Earnings before interest and taxes

In accounting and finance, earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) is a measure of a firm's profit that includes all incomes and expenses (operating and non-operating) except interest expenses and income tax expenses (for individuals).[1][2]

Operating income and operating profit are sometimes used as a synonym for EBIT when a firm does not have non-operating income and non-operating expenses.[3]

FormulaEdit

EBIT = (Net income) + Interest + Taxes = Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortizationEBITDA – (Depreciation and Amortization expenses)
(Operating income) = (Gross income) – Operating expensesOPEX = EBIT – (non-operating profit) + (non-operating expenses)[3]

OverviewEdit

A professional investor contemplating a change to the capital structure of a firm (e.g., through a leveraged buyout) first evaluates a firm's fundamental earnings potential (reflected by earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and EBIT), and then determines the optimal use of debt versus equity (equity value).

To calculate EBIT, expenses (e.g. the cost of goods sold, selling and administrative expenses) are subtracted from revenues.[4] Net income is later obtained by subtracting interest and taxes from the result.

Example statement of income (figures in thousands)[1]
Revenue
Sales revenue $20,438
Cost of goods sold $7,943
Gross profit $12,495
Operating expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses $8,172
Depreciation and amortization $960
Other expenses $138
Total operating expenses $9,270
Operating profit $3,225
Non-operating income $130
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) $3,355
Financial income $45
Income before interest expense (IBIE) $3,400
Financial expense $190
Earnings before income taxes (EBT) $3,210
Income taxes $1,027
Net income $2,183

Earnings before taxesEdit

Earnings before taxes (EBT) is the money retained by the firm before deducting the money to be paid for taxes. EBT excludes the money paid for interest. Thus, it can be calculated by subtracting the interest from EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bodie, Zvi; Kane, Alex; Marcus, Alan (2004). Essentials of Investments. McGraw Hill. p. 452. ISBN 9780072510775.
  2. ^ "Earnings before interest and, taxes (EBIT)". NASDAQ.
  3. ^ a b Murphy, Chris B. (2019-07-11). "How are EBIT and operating income different?". Investopedia.
  4. ^ "What is EBIT? definition and meaning". investorwords.com. Retrieved 2019-10-03.