The term rolling stock originally referred to any vehicles that move on a railway. It has since expanded to include the wheeled vehicles used by businesses on roadways. It usually includes both powered and unpowered vehicles, for example locomotives, railroad cars, coaches, and wagons.
In Great Britain, types of rolling stock were given code names, often of animals. For example, "Toad" was used as a code name for the Great Western Railway goods brake van, while British Railways wagons used for track maintenance were named after fish, such as "Dogfish" for a ballast hopper. These codes were telegraphese, somewhat analogous to the SMS language of today.
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- Illinois Department of Revenue. "RUT-7: Rolling Stock Certification" (PDF). Retrieved January 27, 2017.
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- "Code Names for Great Western Carriage Stock and Vans". greatwestern.org.uk.
- "Fishkinds and TOPS". btinternet.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2012.