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Saïda (Arabic: سعيدة‎) is the capital city of Saïda Province, Algeria.

Saïda
سعيدة
City
Motto(s): "From the people, for the people"
Location of Saïda in the Saïda Province
Location of Saïda in the Saïda Province
Saïda is located in Algeria
Saïda
Saïda
Location of Saïda in the Algeria
Coordinates: 34°50′00″N 0°09′00″E / 34.833333°N 0.15°E / 34.833333; 0.15
Country Algeria
ProvinceSaïda Province
DistrictSaïda District
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
Area
 • Total75.62 km2 (29.20 sq mi)
Elevation980 m (3,220 ft)
Population (2008 census)
 • Total142,497
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Postal code20000
ISO 3166 codeCP

Contents

LocationEdit

Saïda is located in north-western Algeria, on the southern slopes of the Tell Atlas mountain range at the northern fringe of the High Plateaus. The city lies on the right bank of the Wadi Saïda, protected by wooded mountains on the opposite shore that rise steeply from the valley floor to an elevation of some 4,000 feet (1,200 metres).

HistoryEdit

The city’s site has been of military importance ever since the Romans built a fort there. Saïda was a stronghold of Abd al-Qadir, the Algerian national leader, who burned the town as French forces approached it in 1844.

Modern Saïda was founded as a French military outpost in 1854 and once housed a regiment of the French Foreign Legion. Its growth was stimulated by the arrival of the Oran-Béchar (narrow-gauge) railway in 1862.

In 2005 the population was 158,856 inhabitants. It is nicknamed the city of waters, because of its abundant underground springs. The area is forested and the main products of the town are cereals, wool, leather and bottled mineral waters.

TransportEdit

Saïda is served by a narrow gauge railway from Mohammadia, however a standard gauge line is proposed.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit