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A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people, be they natural, legal, or a mixture of both, for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise. Company members share a common purpose, and unite to focus their various talents and organize their collectively available skills or resources to achieve specific, declared goals. Companies take various forms, such as:

A company or association of persons can be created at law as a legal person so that the company in itself can accept limited liability for civil responsibility and taxation incurred as members perform (or fail to discharge) their duty within the publicly declared "birth certificate" or published policy.

Companies as legal persons may associate and register themselves collectively as other companies – often known as a corporate group. When a company closes, it may need a "death certificate" to avoid further legal obligations. Read more...


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Gazprom Headquarters.jpg

Public Joint Stock Company Gazprom (Russian: Публи́чное акционе́рное о́бщество «Газпром», Publichnoe Aktsionernoe Obshchestvo Gazprom, abbreviated PAO Gazprom, Russian: ПАО «Газпром», IPA: [ɡɐsˈprom]) is a large Russian company founded in 1989, which carries on the business of extraction, production, transport, and sale of natural gas. The company is majority owned by the Government of Russia, via the Federal Agency for State Property Management and Rosneftegaz [ru]. The remaining shares are listed on public stock markets of Moscow, London and Frankfurt. The Gazprom name is a portmanteau of the Russian words Gazovaya Promyshlennost (Russian: га́зовая промы́шленность - gas industry). Gazprom is in the process of moving from Moscow to Saint Petersburg, where it is constructing Europe's tallest building for its new headquarters. Gazprom is the world’s largest oil producer, with producing oil through the largest natural gas field in the world, the Shtokman field.

Gazprom was created in 1989 when the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry was converted to a corporation, retaining its Russia-based assets. Gazprom is involved in the Russian Government's diplomatic efforts, setting of gas prices, and access to pipelines.

Gazprom's production fields are located around the Gulf of Ob in Western Siberia. Plans have also been made to mine the Yamal Peninsula. Gazprom's gas transport system includes 158,200 kilometres of gas trunk lines. Projects include Nord Stream and South Stream. In 2011, Gazprom produced about 513.2 billion cubic metres (18.12 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas, more than seventeen percent of global gas production. Gazprom also produced about 32.3 million tons of crude oil and nearly 12.1 million tons of gas condensate. Read more...

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Fredmeyer edit 1.jpg
Credit: Lyza Danger
Aisles of packaged food in a Fred Meyer hypermarket in Portland, Oregon. A hypermarket is a combination of a supermarket and a department store, and the Fred Meyer chain is one of the pioneers of the hypermarket format in the United States. Kroger, which owns Fred Meyer, is the top grocery retailer and the third largest general retailer in the country.

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