B Line (Los Angeles Metro)

The B Line (formerly Red Line from 1993–2020) is a 16.4 mi (26.4 km) rapid transit (known locally as a subway) line operating in Los Angeles, running between Downtown Los Angeles and North Hollywood. It is one of seven lines on the Metro Rail system, operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

B Line
LACMTA Circle B Line.svg
Breda A650.jpg
B Line train at Union Station
Overview
Other name(s)Red Line (1993–2019)
OwnerLos Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Line number802
Termini
Stations14
Websitemetro.net/riding/b-line
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemLos Angeles Metro Rail
Depot(s)Division 20 (Los Angeles)
Rolling stockBreda A650 running in 4 or 6 car consists
Daily ridership65,390 (Weekday, 2021)
Ridership21,398,104[a] (2021) Decrease -6.1%
History
OpenedJanuary 30, 1993; 29 years ago (1993-01-30)
CompletedJune 24, 2000; 22 years ago (2000-06-24)
Technical
Line length16.4 miles (26.4 km)[1]
Number of tracks2
CharacterFully underground (except yard)
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
ElectrificationThird rail750 V DC
Operating speed70 mph (110 km/h) (max.)
33.9 mph (54.6 km/h) (avg.)
Route map

Handicapped/disabled access All stations are accessible

Division 20 yard
Union Station
AmtrakMetrolink (California)FlyAway (bus)J Line L Line 
Civic Center/Grand Park
J Line 
Pershing Square
Angels FlightJ Line 
7th Street/Metro Center
A Line E Line J Line 
Westlake/​MacArthur Park
Wilshire/Vermont
D Line
Vermont/Beverly
Vermont/Santa Monica
Vermont/Sunset
Hollywood/Western
Hollywood/Vine
Hollywood/Highland
Universal City/Studio City
North Hollywood
G Line 

The B Line is one of the city's two fully-underground subway lines (along with the D Line). The two lines share tracks through Downtown Los Angeles before separating in Koreatown. As of 2019, the combined B and D lines averaged 133,413 boardings per weekday.[2]

In 2020, Metro renamed all of its lines using letters and colors, with the Red Line becoming the B Line (retaining the red color in its service bullet) and the Purple Line becoming the D Line.

Service descriptionEdit

RouteEdit

The B Line is a subway that begins at Union Station and travels southwest through Downtown Los Angeles, passing the Civic Center, Pershing Square (near the Historic Core) and the Financial District. The 7th St/Metro Center hub station allows riders to transfer to the A Line (Blue Line) and E Line (Expo Line). From here, the train travels between 7th Street and Wilshire Boulevard (and briefly Ingraham Street) west through Pico-Union and Westlake, arriving at Wilshire/Vermont in the city's Koreatown district. Up to this point, the track is shared with the D Line; at Wilshire/Vermont, the two lines diverge. The B Line travels north along Vermont, and then west along Hollywood Boulevard, traveling through Koreatown and Hollywood. Finally, the line turns northwest and crosses into the San Fernando Valley, where it terminates in North Hollywood. The B Line is also designated for internal purposes as Route 802, as Metro Rail lines and related shuttles are given 8XX designations.

This route roughly follows a branch of the old Red Car system through the Cahuenga Pass, dismantled in the 1960s during what was later called the General Motors streetcar conspiracy.

Hours and frequencyEdit

B Line trains run every day between approximately 4:30 a.m. and midnight. Trains operate every ten minutes during peak hours Monday through Friday, and every twelve minutes during the daytime on weekdays and all day on the weekends after approximately 10 a.m. (with a 15-minute headway early Saturday and Sunday mornings). Night service is every 20 minutes.[3]

Station listingEdit

The following table lists the stations of the B Line, from north to south. All stations are located in the city of Los Angeles, California.

Station Date opened Neighborhood Major connections and notes[4][5]
North Hollywood June 24, 2000 North Hollywood   
Park and ride: 1,085 paid spaces
Universal City/Studio City Studio City Universal Studios Hollywood shuttle
Park and ride: 782 paid spaces
Hollywood/Highland Hollywood
Hollywood/Vine June 12, 1999
Hollywood/Western East Hollywood
Vermont/Sunset
Vermont/Santa Monica
Vermont/Beverly
Wilshire/Vermont July 13, 1996 Mid-Wilshire/Koreatown   
Westlake/MacArthur Park January 30, 1993 Westlake   
Park and ride: 6 spaces
7th Street/Metro Center Downtown Los Angeles         
Pershing Square     
Civic Center/Grand Park     
Union Station       
 Amtrak,   LAX FlyAway and   Metrolink
Paid parking: 3,000 spaces

RidershipEdit

Note: Ridership figures are for B and D Line combined.

Annual ridership
Year Ridership
2009 47,453,332
2010 47,434,969 0.0%
2011 46,964,495 −1.0%
2012 48,703,612 +3.7%
2013 51,030,536 +4.8%
2014 48,645,206 −4.7%
2015 46,356,726 −4.7%
2016 45,629,352 −1.6%
2017 44,861,106 −1.7%
2018 43,301,200 −3.5%
2019 41,775,490 −3.5%
2020 22,776,524 −45.5%
2021 21,398,104 −6.1%
Source: Metro[6]

HistoryEdit

The current B Line is the product of a long-term plan to connect Downtown Los Angeles to central and western portions of the city with a subway system. Original proposals in the 1980s had it running down Wilshire Boulevard to Fairfax Avenue and then north to the San Fernando Valley. Residents in some parts of the city bitterly opposed the subway. A 1985 methane explosion at a Ross Dress for Less clothing store near Fairfax gave Rep. Henry Waxman, who represented the Fairfax District, a reason to derail the project that was opposed by his constituents by prohibiting tunneling in an alleged "methane zone" west of Western on Wilshire.[7]

After some political wrangling, a new route was chosen up Vermont Avenue to Hollywood Boulevard.

 
Interior decor and stairs to platform level of Hollywood and Vine station

The groundbreaking for the first segment of the subway was held on September 29, 1986, on the site of the future Civic Center/Grand Park station.[8] Today's B Line was built in four minimum operating segments:

On June 22, 1995, during the construction of MOS-2B, a sinkhole appeared on Hollywood Boulevard, barely missing several workers and causing damage to buildings on the street.[12] Subway construction was delayed during the investigation and repairs of the sinkhole. The contractor on that segment project was replaced, and because of the perceived mismanagement of Red Line construction, in 1998 voters banned the use of existing sales taxes for subway tunneling.[13]

 
Train at North Hollywood Metro B Line station

Construction of MOS-3, by comparison, proceeded with relatively few issues. Tunneling from North Hollywood for the subway started in 1995. Workers dug under the Santa Monica Mountains using tunneling machines. Work progressed an average of 50 to 200 ft (15 to 61 m) daily, performed by work crews round-the-clock six days a week.

Original proposals for the subway system included expansions east from Union Station to East Los Angeles and west from North Hollywood towards the Warner Center transit hub in the San Fernando Valley. Barred from subway tunneling, Metro turned to other types of mass transit. In the San Fernando Valley, residents passed a law in 1991 mandating that any rail line in the area be built underground,[14][15] so Metro built a busway (now the G Line) from North Hollywood to Warner Center, which opened on October 29, 2005. East of Union Station, Metro built a light rail line with at-grade and underground segments to East Los Angeles, now part of the L Line, which opened on November 15, 2009.

OperationsEdit

MaintenanceEdit

 
Inside a Breda A650 car used on the Metro B and D Lines

The B Line operates out of the Division 20 Yard (Santa Fe Yard), located at 320 South Santa Fe Avenue in Downtown Los Angeles. This yard stores the fleet used on the B and D Lines, and where heavy maintenance is performed. Cars reach this yard by continuing past Union Station, making a right turn and surfacing at the Eastern terminus of Ducommun Street. They then travel south to 1st Street, through a washing station, and enter the yard.

Rolling stockEdit

The B Line uses A650 75 ft (23 m) electric multiple unit cars built by Breda in Italy. Trains usually run in six-car configurations during peak hours and four-car configurations otherwise. The cars are maintained in a Metro yard on Santa Fe Avenue near 4th Street alongside the Los Angeles River in downtown Los Angeles.

In March 2017, Metro ordered new CRRC HR4000 railcars, which will operate on the B Line when they are delivered.[16]

Potential future extensionsEdit

 
Eastbound platform at Universal City station

Extension to Arts DistrictEdit

In 2010, at the request of L.A. City Councilman Tom LaBonge, Metro staff studied the possibility of adding a station along the west bank of the Los Angeles River to 6th Street and Santa Fe Avenue. The study concluded that such an extension, completed at-grade along Metro-owned right-of-way, could be completed for as little as $90 million.

The study suggested an alternative station at the Division 20 Yard north of 4th Street and Santa Fe Avenue. This station would be closer to the residential population of the Arts District. As new turnback tracks will need to be built as part of the Purple Line Extension (to allow shorter headways), this Arts District extension could possibly be partially completed as part of the Purple Line Extension project, lowering the incremental cost of the station while increasing its usability.[17][18]

Extensions to the SouthEdit

One of the proposals for the Vermont Transit Corridor being considered by Metro would extend a subway line from Wilshire/Vermont station down Vermont Avenue to 120th Street. Metro is also considering other types of mass transit for the line, including light rail and busway options.

IncidentsEdit

  • On December 22, 2006, a rider accidentally spilled a vial of mercury on the platform at the Pershing Square station. He notified the operator on a passenger intercom before boarding a train, but Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department did not know of the spillage until eight hours later.[19] In response, Metro implemented new hazardous materials (Hazmat) training to its field employees and operators.[20]
  • On August 19, 2011, near the Hollywood/Vine station, an altercation between two passengers resulted in one being fatally stabbed.[21] The suspect was arrested on August 24.[22]
  • On September 4, 2012, a 54-year-old man fell onto the tracks at the North Hollywood station and was hit by an oncoming train.[23] He was rushed to hospital, where he later died.[24]
  • On May 22, 2018, an unidentified man "probably jumped" onto the tracks at the 7th St/Metro Center station and was hit by an oncoming train. He rushed to a hospital, where he later died. It is unknown if it was suicide or not.[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ridership is for B and D Line combined.
  1. ^ "Regional Connector Transit Corridor Project Contract No. E0119 – Operations and Maintenance Plan (Final)" (PDF). 2.1 Metro Light Rail Overview. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. September 10, 2013. pp. 2–1. Retrieved May 19, 2017. The Red Line operates 16.4 miles between Union Station in downtown Los Angeles and North Hollywood.
  2. ^ "Interactive Estimated Ridership Stats". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. January 1, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  3. ^ "Metro B Line schedule". Metro. September 12, 2021. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
  4. ^ "Metro B Line (Red)". www.metro.net. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  5. ^ "Metro Parking Lots by Line". www.metro.net. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  6. ^ "Metro Ridership". Metro.net. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2021. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  7. ^ Reft, Ryan (January 28, 2015). "Building Subways in the Post World War II World: Los Angeles and Washington D.C." Tropics of Meta. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  8. ^ "25 Years Ago Today: Los Angeles' Red Line Subway Breaks Ground". Dorothy Peyton Gray Transportation Library and Archive. September 29, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  9. ^ Katches, Mark (January 31, 1993). "Red Line Rolls to Raves – It's Smooth Railing As L.A. Subway Opens". Los Angeles Daily News.
  10. ^ Hiestand, Jesse (June 13, 1999). "Hollywood Subway Picks Up Rave Reviews". Los Angeles Daily News.
  11. ^ Sheppard, Harrison (June 18, 2000). "End of the Line". Los Angeles Daily News.
  12. ^ GORDON, LARRY; KENNEDY, J. MICHAEL (June 23, 1995). "Street Vanishes in Subway Sinkhole : MTA: Burst water main weakens earth above tunnel, causing half a block of Hollywood Boulevard to collapse" – via LA Times.
  13. ^ "Anti-Subway Funding Measure Wins Easily". Los Angeles Times. November 4, 1998. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  14. ^ Covarrubias, Amanda (October 18, 2005). ""Is a Busway the Valley Way?; The region's Orange Line is ready to roll but some wonder if it will do much to curtail traffic."". Los Angeles Times. p. A1.
  15. ^ Lopez, Steve (July 27, 2001). "Hahn Tiptoes in Front of Buses, Is Flattened". Los Angeles Times.
  16. ^ "L.A. Metro inks pact with CRRC for up to 282 new rail cars". Progressive Railroading. March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  17. ^ "Feasibility study" (PDF). media.metro.net. June 16, 2010.
  18. ^ Nelson, Laura J. (March 18, 2015). "Metro could expand subway service to the downtown L.A. Arts District". Los Angeles Times.
  19. ^ Blankstein, Andrew; Guccione, Jean (January 19, 2007). "MTA admits subway spill errors". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
  20. ^ Blankstein, Andrew; Guccione, Jean (January 24, 2007). "Transient held in MTA mercury spill". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  21. ^ Powell, Amy (August 19, 2011). "Passenger fatally stabbed on Metro Red Line". KABC-TV. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  22. ^ Hernandez, Miriam (August 24, 2011). "Metro Red Line stabbing suspect arrested". KABC-TV. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  23. ^ "Man rescued from under Metro Red Line train at North Hollywood station". Los Angeles Daily News. September 4, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  24. ^ "Death Of Man Rescued From Underneath Metro Red Line Train Under Investigation". KCBS-TV. September 5, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  25. ^ "Man who 'probably jumped' in front of Metro Red Line train dies". May 22, 2018.

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata