China State Railway Group Co., Ltd., doing business as China Railway (CR), is the national passenger and freight railroad corporation of the People's Republic of China.[2]

China State Railway
Group Company, Ltd.
China Railway
Native name
FormerlyChina Railway Corporation (2013–2019)
Company typeState-owned limited company
IndustryRail transport
PredecessorMinistry of Railways
  • 19 January 1950 (as ministry)
  • 14 March 2013 (as company)
Area served
Key people
Liu Zhenfang (Chairman)
Guo Zhuxue (General Manager)
ServicesPassenger rail
Freight rail
RevenueDecrease CN¥916.258 billion[nb 1] (2015)
Decrease CN¥53.456 billion[nb 2] (2015)
Decrease CN¥32.355 billion (2015)
Total assetsIncrease CN¥6.245870 trillion (2015)
Total equityIncrease CN¥2.150725 trillion (2015)
OwnerMinistry of Finance
Number of employees
2 million approx. (2013)
DivisionsRailway operations
Subsidiaries16 bureaux
5 companies
WebsiteCorporate website
Customer portal
Footnotes / references
China State Railway Group Co., Ltd.
Simplified Chinese中国国家铁路集团有限公司
Traditional Chinese中國國家鐵路集團有限公司
Literal meaningChina State Railway Group Limited Company
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese国铁集团
Traditional Chinese國鐵集團
Literal meaningState Railway Group

China Railway operates passenger and freight transport throughout China with 18 regional subsidiaries.[3] By September 2022, the total assets of China Railway Group are CNY 9.06 trillion (USD 1.24 trillion).[4] China has the highest railway usage in the world.[5]



Under the Chinese Corporate Law, China Railway Corporation was reorganized into China State Railway Group Co., Ltd. on June 18, 2019. This meant the Ministry of Finance would act as an investor on behalf of the state and the company would be led by a board and managed by board-chosen executives.[6][7]

Logos of China Railway
China Railway Symbol
Train logo
Former Company Logo

The China Railway logo was designed by Chen Yuchang (Chinese: 陈玉昶) (1912–1969), officially adopted on 22 January 1950. The whole logo represents the front of a locomotive. The upper part of the logo represents the Chinese character 人 (people), while the lower part represents the transversal surface of a rail. The logo means that China's railway belongs to the people.[8][9][10] The lower part represents the character 工 (labour), means that China's railway belongs to the working class.

The "CR" logo is used on the Fuxing (train) along with the China Railway logo.[11]

The "CRH" logo is used on the Hexie (train).


CR service regions

There are 21 primary subsidiary companies under China Railway. As of 2008, approximately two million people work in China Railway.

Business Company Provinces of operation Regions of operation
Passenger China Railway Harbin Group Company
(CR Harbin)
Northeastern Inner Mongolia (Hulunbuir and part of Xingan League), Heilongjiang Northeast China
China Railway Shenyang Group Company
(CR Shenyang)
Liaoning (except Bohai Strait ferry), Jilin, Southeastern Inner Mongolia (Chifeng, Tongliao and part of Xingan League), southern Heilongjiang, northeastern Hebei
China Railway Beijing Group Company
(CR Beijing)
Beijing, Hebei (most parts), Tianjin, western Shandong, northern Henan, eastern Shanxi, with all the exception of Daqin Railway North China
China Railway Hohhot Group Company
(CR Hohhot)
Inner Mongolia (most parts)
China Railway Taiyuan Group Company
(CR Taiyuan)
Shanxi, also operates Daqin Railway through sub-company
China Railway Jinan Group Company
(CR Jinan)
Shandong (includes Bohai Strait ferry) East China
China Railway Shanghai Group Company
(CR Shanghai)
Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui (most parts)
China Railway Nanchang Group Company
(CR Nanchang)
Jiangxi, Fujian
China Railway Guangzhou Group Company
(CR Guangzhou)
Hainan, most parts of Guangdong and Hunan South China
China Railway Nanning Group Company
(CR Nanning)
Guangxi, western Guangdong
China Railway Wuhan Group Company
(CR Wuhan)
Hubei, southern Henan, a little part of Anhui Central China
China Railway Zhengzhou Group Company
(CR Zhengzhou)
Henan (middle and northern parts), southern Shanxi
China Railway Chengdu Group Company
(CR Chengdu)
Sichuan (most parts), Chongqing, Guizhou (most parts), a little part of Yunnan Southwest China
China Railway Kunming Group Company
(CR Kunming)
Yunnan (most parts), a little part of Sichuan and Guizhou
China Railway Qingzang Group Company
(CR Qingzang)
Qinghai Northwest China
China Railway Lanzhou Group Company
(CR Lanzhou)
Gansu (most parts), Ningxia, a little part of Inner Mongolia
China Railway Ürümqi Group Company
(CR Ürümqi)
Xinjiang, a little part of Gansu
China Railway Xi'an Group Company
(CR Xi'an)
Shaanxi (most parts), northeast Sichuan
Freight China Railway Special Cargo Service Company
China Railway Express Company
China Railway Container Transport Company

Second tier subsidiaries

Parent Subsidiary Operational line
CR Guangzhou Guangshen Railway Company Guangzhou–Shenzhen railway
Guangmeishan Railway Company Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou railway
Sanmao Company Sanshui–Maoming railway
Shichang Railway Company Shimen–Changsha railway
Yuehai Railway Company Guangdong–Hainan railway
CR Kunming Shuibai Railway Company Liupanshui–Baiguo railway
CR Nanchang Wuyishan Railway Company Hengfeng–Nanping railway
Quanzhou Railway Company Zhangping–Longyan–Kanshi railway
Longyan Railway Company Zhangping–Quanzhou–Xiaocuo railway
Xiamen Haicang Railway Company Haicang branch railway
CR Shanghai Xiaoyong Railway Company Xiaoshan–Ningbo railway
Hejiu Railway Company Hefei–Jiujiang railway
Xinchang Railway Company Xinyi–Changxing railway
Jinwen Railway Company Jinhua–Wenzhou railway
Ningqi Railway Company Nanjing–Qidong railway
Ninghe Railway Company Hefei–Nanjing passenger railway
Hewu Railway Company Hefei–Wuhan railway
CR Taiyuan Daqin Railway Company Datong–Qinhuangdao railway
CR Wuhan Huhanrong Railway Hubei Company Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway (Hubei section)
Luofu Railway Company Luohe–Fuyang railway
CR Xi'an Xiyan Railway Company Xi'an–Yan'an railway
CR Zhengzhou Anli Branch Line Company Anyang–Lizhen railway
Tanghe Branch Line Company Tangyin–Hebi railway

International operations


International trains


China Railway operates passenger trains from China to Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Vietnam and Laos. Also operates freight (cargo) trains to these countries.

There are 11 international passenger train services:

Services to Europe (New Silk Route)


As of 2017 China Railway ran goods services to 15 European cities, including routes to Madrid and Hamburg and the experimental East Wind service to London to test demand.[12] The Chinese government refers to the two-week 12,000 km (7,500 mi) route, starting at Yiwu and with trains to London traversing Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France, as the Belt and Road Initiative.[13] Containers must be transferred several times, as different, incompatible, rail gauges are used in different regions, and the same rolling stock cannot be used throughout.



China has been investing in and helping to rebuild railways in Africa.[14][15] Below is an incomplete list of rail projects.

Name Location Constructed Company Cost Comments & Ref
High Plateau line, Algeria Relizane, Saida, Tiaret, Tissemsilt, Boughezoul to M'Sila, Algeria 2009–2013 China Railway Group & China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$2.8bn [16]
Benguela Railway Lobito to Luau, Angola 2006–2014 China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$1.83bn Railway was rebuilt following civil war
Chad Railway Ngaoundéré, Cameroon to Nyala, Sudan via Moundou, N’Djamena and Abéché in Chad 2012–ongoing China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$5.6bn Construction over three phases
Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to Djibouti City, Djibouti 2011–2016 China Railway Group & China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$4bn Electric
Mombasa-Nairobi Railway Mombasa to Nairobi, Kenya (extended to Naivasha, Kenya in 2016 2014–2017 China Communications Construction US$3.6bn [17]
Kenya–Uganda border Naivasha, Kisumu to Malaba, Kenya 2016–ongoing China Road and Bridge Corporation (subsidiary of China Communications Construction) US$5.42bn [18]
Mali–Guinea Railway Bamako, Mali to Conakry, Guinea 2016–ongoing China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$8bn [19]
Mali–Senegal Railway Bamako, Mali to Dakar, Senegal 2016–ongoing China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$2.7bn [20]
Nigeria Coastal Railway Lagos to Calabar, Nigeria 2014–ongoing China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$11.1bn [21]
Lagos–Kano Railway Lagos to Kano, Nigeria 2011–ongoing, Abuja to Kajuna completed in 2016 China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$8.3bn [22]
Sudan Railway Khartoum to Port Sudan, Sudan 2007–2012, 2014 opened China Railway Engineering Corporation US$1.5bn [23][17]
TAZARA Railway Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia 1970–1975 Railway Engineering Corps (now CRCC), Ministry of Railways (now CCECC) US$500m Currently in need of reinvestment
Uganda Railway Malaba, Kampala, Kasese, Uganda to Rwanda and South Sudan 2015–ongoing China Harbour Engineering (subsidiary of China Communications Construction) US$8bn [24][25][26]

List of directors general


China Railway Corporation


China State Railway Group




General Manager



  1. ^ Including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund"
  2. ^ EBIT, including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund" but excluding contribution to "Water Conservancy Construction Fund"

See also



  1. ^ 中国铁路总公司2015年年度报告 [China Railway Corporation 2015 Annual Report] (in Chinese). archive of Shangjai Clearing House. 29 April 2016. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  2. ^ "China Railway". 4 April 2020. Archived from the original on 3 November 2022. Retrieved 3 November 2022.
  3. ^ "中国的18个铁路局集团公司(下篇)_腾讯新闻". Tencent News. 3 February 2021. Archived from the original on 3 November 2022. Retrieved 3 November 2022.
  4. ^ Tang, Jun (1 November 2022). "国铁集团前三季度亏损947亿元,京沪高铁已扭亏为盈 – 环球旅讯". Archived from the original on 3 November 2022. Retrieved 3 November 2022.
  5. ^ "20 Countries With The Highest Railway Passenger Traffic in The World". Yahoo Finance. 11 April 2024. Retrieved 17 June 2024.
  6. ^ "China renames, restructures railway corporation in reform push". Reuters. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  7. ^ 樊, 曦 (18 June 2019). "中国国家铁路集团有限公司在京挂牌成立". Xinhuanet (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on 18 June 2019.
  8. ^ "中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶 60年前的标志还是这么简洁、漂亮!_刘逸设计_新浪博客". 13 March 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Rologo 标志共和国 | 专注于Logo的网站_Logo设计_Logo欣赏 » 中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶". Archived from the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  10. ^ 路徽的来历.
  11. ^ 天津站的复兴号CR400AF标准动车组.
  12. ^ Tracy McVeigh (14 January 2017). "Silk Road route back in business as China train rolls into London". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Travelling from China to London - BBC News". BBC. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ O'Dowd, Emily. "Special report: How five major African rail projects are supported by China". Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  15. ^ Kacungira, Nancy (8 June 2017). "Is Kenya's new railway good value for money?". BBC News. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  16. ^ "The Report: Algeria 2010 page 165". Oxford Publishing Group. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Chinese Funded Railways". CNN. 22 November 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  18. ^ "Government Signs Commercial Contract for the Nairobi to Malaba SGR Section with CCCC". Kenya Railways. Retrieved 18 January 2017.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "Mali signs $11bn agreements with China for new rail projects". Railway Technology. 16 September 2014. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  20. ^ "China to build major new African railway from Mali to the coast". Global Construction Review. 4 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  21. ^ "CCECC sign $11.117 billion Lagos-Calabar Rail Contract line". The Guardian. 2 July 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  22. ^ "Abuja-Kaduna Rail line". Railway Technology. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  23. ^ "Construction of railway from Khartoum to Port Sudan". Aiddata. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  24. ^ Lumu, David; Balagadde, Samuel (30 August 2014). "Chinese Firm CHEC Given US$8 Billion Railway Deal". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  25. ^ Jin, Haixing (31 March 2015). "China's Xi Finds Eight Good Reasons to Host Uganda's President". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  26. ^ "Museveni Signs Deal With Chinese Company To Construct Kasese Railway Line". Daily Monitor (Kampala). 30 March 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.