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Northwest China (Chinese: 西北; pinyin: Xīběi; lit. 'West-north') is a statistical region of China which includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. It has an area of 3,107,900 km2.
|• Total||3,107,900 km2 (1,200,000 sq mi)|
(November 1, 2020)
The region is characterized by a (semi-)arid continental climate. It has a diverse population including significant minorities such as Hui, Uyghurs and Tibetans. Culturally, the region has historically been influenced by the Silk Road.
|GB||ISO No.||Province||Chinese Name||Capital||Population||Density (per km2)||Area (km2)||Abbreviation/Symbol|
|Shǎn (Qín)||61||Shaanxi Province||陕西省
|Gān (Lǒng)||62||Gansu Province||甘肃省
|Níng||64||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region||宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
|Xīn||65||Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region||新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
Cities with urban area over one million in populationEdit
|#||City||Urban area||District area||City proper||Prov.||Census date|
Outer Northwest ChinaEdit
Outer Northwest China (Chinese: 外西北; pinyin: Wài Xīběi) refers to the portions of territories of the Qing dynasty that were later annexed by the Russian Empire through the Convention of Peking, Treaty of Tarbagatai, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) and other unequal treaties referred by Chinese interpretation. During Qing rule, the territories formed parts of far-western Xinjiang and far-northwestern Outer Mongolia. Tuva, at the time a part of the larger Tannu Uriankhai region in northwestern Outer Mongolia, is sometimes also included as it is now part of Russia and share a land border (thus geographically contiguous) with the territories that was ceded through the aforementioned unequal treaties, however this inclusion is somewhat uncommon and does not conform to stricter definitions of Outer Northwest China as Tuva was not ceded to the Russian Empire during the Qing Dynasty but was annexed during Soviet times after more than three decades of de facto independence from China following the Qing's collapse.
- Chen, Yaning (2014-03-23). Water Resources Research in Northwest China. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-94-017-8017-9.
- Dillon, Michael (2013-12-16). China's Muslim Hui Community: Migration, Settlement and Sects. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-80940-8.
- Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Chinese Section of the Silk Road: Land routes in Henan Province, Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province, Qinghai Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region; Sea Routes in Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province and Quanzhou City, Fujian Province - from Western-Han Dynasty to Qing Dynasty". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
- CHGIS. "Database Design". www.people.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
- ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)