Kunming Metro

Kunming Metro, or Kunming Rail Transit, is a rapid transit system in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province. With a population of just over 3 million people, Kunming was one of the largest cities in China without a metro system before its construction. The system consist of 5 lines. The metro typically consists of underground segments in the city centre and elevated grade-separated segments in the periphery.

Kunming Metro
Kunming Rail Transit logo.svg
0129 leaving Erji Rd Station (20180214170406).jpg
Overview
LocaleKunming, Yunnan, China
Transit typeRapid Transit
Number of lines5 (operational)
Line number 1   2   3   4   6 
Number of stations92
Daily ridership0.48 million (2017 daily avg.)[1]
Annual ridership88.21 million (2016)[1]
Operation
Began operation28 June 2012; 8 years ago (2012-06-28)
Operator(s)Kunming Rail Transit Corporation
Technical
System length137.8 km (85.6 mi)
Kunming Metro
Simplified Chinese昆明轨道交通
Traditional Chinese昆明軌道交通
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese昆明地铁
Traditional Chinese昆明地鐵

BackgroundEdit

The streets of Kunming have long been congested and there have been talks of a subway system since the late 1990s. A 2006 proposal would have seen construction start in 2008 with a north-south line and an east-west line. The current rapid transit system was first announced in 2009, with construction scheduled to start later that year. The proposed routes would not only serve commuters in Kunming city centre, but would help encourage development to the city's southeast. The suburb of Chenggong has been the site of a recent construction boom, although most new developments were still unoccupied without adequate transit connections. Thus, the Kunming Metro served the dual purpose of alleviating traffic problems in the city's core and encouraging growth in the southeast.

Construction on Lines 1 and 2 officially began in May 2010, after months of delays.[2] An elevated test section had been under construction since 2009. Lines 1 (34 km) and 2 (22 km) were scheduled to open in 2012, but with delays, weren't opened until early 2013. Construction on Line 3 began in August 2010 and was opened on 29 August 2017.[3]

Construction of Line 1 is expected to cost as much as 32 billion yuan (US$4.5 billion), with each kilometer of elevated metro costing around 250 million yuan and each kilometer of underground subway expected to cost between 400 million and 800 million yuan. The primary contractor is China Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC).

Rolling stockEdit

Line 6: The trains were manufactured by China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Corporation Ltd (CSR) in Zhuzhou.[4] 6-car sets operate at 120 km/h. CSR met journalists in October 2011 to discuss the safety concerns arising from operating trains at such speeds.[5]

LinesEdit

OperationalEdit

 
Kunming Metro lines
Line Terminals
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
 1  2  North Coach Station
(Panlong)
University Town South
(Chenggong)
2013 2016 45.7 35
Kunming South Railway Station
(Chenggong)
 3  Western Hills Park
(Xishan)
East Coach Station
(Panlong)
2017 23.4 20
 4  Jinchuan Road
(Wuhua)
Kunming South Railway Station
(Chenggong)
2020 43.4 29
 6  Tangzixiang
(Panlong/Guandu)
Kunming Airport
(Guandu)
2012 2020 25.3 8
Total 137.8 92

Line 1 & 2Edit

 
Chuanxin Gulou Station on line 2

Line 1 & 2 is currently 40.4 km long with 31 stations, running from North Bus Station to University Town South. The first phase for Line 1 came into operation on May 20, 2013.[6] On April 30, 2014 the second phase of Line 1 and the first phase of Line 2 came into operation. It consists of underground segments in Central Kunming and Chenggong and an elevated segment connecting the two. Attractions served include Kunming railway station, Century Town, Guandu Old Town, and Sports Centre. A 5.3 km long branch line to Kunming South railway station was opened on 26 December 2016.[7] Line 1/2 will be split into two operational lines once Line 1 (phase III) and Line 2 (phase II) is completed.

Line 3Edit

Line 3 started operation on 29 Aug 2017, consisting 19.16 km of line with 20 stations running from Western Hills Park to East Coach Station through the centre of Kunming.[8]

Line 4Edit

Line 4 started operation on 23 September 2020, consisting 43.4 km of line with 29 stations running from Jinchuan Road to Kunming South Railway Station.[9]

Line 6Edit

Line 6 (from west to east): 25.3 km, 8 stations, Phase 1 opened on 28 June 2012 as an express line connecting the main lines of the system with the new Kunming Changshui International Airport.[10] The two intermediate stations between East Coach Station and Kunming Airport were not open at first.[10] Line 6 temporary ceased operation on 5 March 2016 to complete the two infill stations and finally reentered operation on 29 August 2017 with total of four stations.[8] Phase 2 of Line 6 opened on 23 September 2020.[9]

Under constructionEdit

The current phase will consist of lines 1, 2, 3, and 6. All station names that are included in phase 1 have been confirmed.[11]

Line
Phase/extension
Terminals
Total Length
in km
Stations
 1  Phase III Jiaochang North Road South Ring Road 7.55 7 [12]
 2  Phase II South Ring Road Baofeng 12.75 10 [13]
 5  Phase I Expo Park Baofeng 25.96 22 [14]

Network MapEdit

 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "昆明轨道交通3号线来了 看东西南北连通生活圈更大了". 29 August 2017. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  2. ^ "昆明地铁1号2号线首期工程开工_新闻中心_新浪网". news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  3. ^ Dan Siekman (2011-02-17). "Metro Line 3 construction to start this month". GoKunming. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  4. ^ "World rolling stock market July 2011", International Railway Gazette, 19 July 2011.
  5. ^ Horton, Chris (2011-10-31). "Manufacturer addresses Kunming metro safety, comfort concerns". GoKunming. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
  6. ^ "昆明地铁首期工程(南段)今日试运营 - 新闻中心 - 昆明轨道交通有限公司". 2013-09-25. Archived from the original on 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  7. ^ "昆明地铁1号线支线开通 实现城市轨道交通与高铁无缝对接". People's Daily. 2016-12-26. Archived from the original on 2017-09-07.
  8. ^ a b "昆明地铁3号线6号线一期今日通车试运营". 新华网. 2017-08-29.
  9. ^ a b "昆明轨道交通4号线、6号线二期 开通初期运营公告". 2020-09-22.
  10. ^ a b "第一批地铁车厢运抵昆明". Retrieved June 15, 2012.
  11. ^ "昆明地铁时代来了,7年内拟新建轨道达126公里". Retrieved June 15, 2012.
  12. ^ "昆明地铁6号线二期力争明年底达到通车条件_云南网". yn.yunnan.cn. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  13. ^ "2020年昆明将有4条地铁开通 明年上半年可扫码乘地铁". People's Daily. 2018-12-05. Archived from the original on 2019-01-22.
  14. ^ "打造一小时交通圈,地铁5号线建设再提速". news.sina.com.cn. 2018-03-31. Retrieved 2019-01-22.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit