Nippon Sharyo, Ltd. (日本車輌製造株式会社 Nippon Sharyō Seizō Kabushiki-gaisha, literally "Japan Vehicles Manufacture Company"), (TYO: 7102), formed in 1896, is a major rolling stock manufacturer based in Nagoya, Japan. In 1996, it abbreviated its name to "日本車両" Nippon Sharyō. Its shortest abbreviation is Nissha "日車". It was a listed company on Nikkei 225 until 2004. It is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and Nagoya Stock Exchange as ticker 7102. In 2008, Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) became the majority shareholder (50.1%) of the financially struggling Nippon Sharyo making the firm a "consolidated subsidiary" of JR Central. In July 2012 Nippon Sharyo USA started production in their new facility in Rochelle, Illinois. The facility closed at the end of October 2018 due to a lack of orders.
|Nippon Sharyo Seizo Kaisha, Ltd.|
|Traded as||TYO: 7102|
|Founded||Japan, September 1896|
|Tsutomu Morimura (President & CEO), Mikio Tsuge (Senior Managing Director of Nippon Sharyo, Ltd and Chairman of Nippon Sharyo USA, Inc.)|
|Owner||JR Central (50.1%)|
Number of employees
|1,850 (September 2018)|
- Shinkansen ("bullet train") trainsets
- Odakyu Electric Railway trainsets
- Linimo maglev train
- Keisei Electric Railway trainsets
- Nearly all Meitetsu trains
Porto Alegre Metro EMUs
- Toronto Transit Commission work cars
- RT10 Garbage car 1967 - Tokyo Rose retired in 2000 and scrapped
- RT12 Electric locomotive 1968 and retired 2009
- RT13 Centre cab crane 1968 - with car and crane cabs
- RT22 Flat car 1973 - formerly wash car RT-17 and rebuilt 1996
- RT54 flat car 1973
- Union Pearson Express Diesel Multiple Units
- Taiwan Railway Administration
- Taipei Metro
- Taiwan High Speed Rail
- Next Generation Bi-Level Passenger Rail Car
- Los Angeles County Metro Rail P865 and P2020
- Northern Indiana South Shore Line EMUs
- Maryland MARC Train single-level push-pull coaches (jointly with Sumitomo Corporation)
- Chicago Metra bi-level gallery cars and Highliner rail cars
- Virginia VRE bi-level gallery cars
- San Francisco Bay Area Caltrain bi-level gallery cars
- Sonoma–Marin Area Rail Transit Nippon Sharyo DMU (jointly with Sumitomo Corporation)
I.F.E EMUs Working on Caracas-Cua commuter line Railway System Ezequiel Zamora (Central)
Rheostatic series (KRL Rheostatik Mild Steel and Stainless) (The train was also made by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Hitachi):
- Built 1976: Have 2 doors and using mild steel body types
- Built 1978,1983,1984: Have 3 doors and using mild steel body types
- Built 1986,1987: Have 3 doors and using stainless steel body types
All Rheostatic EMU are stopped operating in the Jabodetabek lines and waiting its time for being scrapped.
- KRD MCW 301 Built 1976: Have 2 doors and using mild steel body types
- KRD MCW 302 Built 1978,1980,1982,1987: Have 3 doors and using mild steel body types
The KRD MCW 301 and 302 initially this vehicle uses the engine Shinko DMH17H and transmission Niigata TCR 2.5
Note: The DMU built in 1976 are now used as regular loco-hauled trains without engines. The DMU made in 1978, 1980, & 1982 upwards are refurbished with Cummins Engine (NT885-R) and voith turbo (T211re.3) transmission.
Nippon Sharyo, in 1936, built the JNR Class C56 steam locomotive number C56 31, which was used in 1943 to open the infamous Thai-Burma Railway, as stylized in the movie The Bridge Over the River Kwai, built by over 100,000 Allied POW and other slave labourers. This restored steam engine now sits in the foyer of the Yasukuni War Museum in Tokyo. Japanese veterans groups raised funds to return the locomotive from Burma to Japan in 1979.
During World War II, Nippon Sharyo, like many major Japanese companies, drew upon prisoner of war labour to maintain war production. The POW camp at Narumi provided Allied POW forced labour for Nippon Sharyo.
- "JR Central takes majority stake in train builder". Railway Gazette International. 1 October 2008.
- "Taiwan Railway Administration orders tilting trains". Railway Gazette International. 6 January 2011.
- "Sonoma-Marin orders commuter DMU cars". Railway Gazette International. 20 December 2010.
- Narumi POW Camp Retrieved 27 June 2010.