Lucknow Metro is a Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) being constructed to provide the city of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh with an environment friendly atmosphere. The commencement of civil works started on 27 September 2014. Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Limited or LMRC is working on this project which will be an alternative mode of transport since approximately 94% of the city's registered vehicles are private,city had over 2 million registerd vehicle in 2015.According to a report every month city is adding about 1000 new four wheelers in its vehicle population. Growing population and huge traffic has called for the transformation of private modes of conveyance to public transport. The metro project will be the most expensive public transport system in the state of Uttar Pradesh,total cost of phase 1&2 will be about $2 billion, costing ₹6,928 crore (US$1 billion) in phase 1 of construction, first lane of which is expected to be operational for public by June 2017. Phase 2 will be started in 2018.. Lucknow Metro is expected to cover 140 km in the city in total 4 phases in next 25 years.It is referred as the fastest built metro project in India.
|Native name||लखनऊ मेट्रो|
|Owner||Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC)|
|Locale||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India|
|Number of lines||2 (Under construction, Phase I & II)|
|Number of stations||33 (Under construction, Phase I & II)|
|Key people||E. Sreedharan
(Chief Advisor), Alok Ranjan
(Chairman, LMRC), Kumar Keshav
|Headquarters||Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Administrative Headquarters, Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow 226010|
|Operation will start||June 2017|
|Train length||4 coaches|
|Headway||7 Mins (planned)|
35 km (22 mi) (Under construction)140 km ( phase 1,2,3 & 4)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Top speed||90 km/h (56 mph)|
Lucknow Metro will be having two routes, from North to South and East to West. The North-South corridor starts at Amausi to Munshi Pulia, with a total length of 22.878 kilometres (14.216 miles). The East-West corridor starts at Charbagh Railway Station and ends at Vasant Kunj. Both lines will intersect at Charbagh. An extension line from Indira Nagar – Gomti Nagar – Polytechnic Crossing will extend it to Patrakarpuram, Gomti Nagar. The difference between arrival time of trains at each station is expected to be 7 minutes. This would be reduced to 5 minutes and then to 3 minutes in phases. The first phase of the project is set to launch in June 2017.
The Lucknow Metro system, when completed, will be the fastest and most economical high speed rapid transit system project in India.
Initially Lucknow Metro Rail Project was planned to include two corridors: North-South and East-West; and the Gomti Nagar link. The construction cost was estimated at Rs74.13 billion for North-South corridor, Rs48.79 billion for East-West corridor and Rs4.95 billion for Gomti Nagar link.
The North-South corridor was to connect Amausi airport to Munshipulia and cover a distance of 23 kilometres (14 mi), including 19.051 km elevated (11.838 mi), 0.774 km ramp (0.481 mi) and 3.053 km underground (1.897 mi). This corridor will have a total 22 stations including 19 overhead and 3 underground. The elevated stations would have included the Airport terminal, Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Singaar Nagar, Alambagh, ISBT, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh. This shall be followed by an underground section that will include Hussain Ganj, Sachivalaya (Uttar Pradesh Secretariat) and Hazratganj. Here after, the track will be elevated again, stations in the sequence are KD Singh Babu Stadium, Lucknow University, IT College, Badshahnagar, Lekhraj Market, Ramsagar Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and a new terminus Munshi Pulia.
For the Gomti Nagar link, the train coming from the airport terminal was to be diverted towards Gomti Nagar at the Indira Nagar trisection Polytechnic crossing along an elevated route. The planned stations were Indira Nagar Trisection, West End Mall [Waves Multiplex], Gomti Nagar & Patrakarpuram.
The East-West corridor was planned to connect the Lucknow railway station at Charbagh to Vasantkunj on Hardoi Road and have a total length of 11 km (6.8 mi), including 4.29 km elevated (2.67 mi), 0.5 km ramp (0.31 mi) and 6.3 km underground (3.9 mi). This corridor was to have 12 stations including seven underground and five overhead. The stations at Lucknow Railway Station (Charbagh), Gautam Buddha Marg, Aminabad, Pandeyganj, Chattrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University (King George Medical University) and Niwazganj were to be below ground level, and an elevated section for the Thakurganj, Balaganj, Sarfarazganj, Moosabagh and the Vasant Kunj terminal stations.
The designed speed of metro would be 90 km/h (56 mph) while the scheduled speed would be 34 km/h (21 mph) for North-South corridor and 32 km/h (20 mph) for East-West corridor. There would be only one depot at Vasant Kunj spread over a land measuring 20 hectares (49 acres). The Amausi Depot has been done away because of its proximity to the Airport and the subsequent reasons of security and safety.
In 2013, the Department of Urban Planning did away with the two-corridor layout and recommended a dense network of metro connectivity in Lucknow. The entire route has been proposed to be built overhead. Due to this, the overall cost of the project will go up due to an expanded network, the operating cost per km will be reduced. This is because the cost of constructing one km of overhead track is ₹1.8 billion (US$28 million) as compared to ₹5.5 billion (US$85 million) for an underground track. Also, an underground track consumes much more energy and is less safe. There is also a proposal to start a Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) as a feeder service to the metro.
- September 2008: DMRC submits a concept paper after the Lucknow metro rail project is proposed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
- October 2008: The metro rail project in Lucknow is cleared by Lucknow Development Authority (LDA).
- February 2009: An agreement is signed between DMRC and LDA.
- June 2009: A Bangalore-based company hired by DMRC studies traffic pattern of Lucknow.
- July 2009: Geo-technical survey initiated by DMRC.
- April 2010: Traffic and transportation report is submitted by DMRC.
- May 2010: DMRC and a committee headed by the Chief Secretary of Government of UP start consultation process related to traffic issues.
- June 2010: DMRC submits the route alignment plan. The divisional commissioner of Lucknow is asked to coordinate with the concerned departments.
- August 2010: DMRC presents the detailed route plan.
- September 2010: The committee headed by the divisional commissioner consults DMRC on the route once again.
- July 2011: A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is submitted.
- June 2013: The state cabinet headed by chief minister Akhilesh Yadav gave clearance to the metro rail network.
- August 2013: UP government approved the revised Detailed Project Report (DPR) submitted by DMRC.
- October 2013: Name of Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation approved. Construction Phase to begin in December.
- November 2013: DMRC pitches for Lucknow Metro work, assures first phase completion by Feb 2017.
- December 2013: Government of India, in principle, approves the project.
- February 2014 : Metro man E. Sreedharan appointed as chief adviser of Lucknow metro.
- March 2014 : Foundation stone laid for Lucknow Metro project.
- 10 July 2014 : 100 crores rupees were set aside for Lucknow Metro in the Union Budget, by Finance Minister Of India Arun Jaitley.
- 27 September 2014 : Construction begins on the Lucknow Metro.
- 6 August 2015 : Lucknow Metro got clearance from PIB.
- 22 December 2015 : Union Cabinet has approved the construction of Rail Project Phase - 1 A
- 18 September 2016: 90% of the work completed in the construction of Rail Project Phase - 1 A
- 20 October 2016: Lucknow metro begins work on Faizabad Road, does Bhoomi puja for Phase 1B.
- 1 December 2016: The then Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav and Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh flagged off the train at the Transport Nagar depot on a trial run on priority section till the Alambagh Station. The inaugural ride was piloted by two women.
- May 2017: 8.5 km of Lucknow metro to start functioning by June end.
- 20 June 2017: Fifth metro train set arrives at Transport nagar depot
The collection of soil samples for metro construction began on 3 August 2009. and was completed in September the same year. The report concluded that the soil condition was feasible for metro rail. The Uttar Pradesh state budget for 2013–14 provided funding for the metro project. In February 2013, Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav had given the final clearance for establishing the metro in Lucknow. A committee headed by Uttar Pradesh Chief Secretary Alok Ranjan will oversee the initial stages of development of the project. In May 2013, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) offered financial assistance to the Uttar Pradesh government for the metro rail project.
Phase 1A of North South CorridorEdit
Phase 1A comprises ten elevated metro stations (Airport, Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Shringar Nagar, Alambagh, Alambagh Bus Station, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh Railway Station) and three underground metro stations (Hussain Ganj, Secretariat, Hazratganj) of North-South corridor.
- Construction on the Lucknow Metro began on 27 September 2014.
- April 2015: Work of placing of caps on pillars started.
- Placing of U-Girders began in May 2015.
- Northern Railways in August cleared the hurdles coming in the way of construction of Lucknow metro and allowed it to work in Mawaiyya.
- December 2015: Approximately 56% of the civil work had been completed
- April 2016: 80% of construction work completed.
- October 2016: LMRC's chief was awarded with Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award for Innovation in governance.Later in a speech he said, "No other metro project has even been able to achieve this feat in the past as compared with Lucknow Metro's speed of deliverance in the country."
- November 2016: Four coaches of the first train set arrived at the Transport Nagar Depot on 20 November 2016. LMRC achieved another major milestone when the company succeeded in getting the delivery of the first metro train set in just 64 weeks after placing order.
- 1 December 2016: The first trial run on the first line of Lucknow Metro (Transport Nagar to Alambagh as the special span over railway underpass was not completed then) was performed.
Phase 1B of North South CorridorEdit
Phase 1B comprises nine metro stations (all elevated) to be constructed on North-South corridor. The nine stations are KD Singh Babu Stadium, Vishwavidyalaya, IT Chouraha, Mahanagar, Badshah Nagar, Lekhraj Market, Ram Sagar Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and Munshipulia.
- Oct-2016: Lucknow metro team started working on metro corridor from KD Singh Babu Stadium to Munshipulia from October-19 after the managing director and other officials performed Bhoomi puja on Faizabad Road in front of HAL. The Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) said that metro trains would be able to run on complete 23 km North-South corridor by March 2019.
The routes for running of metro rail are as given below:
|Line||First operational||Last Extension||Stations||Length
|North-South Corridor||Under Construction||NA||22||22.878||CCS International Airport||Munshi Pulia||Alstom||1435mm||25kV OHE|
|East-West Corridor||Planned||NA||12||11.098||Charbagh Railway Station||Vasant Kunj||NA||1435mm||25kV OHE|
Funding of Lucknow MetroEdit
The state government and the central government provided funds for Lucknow Metro for first phase in the financial budget of 2014–2015 and 2015–2016. The state government provided funds for initial stage of surveys and construction of Headquarter of Lucknow Metro in 2012 and 2013 also. Lucknow Metro got clearance from PIB in December 2015. The Lucknow Metro has its own governing body, namely Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation situated in Gomti Nagar, Lucknow.
On 5 October 2015, French Engineering Firm Alstom bagged over 150 million euro contract to provide train coaches to Lucknow Metro. Lucknow Metro will initially have 20 train sets of 4 car each making a total of 80 cars. The trains will manufactured indigenous at Sricity plant of Alstom India.
- 2.90 m wide modern rolling stock with stainless steel body.
- Axle load - 16 T
- Seating arrangement - Longitudinal
- Capacity of 6 coach unit - 1574 Passengers
- Class of accommodation – One
The Lucknow Metro is supplied by a high-power 132-KV connection from UPPCL's Sarojini nagar 400-KV substation, the most powerful grid substation in the city.
Alstom has won the contract of providing signaling and train-sets for Lucknow Metro. The system will make use of advance signaling based on CBTC, Alstom will be installing its state of art Urbalis signaling system based on CBTC. The system will be designed with 100s headway in mind.
Design of metro coachEdit
French multinational Alstom is manufacturing the Metro train at its facility in South India. The front of the Metro has been conceived to portray the essence of some of Lucknow's most iconic monuments, including Bara Imambara, Asifi mosque and the Roomi Gate, which is the signature edifice of the city. The Metro train's exterior livery in golden hue is inspired by the traditional Chikankari craft of Lucknow. The blending of black in front is inspired from the modern feel of Hazratganj, Lucknow's main commercial hub in the heart of city. Name of stations will be displayed in Hindi, Urdu and English on LCD screen.
Automatic fare collection (AFC)Edit
An Indian firm and a Czech company were awarded the contract for providing the Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) system for the North-South corridor of Lucknow Metro in May 2016.
- Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport
- Transport Nagar
- Krishna Nagar
- Singaar Nagar
- ISBT Alambagh
- Lucknow Charbagh Railway Station
- Hussain Ganj
- KD Singh Babu Stadium
- Lucknow University
- IT Chauraha
- Lekhraj Market
- Ramsagar Mishra Nagar
- Indira Nagar
- Munshi Pulia
- Gautam Buddha Marg
- Lucknow City Railway Station
- Medical College Chauraha
- Vasant Kunj
Trial runs started in December 2016 and commercial operation is slated to begin in June 2017.
The phase 1B of Lucknow Metro will be completed by 2019.
In popular cultureEdit
- Lucknow Metro was awarded 'Best Metro for Excellence in Innovative Designs' at 5th Annual Metro Rail Summit in New Delhi. It competed against the other metro projects of the country like Delhi Metro, Mumbai Metro, Jaipur Metro etc.
- Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) was awarded with the European Society for Quality Research (ESQR) Choice Prize Award 2016 under the Gold category.
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