Central China (simplified Chinese: 华中; traditional Chinese: 華中; pinyin: Huázhōng; lit. 'Huaxia-middle') is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that includes the provinces of Henan, Hubei and Hunan. Jiangxi is sometimes also regarded to be part of this region. Central China is now officially part of South Central China governed by the People's Republic of China.

Central China region.
Green = Rise of Central China Plan

In the context of the Rise of Central China Plan by the State Council of the People's Republic of China in 2004, surrounding provinces including Shanxi, Anhui, are also defined as regions of Central China development zones.[1]: 217 

Since 2004, these provinces have experienced a steady increase in domestic investment, particularly from coastal regions.[1]: 218 

As part of the Xi Jinping administration's goal to urbanize 250 million citizens by 2025 as the first phase of a long-term green modernization plan, China seeks to resettle formerly rural people in provincial capitals, prefectural cities, and county-level towns in central China (as well as western China).[2]: 8 

Administrative divisions edit

GB[3] ISO №[4] Province Chinese Name Capital Population Density
[clarification needed]
[clarification needed]
41 Henan Province 河南省
Hénán Shěng
Zhengzhou 94,023,567 563.01 167,000 HA
È 42 Hubei Province 湖北省
Húběi Shěng
Wuhan 57,237,740 307.89 185,900 HB
Xiāng 43 Hunan Province 湖南省
Húnán Shěng
Changsha 65,683,722 312.77 210,000 HN

Cities with urban area over one million in population edit

Provincial capitals in bold.

# City Urban area[5] District area[5] City proper[5] Prov. Census date
1 Wuhan 7,541,527 9,785,388 9,785,388 HB 2010-11-01
2 Zhengzhou 3,677,032 4,253,913 8,627,089 HA 2010-11-01
3 Changsha 2,963,218 3,092,213 7,040,952 HN 2010-11-01
4 Luoyang 1,584,463 1,926,079 6,549,941 HA 2010-11-01
5 Xiangfan[note 1] 1,433,057 2,199,690 5,500,307 HB 2010-11-01
6 Hengyang 1,115,645 1,133,967 7,148,344 HN 2010-11-01
7 Yichang 1,049,363 1,411,380 4,059,686 HB 2010-11-01

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Xiangfan was renamed as Xiangyang on 2 December 2010.

References edit

Citations edit

  1. ^ a b Ang, Yuen Yuen (2016). How China Escaped the Poverty Trap. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-1-5017-0020-0. JSTOR 10.7591/j.ctt1zgwm1j.
  2. ^ Rodenbiker, Jesse (2023). Ecological States: Politics of Science and Nature in Urbanizing China. Environments of East Asia. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-1-5017-6900-9.
  3. ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  4. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  5. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.

Sources edit