Open main menu

The State Railway of Thailand (SRT) (Thai: การรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทย, RTGSKan Rotfai Haeng Prathet Thai) is the state-owned rail operator under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Transport in Thailand. As of 2018, the network serves 47 provinces and around 35 million passengers annually. The passenger count is expected to double by 2027 when expansion plans are realised and the network grows to serve 61 provinces.[1]

State Railway of Thailand
State Railway of Thailand Logo.png
Thailand rail map.gif
Dates of operation1890–present
Track gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) meter gauge
Previous gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Length4,070 km (2,530 mi)
HeadquartersPathum Wan, Bangkok



HRH Prince Purachatra Jayakara, the first railway commander of the Royal State Railways of Siam

The SRT was founded as the Royal State Railways of Siam (RSR) in 1890. King Chulalongkorn ordered the Department of Railways to be set up under the Department of Public Works and Town and Country Planning. Construction of the Bangkok-Ayutthaya railway (71 km or 44 mi), the first part of the Northern Line, was started in 1890 and inaugurated on 26 March 1896.[2] The Thonburi-Phetchaburi line (150 km or 93 mi), later the Southern Line, was opened on 19 June 1903. The first railway commander of the RSR was Prince Purachatra Jayakara (Krom Phra Kamphaeng Phet Akkarayothin)

The Northern Line was originally built as 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge , but in September 1919 it was decided to standardize on 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) meter gauge and the Northern Line was regauged during the next ten years. On 1 July 1951, RSR changed its name to the present State Railway of Thailand.[2]

As of 2014 SRT had 4,043 km (2,512 mi) of track, all of it meter gauge except the Airport Link. Nearly all is single-track (3,685 km), although some important sections around Bangkok are double (251 km or 156 mi) or triple-tracked (107 km or 66 mi) and there are plans to extend this.[3] By comparison, Thailand has 390,000 km (242,335 miles) of highways.[4]

SRT issuesEdit

Some buildings of the State Railway of Thailand, it is located at 1 Rong Mueang, Pathum Wan, Bangkok next to Bangkok railway station or Hua Lamphong railway station
Third-class carriage (with 'Hall' seating arrangement) of Thailand State Railways

Financial performanceEdit

In 2017, the SRT lost 17 billion baht.[5] The SRT has suffered a loss every year since it was turned into a state-owned enterprise under the Transport Ministry in 1951.[6] The SRT has debts amounting to nearly 100 billion baht, and its annual operating losses are estimated at a minimum of 10 billion baht.[4]

In 2017 the military government budgeted more than 76 billion baht for SRT infrastructure investments. The funding is to be used for double-track rail expansions, an extension of Bangkok's elevated railway, and construction of bridges, fences, and track improvements. In the fiscal year ending 30 September 2016, however, the SRT had managed to disburse only 53 percent of its allotted investment budget of 60 billion baht. This compares with an average disbursement rate of 80 percent by Thailand's other 55 state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Disbursement rate is seen as an indicator of efficient management.[4] "If you look at the SRT they are a bit like a patient in [intensive care] and everyone is saying to him 'you are the future' and trying to kick him out of bed when he is still moaning and groaning," said Ruth Banomyong, a logistics and transport expert at Thammasat University.[4]

The worst financially performing state enterprise, the SRT consistently operates at a loss despite being endowed with large amounts of property—the SRT is one of Thailand's largest land holders, owning an estimated 39,840 hectares[4] and receiving large government subsidies. It reported a preliminary loss of 7.58 billion baht in 2010.[7] Recurring government attempts at restructuring and/or privatization throughout the 2000s have always been strongly opposed by the union and have not made any progress.[8][9]

SRT's latest property development scheme is the Chao Phraya Gateway project. It capitalises on SRT's 277 rai, 1.16 kilometre stretch of land on the river in the Khlong Toei District. The SRT hopes the project will help clear its 100 billion baht debt. The project is projected to break even within eight years and deliver profits of 140 billion baht. As of April 2019, SRT's plans are being submitted to the Transport Ministry for approval.[10]

SRT's failings are reflected in passenger numbers, which, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit have dropped from 88 million in 1994 to 44 million in 2014.[11] The SRT has long been popularly perceived by the public as inefficient and resistant to change. Trains are usually late, and most of its equipment is old and poorly maintained.

Under the auspices of the Transport Ministry, the SRT has submitted a rehabilitation plan that will be presented to the State Enterprise Policy Commission on 30 July 2018. The commission, chaired by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha is expected to approve the plan. The plan calls for SRT to become the largest railway state enterprise in ASEAN. By 2027, anticipating income growth from asset management and cost management, SRT foresees profits of over 20 billion baht.[5]

Hopewell litigationEdit

Hopewell Holdings of Hong Kong was the lead contractor for SRT's ill-fated Bangkok Elevated Road and Train System. The project commenced in 1990 and was terminated by the Thai government in 1998, only 13% complete. Hopewell and the SRT each blamed the other for the failure of the 80 billion baht project.[12] Both parties sued, and the case has been in litigation since its cancellation. On 23 April 2019, Thailand's Supreme Administrative Court upheld an arbitration committee's ruling in favour of Hopewell. The court ordered SRT to pay Hopewell compensation of 11.88 billion baht, plus 7.5% interest per year. The interest, totaling 13 billion baht, brings SRT's total liability to nearly 25 billion baht, payable within 180 days.[13]

Lack of freight revenueEdit

Rail freight, which is cheaper—only roughly half the cost of road transport[14]—safer, and more environmentally-friendly than road transport, accounted for only 1.4 percent of freight tonnage carried in 2015. SRT aims to boost its share of cargo transport to six percent with its double track expansion by 2022. Expansion of SRT's freight service, which could earn more money than the heavily subsidized passenger service, has been neglected for decades in favour of Thailand's roads.[4]

Hiring constraintsEdit

The SRT's poor financial performance and resistance to reform, coupled with the Asian financial crisis of 1997, resulted in stringent restraints being placed on SRT staffing. In July 1998, the Thai cabinet issued an order that the SRT could only hire five new employees for every 100 retirees. As of 2018, the order remains in effect.[1] SRT officials estimated in 2017 that the enterprise needed to boost staff by 20 percent to 12,000.[4] In 2018 SRT claims that it needs 18,015 employees to operate efficiently, but only has 10,035 on staff.[1] To make up the shortfall, the SRT hires around 4,000 "daily workers", usually on daily wages of 300 baht. It has also caused the SRT to pay massive amounts of overtime pay to current employees. For example, one station master in Pattani was paid 61,210 in monthly salary, but also an additional 102,271 baht in overtime pay.[1]

Poor managementEdit

To address a long list of complaints accusing SRT of a lack of transparency in bids for projects and procurement deals, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha fired the governor and board of the State Railway of Thailand in February 2017, using his special powers under Section 44 of the interim constitution.[15][16]

Insurgent Attacks in the Far SouthEdit

On the Southern Line, between Hat Yai Junction and Su-ngai Kolok railway station, in the south of Songkhla Province, Pattani Province, Yala Province and Narathiwat Province there have been regular separatist attacks on rail infrastructure as part of the South Thailand insurgency. This includes bombs exploding at railway stations, on tracks and bridges, as well as shooting of passing trains. All stations between Hat Yai and Su-ngai Kolok have Border Patrol Police at each station.


Tickets may be purchased on-line starting 1 February 2017.[17] Tickets may be purchased from 60 days in advance to two hours before departure.[18]


State Railway of Thailand
Thanaleng, Laos
Nong Khai
Ubon Ratchathani
Udon Thani
Si Sa Ket
Chiang Mai
Khon Kaen
Khun Tan Tunnel
Nakhon Lampang
Ban Phai
Sila At
Nakhon Ratchasima
Royal Cambodian Railway
Prachin Buri
Nakhon Sawan
Lop Buri
Nakhon Pathom
Bang Sue Junction
Bang Sue Junction
Thon Buri
Bangkok (Hua Lamphong)
Wongwian Yai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
Nam Tok
Ferry across Tha Chin River
Nam Tok Sai Yok Noi
Ban Laem
Burma Railway
Chon Buri
Hua Hin
Laem Chabang Port
Prachuap Khiri Khan
Bang Lamung
Bang Saphan Yai
Lang Suan
Map Ta Phut Port
Sattahip Port
Khiri Rat Nikhom
Surat Thani
Nakhon Si Thammarat
U Taphao Junction (defunct)
Hat Yai Junction
Hat Yai Junction
Pattani (Khok Pho)
Thai/Malaysian Border
Padang Besar, Malaysia
Su-ngai Kolok
Malaysian Railways
Thai/Malaysian Border (Not in operation)
  Woodlands, Singapore
Rantau Panjang, Malaysia
Pasir Mas, Malaysia
Malaysian Railways
Second-class carriage of the State Railway of Thailand at Hua Lamphong Railway Station

The SRT operates all of Thailand's national rail lines. Bangkok Railway Station (Hua Lamphong Station) is the main terminus of all routes. Phahonyothin and ICD Ladkrabang are the main freight terminals.

Northern LineEdit

A train on the Northern Line of the State Railway of Thailand en route from Bangkok to Chiang Mai

The Northern Line runs alongside the Northeastern Line until the Ban Phachi Junction. There, it splits from the Northeastern Line and proceeds through Lopburi, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit, Phitsanulok, Denchai, Lampang, Lamphun, before finally reaching Chiang Mai, 751 km from Bangkok. There is also a branch off the mainline from Ban Dara Junction to Sawankhalok in Sukhothai Province.

Northeastern LineEdit

Fueling express train no. 72 at Nakhon Ratchasima Station

The Northeastern Line begins on the same route as the Northern Line, splitting at Ban Phachi Junction towards Nakhon Ratchasima. Then at Thanon Chira Junction, the line splits with one route passing Khon Kaen and Udon Thani before terminating at Nong Khai 624 kilometers from Bangkok. The other route passes through Buriram, Surin, Sisaket to reach Ubon Ratchathani, 575 km from Bangkok.

There is also another branch route originating from Kaeng Khoi Junction in Saraburi Province passing through Chai Badan District in Lopburi Province and Chatturat District in Chaiyaphum Province, before joining the mainline heading towards Nong Khai at Bua Yai Junction in Nakhon Ratchasima Province.

Southern LineEdit

A OTOP tourist train for operation on the Southern Line of the State Railway of Thailand

The Southern Line begins in Bangkok and heads west towards Nakhon Pathom before splitting into three different routes. One route heads west to Kanchanaburi Province (210 km) while another heads north towards Suphan Buri (157 km). The Southern Line itself continues southbound through Ratchaburi, Phetchaburi, Hua Hin, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Chumphon, to Surat Thani 678 kilometers distant. From Surat Thani, there is a westerly branch towards Khiri Rat Nikhom while the main line continues south to Thung Song Junction in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province where another branch reaches Kantang in Trang Province. Not far away, another branch separates off the mainline at Khao Chum Thong Junction. The main line from Nakhon Sri Thammarat continues through Phatthalung before reaching Hat Yai Junction in Songkhla Province. From here, a line branches to connect with the Malaysian railway at Padang Besar and the mainline continues to Su-ngai Kolok passing through Yala Province.

Namtok BranchEdit

Eastern LineEdit

The Eastern Line begins at Bangkok before heading through Chacheongsao, Prachinburi to terminate at Aranyaprathet in Sa Kaew Province, 255 kilometers from Bangkok. There is an unused rail link to Cambodia from Aranyaprathet, currently being rebuilt. A branch line also connects Khlong Sip Kao Junction to the Northeastern Line at Kaeng Khoi Junction. At Chachoengsao Junction, there is another branch to Sattahip. Along the route to Sattahip, at Si Racha Junction, there is yet another branch towards Laem Chabang Deep Sea Port and further at Khao Chi Chan Junction for Map Ta Phut Port, in Rayong.

Maeklong LineEdit

Maeklong Railway
Pak Khlong San
Wongwian Yai
Talat Phlu
Khlong Ton Sai
Chom Thong
Wat Sai
Wat Sing
Bang Bon
Khan Keha
Rang Sakae
Rang Pho
Sam Yaek
Phrom Daen
Thung Si Thong
Bang Nam Chuet
Khok Khwai
Ban Khom
Khlong Chak
Maha Chai
Tha Chin River
Ban Laem
Tha Chalom
Ban Chi Phakhao
Khlong Noklek
Bang Sikhot
Bang Krachao
Ban Bo
Bang Thorat
Ban Kalong
Ban Na Khwang
Ban Na Khok
Ked Mueang
Lad Yai
Bang Krabun

The Maeklong Railway, also operated by the SRT, is independent of the national rail network and is split into two sections. The line begins at Wongwian Yai in Bangkok before terminating at Mahachai where a ferry is used by passengers to cross the Tha Chin River. The line starts again across the river at Ban Laem and continues towards Mae Klong.[20]


Intercity servicesEdit

First-class sleeping carriage of State Railway of Thailand at Hua Lamphong Railway Station
Second-class carriage of the State Railway of Thailand
Second-class sleeping carriage of the State Railway of Thailand at Hua Lamphong Railway Station
A passenger car of the Northern Line of the State Railway of Thailand.
The bunk in a passenger car of the Northern Line of the State Railway of Thailand.

SRT operates intercity passenger services on the following lines:

Northern LineEdit

Northeastern LineEdit

Eastern LineEdit

Southern LineEdit

International servicesEdit

SRT previously (until 2016) operated international services to Butterworth in Penang, Malaysia, in conjunction with Malaysian state operator KTM. However, since early 2016 there is now just one "International Express" in each direction per day and this service now terminates at Padang Besar Station on the Thai/Malay border.[21]

A link across the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge to Thanaleng Railway Station, near Vientiane, opened in March 2009.[22]

There are plans to re-open rail links to Cambodia via Poipet from the railhead at Aranyaprathet. Railway connections to Myanmar (Burma), notably the infamous Death Railway, are defunct.

In December 2010, following Chinese plans to extend their (standard gauge) network to Xishuangbanna on the China-Laos border and further into Laos,[23] the Thai government agreed to start negotiations on building a standard-gauge network.[24] This would initially involve two lines: from Bangkok to the Lao border, and a longer line from Bangkok along the peninsula to the Malay border.[25]

SRT also allows operation of the Eastern and Oriental Express on their tracks which runs from Singapore to Bangkok and vice versa, with a few trips to Laos and Chiang Mai.

Rail links to adjacent countriesEdit

Commuter trainsEdit

The SRT operates commuter rail services from Bangkok along the Northern and Northeastern Lines up to Ayutthaya, Ban Phachi Junction, Lopburi and Kaeng Khoi Junction. Ten trains run along the route on a daily basis.[28] A new service serving between Thonburi and Sala Ya was launched on 22 October 2010.[29]

The Red Line project is a new commuter rail system also owned by the SRT. It is currently under construction and will replace portions of rail lines running through Bangkok, eliminating at-grade crossings.

Other passenger servicesEdit

SRT operates the Airport Link to Suvarnabhumi Airport which opened in 2010.[30] It is medium speed (160 km/h) and links with BTS Skytrain at Phaya Thai Station and MRT at Phetchaburi Station.


Thai railways transported around 11 million tons of freight per year in 2007-2012, which was around 2% of the total amount of freight moved by all modes of transportation.[31] While it is possible for freight trains to travel between Thailand and the neighboring countries (Malaysia and Laos), the amount of international rail freight presently constitutes only a minuscule portion of Thailand's foreign trade. In 2012, merely 95 thousand tons of export cargo left Thailand by rail, as compared to 12 million tons of cargo exported by road, and 114 million tons of cargo exported by ship. For import, the rail transport's share was even smaller.[31]

Thai railways transport both bulk freight (primarily oil products and construction materials) and containerized freight. Most of the freight movement is between Bangkok and sea ports (in particular, between the deepwater port of Laem Chabang and the container terminal in Lad Krabang, in Bangkok's eastern suburbs).[32]

In an attempt to increase the railway's share of the nation's freight transportation market, in 2016 the SRT, in a joint project with Japan, started experimenting with small, 12-foot containers. It is thought that, being smaller than the standard 20-foot containers, these containers can be more easily transported by truck between a rail station and the end customer. These containers are being tried on two routes from Bangkok's Bang Sue station: a 722-km route to Lamphun Province in the north of the country, and a 433-km route to Khon Kaen in the northeast.[33]

Locomotives and multiple unitsEdit

Active fleetEdit

Diesel electric locomotivesEdit

Type Manufacturer Numbers Year(s) built Quantity built Power Max speed (km/h) Image Note
UM12C[34] (GE[35]) General Electric 4001-4050[34][35][36] 1963 (4001-4040)[34][36]
1966 (4041-4050)[34][36]
50[34][35][36] 1,320 hp (0.98 MW)[34]
(660 hp (0.49 MW)x2)
103[35]   Refurbished around 2010-2011.
AD24C[37] (ALS[35]) Alsthom[37] 4101-4154[35][37] 1974–1975[37] 54[37] 2,400 hp (1.79 MW)[37] 90[35][37]   First batch of AD24C locomotives. Some refurbished with new MTU 16V4000R41R[38] or Caterpillar diesel engines.
AD24C[37] (AHK[35]) Alsthom,[37] Henschel[37] and Krupp[37] 4201-4230[35][37] 1980[37] 30[37] 2,400 hp (1.79 MW)[37] 100[35][37]   Second batch of AD24C, built under license by Henschel and Krupp. Some refurbished with new MTU 16V4000R41R [38] or Caterpillar diesel engines.
AD24C[37] (ALD[35]) Alsthom[37] 4301-4309[35][37] 1983[37] 9[37] 2,400 hp (1.79 MW) 100[35][37]   Third batch of AD24C. Some refurbished with Caterpillar diesel engines.
AD24C[37] (ADD[35]) Alsthom[37] 4401-4420[35][37] 1985[37] 20[37] 2,400 hp (1.79 MW)[37] 100[35][37]   Fourth and last batch of AD24C. Some refurbished with new MTU 16V4000R41R[38] or Caterpillar diesel engines.
8FA-36C (HID[35]) Hitachi 4501-4522[35] 1993 22 2,860 hp (2.13 MW)
(1,430 hp (1.07 MW)x2)
100[35]   First batch of Main Line Locomotive Program, used MAN B&W Diesel engines in the short-term[citation needed], then replaced by Cummins KTTA-50L engine, later modified to KTA-50L
CM22-7i[34] (GEA[35]) General Electric 4523-4560[34][35] 1995–1996[34] 38[34] 2,500 hp (1.86 MW)[34]
(1,250 hp (0.93 MW)x2)
100[35]   Second batch of Main Line Locomotive Program, used Cummins KTA-50L[34] engine. Some locomotives air-conditioned.
CSR SDA3 CRRC Qishuyan 5101-5120[39] 2013–2015[40][41] 20[40] 3,190 hp (2.38 MW)[40] 120 But limited 100[40]   5101-5120 In Active

Use Caterpillar C175-16 ACERT engines[40]

Diesel hydraulic locomotivesEdit

Type Manufacturer Numbers Year built Quantity built Power (horsepower) Max speed (km/h) Image Note
DH1200BB Henschel[35] 3001-3027[35] 1964 27 1200[35] 90[35]   All locomotives except #3015 and 3013 are retired. #3026 preserved. Some sold to Italian-Thai construction and rebuilt by Vossloh, remainder scrapped.
SRT 3020 preserved at Kantang[42]
M1500BB Krupp[35] & Krauss-Maffei[citation needed] 3101-3130[35] 1969 30 1500[35] 90[35]   3118 Inactive 3113 3114 3121 3113 3114 3121 3113 3114 3121 have been placed into storage. Remainder sold or retired.

Diesel multiple unitsEdit

Type Manufacturer Numbers Year built Quantity built Power (horsepower) Max speed (km/h) Image Note
RHN Hitachi 1011-1048 (power cars)
(trailer cars)
1967 38+38 220 90   Now used as a Northeastern line commuter train. Some installed Nathan K3LA horn.
RTS Tokyu D9-D16
(power cars)
(center/trailer cars)
1971 8+4 220 70 Ex-Mahachai railways, to be refurbished. Similar bodyshell of THN and NKF but with different formation (power car-2 trailer cars).
THN Tokyu, Hitachi and Nippon Sharyo 1101–1140 1983 40 235 105   Similar to NKF. Some installed Nathan K3LA horn.
NKF Nippon Sharyo, Hitachi, Fuji Heavy Industries,Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Niigata Tekkousho, and Kinki Sharyo 1201–1264, (center) 2101-2112 1985 64+12 235 105   Similar to THN, but with plastic chairs. Some installed Nathan K3LA horn.
ASR British Rail Engineering Limited, Derby Litchurch Lane Works 2501–2512, (center) 2113-2120 1991 12+8 285 160 km/h but Ministry of Transport limited the top speed to 120 km/h.   Metre gauge version of British Rail Class 158, with different gangways and couplers, and with inward-opening slam doors instead of plug doors. 3-car set until 2011, when all were refurbished with new seats, vinyl floors, an extra coach, plug doors and new livery. Some installed Nathan K3LA horn.
APD .20 Daewoo Heavy Industries 2513-2524 (center) 2121-2128 1995 10+8 298 120   First batch, narrow body. All units installed Nathan K3LA horn.
APD .60 Daewoo Heavy Industries 2525-2544 1996 20+40 298 120   Second batch, wide body. All units installed Nathan K3LA horn.

Former typesEdit

Diesel hydraulic locomotivesEdit

Type Manufacturer Numbers Year built Quantity built Power (horsepower) Max speed (km/h) Image Note
CR-8b[43] Plymouth Locomotive Works 2001-2010[43] 1963 or 1964[43] 10[43] 900[43] 80[43] All locomotives withdrawn in 1968 and sent to Vietnam[43]

Future railwaysEdit

Double trackingEdit

Most of Thailand's roughly 4,000 km rail network is single track. A government initiative to move air and road transport to rail passed a major milestone on 28 December 2017 when the SRT signed nine contracts with private contractors to complete double tracking on 702 km of the SRT network. This phase one of the double-tracking project will cost 69.5 billion baht. The government's aim is to reduce the nation's logistical overhead, some 1.75 trillion baht, by moving air and road freight to rail. Moving a tonne of freight by rail costs 0.93 baht per kilometre compared with 1.72 baht by road. As of the contract signing date, 86 percent of Thailand's freight moves by road and only two percent by rail.

Phase one of the project will see the following five sections of double track laid by 2022:

Cabinet approval is expected to allow the signing of contracts for phase two of the double tracking project by March 2018. The second phase will add a second track to 2,217 km of single track over nine rail links at a cost of 398 billion baht. Government plans call for an overall investment of 600 billion baht to create 2,588 km of double tracks.[44][45]

High Speed RailwaysEdit

Bangkok–Chiang Mai ShinkansenEdit

Japan has proposed Shinkansen technology for a high-speed rail link between Bangkok and the northern city of Chiang Mai.

In August 2016, according to the Transport Minister Arkom Termpittayapaisith, Thailand and Japan discussed a high-speed train to link Bangkok and Chiang Mai. Japan agreed to use the Shinkansen as its bullet train model.[46]

In December 2017 Japan reported to Thailand that construction of a Shinkansen-style bullet train between the two cities would cost the Thai government 420 billion baht (US$12.9 billion).[47][48] The line would consist of 300 km/h trains traveling between the two cities in 3.5 hours, stopping at 12 stations en route. Fares would start at 80 baht, with a surcharge of 1.5 baht per kilometre. Full fares are expected to be just over 1,000 baht.[47] Reacting to the high cost estimate, the Thai government instructed the Transport Ministry to study the possibility of reducing the train's maximum speed to 180–200 km/h in an effort to cut costs.[49]

A feasibility study by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in mid-2018 reported that the train as planned would run at a loss. JICA's study projects only 10,000 passengers per day on the route, as opposed to the 30,000 per day forecasted in the original planning proposals. To be profitable from ticket sales would require 50,000 fares per day.[50]

The first phase of the 670 km long Bangkok-Chiang Mai bullet train project is the 380 km Bangkok to Phitsanulok stretch. It is estimated to cost 280 billion baht. Seven stations have been planned for this segment: Bang Sue, Don Mueang, Ayutthaya, Lopburi, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit, and Phitsanulok. To reduce costs, Thai authorities have proposed reducing the number of stations, but JICA has rejected this suggestion on the grounds that it defeats the original purpose of the project.[50] This portion of the route is scheduled to be submitted to the Thai cabinet for financial approval in August 2018.[50] Completion of the entire Bangkok–Chiang Mai line is projected to be 2025.

Thai-Chinese railwayEdit

China and Thailand are building a high-speed railway in two phases: Bangkok-Nakhon Ratchasima and Nakhon Ratchasima-Nong Khai. This route's trains will operate at about 250 km/h[51][52]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d Jotikasthira, Om (29 April 2018). "Rail service on track to crisis". Bangkok Post (Spectrum). Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Railway of Thailand History". State Railway of Thailand (SRT). Archived from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  3. ^ Thongkamkoon, Chaiwat. "Thailand's Railway Development Strategy 2015-2022" (PDF). Railway Technology Development Institute of Thailand. Retrieved 2014-11-28.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Janssen, Peter (23 January 2017). "Thailand's expanding state 'threatens future growth'". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Rehab plans for state agencies backed". The Nation. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  6. ^ Fernquest, Jon (2010-12-22). "Restructuring the State Railway of Thailand". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  7. ^ Chantanusornsiri, Wichit (23 January 2012). "State railway to finally account for assets and liabilities". Bangkok Post.
  8. ^ Mahitthirook, Amornrat; Marukatat, Saritdet (22 December 2010). "Getting on track needs strong political will". Bangkok Post.
  9. ^ Bowring, Philip (23 October 2009). "Thailand's Railways: Wrong Track". Asia Sentinel. Asia Sentinel. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  10. ^ Hongtong, Thodsapol (2019-04-16). "SRT eyes new city river icon". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2019-04-17.
  11. ^ Ganjanakhundee, Supalak (2016-02-10). "Rail plan may serve China's interests more than Thailand's". The Nation. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  12. ^ "The stupidity has to stop" (Opinion). Bangkok Post. 24 April 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  13. ^ Limsamarnphun, Nophakhun (2019-04-27). "SRT faces hefty bill in Hopewell case". The Nation. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  14. ^ Janssen, Peter (2 November 2016). "Thailand takes a long-term gamble on Isaan region". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  15. ^ Mahitthirook, Amornrat (23 February 2017). "State Railway governor, board replaced". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  16. ^ "SRT purge stems from lack of transparency in procurement deals". ThaiPBS. 24 February 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  17. ^ "Inquiry". State Railway of Thailand. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  18. ^ Mokkhasen, Sasiwan (30 January 2017). "BOOK THAI TRAIN TICKETS ONLINE AGAIN STARTING FEBRUARY". Khaosod English. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  19. ^ New Eastern rail line gets on track, The Bangkok Post, 13/01/2012
  20. ^ Barrett, Kenneth (2013). "Walk 1 Wong Wian Yai". 22 Walks in Bangkok (PDF). Singapore: Tuttle. p. 25. ISBN 978 1 4629 1380 0. Archived from the original (ebook sample 36 pp. 2.5MB) on 2014-08-10. Retrieved 2014-07-27. The Mahachai-Mae Klong line was built by the Tha Cheen Railway Company under a private concession and opened in early 1905, its purpose being to bring fish and farm produce from the coast.
  21. ^ "Type: Special Express Train; Train No. 45: Bangkok - Padang Besar". State Railway of Thailand (SRT). Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Inaugural train begins Laos royal visit". Railway Gazette International. 2009-03-05.
  23. ^ "NEW CHINA-LAOS LINK". Railways Africa. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
  24. ^ "STANDARD GAUGE FOR THAILAND". Railways Africa. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
  25. ^ "Railway Gazette: Two standard gauge main lines recommended". Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  26. ^ "Cambodia and Thailand reconnected by rail after 45 years". The Nation. 2019-04-22. Retrieved 2019-04-23.
  27. ^ "Neighbours to the west get closer | Bangkok Post: news". Bangkok Post. 2012-02-28. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
  28. ^ "Commuter line timetable". SRT website. State Railway of Thailand. Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
  29. ^ ศูนย์ประชาสัมพันธ์และบริการท่องเที่ยว (22 October 2010). การรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทยพัฒนารถไฟสายศิริราช-ศาลายานำร่อง เตรียมสร้างโครงข่าย. press release (in Thai). Retrieved 20 January 2012.
  30. ^ "Bangkok Suvarnabhumi airport rail link opens". Railway Gazette International. 2010-08-24.[permanent dead link]
  31. ^ a b "Transport and Traffic Statistics and Information Thailand" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-02-15. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  32. ^ Thailand: Transport Sector Assessment, Strategy, and Road Map. ADB, 2011
  33. ^ State railway tries mini-containers, 5 Feb 2016
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Phil's Loco Page (July 4, 2015). "GE Export".
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "SRT Diesel locomotive". September 6, 2013. Archived from the original on December 19, 2016.
  36. ^ a b c d Dave Dallner (November 20, 2010). "General Electric UM12C Production Roster".
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Locomotives Diesel standard Alsthom".
  38. ^ a b c "SRT Alsthom Locomotive for MTU Engine". November 26, 2013. Archived from the original on July 7, 2015.
  39. ^ Wisarut (16 January 2015), "New SRT Locos: 20 CSR- 8 locos delivered!", 2Bangkok, archived from the original on 12 July 2015, retrieved 11 July 2015
  40. ^ a b c d e "CSR Qishuyan locomotives delivered to Thailand",, DVV Media Group, 10 January 2015, retrieved 4 July 2015
  41. ^ "CSR Qishuyan to supply 20 locomotives to Thailand", Railway Gazette, DVV Media Group, 27 January 2013, retrieved 4 July 2015
  42. ^ Don Glover : Preserved SRT Henschel at Kantang
  43. ^ a b c d e f g "First D10H/Plymouth CR-8b , Bo-Bo Diesel Hydraulic", Railways in Vietnam (, retrieved 11 July 2015
  44. ^ "Wave of rail links to slash logistics costs". Bangkok Post. 29 December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  45. ^ "SRT SIGNS BT69.5 BN DOUBLE-TRACK CONTRACTS". The Nation. 29 December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  46. ^ Mahitthirook, Amornrat (2016-08-07). "Thailand plumps for Japanese bullet train model". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  47. ^ a b Hongtong, Thodsapol (16 December 2017). "Bullet train project set to cost B420bn". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  48. ^ Kotani, Hiroshi (15 December 2017). "Japan says Thai bullet train to cost nearly $13bn". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  49. ^ Theparat, Chatrudee (27 December 2017). "High-speed rail line loses va-va-voom". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  50. ^ a b c Hongtong, Thodsapol (25 July 2018). "Losses predicted for high-speed railway". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  51. ^ Wang, Brian (25 December 2017). "Thailand high speed rail construction starts". Next Big Future. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  52. ^ "Construction of Thai-Chinese railway begins". Bangkok Post. 21 December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 13°44′47.94″N 100°30′52.89″E / 13.7466500°N 100.5146917°E / 13.7466500; 100.5146917