Novosibirsk Metro is a rapid transit system that serves Novosibirsk, Russia. The system consists of 15.9 kilometres (9.9 mi)[1] over track on two lines with 13 stations.[1] It opened in January 1986, becoming the eleventh Metro in the USSR and the ninth in the Russian SFSR. According to 2017 statistics, it is the third-busiest system in Russia behind Moscow and Saint Petersburg.[3]

Novosibirsk Metro
Native nameНовосибирский метрополитен,
Novosibirskiy metropoliten
LocaleNovosibirsk, Russia
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines2
Number of stations13[1]
Daily ridership206,000 (daily avg., 2021)[2]
Began operation7 January 1986
Number of vehicles26
System length15.9 km (9.9 mi)[1]

History edit

Plans for a rapid transit system began to be formed in 1962. Construction project was approved by the Council of Ministers in November 1978, and on 12 May 1979 the first construction works began.[4]

With wide experience in metro construction from the other metros of the USSR, it took seven-and-a-half years to complete the work on the five-station launch stage of the system. The commissioning certificate was signed by the state commission on 28 December 1985,[5] and the Metro was opened for passengers on 7 January 1986, becoming the eleventh Metro in the USSR and the ninth in the Russian SFSR. Work quickly expanded to meet the original plans for a four-line 62 km network. However, the financial difficulties of the early 1990s meant that most of the work had to be frozen. Construction of new stations and tunnels resumed in the 2000s. After the opening of the 13th station, a further development was suspended again due to financing gap.

Overview edit

The system contains 13 stations on two lines. The stations are vividly decorated in late-Soviet style. Of the 13 stations, seven are three-span shallow column stations (Studencheskaya, Oktyabrskaya, Krasny Prospekt, Gagarinskaya, Ploshchad Garina-Mikhaylovskogo, Sibirskaya, Marshala Pokryshkina), one is two-span shallow column station (Zolotaya Niva), four are single-vault stations (Ploshchad Lenina, Ploshchad Marksa, Zayeltsovskaya, Beryozovaya Roshcha). All of these stations have island platform. There is also one station with side platforms (Rechnoy Vokzal) that is both above- and below-ground that follows a 2145 m covered bridge span of the Ob, the longest in the world. Krasny Prospekt and Sibirskaya are transfer stations connected to each other by dual pedestrian tunnel.

The Novosibirsk Metro transports about 206,000 passengers daily.[2]

Lines edit

# Name Opened Newest station added Length Stations
1 Leninskaya
Lenin Line
1986 1992 10.5 km 8
2 Dzerzhinskaya
Dzerzhinsky Line
1987 2010 5.5 km 5
Total 16 km 13

Stations edit

Line English transcription Original Russian name
translation into English
Transfer Opened[6]
Leninskaya Line Zayeltsovskaya Заельцовская
Station "Beyond the Yeltsovka River"
2 April 1992
Leninskaya Line Gagarinskaya Гагаринская
Gagarin Station
2 April 1992
Leninskaya Line Krasny Prospekt Красный Проспект
Red Avenue Station
Siberian Station
7 January 1986
Leninskaya Line Ploshchad Lenina Площадь Ленина
Lenin Square Station
7 January 1986
Leninskaya Line Oktyabrskaya Октябрьская
October Station
7 January 1986
Leninskaya Line Rechnoy Vokzal Речной Вокзал
River Passenger Terminal Station
7 January 1986
Leninskaya Line Sportivnaya Спортивная
Sport Station
planned in July 2023
Leninskaya Line Studencheskaya Студенческая
Student Station
7 January 1986
Leninskaya Line Ploshchad Marksa Площадь Маркса
Karl Marx Square Station
26 July 1991
Dzerzhinskaya Line Ploshchad Garina-Mikhaylovskogo Площадь Гарина-Михайловского
Garin-Mikhailovsky Square Station
31 December 1987
Dzerzhinskaya Line Sibirskaya Сибирская
Siberian Station
Krasny Prospekt
Красный Проспект
Red Avenue Station
31 December 1987
Dzerzhinskaya Line Marshala Pokryshkina Маршала Покрышкина
Marshal Pokryshkin Station
28 December 2000
Dzerzhinskaya Line Beryozovaya Roshcha Берёзовая Роща
Birch Grove Station
25 June 2005
Dzerzhinskaya Line Zolotaya Niva Золотая Нива
Golden Grainfield Station
7 October 2010

Network Map edit


Rolling stock edit

The Novosibirsk Metro's rolling stock is represented by such models of metro railroad cars as Soviet 81-717/81-714 and Russian 81-540.2/541.2. Novosibirsk Metro uses 4-carriage electric trains.

As for 2022, the total number of trains is 26 (104 cars).[2]

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНЫ РОССИИ за 2012 год [METROS of Russia in 2012]. Новосибирский метрополитен (in Russian). Novosibirsk metro. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  2. ^ a b c "О метрополитене. Факты и цифры". (in Russian). Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  3. ^ Достопримечательности Новосибирска: метро (in Russian). 2017-08-28.
  4. ^ "О метрополитене. История". (in Russian). Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  5. ^ Kosenkov, Aleksander, ed. (2006). История города. Новониколаевск-Новосибирск. Исторические очерки [History of the city. Novonikolayevsk-Novosibirsk. Historical essays.] (in Russian). Vol. 2. Novosibirsk: Publishing House "Historical heritage of Siberia". p. 204. ISBN 9785940202349.
  6. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Novosibirsk". urbanrail.

External links edit