Line 1 (Athens Metro)

Line 1 is the oldest of the three lines of the Athens Metro, running from Kifisia to Piraeus. The Athens-Piraeus Railway Company (SAP S.A.) first opened the line, between Piraeus and Thiseio, on 27 February 1869. On 4 February 1885 Lavrion Square-Strofyli railway line opened between Attiki Square and Kifissia. These railway lines gradually merged and converted to a rapid-transit system. It was merged into the Athens Metro network upon the opening of Lines 2 and 3 on 28 January 2000.

Logo of the Athens Metro Operating Company (AMEL).svg
Athens Metro Line 1.svg
Προς Πειραιά/Κηφισιά
To Piraeus/Kifissia
20070523-NERATZIOTISA.jpg
Southbound train of Line 1 entering Nerantziotissa
Overview
TerminiPiraeus
Kifisia
Stations24
Colour on mapGreen
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemAthens Metro
Operator(s)Statheres Sygkoinonies S.A.
Depot(s)Piraeus, Faliro, Thissio, Omonia, Attiki, Irini
Rolling stock8th, 10th and 11th batches
5 or 6 cars per trainset
History
Opened27 February 1869
Technical
Line length25.6 km (15.9 mi)[1]
CharacterSub-surface
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC third rail
Route map

Kifisia
KAT
Marousi Athens Metro Line 4.svg*
Nerantziotissa Proastiakos icon (no text).svg
Eirini Olympic rings.svg
Irakleio
Nea Ionia
Pefkakia
Perissos Athens Metro Line 4.svg*
Ano Patisia
Agios Eleftherios
Kato Patisia
Agios Nikolaos
Connection with Athens Metro Line 2.svg
Attiki Athens Metro Line 2.svg
Victoria
Omonoia Athens Metro Line 2.svg
Monastiraki Athens Metro Line 3.svg
Thiseio
Petralona
Tavros
Kallithea
Moschato
Faliro Logo of the Athens Tram (icon only).svg
Piraeus Proastiakos icon (no text).svg Athens Metro Line 3.svg**
(*) Planned     (**) Under construction

Network and stationsEdit

NetworkEdit

 
Line 1 map, including possible future extensions and stations.
 
Bright and sunny early morning at Piraeus station.

Line 1 connects the port of Piraeus with the northern suburb of Kifissia. It is built to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge and is electrified using the 750 V DC, third rail, top contact system, also used by Lines 2 and 3.

From Piraeus the line runs eastwards to Faliro and then north to Moschato, Kallithea, Tavros, Petralona, Thissio, Monastiraki, Omonia, Victoria and Attiki. Between Monastiraki and Attiki the line runs underground. At Monastiraki passengers can change to Line 3 and at Omonia and Attiki to Line 2. From Attiki the line continues north, following the alignment of the old Lavrion Square-Strofyli railway through Patissia, Nea Ionia, Iraklio, Marousi and terminates at Kifissia. At Nerantziotissa station passengers can change to the suburban railway serving Athens International Airport.

Line 1 has a physical connection to Line 2 at Attiki station.

StationsEdit

Athens Metro Line 1
Name Opening date Transfers Platform types
Piraeus 27 February 1869   Proastiakos Island
Faliro 9 August 1882     Tram ESP sol.
Moschato none Side
Kallithea 1 July 1928
Tavros 6 February 1989 Island
Petralona 22 November 1954 Side
Thissio 27 February 1869
Monastiraki 17 May 1895   Line 3
Omonia   Line 2 ESP sol.
Victoria 1 March 1948 none Side
Attiki 30 June 1949   Line 2
Agios Nikolaos 12 February 1956 none
Kato Patisia
Agios Eleftherios 4 August 1961
Ano Patisia 12 February 1956
Perissos 14 March 1956
Pefkakia 5 July 1956
Nea Ionia 14 March 1956
Iraklio 4 March 1957
Irini 3 September 1982 ESP sol.
Nerantziotissa 6 August 2004   Proastiakos Side
Marousi 1 September 1957 none
KAT 27 March 1989
Kifissia 10 August 1957 Island (half island and half ESP solution, one side has extra third platform not in regular use)

Proposed extensions and stationsEdit

Northern Extension to Agios StefanosEdit

Since 2008, ISAP S.A., and subsequently STASY S.A., proposed a two-phase northern extension of Line 1 from Kifisia to Agios Stefanos, via Ethniki Odos (Athinon-Lamias) near Ekali, bringing the Dionysos municipality into the Athens Metro catchment area.

The first phase includes new stations at AOK, Nea Erithrea, Ekali and Ethniki Odos, but requires the reconstruction of Kifisia into an underground station. The second phase would be mostly sub-surface, with new stations at Anixi and Agios Stefanos.[2]

The project was dropped by the company late in 2011 due to lack of funding and incomplete feasibility data.

Western Extension to AmfialiEdit

In 2012, Attiko Metro S.A. included the western extension from Piraeus to Amfiali in the Athens Regulatory Plan.

Kaminia metro stationEdit

In 2012, Attiko Metro S.A. included Kaminia metro station in the Athens Regulatory Plan. The new station will be sited near Kerani Square, between Piraeus and Neo Faliro.[3]

Psalidi metro stationEdit

In 2012, Attiko Metro S.A. included Psalidi metro station in the Athens Regulatory Plan. The new station will be sited between Iraklio and Eirini.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Information on Line 1 – Technical Data", ISAP – Athens Piraeus Electric Railways, Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, 2007, archived from the original on January 1, 2012, retrieved 2 September 2012
  2. ^ "Ηλεκτρικός ως τον Αγιο Στέφανο (ISAP to Agios Stefanos)" (in Greek). Ethnos. 11 July 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Athens Regulatory Plan". Attiko Metro S.A. Archived from the original on May 15, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2012.

External linksEdit