The Algeria Portal
Algeria, officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in North Africa. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia; to the east by Libya; to the southeast by Niger; to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and Western Sahara; to the west by Morocco; and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered to be a part of the Maghreb region of North Africa. It has a semi-arid geography, with most of the population living in the fertile north and the Sahara dominating the geography of the south. Algeria covers an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), making it the world's tenth largest nation by area, and the largest nation in Africa, being more than 200 times as large as the smallest country in the continent, The Gambia. With a population of 44 million, Algeria is the ninth-most populous country in Africa, and the 32nd-most populous country in the world. The capital and largest city is Algiers, located in the far north on the Mediterranean coast.
Algeria is a semi-presidential republic, with local constituencies consisting of 58 provinces and 1,541 communes. Algeria is a regional power in North Africa, and a middle power in global affairs. It has the highest Human Development Index of all non-island African countries and one of the largest economies on the continent, based largely on energy exports. Algeria has the world's sixteenth-largest oil reserves and the ninth-largest reserves of natural gas. Sonatrach, the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa, supplying large amounts of natural gas to Europe. Algeria's military is one of the largest in Africa, and has the largest defence budget on the continent. It is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, the OIC, OPEC, the United Nations, and the Arab Maghreb Union, of which it is a founding member. (Full article...)
Selected article -
The Atlas Mountains
: جِبَال ٱلْأَطْلَس
, romanized: jibāl al-ʾaṭlas
/ʒibaːl al atˤlas/) are a mountain range
in the Maghreb
in North Africa
. It separates the Sahara
Desert from the Mediterranean Sea
and the Atlantic Ocean
; the name "Atlantic" is derived from the mountain range. It stretches around 2,500 km (1,600 mi) through Morocco
. The range's highest peak is Toubkal
, which is in central Morocco, with an elevation of 4,167 metres (13,671 ft). The Atlas mountains are primarily inhabited by Berber
populations. The terms for 'mountain' are Adrar
in some Berber languages
, and these terms are believed to be cognates
of the toponym Atlas
. The mountains are also home to a number of animals
which are mostly found within Africa but some of which can be found in Europe. Many of these species are endangered
and a few are already extinct
. The weather is cooling but has sunny summers, and the average temperature there is 25°C. (Full article...
General images -
The following are images from various Algeria-related articles on Wikipedia.
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Selected cuisines, dishes and foods -
Meat chakhchoukha biskria (from the city of Biskra in Algeria) served in a Tajine pot along with merqa.
) is a dish of Algerian cuisine
, eaten often on festive celebrations, especially popular in the Aurès
region. The dish consists of small pieces of rougag
(thin round flatbread
) mixed with marqa
, a stew. (Full article...
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