Lucknow Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh. Construction of the line began on 27 September 2014 with the 8.5 km (5.3 mi) stretch from Transport Nagar to Charbagh Railway Station began its commercial operation on 5 September 2017 making it the fastest built Metro in the country.
|Owner||Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC)|
|Area served||District and City of Lucknow|
|Locale||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India|
|Number of lines||1 (Operational)
|Line number||North-South (Red Line)
East-West (Blue Line) (Planned)
|Number of stations||22 (8 Operational)
|Daily ridership||20,000-25,000 (October 2017)|
|Key people||E. Sreedharan (Principal Adviser)
Durga Shanker Mishra, IAS (Union Housing and Urban Affairs Secretary and ex-officio Chairman, LMRC)
Kumar Keshav (Managing Director, LMRC)
|Headquarters||Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Administrative Headquarters, Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow 226010|
|Began operation||5 September 2017|
|Operator(s)||Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC)|
|Number of vehicles||80|
|System length||8.5 km (5.3 mi) (Operational)
14.3 km (8.9 mi) (Under construction)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (Standard gauge)|
|Electrification||25 kV overhead|
|Average speed||32–34 km/h (20–21 mph)|
|Top speed||90 km/h (56 mph)|
The Lucknow metro project is the most expensive transport system in Uttar Pradesh to date with an estimated total cost for Phase 1 and 2 of about $2 billion, of which ₹6,928 crore (US$1.1 billion) is being spent on phase 1. The Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Limited, a 50:50 joint venture between the Government of India and the Government of Uttar Pradesh, was established to build and operate the metro.
Once completed, the Lucknow Metro will have 2 Lines, the longer Red (North-South) line, running from Airport to Munshi Pulia with a total length of 22.878 km (14.216 mi), and the Blue (East-West) line, running from Charbagh Railway Station to Vasant Kunj. Charbagh Railway Station will serves as the junction station between the two lines.
The original design of the metro project included one north-south and one east-west corridor, with links through Gomti Nagar. Estimated costs for the north-south corridor were ₹5,413 crore (equivalent to ₹79 billion or US$1.2 billion in 2017), ₹3,611 crore (equivalent to ₹53 billion or US$810 million in 2017) for the east-west corridor and ₹495 crore (equivalent to ₹726 crore or US$110 million in 2017) for the link through Gomti Nagar. The initial layout of the east-west corridor started from Rajajipuram and ended at Hahnneman, after passing through Gomti Nagar via Hazratganj and Patrakarpuram, a distance of 14 kilometres (8.7 mi). However, in 2010 the design was changed so the corridor started from Vasant Kunj and terminated at Charbagh, a revised distance of 13 kilometres (8.1 mi).
A revised east-west corridor would have connected the Lucknow railway station at Charbagh to Vasantkunj on Hardoi Road and have a total length of 11 km (6.8 mi), including 4.29 km elevated (2.67 mi), 0.5 km ramp (0.31 mi) and 6.3 km underground (3.9 mi). Once completed the corridor would have 12 stations, seven underground, Lucknow Railway Station (Charbagh), Gautam Budh Marg, Aminabad, Pandeyganj, Chattrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University (King George Medical University) and Niwazganj, and five elevated, Thakurganj, Balaganj, Sarfarazganj, Moosabagh and the terminus at Vasant Kunj.
The design of North-South corridor had two elevated sections, with a total distance of 19 km (12 mi), separated by a 3 km tunnel (1.9 mi). The length of the ramps between the elevated and below ground sections would total 0.8 km (0.50 mi). When completed, the corridor would run for a total distance of 23 kilometres (14 mi) and connect Amausi airport to Munshipulia. Passengers would be served by a total of 22 stations, with 19 elevated and 3 below ground. Elevated stations were to be located at Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport, Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Singaar Nagar, Alambagh, ISBT, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh. Following Charbagh station, the line descends underground where Hussain Ganj, Sachivalaya (Uttar Pradesh Secretariat) and Hazratganj stations are located. The line then returns above ground for the remaining stations of the corridor, KD Singh Babu Stadium, Lucknow University, IT College, Badshahnagar, Lekhraj Market, Ramsagar Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and the terminus at Munshi Pulia.
For the Gomti Nagar link, the train coming from the airport terminal was to be diverted towards Gomti Nagar at the Indira Nagar trisection Polytechnic crossing along an elevated route. The planned stations were Indira Nagar Trisection, West End Mall (Waves Multiplex) Gomti Nagar & Patrakarpuram.
The metro could accommodate speeds up to 90 km/h (56 mph) but the typical usage would be at speeds of 34 km/h (21 mph) for the north-south corridor and 32 km/h (20 mph) for the east-west corridor. Originally, the metro trains were to be housed in one of two depots, a 20 hectares (49 acres) depot at Vasant Kunj and another at the airport, but due to security concerns the airport depot was removed from the plan.
In 2013, a report published by the Department of Housing and Urban Planning of the Government of Uttar Pradesh resulted in major changes to the metro project. The two corridor design was scrapped and replaced with one featuring a denser network of connectivity. This revision resulted in the layout of route being entirely elevated with no underground sections. The increased coverage of the metro would raise the cost of the project but reduced the operating cost per km. The reduction in operating cost is impacted by the difference in construction costs of the line itself, one km of overhead track costs ₹180 crore (US$28 million) as compared to ₹550 crore (US$84 million) for an underground track. The underground design also raised concerns about safety as well as increased energy consumption. The report also proposed the construction of an elevated Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) as a feeder service to the metro.
- September 2008: DMRC submits a concept paper after the Lucknow metro rail project is proposed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
- October 2008: The project is cleared by Lucknow Development Authority (LDA).
- February 2009: An agreement is signed between DMRC and LDA.
- June 2009: A Bangalore-based company hired by DMRC studies traffic pattern of Lucknow.
- July 2009: Geotechnical survey initiated by DMRC.
- April 2010: Traffic and transportation report is submitted by DMRC.
- May 2010: DMRC and a committee headed by the Chief Secretary of Government of Uttar Pradesh start consultation process related to traffic issues.
- June 2010: DMRC submits the route alignment plan. The Divisional Commissioner of Lucknow is asked to coordinate with the concerned departments.
- August 2010: DMRC presents detailed route plan.
- September 2010: The committee headed by the Divisional Commissioner consults DMRC on the route once again.
- July 2011: A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is submitted.
- June 2013: The state cabinet headed by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav gives clearance for the metro rail network. The state cabinet also gave approval for the creation of Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation.
- August 2013: Government of Uttar Pradesh approves the revised Detailed Project Report (DPR) submitted by DMRC.
- October 2013: LMRC, a special purpose vehicle (SPV) is formed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh to build and operate the Lucknow Metro. The SPV is incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 on 25 November 2013. Construction Phase to begin in December.
- November 2013: DMRC submits tender for Lucknow Metro work, promises to complete the first phase by Feb 2017.
- December 2013: Government of India, in principle, approves the project.
- February 2014: E. Sreedharan appointed as Principal Adviser of Lucknow metro.
- March 2014: Foundation stone laid for Lucknow Metro project.
- 10 July 2014: 100 crore rupees set aside for Lucknow Metro in the Union Budget, by Finance Minister Of India Arun Jaitley.
- 27 September 2014: Construction begins on the Lucknow Metro.
- 6 August 2015: Lucknow Metro receives clearance from Public Investment Board (PIB) of Government of India.
- 22 December 2015: Union Cabinet approves construction of Rail Project Phase - 1A.
- 30 March 2016: To speed up clearance processes for Lucknow Metro, LMRC becomes a 50:50 joint venture between the Government of India and the Government of Uttar Pradesh. As a result, the LMRC board is reconstituted with five nominee directors being nominated by both Government of India and Government of Uttar Pradesh each, apart from the three full-time directors. Additionally, the Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh is replaced by the Union Urban Development Secretary as the ex-officio Chairman of LMRC.
- 18 September 2016: 90% of the work completed in the construction of Rail Project Phase - 1A.
- 20 October 2016: Lucknow metro begins work on Faizabad Road, does Bhoomi puja for Phase 1B.
- 1 December 2016: The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav and Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh flagged off the train at the Transport Nagar depot on a trial run on priority section till the Alambagh Station. The inaugural ride was piloted by two women.
- 20 June 2017: Fifth metro train set arrives at Transport Nagar depot.
- 8 July 2017: Sixth and final metro train set arrives for first phase requirement.
- 27–28 July 2017: The Commissioner of Railway Safety (CMRS) performs on-site inspection to confirm readiness of the Metro for service.
- 29 Aug 2017: Inauguration ceremony, on 5 September 2017, confirmed. Announcement that Metro trains will run between Transport Nagar and Charbagh.
- 5 September 2017: Minister of Home Affairs and Member of Parliament for Lucknow Rajnath Singh and Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath inaugurate Lucknow metro for service between Transport Nagar and Charbagh Railway Station.
The collection of soil samples for metro construction began on 3 August 2009, and was completed by September. The report, released in October, concluded that the soil condition was suitable for the metro rail. However, due to design changes proposed by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation in 2010, it was not until February 2013 that the metro project was announced. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Akhilesh Yadav, approved the project in the same month but no state funding for the project was allocated as it was expected the project would be funded by a public-private partnership.
A committee headed by Uttar Pradesh Chief Secretary Alok Ranjan oversaw the initial stages of development of the project. In May 2013, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) offered financial assistance to the Government of Uttar Pradesh for the metro rail project.
Phase 1A of North-South CorridorEdit
Phase 1A comprises ten elevated metro stations (Airport, Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Singar Nagar, Alambagh, Alambagh Bus Station, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh Railway Station) and three underground metro stations (Hussain Ganj, Secretariat, Hazratganj) of North-South corridor.
- Construction on the Lucknow Metro began on 27 September 2014.
- April 2015: Work of placing of caps on pillars started.
- The placing of U-Girders began in May 2015.
- Northern Railways in August cleared the hurdles coming in the way of construction of Lucknow metro and allowed it to work in Mawaiyya.
- December 2015: Approximately 56% of the civil work had been completed
- April 2016: 80% of construction work completed.
- October 2016: LMRC's Managing Director, Kumar Keshav was awarded Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Memorial Award for Innovation in governance. Later in a speech, he said, "No other metro project has even been able to achieve this feat in the past as compared with Lucknow Metro's speed of deliverance in the country."
- November 2016: Four coaches of the first train set arrived at the Transport Nagar Depot on 20 November 2016. LMRC achieved another major milestone when the company succeeded in getting the delivery of the first metro train set in just 64 weeks after placing the order.
- 1 December 2016: The first trial runs on the first line of Lucknow Metro (Transport Nagar to Alambagh as the special span over railway underpass was not completed then) was performed.
- 5 September 2017: Services opened for general public from Transport Nagar to Charbagh Railway Station.
- Dec 2017: Breakthrough of tunnel work from Hussain Ganj to Hazratganj completed.
Phase 1B of North-South CorridorEdit
Phase 1B comprises nine metro stations (all elevated) to be constructed on North-South corridor. The nine stations are KD Singh Babu Stadium, Vishwavidyalaya, IT Chouraha, Mahanagar, Badshah Nagar, Lekhraj Market, Ram Sagar Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and Munshipulia.
- Oct-2016: Lucknow metro team started working on the metro corridor from KD Singh Babu Stadium to Munshipulia from October-19 after the Managing Director and other officials performed Bhoomi puja on Faizabad Road in front of HAL. The Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) said that the 22.878 km (14.216 mi) of the North-South corridor would be completed by March 2019.
|Line||First operational||Last Extension||Stations||Length||Terminals||Rolling stock||Gauge||Power|
|Red Line||5 September 2017||NA||22||22.878 km (14.216 mi) (8.5 km (5.3 mi) operational, 14.38 km (8.94 mi)14.38 km Under Construction)||CCS International Airport||Munshi Pulia||Alstom||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (Standard gauge)||25 kV overhead|
|Blue Line||Planned||NA||12||11.098 km (6.896 mi)||Charbagh Railway Station||Vasant Kunj||NA||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (Standard gauge)||25 kV overhead|
The Red Line was the first line of the Metro to be opened and connects Transport Nagar in the south to Charbagh in the central Lucknow. The line covering distance of 22.87 kilometres (14.21 mi) extended to Munshi Pulia. It is partly elevated and underground.
Blue Line is an under construction metro route of mass rapid transit system in Lucknow. It consists of 12 metro stations from Lucknow Charbagh railway station to Vasant Kunj with a total distance of 11.098 km (6.896 mi).
Funding for Lucknow MetroEdit
Over 50% of the Lucknow Metro rail project is funded through external debt from European Investment Bank. The Lucknow Metro has its own operating body, the Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation, is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) and a 50:50 joint venture set-up by the Union and Uttar Pradesh Governments. LMRC is headquartered in Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow.
On 5 October 2015, Alstom was awarded a ₹1,102 crore (equivalent to ₹12 billion, US$180 million or €150 million in 2017) contract to construct 20 four car electric multiple units for Phase 1A, based on their Metropolis design. The vehicles are to be constructed at Alstom's factory in Sricity.
The vehicles will have capacity for up to 1310 passengers, and are to be fitted out with longitudinal seating, Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV), a dedicated FM radio station for safety and onboard entertainment. Power will be provided by the 25 kV AC overhead wires. The trains will use Alstom's Urbalis signalling system for Communications-Based Train Control (CBTC) to maintain a 100-second gap between each train. The vehicles will have a golden livery and be decorated with images of notable Lucknow monuments including the Bara Imambara, the Asifi mosque and the Roomi Gate.
Trial runs of phase 1A began in December 2016, with the line being inaugurated on 5 September 2017 by Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath, Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Governor Ram Naik on 5 September 2017. The line between Transport Nagar and Charbagh Railway Station opened for service to the public on 6 September 2017.
The phase 1B of Lucknow Metro from Airport to Transport Nagar and Charbagh Railway Station to Munshi Pulia will be completed by 2019.
Lucknow Metro's security is based on a hybrid model. The Uttar Pradesh-Provincial Armed Constabulary (UP-PAC, or just PAC), which has raised a dedicated squad of 393 personnel for this purpose, provides general security, which includes frisking, scanning, maintaining and having quick response teams (QRT) as per security norms, while a private security agency provides operational security, which including maintaining hygiene of the station and ensuring that people queue properly.
Ticketing and rechargeEdit
The cumulative ridership of the Metro rail at Lucknow has crossed 10 lakh in just 70 days of commercial operations, a statement from the Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC). On the inaugural day of its services on 6 September, the Lucknow Metro recorded a ridership of 31,688 and it again received a footfall of 41,075 on 10 September.
In popular cultureEdit
- Lucknow Metro was awarded 2nd Place for 'Best Metro for Excellence in Innovative Designs' at 5th Annual Metro Rail Summit in New Delhi behind the Delhi Metro. It competed against the other metro projects of the country like Mumbai Metro, Jaipur Metro etc.
- Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) was awarded the European Society for Quality Research (ESQR) Choice Prize Award 2016 under the Gold category, a vanity award.
- Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation won the Dun & Bradstreet Infra Award in 2017.
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- Cite error: The named reference
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