List of political parties in Algeria

Algeria has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. The Algerian Constitution (as of 1996) bans the formation of any party "founded on a religious, linguistic, racial, sex, corporatist or regional basis" or violating "the fundamental liberties, the fundamental values and components of the national identity, the national unity, the security and integrity of the national territory, the independence of the country and the People’s sovereignty as well as the democratic and republican nature of the State."

In Arabic, French, and English, major Algerian political parties are typically referred to by the three or four initials of their French names. (The Movement of Society for Peace, which uses an Arabic acronym, is an exception.) In formal contexts, however, their full names are used.

The partiesEdit

Parliamentary partiesEdit

Short name English name Arabic name French name Leader Site
FLN National Liberation Front جبهة التحرير الوطني (Jabhat at-Taḥrīr al-Waṭaniyy) Front de Libération Nationale Abdelaziz Bouteflika
PT Workers' Party حزب العمّال (Ḥizb al-`Ummāl) Parti des Travailleurs Louisa Hanoune
RND National Rally for Democracy التجمع الوطني الديمقراطي (at-Tajammu` al-Waṭaniyy ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyy) Rassemblement National Démocratique Ahmed Ouyahia
RCD Rally for Culture and Democracy التجمع من أجل الثقافة والديمقراطية (at-Tajammu` min 'ajl aṯ-Ṯaqāfah wad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah) Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Démocratie Said Sadi
El Islah/MRN/MI Movement for National Reform حركة الإصلاح الوطني (Ḥarakat al-Iṣlāḥ al-Waṭaniyy) Mouvement El Islah/Mouvement du Rénouveau National Abdallah Djaballah
Hamas/HMS/MSP Movement of Society for Peace حركة مجتمع السلم (Ḥarakat Mujtama` as-Silm) Mouvement de la Societé pour la Paix Bouguerra Soltani
FNA Algerian National Front الجبهة الوطنية الجزائرية (al-Jabhah al-Waṭaniyyah al-Jazā'iriyyah) Front National Algérien Moussa Touati
Ennahda (MN) Islamic Renaissance Movement حركة النهضة (Ḥarakat an-Nahḍah) Mouvement Ennahda/Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique Lahbib Adami
PRA Party of Algerian Renewal حزب التجديد الجزائري (Ḥizb at-Tajdīd al-Jazā'iriyy) Parti du Rénouveau Algérien Yacine Terkmane
MEN Movement of National Understanding حركة الوفاق الوطني (Ḥarakat al-Wifāq al-Waṭaniyy) Mouvement de l'Entente Nationale Ali Boukhazna
MNJA El-Infitah Movement حركة الإنفتاح (Ḥarakat al-Infitah) Mouvement El Infitah Naima Farhi
MPA Algerian Popular Movement الحركة الشعبية الجزائرية (Ḥarakat al-Sha'abiyah al-Jazā'iriyy) Mouvement Populaire Algérien Amara Benyounes

Parties that boycotted the last electionsEdit

Short name English name Arabic name French name Leader Site
FFS Socialist Forces Front جبهة القوى الاشتراكية (Jabhat al-Quwā al-Ištirākiyyah) Front des Forces Socialistes Hocine Aït Ahmed
MDA Movement for Democracy in Algeria الحركة من أجل الديمقراطية في الجزائر (al-Ḥarakah min 'ajl ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah fī al-Jazā'ir) Mouvement pour la démocratie en Algérie Ahmed Ben Bella

Other partiesEdit

Parties not legally recognizedEdit

Illegal partiesEdit

See alsoEdit