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The Tianjin Metro or Tianjin Rail Transit is the rapid transit system in the city of Tianjin, which was the second city, after Beijing, in mainland China to operate a subway system. Opened in 1984, the system has 6 operating lines and 185 stations spanning 220 km (140 mi).[3]

Tianjin Metro
TRT Logo.jpg
Overview
LocaleTianjin
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines6
Number of stations155
Daily ridership963,000 (2017 Avg.)[1]
1.22 million (22 January 2018 peak)[2][better source needed]
Annual ridership351.55 million (2017)[1]
Websitehttp://www.tjgdjt.com
Operation
Began operation28 December 1984; 34 years ago (1984-12-28) (original system)
12 June 2006; 13 years ago (2006-06-12) (new system)
Ended operation9 October 2001; 17 years ago (2001-10-09) (original system)
Operator(s)
  • Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation
    • Tianjin Metro General Corp. (Lines 1, 2, 3 and 6)
    • Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd. (Lines 5 and 9)
Technical
System length220 km (137 mi)[3]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map

Tianjin Metro System Map 201806.png

Tianjin Metro
Simplified Chinese天津地铁
Traditional Chinese天津地鐵
Evolution of the Tianjin Metro
Metro sign at Yingkoudao station

The lines are jointly operated by two companies, namely the Tianjin Metro Group Co. Ltd and the Binhai Mass Transit Development Co. Ltd. The former operates Lines 1, 2, 3 and 6, while the latter operates Line 5 and Line 9. The two companies merged and regrouped as the Tianjin Rail Transit Group Co. (TRT) in 2017.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Tianjin, as an inland harbor of China, has long been a major commercial city. After the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, the number of vehicles on the roads significantly increased, causing pollution. To overcome these problems, the transport authority decided to close the old tram network and switch over to a rapid transit system.

However, due to cost, it was not until 1970 that construction of the system first took place. The first section, spanning 3.6 km (2.2 mi) of track and 4 stations (Xinhualu, Yingkoudao, Anshandao and Haiguangsi), was completed by February 1976. The second section, with an additional 1.6 km (0.99 mi) of track and the Xinanjiao and Erweilu stations, was completed by 1980. After construction resumed, the total length was 7.4 km (4.6 mi), with 8 stations, and service on the line began on December 28, 1984.

To reduce construction costs, the transport authority decided to use an abandoned canal bed to form part of the system, and did not dig deeply. By using the canal bed, the underground section is only 2–3 meters under the street surface, and was the world's shallowest metro. There were only 1,000 full-time construction workers at that time; the others were volunteers from factories, schools and institutions all over the city. The average number of volunteer workers exceeded 2,000 a day, which rendered the project unique in the world then. Construction was delayed in 1976 when an earthquake hit the city, but was resumed in 1979 and completed by 1984.

At the end of the 1990s, it was observed that the Metro system was quite out of date. The atmosphere of the stations was uninviting, difficult to navigate, and with few passenger amenities on the platforms. Trains were infrequent, sporadic and commonly delayed. The trains themselves were dilapidated, seat covers often torn off, and dim. Taking into consideration more modern, cleaner systems in East Asia, a massive reconstruction, modernization and expansion plan was laid out in 2000. In preparation, the system was closed on 1 September 2001, with renovation starting on 21 November. After purchasing new rolling stock, adding half-height platform screen doors and extending the line up to Shuanglin, the line re-opened on 6 December 2006 as Line 1, after trial testing that began on 12 June of that year.

During the renovation of the first line, other lines underwent construction. Line 9, operated by Binhai Mass Transit Development Co. Ltd, began construction in 2001 and its first section opened on 28 March 2004. Between 2004 and 2007, many new stations on the line opened successively. On 1 May 2011, the line was further extended westwards by 3 stations, bringing it to its current length of 52.8 km (32.8 mi). The Tram line in the system, the TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram, was built to serve the Tianjin Economic Development Area and was opened on 10 May 2007. Line 2, after a lengthy construction delay and a structural accident, finally opened, as two separate sections, to the public on 1 July 2012, with the sections being reconnected on 28 August 2013. Line 3, another main north-south line, opened in October 2012.

LinesEdit

 
Map of operational lines of Tianjin Metro. TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram is not included in the map.
Line Terminals
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations Operator
01 1  Lilou
(Jinnan)
Liuyuan
(Beichen)
1984 2018 26.188 23  
02 2  Caozhuang
(Xiqing)
Binhaiguojijichang
(Dongli)
2012 2014 27.157 20  
03 3  Xiaodian
(Beichen)
Nanzhan
(Xiqing)
2012 2013 33.7 26  
05 5  Beichenkejiyuanbei
(Beichen)
Zhongyiyifuyuan
(Xiqing)
2018 2019 33 27  
06 6  Nansunzhuang
(Dongli)
Meilinlu
(Jinnan)
2016 2018 42.6 38  
09 9  Tianjinzhan
(Hebei)
Donghailu
(Binhai)
2004 2012 52.759 21  
Metro lines total 215.4 155
TEDA TEDA  TEDA
(Binhai)
North of College District
(Binhai)
2007 7.860 14  

Line 1Edit

Line 1 is built upon the old surface-level line, and was opened in 2006, spanning 26.2 km (16.3 mi) with 23 stations. The old at-grade Shuanglin station was closed on December 28, 2016 and reopened as a new underground station on December 3, 2018. The old rolling stocks (DKZ9 Series) were replaced at the same time.

Line 2Edit

Line 2 opened for trial operations on 1 July 2012. Due to a structural accident in Jianguodao Station, Line 2 was operated as two separate sections from July 2012 to 28 August 2013, when the affected station opened after being rebuilt. The line is 27.157 km (16.875 mi) long with 20 stations.

Line 3Edit

The line, running southeast-northwest, opened on 1 October 2012. It is 33.7 km (20.9 mi) long with 26 stations. 20 km (12 mi) of track is underground, with 1.2 km (0.75 mi) at ground level and the rest on elevated viaducts. Of the 21 stations, one is elevated, one is at ground level and the other 19 are underground.

Line 5Edit

The full line of Line 5 runs from Beichenkejiyuanbei to Liqizhuangnan with 28 stations. Currently, Line 5 runs from Beichenkejiyuanbei to Zhongyiyifuyuan, with 27 stations.

This full line is 35 km (22 mi) long with 28 stations. Completion had been scheduled for 2012, but was rescheduled for late 2015 and further delayed to 2018 afterwards. It will connect with Line B7 on the north terminal and with Line 6 on the south terminal.

It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.

Line 6Edit

Line 6 runs from Nansunzhuang to Meilinlu with a total length of 42.6 km (26.5 mi). The second part of the Line 6 (Nancuiping to Meilinlu) opened on 26 April 2018. In the near future, Line 6 will expand 3 stations to the final terminus Nanmaji (or Poyangnanlu) station.

Line 9Edit

Line 9 is an east-west line running just north of the Haihe River. It runs from Tianjin railway station to Donghai Road station. It was opened in 2004, spanning 52.8 km (32.8 mi) with 21 stations. The line provides interchange to the TEDA Tram line. Line 9 was suspended after damage from the August 2015 explosions, and resumed operation on December 16 from Tianjin Railway Station to Tianjin Pipe Corporation Station. Now, the damaged part has been reopened, along with two new stations: Zhuangguizhuang and Taihulu.

The line is operated by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.

TEDA Modern Guided Rail TramEdit

The TEDA Tram is a tram line that runs between TEDA and North of College District stations, mainly serving the Tianjin Economic Development Area (TEDA). It opened on May 10, 2007 and is 7.86 km (4.88 mi) long.

It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.

Rolling stockEdit

There were older, box-type metro cars, built by Nippon Sharyo until the system was closed for reconstruction. After re-opening, 114 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicle Company Limited Rapid Train set Vehicle cars entered service & replaced the old ones. Unlike the old cars, the CNR cars contain air conditioning.

FaresEdit

 
Entrance to Xinanjiao station

Tianjin Metro uses magnetic smartcards. The fare is distance-based and ranges between 2 and 5 Yuan.

One-way ticketEdit

One-way tickets are available at automatic ticket machines, where passengers can purchase up to 9 tickets. The tickets are only effective in three hours from purchase. You can purchase it from the automatic ticket machine, and recycle it by simply inserting it into the turnstile when you leave the station.

Common Stored Value TicketEdit

Stored-value tickets can be repeatedly used for the regular subway passengers, the fare for each journey outbound passengers through the gates when the balance deducted from the stored-value tickets. Within one year of non-use of stored-value tickets as expired, outdated stored-value tickets available at the station free update procedures for handling customer service center. Common Stored Value Ticket holders to enjoy 10% off travel.

Student discount tickets and tickets for the elderlyEdit

All full-time students attending schools, technical secondary, craftsmen, and vocational schools with student ID issued by letter may purchase student tickets and enjoy a student discount.

Seniors between 60 and 69 years old with a "Tianjin old preference card" (green) can buy discounted senior tickets, seniors 70 years old and older, with a "Tianjin old preference card" (purple) may purchase specially discounted tickets.

Half-price tickets, and by sub-votesEdit

On December 8, 2006 (Tianjin Metro) Line 1 ordered to launch half-price tickets, a free second ticket and group ticket three kinds of tickets.

Half-price ticket card prepaid value of 200 yuan, the sale price of 100 yuan, 10 yuan deposit required to pay extra for a total purchase price of 110 per issue. So doing half-price ticket fare can be enjoyed nine discount and eventually converted into 4.5 fold. Half-price tickets from the purchase date (including day of) 90 days, the use of force within the validity period can not be recharged, the amount within 90 days after the ticket automatically cleared, tickets void. When it expires, the undamaged coupon presents their deposit slip and a detailed description to any customer service center station, with a refundable deposit of 10 Yuan.

By sub-votes is divided into two kinds: first, the amount of 35 yuan ticket can take 20 times, pay extra 10 yuan deposit for a total purchase price of 45. The second vote the amount of 80 can take 50 times, pay extra 10 yuan deposit for a total purchase price of 90. By sub-vote from the date of purchase, valid for 30 days after expiry, the card automatically cleared by Ci. If all the x-use within the validity period has finished, you can vote again to take within the Result purchase the corresponding times, since the Result date, the purchase by meeting the entry into force is still valid for 30 days. As of 2007 December 30, by sub-votes will not accept refill, take the time to use the remaining card after the ticket void.

City CardEdit

The City Card is a non-contact type IC card Transit card similar to the Yikatong card in Beijing. It is accepted in subway, light rail, bus, ferry and taxi transport. Since December 28, 2006, City Card has been accepted on the Metro Line 1. City Card holders can enjoy a discounted fare during transfers between modes. This is the most popular method for long distance traveling. Ferryboat and bus fares are not distance based.

Future ExpansionEdit

Short-term plan consists 440 km of lines total (which is slightly longer than the length of London Underground), long-term plans are claimed to expand network to 1380 km, which will make this system possibly the longest in the rail transport's history.

 
Map of Tianjin Metro, including under construction lines. Updated in May 2019.

Lines under constructionEdit

Line Terminals
(District)
Planned Opening Date Length
km
Stations References
 1 
(Eastern extension)
Lishuanglubei Shuangqiaohe 2019 15.86 9
 4 
(Southern section)
Dongnanjiao Xinxingcun 2020 19.4 14 [4]
 10 
(Phase 1)
Yudongcheng Liyuantou 2021 21.18 21 [4]
 Z4 
(North of Hai River section)
Hancailu Jinlindao 2022 35 [4]
 B1  (Northern section) Huanggangcheliangduan Yujiapu 2022 22.5 [4]
 6  (Phase 2) Meilinlu Lushuidao 2022 0.93 1
 8 [a] Lushuidao Xianshuiguxi 2022 13.42 9
 7  (Phase 1) Saidabazhilu Yuguandao 2024 26.53 21
 11  (Phase 1) Shuishanggongyuan Dongliliujinglu 2023 22.6 21
  1. ^ Built under the name of Line 6, will be operated in the long-term as part of Line 8.

Line 4Edit

The Southern section of Line 4 will be 19.4 km (12.1 mi) long. The Southern section of Line 4 is scheduled to open in 2020 from Dongnanjiao to Xinxingcun.[4]

Line 10Edit

The Phase 1 of Line 10 will be 21.18 km (13.16 mi) long with 21 stations. The Phase 1 of Line 10 is scheduled to open in 2021 from Yudongcheng to Liyuantou.[4]

Line B1Edit

A 22.5 km (14.0 mi) long line strictly serving the urban core of Binhai connecting Binhai North railway station to the Yujiapu Financial District.[4]

Line Z4Edit

A 35 km (22 mi) long express suburban subway line connecting the northern suburbs of Binhai to the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area and Yujiapu Financial District.[4]

Line 7Edit

Line 7 will run from Xifengdao to Guangdonghuiguan. It is 23 km long.[4]

Line 11Edit

Line 11 will run from Shuishanggongyuanxilu to Dongliliujinglu. It is 22.6 km long.[4]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 2017年统计报告. China Rail Transit Association (中国城市轨道交通协会). 19 April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  2. ^ 轨道交通雪天运营应急保障 (in Chinese). Tianjin Municipal Transportation Committee. 24 January 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 1月22日轨道交通全线网共计安全运送乘客达122万人次,比上周同期增长16%。(轨道中心)
  3. ^ a b http://m.xinhuanet.com/tj/2019-01/01/c_1123932715.htm
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "天津加快地铁建设进度 这些地铁线都有新进展-新华网". www.tj.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019.

External linksEdit