Ciudad Metro de Lima: obras del segundo tramo de la Línea 1 culminarán el 30 de abril" [Lima Metro: Work on the second section of Line 1 will culminate on 30 April]. La República.pe (in Spanish). Grupo La República Digital. 16 March 2014. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  290. ^ a b c "The Line 1 System". Light Rail Transit Authority. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  291. ^ "Lines 1 and 2 Route Map". Light Rail Transit Authority. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  292. ^ "The Line 2 System". Light Rail Transit Authority. Archived from the original on 11 October 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  293. ^ "About Us – Background". Metro Rail Transit. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  294. ^ "Uruchamiamy wolskie stacje metra". Warszawski Transport Publiczny. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  295. ^ a b c d "A brief history". Metropolitano de Lisboa, E.P.E. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  296. ^ "Qatar rolls out first-ever 'landmark' metro for public". www.aljazeera.com.
  297. ^ a b "Doha Metro Green Line preview service starts; 4 stations opened on Red Line". 11 December 2019. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  298. ^ "Metrorex history". Metrorex. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  299. ^ a b Bănilă, Nicoleta (15 September 2020). "Romania inaugurates 3.2 bln lei (659 mln euro) metro line in Bucharest". seenews.com. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  300. ^ "Metrorex – Network features". Metrorex. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  301. ^ "Metroelektrotrans" [Kazan Metro] (in Russian). Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  302. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Kazan". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  303. ^ a b c d e f g h МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНЫ РОССИИ за 6 месяцев 2015 год [Metros of Russia after 6 months of 2015]. www.nsk-metro.ru (in Russian). Новосибирский метрополитен [Novosibirsk metro]. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  304. ^ Московский метрополитен [Moscow Metro] (in Russian). Moskovsky Metropoliten. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  305. ^ a b Метрополитен в цифрах [Metro in digits] (in Russian). mosmetro.ru. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  306. ^ a b В Нижнем Новгороде открыли построенную к ЧМ станцию метро «Стрелка» [In Nizhny Novgorod, the metro station Strelka, built for the World Cup, was opened]. NTV (in Russian). ОАО Газпром-Медиа [Gazprom-Media]. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  307. ^ Extension of Dzerzhinskaya Line, Schwandl, Robert. "Novosibirsk". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  308. ^ Demyanchuk, Alexander (26 May 2018). В Петербурге накануне дня города открыли станции метро "Новокрестовская" и "Беговая" [In Saint Petersburg, on the eve of the city day, metro station "Novokrestovskaya" and "Begovaya" opened] (in Russian). TASS Russian News Agency. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  309. ^ a b "Passenger information - Technical Characteristics". www.metro.spb.ru. St. Petersburg Metropoliten SUE. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  310. ^ 1-ая линия метрополитена [Показать справочную информацию] [First subway line [Show background information]] (in Russian). Самарский метрополитен [Samara Metro]. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  311. ^ Фоторепортаж: От станции "Российской" до "Алабинской" на метро около трех минут [Photo-report: From the station "Russian" to "Alabinskaya" by metro about three minutes]. Pro Gorod Samara (in Russian). 26 December 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  312. ^ Chkalovskaya, Schwandl, Robert. "Yekaterinburg". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  313. ^ a b Yuen-C, Tham (11 January 2020). "3 stations on Thomson-East Coast Line open, including one to be connected to Singapore-Malaysia RTS Link". The Straits Times. Singapore Press Holdings. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  314. ^ "SMRT, LTA investigate MRT train accident". The Sun Daily. 15 November 2017.
  315. ^ "Rail Length". data.gov.sg.
  316. ^ "L'estació de Zona Franca de la línia 10 Sud de metro obrirà les portes dissabte a les 3 de la tarda". Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB). 30 January 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  317. ^ a b As for the size the system reached by the end of 2018, see "Basic data 2019" (PDF). Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB). Retrieved 10 March 2019. The Montjuïc Funicular, despite being considered to be part of the metro system, is excluded.

    As for the latest extension, see "L'estació de Zona Franca de la línia 10 Sud de metro obrirà les portes dissabte a les 3 de la tarda". Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB). 30 January 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.

  318. ^ Wright, Daniel (30 March 2016). "The Underground World of Norman Foster (Metro Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain)". thebeautyoftransport.com. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  319. ^ Osorio, Silvia (28 June 2014). "Kabiezes se sube al metro" [Kabiezes gets on the subway]. El Correo (in Spanish). Bilbao Editorial. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  320. ^ a b "En marcha la estación de Ibarbengoa, tras años de espera" (in Spanish). Eitb. 15 June 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  321. ^ a b "Metro in figures – Network features". Metro Bilbao S.A. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
  322. ^ "History – 1919". Metro de Madrid S.A. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  323. ^ "First passengers use new Arroyofresno underground station". Metro de Madrid S.A. 23 March 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  324. ^ a b As for the size the system reached by the end of 2017, see "Annual report 2017" (PDF). CRTM – Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid. 2019. p. 29. Retrieved 25 April 2020.

    As for the latest extension, see "La Comunidad abre la estación de metro Arroyofresno al público tras 20 años" [The Community of Madrid opens Arroyofresno metro station to the public after 20 years]. La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Grupo Godó. 21 March 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2020.

  325. ^ a b Rommel, Jacob (29 May 2014). Topological Analysis of the Evolution of Public Transport Networks (PDF) (MSc). KTH Royal Institute of Technology. pp. 22–23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2019 – via DiVA (Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet).
  326. ^ a b "Fakta om SL och länet 2015" [Facts about SL and the region] (PDF) (in Swedish). Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. 25 October 2016. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  327. ^ "Lausanne underground officially opens". SWI swissinfo.ch. Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRG SSR). 27 October 2008. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  328. ^ a b "Introduction: Welcome to MBTU". Mass Rapid Transit Bureau, Kaohsiung City. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  329. ^ "Taipei metro surprises, impresses on 20th anniversary". Taiwan Today. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  330. ^ Lee Hsin-Yin (16 January 2020). "First section of MRT Circular Line gets approval to begin operations". Focus Taiwan CNA English News. Central News Agency (Republic of China). Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  331. ^ a b "Network and Systems – Metro Network". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. 19 January 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  332. ^ "Route Map & Timetables". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. 19 January 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  333. ^ Smith, Glenn (20 April 2012). "Taiwan: transit in transition". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  334. ^ a b c Su, Mu-chun; Yeh, Joseph (25 April 2021). "Taichung welcomes arrival of mass rapid transit age". Focus Taiwan. Central News Agency (CNA). Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  335. ^ "Taoyuan Metro › About Metro › Metro Route › Route Introduction". www.tymetro.com.tw (in Chinese). 15 February 2017. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
  336. ^ "Company's Profile". Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  337. ^ a b Supateerawanitt, Arpiwach (8 February 2021). "BTS Station in Sathorn everyone thought never existed is now open for trial runs". Time Out (Bangkok ed.). Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  338. ^ Wancharoen, Supoj (7 October 2020). "BTS: Test run on Green Line's northern extension satisfactory". Bangkok Post. Post Publishing Plc. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  339. ^ a b "Bangkok Blue Line loop completed". Metro Report International. DVV Media International Ltd. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  340. ^ a b "Route Map". bemplc.co.th. Bangkok Expressway and Metro Public Company Ltd. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  341. ^ a b "Metro Raylı Taşıma Sistemi – Adana Raylı Taşıma Sistemi – Adana Metrosu" [Metro Rail Transit System – Adana Rail Transit System – Adana Metro] (in Turkish). Adana Büyükşehir Belediyesi [Adana Metropolitan Municipality]. Archived from the original on 29 March 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  342. ^ a b "Ankara's newest metro line expected to serve 50,000 a day". Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  343. ^ a b "GENERAL DIRECTORATE of EGO – THE SUBWAY SYSTEMS – OPERATED RAIL SYSTEM LINES". General Directorate of EGO. 29 August 2012. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. Simply sum the lengths and number of stations on the operational lines to obtain the totals for the Ankara Metro.
  344. ^ a b "BURSARAY TEKNİK ÖZELLİKLER" [BURSARAY TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS] (in Turkish). Burulaş Bursa Ulaşım Toplu Taşım İşletmeciliği Turizm San. Ve Tic. A.Ş. [Burulaş Bursa Transportation Mass Transit Administration Tourism Industry. Ve Tic. Inc.] Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  345. ^ "Timeline". Metro İstanbul A.Ş. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  346. ^ "İstanbul'a Yeni Metro Hattı".
  347. ^ a b As for the size the system reached by the end of 2019, see "2019 Faaliyet Raporu" [2019 Annual Report] (PDF) (in Turkish). Metro İstanbul A.Ş. p. 40. Retrieved 27 November 2020.

    As for the latest extension, see "Istanbul driverless metro line M7 opens". Metro Report International. DVV Media International Ltd. 28 October 2020. Retrieved 27 November 2020.

  348. ^ "Istanbul Metro Lines Network Map" (PDF). Metro İstanbul A.Ş. October 2020. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  349. ^ a b c d "Metro Bayrami" [Metro Festival] (in Turkish). İzmir Metrosu A.Ş. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  350. ^ a b c d e f Основные технико-эксплуатационные характеристики метрополитенов за 2013 год [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways for Year 2013.] (PDF). asmetro.ru (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. 2013. p. 3. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
  351. ^ "Middle East › Light Rail and Metro". Serco Group plc. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  352. ^ "Photos: Dubai Investment Park, Expo Stations on Dubai Metro Route 2020 are now open". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  353. ^ a b c "Glasgow Subway – SPT – Corporate Information". Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT). 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  354. ^ Green, Oliver (1987). The London Underground — An illustrated history. Ian Allan.
  355. ^ a b "About TfL – What we do – London Underground". Transport for London. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  356. ^ a b c "About TfL – What we do – Docklands Light Railway". Transport for London. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  357. ^ a b "MARTA's Past and Future". Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA). Archived from the original on 3 January 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  358. ^ a b Department of Finance (22 December 2017). Hutchinson, Gordon (CFO) (ed.). "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017" (PDF). Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA). p. X. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  359. ^ a b c d e f Neff, John; Dickens, Matthew (February 2017). "2016 Public Transportation Fact Book - Appendix A: Historical Tables" (PDF). APTA (American Public Transportation Association). p. 170. Retrieved 14 June 2020 – via Centre de documentation du Ministère des transports du Québec.
  360. ^ a b c Cassie, Ron (19 September 2016). "The Multi-Modal City: without the Red Line, can Baltimore still create a modern transportation system?". Baltimore. Rosebud Entertainment LLC. ISSN 0005-4453. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  361. ^ Rosen, Andy (2 September 2014). "Assembly Station Orange Line stop now open". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  362. ^ a b "About the T – Financials – Appendix: Statistical Profile" (PDF). MBTA. 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  363. ^ "RAPID TRANSIT IN CHICAGO – Remarkable Facilities Furnished by the Opening Last Week of the "Loop."". New York Times. 24 October 1897.
  364. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon (9 February 2015). "Long-awaited Cermak-McCormick Place Green Line station opens". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  365. ^ a b "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  366. ^ a b "About RTA: History of Public Transit in Greater Cleveland". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  367. ^ a b "2013 Annual Report – RTA Facts". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  368. ^ a b c d "Facts at a Glance". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA). Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  369. ^ "Miami-Dade County – Miami-Dade Transit – Miami-Dade Transit History". Miami-Dade County. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  370. ^ a b "Miami-Dade County – Miami-Dade Transit – Metrorail". Miami-Dade County. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  371. ^ a b c "The MTA Network – New York City Transit at a Glance". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  372. ^ "New Second Avenue Subway Line Opening To The Public". CBS New York. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  373. ^ a b "2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). 26 June 2019. p. 156. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  374. ^ "MTA | news | Staten Island Railway Celebrates 1st New Station in 20 Years". www.mta.info. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  375. ^ "MTA New York City Transit – Staten Island Railway Map". Archived from the original on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  376. ^ "History – PATH – The Port Authority of NY & NJ". 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  377. ^ "Maps & Schedules – PATH – The Port Authority of NY & NJ". 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  378. ^ "Facts & Info – PATH – The Port Authority of NY & NJ". 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  379. ^ a b "SEPTA Operating Facts Fiscal Year 2013" (PDF). SEPTA. 30 June 2013. pp. 4–6. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  380. ^ "SEPTA Route Statistics 2014" (PDF). SEPTA Service Planning Department. 2014. pp. 9, 13, 221. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  381. ^ "SEPTA – Media Guide" (PDF). SEPTA. 2013. pp. 7, 11. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  382. ^ a b c d "PATCO – A History of Commitment". Port Authority Transit Corporation (PATCO). Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  383. ^ a b c "BART – System Facts". San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  384. ^ Gary, Jesse (12 June 2020). "BART service to Milpitas and Berryessa stations starts Saturday". KTVU Fox 2. Fox Television Stations, LLC. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  385. ^ a b c "History". Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  386. ^ "Metro launches Silver Line, largest expansion of region's rail system in more than two decades" (Press release). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 25 July 2014. Archived from the original on 1 August 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  387. ^ a b Rohde, Mike. "Tashkent". Metro Bits. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  388. ^ a b "Sistema Metro" [Metro System] (in Spanish). C.A. Metro de Caracas. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016.
  389. ^ a b Barrow, Keith (9 November 2015). "Caracas opens metro Line 5". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  390. ^ "Metro Los Teques: 9 años conectando a Los Altos Mirandinos con Caracas" [Metro Los Teques: 9 years connecting Los Altos Mirandinos with Caracas]. Correo del Orinoco (in Spanish). 3 November 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  391. ^ "Mapa de rutas" [Map of routes] (in Spanish). C.A. Metro de Caracas. 9 March 2016. Archived from the original on 2 April 2016.

Ridership referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistiques voyageur" [Passenger statistics] (in French). Entreprise Métro d'Alger. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Por la pandemia, la cantidad de pasajeros del Subte cayó un 77% en 2020". 8 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Основные технико-эксплуатационные характеристики метрополитенов за 2020 год [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways in Year 2020] (PDF) (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Public Transport Patronage". Transport for NSW. 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Metro Patronage – About the Data". Transport for NSW. 2019. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Facts & Figures – Operating Data 2019" (PDF). Wiener Linien. June 2020. p. 1. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Statistics 2020" (PDF). STIB/MIVB. p. 2. Retrieved 27 September 2021 – via www.stib-mivb.be.
  8. ^ "RELATÓRIO DE GESTÃO 2018" [2018 Management Report] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Companhia Brasileira de Trens Urbanos (CBTU). 31 December 2018. pp. 36–37. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  9. ^ "CARTA ANUAL 2020" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal — METRO-DF. 27 January 2020. p. 7. Retrieved 17 May 2020 – via www.metro.df.gov.br.
  10. ^ "Relatório de Gestão do Exercício de 2018" [Management Report of the 2018 period] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. – TRENSURB. 2019. p. 39. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  11. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of those quoted for the two metro lines: via GOAPO (Gerência Operacional de Apoio) – Demanda de usuários transportados
  12. ^ "RELATÓRIO DE AMINISTRAÇÃO 2020" [Management Report 2020] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Concessão Metroviária do Rio de Janeiro S.A. 29 March 2021. p. 12. Retrieved 2 April 2021 – via metrorio.ri.invepar.com.br.
  13. ^ This annual ridership figure is the difference of those quoted as the system's overall ridership from the start of operations in June 2014:
  14. ^ "Relatório Integrado 2020" [Integrated Report 2020] (PDF). www.metro.sp.gov.br (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano de São Paulo. p. 38. Retrieved 2 April 2021.

    This ridership figure includes the ViaQuatro Line 4 and Via Mobilidade Line 5 ridership in the total.

  15. ^ Ilkova, A., ed. (29 May 2020). "Statistical Yearbook 2019" (PDF). www.nsi.bg. National Statistical Institute. p. 348. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Public Transportation Ridership Report - Fourth Quarter 2020" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 4 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021 – via Ridership Report.
  17. ^ "Memoria Anual 2020" [2020 Annual Report] (PDF) (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago – Empresa de Transporte de Pasajeros Metro S.A. 12 April 2021. pp. 4, 79. Retrieved 14 September 2021 – via www.metro.cl.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak 交通运输部发布2020年城市轨道交通运营数据 [The Ministry of Transport released 2020 urban rail transit operation data]. 中国交通新闻网 (China Transport News Website). 5 January 2021. Archived from the original on 5 January 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  19. ^ "Ten-Year Statistics" (PDF). www.mtr.com.hk. MTR Corporation. 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  20. ^ "Investor's Information › Patronage Updates". MTR Corporation. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  21. ^ "Boletín Técnico Encuesta de Transporte Urbano de Pasajeros (ETUP) – IV trimestre de 2020" [Urban Passenger Transportation Survey (ETUP) technical bulletin - IV quarter 2020] (PDF) (in Spanish). Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE). 15 February 2021. p. 13. Retrieved 15 March 2021 – via www.dane.gov.co.
  22. ^ "Výroční Zpráva 2020" [Annual Report 2020] (PDF) (in Czech). Prague: Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy (DPP). April 2021. p. 25. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  23. ^ "Metroens passagertal" [Ridership figures of the metro] (in Danish). Metroselskabet. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Informe Trimestral de Evolución de la Demanda – Octubre - Diciembre 2020" [Quarterly Report on the Evolution of Demand – October - December 2020] (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina para el Reordenamiento de Transporte (OPRET). 6 January 2021. pp. 10–11. Retrieved 18 February 2021.

    This ridership figure is the sum of those quoted for the rapid transit lines

  25. ^ "A look at the Cairo metro system". The National. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  26. ^ "HKL Annual Report 2020" (PDF). Helsinki City Transport (HKL). p. 5. Retrieved 1 February 2021 – via www.hel.fi.
  27. ^ a b c d e "Rapport annuel sur le parc, le trafic et les événements d'exploitation des métros et du RER (hors RFN) pour l'année 2019" (PDF) (in French). STRMTG - Service Technique des Remontées Mécaniques et des Transports Guidés. 21 December 2020. p. 10. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  28. ^ "Activity and sustainable development report 2020" (PDF). RATP. 7 June 2021. p. 22. Retrieved 14 September 2021 – via ratp.fr.
  29. ^ "Zahlenspiegel 2020" [Company facts and figures 2020] (PDF) (in German). Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG). 31 December 2019. p. 3. Retrieved 12 August 2020 – via Media downloads.
  30. ^ "HOCHBAHN Unternehmensbericht 2019" [HOCHBAHN Corporate Report 2019] (PDF) (in German). Hamburger Hochbahn AG. p. 50. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  31. ^ "MVG in figures" (PDF). Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH (MVG). November 2020. p. 2. Retrieved 24 November 2020 – via www.mvg.de.
  32. ^ "Verbundbericht 2019" [VGN Report 2019] (PDF) (in German). Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg (VGN). p. 42. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  33. ^ Έκθεση Πεπραγμένων 2018 [2018 Activity Report] (PDF) (in Greek). OAΣA - Οργανισμός Αστικών Συγκοινωνιών Αθηνών [Athens Urban Transport Organisation]. p. 20. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Urban passenger traffic in Hungary and Budapest by mode of transport". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 18 August 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2021 – via [1].
  35. ^ "Namma Metro, 14th Annual Report 2019-20" (PDF). Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. 29 October 2020. p. 13. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  36. ^ "Annual Report 2017-18" (PDF). DMRC. 28 September 2018. p. 3. Retrieved 7 March 2019 – via www.delhimetrorail.com.
  37. ^ "Phase 2 adds only 15,000 daily riders to Rapid Metro | Gurgaon News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  38. ^