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Lucknow Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh. Construction of the line began on 27 September 2014 with the 8.5km first phase, from Transport Nagar to Charbagh Railway Station, beginning operation on 5 September 2017.
|Owner||Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC)|
|Area served||District and City of Lucknow|
|Locale||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India|
|Number of lines||2 (Operational Phase- IA, Under construction - Phase IB & II)|
|Line number||North-South (Red Line), East-West (Blue Line)|
|Number of stations||33 (8 Operational Phase - IA, Under construction - Phase IB & II)|
|Key people||E. Sreedharan (Principal Adviser)
Durga Shankar Mishra, IAS (Union Housing and Urban Affairs Secretary and ex-officio Chairman, LMRC)
Kumar Keshav (Managing Director, LMRC)
|Headquarters||Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Administrative Headquarters, Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow 226010|
|Began operation||5 September 2017|
|Operator(s)||Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC)|
|Number of vehicles||80|
|System length||8.5 km (5.3 mi) (Operational), 26.5 km (16.5 mi) (Under construction)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (Standard gauge)|
|Electrification||25 kV overhead|
|Average speed||32–34 km/h (20–21 mph)|
|Top speed||90 km/h (56 mph)|
The Lucknow metro project is the most expensive transport system in Uttar Pradesh to date with an estimated total cost for Phase 1 and 2 of about $2 billion, of which ₹6,928 crore (US$1 billion) is being spent on phase 1. The Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Limited, a 50:50 joint venture between the Government of India and the Government of Uttar Pradesh, was established to build and operate the metro.
Once completed, the Lucknow Metro will have 2 Lines, the longer Red (North-South) line, running from Amausi to Munshi Pulia with a total length of 22.878 kilometres (14.216 miles), and the Blue (East-West) line, running from Charbagh Railway Station to Vasant Kunj. Charbagh Railway Station also serves as the junction station of the two lines
The original design of the metro project included one north-south and one east-west corridor, with links through Gomti Nagar. Estimated costs for the north-south corridor were ₹5,413 crore (equivalent to ₹78 billion or US$1.2 billion in 2016), ₹3,611 crore (equivalent to ₹52 billion or US$810 million in 2016) for the east-west corridor and ₹495 crore (equivalent to ₹714 crore or US$110 million in 2016) for the link through Gomti Nagar. The initial layout of the east-west corridor started from Rajajipuram and ended at Hahnneman, after passing through Gomti Nagar via Hazratganj and Patrakarpuram, a distance of 14 kilometres (8.7 mi). However, in 2010 the design was changed so the corridor started from Vasant Kunj and terminated at Charbagh, a revised distance of 13 kilometres (8.1 mi).
A revised east-west corridor would have connected the Lucknow railway station at Charbagh to Vasantkunj on Hardoi Road and have a total length of 11 km (6.8 mi), including 4.29 km elevated (2.67 mi), 0.5 km ramp (0.31 mi) and 6.3 km underground (3.9 mi). Once completed the corridor would have 12 stations, seven underground, Lucknow Railway Station (Charbagh), Gautam Budh Marg, Aminabad, Pandeyganj, Chattrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University (King George Medical University) and Niwazganj, and five elevated, Thakurganj, Balaganj, Sarfarazganj, Moosabagh and the terminus at Vasant Kunj.
The design of North-South corridor had two elevated sections, with a total distance of 19 km (12 mi), separated by a 3 km tunnel (1.9 mi). The length of the ramps between the elevated and below ground sections would total 0.8 km (0.50 mi). When completed, the corridor would run for a total distance of 23 kilometres (14 mi) and connect Amausi airport to Munshipulia. Passengers would be served by a total of 22 stations, with 19 elevated and 3 below ground. Elevated stations were to be located at Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport, Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Singaar Nagar, Alambagh, ISBT, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh. Following Charbagh station, the line descends underground where Hussain Ganj, Sachivalaya (Uttar Pradesh Secretariat) and Hazratganj stations are located. The line then returns above ground for the remaining stations of the corridor, KD Singh Babu Stadium, Lucknow University, IT College, Badshahnagar, Lekhraj Market, Ramsagar Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and the terminus at Munshi Pulia.
For the Gomti Nagar link, the train coming from the airport terminal was to be diverted towards Gomti Nagar at the Indira Nagar trisection Polytechnic crossing along an elevated route. The planned stations were Indira Nagar Trisection, West End Mall [Waves Multiplex], Gomti Nagar & Patrakarpuram.
The metro could accommodate speeds up to 90 km/h (56 mph) but the typical usage would be at speeds of 34 km/h (21 mph) for the north-south corridor and 32 km/h (20 mph) for the east-west corridor. Originally, the metro trains were to be housed in one of two depots, a 20 hectares (49 acres) depot at Vasant Kunj and another at the airport, but due to security concerns the airport depot was removed from the plan.
In 2013, a report published by the Department of Housing and Urban Planning of the Government of Uttar Pradesh resulted in major changes to the metro project. The two corridor design was scrapped and replaced with one featuring a denser network of connectivity. This revision resulted in the layout of route being entirely elevated with no underground sections. The increased coverage of the metro would raise the cost of the project but reduced the operating cost per km. The reduction in operating cost is impacted by the difference in construction costs of the line itself, one km of overhead track costs ₹180 crore (US$28 million) as compared to ₹550 crore (US$86 million) for an underground track. The underground design also raised concerns about safety as well as increased energy consumption. The report also proposed the construction of an elevated Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) as a feeder service to the metro.
- September 2008: DMRC submits a concept paper after the Lucknow metro rail project is proposed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
- October 2008: The metro rail project in Lucknow is cleared by Lucknow Development Authority (LDA).
- February 2009: An agreement is signed between DMRC and LDA.
- June 2009: A Bangalore-based company hired by DMRC studies traffic pattern of Lucknow.
- July 2009: Geotechnical survey initiated by DMRC.
- April 2010: Traffic and transportation report is submitted by DMRC.
- May 2010: DMRC and a committee headed by the Chief Secretary of Government of Uttar Pradesh start consultation process related to traffic issues.
- June 2010: DMRC submits the route alignment plan. The Divisional Commissioner of Lucknow is asked to coordinate with the concerned departments.
- August 2010: DMRC presents the detailed route plan.
- September 2010: The committee headed by the Divisional Commissioner consults DMRC on the route once again.
- July 2011: A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is submitted.
- June 2013: The state cabinet headed by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav gave clearance to the metro rail network. The state cabinet also gave approval for the creation of Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation.
- August 2013: Government of Uttar Pradesh approved the revised Detailed Project Report (DPR) submitted by DMRC.
- October 2013: LMRC, a special purpose vehicle (SPV) is formed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh to build and operate the Lucknow Metro. The SPV is incorporated under Companies Act, 1956 on 25 November 2013. Construction Phase to begin in December.
- November 2013: DMRC pitches for Lucknow Metro work, assures first phase completion by Feb 2017.
- December 2013: Government of India, in principle, approves the project.
- February 2014: E. Sreedharan appointed as Principal Adviser of Lucknow metro.
- March 2014: Foundation stone laid for Lucknow Metro project.
- 10 July 2014: 100 crores rupees were set aside for Lucknow Metro in the Union Budget, by Finance Minister Of India Arun Jaitley.
- 27 September 2014: Construction begins on the Lucknow Metro.
- 6 August 2015: Lucknow Metro got clearance from Public Investment Board (PIB) of Government of India.
- 22 December 2015: Union Cabinet has approved the construction of Rail Project Phase - 1A.
- 30 March 2016: To speed up clearance processes for Lucknow Metro, LMRC becomes a 50:50 joint venture between the Government of India and the Government of Uttar Pradesh. As a result, the LMRC board is reconstituted with five nominee directors being nominated by both Government of India and Government of Uttar Pradesh each, apart from the three full-time directors. Additionally, the Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh is replaced by the Union Urban Development Secretary as the ex-officio Chairman of LMRC.
- 18 September 2016: 90% of the work completed in the construction of Rail Project Phase - 1A.
- 20 October 2016: Lucknow metro begins work on Faizabad Road, does Bhoomi puja for Phase 1B.
- 1 December 2016: The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav and Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh flagged off the train at the Transport Nagar depot on a trial run on priority section till the Alambagh Station. The inaugural ride was piloted by two women.
- 20 June 2017: Fifth metro train set arrives at Transport Nagar depot.
- 23 June 2017: As per E. Sreedharan, Kochi metro was built in four years whereas Lucknow Metro will be completed in a period of two years and nine months, and that would be the fastest in India and the world till now.
- 8 July 2017: Sixth and final metro train set arrives for first phase requirement.
- 26 July 2017: The Commissioner of Railway Safety (CMRS) is scheduled to make an on-site inspection of operational preparedness of the Lucknow Metro Rail service this week before giving the much-awaited green light to the project to be thrown open to the public.The CMRS is expected to carry out the inspection on 27 and 28 July.
- 29 Aug 2017: Lucknow metro to be inaugurated on 5 September 2017. The metro trains will ply between Transport Nagar and Charbagh.
- 5 September 2017: Minister of Home Affairs and Member of Parliament for Lucknow Rajnath Singh and Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath inaugurate Lucknow metro for commercial run between Transport Nagar and Charbagh Railway Station.
The collection of soil samples for metro construction began on 3 August 2009, and was completed by September. The report, released in October, concluded that the soil condition was suitable for the metro rail. However, due to design changes proposed by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation in 2010, it was not until February 2013 that the metro project was announced. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Akhilesh Yadav, approved the project in the same month but no state funding for the project was allocated as it was expected the project would be funded by a public-private partnership.
A committee headed by Uttar Pradesh Chief Secretary Alok Ranjan oversaw the initial stages of development of the project. In May 2013, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) offered financial assistance to the Government of Uttar Pradesh for the metro rail project.
Phase 1A of North-South CorridorEdit
Phase 1A comprises ten elevated metro stations (Airport, Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Shringar Nagar, Alambagh, Alambagh Bus Station, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh Railway Station) and three underground metro stations (Hussain Ganj, Secretariat, Hazratganj) of North-South corridor.
- Construction on the Lucknow Metro began on 27 September 2014.
- April 2015: Work of placing of caps on pillars started.
- The placing of U-Girders began in May 2015.
- Northern Railways in August cleared the hurdles coming in the way of construction of Lucknow metro and allowed it to work in Mawaiyya.
- December 2015: Approximately 56% of the civil work had been completed
- April 2016: 80% of construction work completed.
- October 2016: LMRC's Managing Director, Kumar Keshav was awarded Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Memorial Award for Innovation in governance. Later in a speech, he said, "No other metro project has even been able to achieve this feat in the past as compared with Lucknow Metro's speed of deliverance in the country."
- November 2016: Four coaches of the first train set arrived at the Transport Nagar Depot on 20 November 2016. LMRC achieved another major milestone when the company succeeded in getting the delivery of the first metro train set in just 64 weeks after placing the order.
- 1 December 2016: The first trial runs on the first line of Lucknow Metro (Transport Nagar to Alambagh as the special span over railway underpass was not completed then) was performed.
- 5 September 2017: Services opened for general public from Transport Nagar to Charbagh Railway Station..
Phase 1B of North-South CorridorEdit
Phase 1B comprises nine metro stations (all elevated) to be constructed on North-South corridor. The nine stations are KD Singh Babu Stadium, Vishwavidyalaya, IT Chouraha, Mahanagar, Badshah Nagar, Lekhraj Market, Ram Sagar Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and Munshipulia.
- Oct-2016: Lucknow metro team started working on the metro corridor from KD Singh Babu Stadium to Munshipulia from October-19 after the Managing Director and other officials performed Bhoomi puja on Faizabad Road in front of HAL. The Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) said that the 23 km of the North-South corridor would be completed by March 2019.
|Line||First operational||Last Extension||Stations||Length
|Red Line||5 September 2017||NA||22||22.878 (8.5 Kms Operational, 14.38 Kms Under Construction)||CCS International Airport||Munshi Pulia||Alstom||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (Standard gauge)||25 kV overhead|
|Blue Line||Planned||NA||12||11.098||Charbagh Railway Station||Vasant Kunj||NA||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (Standard gauge)||25 kV overhead|
Funding for Lucknow MetroEdit
Over 50% of the Lucknow Metro rail project is funded through external debt from European Investment Bank. The Lucknow Metro has its own operating body, the Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation, is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) and a 50:50 joint venture set-up by the Union and Uttar Pradesh Governments. LMRC is headquartered in Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow.
On 5 October 2015, Alstom was awarded a contract to construct 20 four car electric multiple units for Phase 1A, based on their Metropolis design. The contract is worth ₹1,102 crore (equivalent to ₹12 billion, US$180 million or €150 million in 2016), constructed at Alstom's Indian factory in Sricity. With capacity for up to 1310 passengers, the units are equipped with various modern features such as longitudinal seating, Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV), dynamic route maps and an accessible design. They will also have access to the dedicated FM radio station regarding metro safety, in addition to entertainment onboard. The units are equipped with the ability to draw power from the 25 kV AC overhead wires and are equipped with Communications-Based Train Control (CBTC) using Alstom's Urbalis signalling system for an intended 100-second headway between units.
The units have been designed to portray the essence of some of Lucknow's most iconic monuments; these include the Bara Imambara, the Asifi mosque and the Roomi Gate, the signature edifice of the city. The units will be delivered with an exterior livery consisting of a golden hue.
- Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport
- Transport Nagar
- Krishna Nagar
- Singaar Nagar
- ISBT Alambagh
- Lucknow Charbagh Railway Station (Junction. Connected with Blue Line)
- Hussain Ganj
- KD Singh Babu Stadium
- Lucknow University
- IT Chauraha
- Lekhraj Market
- Ramsagar Mishra Nagar
- Indira Nagar
- Munshi Pulia
Trial runs started in December 2016. Commercial operation began on 5 September 2017, the commercial run was inaugurated by Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath along with Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Governor Ram Naik on 5 September 2017, Lucknow Metro is being used by the public from 6 September 2017 between Transport Nagar and Charbagh Railway Station.
The phase 1B of Lucknow Metro from Airport to Transport Nagar and Charbagh Railway Station to Munshi Pulia will be completed by 2019.
In popular cultureEdit
- Lucknow Metro was awarded 2nd Place for 'Best Metro for Excellence in Innovative Designs' at 5th Annual Metro Rail Summit in New Delhi behind the Delhi Metro. It competed against the other metro projects of the country like Mumbai Metro, Jaipur Metro etc.
- Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) was awarded the European Society for Quality Research (ESQR) Choice Prize Award 2016 under the Gold category, a vanity award.
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