China State Railway Group Company, Ltd., doing business as China Railway or CR, is a state-owned sole proprietorship enterprise that undertakes railway passenger and cargo transportation services in the People's Republic of China and is a state-owned industrial enterprise established under the "Law of the People's Republic of China on All-Ownership Industrial Enterprises." The Ministry of Finance acts on behalf of the State Council to perform the duties of shareholders. It used to be part of the now defunct Ministry of Railways. China Railway operates passenger and freight transport via 21 subsidiaries.
Headquarters of the corporation
|China Railway (CR)|
|China Railway Corporation (2013–2019)|
|State-owned limited company|
|Predecessor||Ministry of Railways|
|Lu Dongfu (Chairman)|
Yang Yudong (Director general)
|Revenue||CN¥916.258 billion[nb 1] (2015)|
|CN¥53.456 billion[nb 2] (2015)|
|CN¥(32.355 billion) (2015)|
|Total assets||CN¥6.245870 trillion (2015)|
|Total equity||CN¥2.150725 trillion (2015)|
|Owner||Ministry of Finance of China|
Number of employees
|2 million approx. (2013)|
|Footnotes / references|
|China State Railway Group Co.,Ltd.|
|Literal meaning||China State Railway Group Limited Company|
|Alternative Chinese name|
China Railway previously had its own railway police force, prosecutors office and court system. The police department of the railway is still under the control of the company. The status of the police is civil service of Ministry of Public Security, but they are still paid and managed by the company. 
On June 18 2019, China Railway Corporation is reorganized as China State Railway Group Co.,Ltd. under China's Corporate Law, instead of Industrial Enterprises Owned by the Whole People Law. It means the Ministry of Finance would act as an investor on behalf of the state and the company would be led by a board and managed by board-chosen executives.
The China Railway logo was designed by Chen Yuchang (Chinese: 陈玉昶) (1912-1969), officially adopted on 22 January 1950. The whole logo represents the front of a locomotive. The upper part of the logo represents the Chinese character 人 (people), while the lower part represents the transversal surface of a rail. The logo means that China's railway belongs to the people.
There are 21 primary subsidiary companies under China Railway. As of 2008, approximately 2 million people work in China Railway.
|Business||Company||Provinces of operation||Regions of operation|
|Passenger||China Railway Harbin Group Company
|Northeastern Inner Mongolia(Hulunbuir and part of Xingan League), Heilongjiang||Northeast China|
|China Railway Shenyang Group Company
|Liaoning, Jilin, Southeastern Inner Mongolia(Chifeng, Tongliao and part of Xingan League),|
southern Heilongjiang, northeastern Hebei
|China Railway Beijing Group Company
|Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin, western Shandong,
northern Henan, eastern Shanxi
|China Railway Hohhot Group Company
|China Railway Taiyuan Group Company
|China Railway Jinan Group Company
|China Railway Shanghai Group Company
|Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang|
|China Railway Nanchang Group Company
|Jiangxi, Fujian, parts of Hubei and Hunan|
|China Railway Guangzhou Group Company
|Guangdong, Hunan, Hainan||South China|
|China Railway Nanning Group Company
|Guangxi, western Guangdong|
|China Railway Wuhan Group Company
|Hubei, southern Henan||Central China|
|China Railway Zhengzhou Group Company
|China Railway Chengdu Group Company
|Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, parts of Yunnan and Hubei||Southwest China|
|China Railway Kunming Group Company
|Yunnan, parts of Sichuan and Guizhou|
|China Railway Qingzang Group Company
|China Railway Lanzhou Group Company
|Gansu, Ningxia, parts of Inner Mongolia|
|China Railway Ürümqi Group Company
|Xinjiang, parts of Gansu|
|China Railway Xi'an Group Company
|Freight||China Railway Special Cargo Service Company
|China Railway Express Company|
|China Railway Container Transport Company|
Second tier subsidiariesEdit
International passenger trainsEdit
China Railway operates the passenger trains from China to Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Vietnam.
Services to Europe (New Silk Route)Edit
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2017)
As of 2017[update] China Railway ran goods services to 15 European cities, including routes to Madrid and Hamburg and the experimental East Wind service to London to test demand. The Chinese government refers to the two-week 12,000 km (7,500 mi) route, starting at Yiwu and with trains to London traversing Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France, as the Belt and Road Initiative. Containers must be transferred several times, as different, incompatible, rail gauges are used in different regions, and the same rolling stock cannot be used throughout.
List of director generalEdit
- Including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund"
- EBIT, including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund" but excluding contribution to "Water Conservancy Construction Fund"
- 中国铁路总公司2015年年度报告 [China Railway Corporation 2015 Annual Report] (in Chinese). archive of Shangjai Clearing House. April 29, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- "国家铁路局". www.nra.gov.cn. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
- 铁路公安转制公务员 中铁总公司“企业代管”八万警察 Archived March 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, 《中国经营报》,2013-08-31
- "China renames, restructures railway corporation in reform push". Reuters. June 18, 2019. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- 樊, 曦 (June 18, 2019). "中国国家铁路集团有限公司在京挂牌成立". Xinhuanet (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency.
- "中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶 60年前的标志还是这么简洁、漂亮！_刘逸设计_新浪博客". Blog.sina.com.cn. March 13, 2013. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- "Rologo 标志共和国 | 专注于Logo的网站_Logo设计_Logo欣赏 » 中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶". Rologo.com. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- Tracy McVeigh (January 14, 2017). "Silk Road route back in business as China train rolls into London". The Guardian. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
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