RATP Group(Redirected from Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens)
The RATP Group (French: Groupe RATP), also known as the Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (English: Autonomous Operator of Parisian Transports), is a state-owned public transport operator and maintainer headquartered in Paris, France. Formed in 1949, it has its origins as the city's public transport operator. Its logo represents, in a stylized version, the Seine's meandering through the Paris area as the face of a person looking up.
|Founded||January 1, 1949Paris, Francein|
|Headquarters||54, Quai de la Rapée
75012 Paris, France
|Worldwide, with significant Île-de-France involvement|
|Catherine Guillouard (CEO)|
|Revenue||€5.56 billion (2015)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Government of France|
Today, RATP is still responsible for most of the public transport in Paris the rest if the Île-de-France region, including the Paris Métro, tram and bus services and part of the Réseau Express Régional (RER) network. In the Île-de-France region, RATP carries about 3 billion passengers per year.
The RATP's Paris operations are still a major part of the business, but its operations have now extended to include businesses around the globe. They include involvement in the operation of bus, tram, rapid transit and inter-city rail services in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. RATP Group is currently the world's fifth largest operator in the public transport sector.
The RATP was created on 1 January 1949 by combining the assets of the Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris (CMP), which operated the Paris Métro, and the Société des transports en commun de la région parisienne (STCRP), which operated the city's bus system.
Earlier, the CMP had absorbed the Société du Chemin de Fer Électrique Nord-Sud de Paris in 1930 and the Ligne de Sceaux in 1937, which extended commuter rail to the suburbs. The STCRP had been created on 1 January 1921 by the merger of about half a dozen independent bus and streetcar operators in the Paris area. By the time the STCRP was merged into the RATP, all of its streetcars had been replaced by bus routes.
In the early years of the 21st century, a partnership with the Transdev group resulted in RATP acquiring a minority shareholding in that group, with its many worldwide transport operations. However, in 2009, the Caisse des dépôts et consignations, the majority owner of the Transdev group, started negotiations with Veolia Environnement to merge Transdev with Veolia Transport. As part of the resulting agreement, made in May 2010, it was agreed that the RATP Group would take over ownership of some of Transdev's operations in lieu of cash payment for its holdings in Transdev. This had a considerable impact on RATP's international profile.
On 1 August 2011 the RATP Group purchased Stagecoach Metrolink's contract to operate the Metrolink light rail system in Greater Manchester, England until July 2017. Two years later, in 2013 RATP purchased the nearby long-established coach company, Selwyns Travel, a National Express operator.
Operations in ParisEdit
In Paris, RATP operates, under its own name, on behalf of the Île-de-France Mobilités (IDFM), the Paris region transit authority. RATP's services constitute, in their own right, a multi-mode public transportation infrastructure, but also contribute to a larger multi-mode system extending out into the surrounding Île-de-France communities.
RATP's services in the Greater Paris area include:
- The Paris Métro system of mostly underground rapid transit lines, which run throughout the city, with some lines extending somewhat beyond the city boundaries. The Métro has 16 lines with 219 km (136 mi)) of track and 302 stations. Two metro lines are fully automated and driverless: line 1 (since 2012) and line 14 (since its opening in 1998).
- Orlyval, the automated metro shuttle connecting Antony station (RER B) and Orly Airport.
- Parts of the RER, the Paris regional express rail network that runs mostly underground in the centre of Paris and overground in the rest of the region. RATP owns and operates line A (except the Nanterre-Préfecture - Cergy-le-Haut and Nanterre-Préfecture - Poissy branches) and line B (except the part north of Gare du Nord), both together representing approximately 115 km (71 mi) and 66 stations. The rest of the RER network is operated by SNCF.
- Eight out of ten lines of the Paris tram system (T1, T2, T3a, T3b, T5, T6, T7, T8) totalizing 97.5 km (60.6 mi) and 175 stops.
- The extensive Paris city bus system (351 lines with a total length of 3,861 km (2,399 mi)), including the night buses of the Noctilien network.
- Two BRT lines: the Trans-Val-de-Marne (TVM, 19.7 km (12.2 mi)) and line 393 (11.7 km (7.3 mi)).
- The Montmartre funicular.
Operations outside ParisEdit
RATP Group's subsidiary, RATP Dev (Dev being a contraction of Développement), operates RATP Group services outside Paris although it also operates some specialised services within Paris. Wholly and partly owned operations include the following:
Operations in FranceEdit
- Agglobus, the urban bus network of Bourges in the Cher department (since 2011, renewed for the 2017-2022 period)
- Aléo, the urban bus network of Moulins in the Allier department
- Cars Jacquemard, a coach operator in the Eure department
- Cars Perrier, one of the operators of the Sqybus network serving the Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines suburb near Paris
- The CTRL network of Lorient Agglomération in the Morbihan department (for the 2018-2022 period)
- Com'Bus, Yvelines and Val-d'Oise departments
- The Impulsyon urban bus network of La Roche-sur-Yon in the Vendée department (since 2010, renewed for the 2017-2023 period)
- The Kicéo urban bus network of Vannes in the Morbihan department (for the 2017-2023 period)
- Lignes de Vienne et agglomération (L'va) in and around Vienne in the Isère department
- Le Vib in Vierzon in the Cher department
- The Marinéo urban bus network of Boulogne-sur-Mer in the Pas-de-Calais department
- Mouvéo, the urban bus network of Épernay in the Marne department
- Ondéa, the urban bus network of Aix-les-Bains and its surroundings in the Savoie department (2015-2020)
- PAM 91, 92, 93 and 95, paratransit in the Essonne, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-d'Oise departments (Greater Paris area)
- The STIVO urban bus network in Cergy-Pontoise
- Transports annemassiens collectifs (TAC), urban bus network covering the Agglomeration community of Annemasse – Les Voirons (joint control with TPG)
- Transports de l'agglomération de Charleville-Mézières (TAC), urban bus network of Charleville-Mézières and Sedan in the Ardennes department (since 2012, renewed for the 2017-2024 period)
- Transports urbains laonnois (TUL), the urban bus network of Laon in the Aisne department (since 2016)
- The Transvilles multimodal network in and around Valenciennes, including the Valenciennes tramway (since 2015)
- Three express coach routes using the A14 motorway, in the Greater Paris area.
- Gautrain, regional express train in Gauteng province, South Africa, linking Johannesburg, Pretoria and O. R. Tambo International Airport (since 2010)
- "La Ferroviaria Italiana", two regional rail lines in Tuscany, Italy (minority share)
Metro and tramwayEdit
- Algiers Metro, Algiers, Algeria (since 2011)
- Tramway networks in the Algerian cities of Algiers (since 2012), Oran (since 2013), Constantine (since 2013), Sidi Bel Abbès (since 2017), Ouargla (since 2018) and Sétif (since 2018)
- Sun Link Streetcar, Tucson, Arizona, United States (since 2014)
- DC Streetcar, Washington, D.C., United States (since 2016)
- Florence tramway, Florence, Italy (since 2010)
- Casablanca LRT, Casablanca, Morocco (since 2012, contract renewed in 2017 until the end of 2029)
- RATP Dev Transdev Asia (RDTA), a joint venture with Transdev, operating:
- Future Doha Metro and Lusail LRT, Qatar (20-year contrat through RKH Qitarat, joint venture formed by Hamad Group (51%) and Keolis-RATP Dev (49 %))
Bus and coachEdit
- Autolinee Toscane, a coach operator in the area around Florence, Italy
- Dolomiti Bus, an urban and interurban bus operator in Belluno, Italy
- Gem Bus, a cross-border bus operator serving areas of France and Switzerland around Geneva
- McDonald Transit Associates, a contract transit operator in the United States
- Quality Line/Epsom Coaches, a Surrey, England-based coach and bus operator
- RATP Dev London, RATP's bus operations in London, England
- Roadrunner, California (fixed routes, paratransit, airport shuttles, charter and black car services, >200 vehicles, acquired in 2018)
- Anqing Zhongbei in Anqing, China as part of RATP Dev Transdev Asia (RDTA)
- Selwyns Travel, Runcorn, a large bus and coach group in the North West of England
- Yellow Buses, a bus operator in Bournemouth, England
- Hop on hop off tour operations in Paris, France ("Paris L'Open Tour"), The Original Tour in London, United Kingdom (acquired in September 2014) and Bath Bus Company operating city tours in several cities in the United Kingdom (Bath, Cardiff, Eastbourne and Windsor);
- The Téléphérique du Salève cable car (since 2013, in partnership with TPG and Pomagalski);
- "Slide", an on-demand shared transport / microtransit service targeting commuters in Bristol, United Kingdom (since July 2016, in partnership with French start-up Padam).
- São Paulo Metro Line 4: technical assistance for start-up and the launch of commercial operations in 2010 and 1% share in the concessionnaire ViaQuatro until 2015
- Rio de Janeiro Light Rail: technical assistance for start-up and the launch of commercial operations in 2016
- Shenyang trams, China (2013 to ?)
- Fullington Auto Bus Company, State College, Pennsylvania: acquired in 2009 and sold in 2017
- Open Loop New York: hop on hop off tour company in New York City commenced in May 2014, ceased to Big Bus Tours in 2017
- Manchester Metrolink (from August 2011 to July 2017)
- "Le trafic de la RATP reprend des couleurs". Mobilicites. 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
- "Merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Veolia Transport. Archived from the original on 2009-07-27. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
- "Completion of the merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Transdev. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "The new scale of the RATP Group". RATP. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- "RATP buys Manchester Metrolink operator". Railway Gazette International. 2 August 2011.
- Décret du 2 août 2017 portant nomination de la présidente-directrice générale de la Régie autonome des transports parisiens - Mme GUILLOUARD (Catherine), retrieved 2018-04-14
- Île-de-France Mobilités - Omnil (9 October 2016). "Caractéristiques du réseau, accessibilité et intermodalité" (in French). Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- The figure of "302" (stations) does not include the fictional Montmartre funicular station. The latter is indeed considered as a metro station by RATP and statistically attached to line 2, which explains why RATP announces 303 stations and not 302.
- Orlyval is part of the "historic" RATP network but operated by RATP Dev, on behalf of RATP.
- Line T4 is operated by SNCF and line T11 is operated by Transkeo.
- "La RATP inaugure sa première ligne de bus standard 100% électrique" (in French). 1 June 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- "Company Overview of RATP Développement S.A." Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- "RATP Group". RATP Group. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "Our Subsidiaries". RATP Group. Retrieved 2011-04-17.
- "The new scale of the RATP Group" (PDF). RATP Group. Retrieved 2011-04-17.
- "RATP Dev renouvelé à Bourges" (in French). 13 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Présentation du délégataire, Moulins Mobilité, filiale de RATP DEV" (in French). Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "RATP Dev remporte le réseau de Lorient" (in French). 18 October 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "RATP Dev renouvelée à La Roche-sur-Yon" (in French). 20 July 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
- "RATP Dev remporte le réseau de Vannes face à Transdev" (in French). 30 September 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "RATP Dev exploitera le réseau de bus d'Aix-les-Bains à partir de 2015" (in French). 17 December 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- "RATP Dev renouvelée pour l'exploitation du réseau TAC, transports d'Ardenne Métropole" (in French). 10 July 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
- "Valenciennes : la RATP va remplacer Transvilles" (in French). 19 November 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
- "La RATP réussit son Mondial avec le Gautrain" (in French). Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "RATP Dev Italia - La Ferroviaria Italiana" (in Italian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
- "RATP Dev se renforce en Algérie et se voit confier l'exploitation et la maintenance des futurs projets de tramway algériens, en partenariat avec l'EMA et l'ETUSA" (PDF) (in French). 24 May 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "Ouargla tramway inaugurated". 25 July 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Sidi Bel Abbès tramway inaugurated". 31 July 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Le tramway de Sétif est dans la place" (in French). 11 May 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Tucson Sun Link streetcar opens". 25 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- "Le tramway de Washington opéré par RATP Dev est en service" (in French). 29 February 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "RATP Dev - GEST - tramway de Florence" (in French). Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Casa Transports et RATP Dev scellent un nouveau contrat d'exploitation du tramway et du bus" (in French). 16 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- "RDTA website". Archived from the original on December 25, 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
- "RATP Dev apporte son expertise pour la ligne 1 du métro de Manille" (in French). Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Hong Kong tram celebrates 110 years". Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Victoire pour Keolis et RATP Dev au Qatar" (in French). 7 December 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
- RATP buys Epsom Coaches Archived 2013-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. Bus & Coach Professional 20 April 2012
- "Company Overview". RATP Dev London. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- French moves in London Archived 2014-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. Bus & Coach Professional 6 May 2010
- "RATP Dev USA Acquires California Based Roadrunner Management Service". 14 May 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- French giants buys Selwyns Travel Bus & Coach Professional 18 March 2013
- "À New York, la RATP promène des touristes en bus à impériale" (in French). 15 May 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "La RATP s'offre le champion des bus touristiques londoniens" (in French). 11 September 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- "RATP Dev se diversifie avec l'exploitation du téléphérique du Salève" (in French). Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "RATP - Padam. Une offre sur-mesure en minibus" (in French). 12 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "New ride-to-work service in Bristol uses minibuses you can hail with an app". 29 July 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
- "Delivery of São Paulo Metro Line 4 – Brazil's first passenger rail public-private partnership" (PDF). Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- "CCR exerce direito de compra de participação da RATP na ViaQuatro" (in Portuguese). 23 October 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- "Brésil : Alstom et RATP Dev dans le nouveau tramway de Rio" (in French). 7 June 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "Shenyang Tramway Network operated by RATP Dev and Transdev enters service". Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- "Transdev and RATP Dev win contract to operate tramway network in Shenyang, China". 26 April 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Fullington Auto Bus Once Again Fully Family-Owned". 28 December 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- RATP Dev starts Open Tour with 15 buses in NYC Metro Magazine 15 May 2014
- "RATPs Extrapolitan quits New York sightseeing" Buses Magazine issue 751 October 2017 page 19
- "RATP buys Manchester Metrolink operator". 2 August 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "Southern Rail operator to take over the running of Metrolink network". 18 January 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2017.