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The Centrist Democrat International (Spanish: Internacional Demócrata de Centro) is a Christian-democratic political international. Until 2001, it was known as the Christian Democrat International (CDI); before 1999, it was known as the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International. This earlier name is still sometimes used colloquially.
|Abbreviation||CDI (English), IDC (French, Spanish)|
|Formation||30 July 1961|
|80 political parties|
|Andrés Pastrana Arango|
|Subsidiaries||Youth of the Centrist Democrat International|
|Affiliations||Christian Democrat Organization of America (ODCA)|
European People's Party (EPP)
National Democratic Institute (NDI)
It is the primary international political group dedicated to the promotion of Christian democracy. Although it gathers parties from around the globe, its members are drawn principally from Europe and Latin America. Some of them are also members of the conservative International Democrat Union (IDU), although the CDI is closer to the continental European style conservative political centre and more communitarian than the IDU.
The organization was formed in 1961 in Santiago, Chile, as the Christian Democrat World Union, building on the legacy of other Christian democrat internationals alternative to the socialist internationals who tried to create a Christian-inspired third way. In 1982, it was renamed for the first time as the Christian Democrat International. The name was officially changed due to the participation of groups of various faiths such as the Islamic PAN of Indonesia.
In September 2001, the Leaders' Conference in Mexico City changed the organization's name to Centrist Democrat International, which kept the original abbreviation (CDI). In many Asian and African countries reference to religion was not allowed, and absent a name change, the CDI would not have been able to extend itself into Asia and Africa.
The CDI's European division is the European People's Party, currently the largest European political party. It is Latin American equivalent is the Christian Democrat Organization of America. The Democratic Party of the United States of America maintains links with CDI through the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs.
A youth organization of the CDI is currently being established, under the name of Youth of the Centrist Democrat International (YCDI).
- December 1925: The first international gathering of Catholic-Christian democratic parties takes place in Paris and they establish the Secrétariat International des Partis Démocratiques d'Inspiration Chrétienne (SIPDIC). Member parties were from Belgium, Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Austria, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Spain, Portugal, and Lithuania.
- 1939 to 1945: World War II suspends the operations of the SIPDIC.
- 23 April 1947: Political leaders from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay meet in Montevideo, to create an international organization of Christian democratic parties. Representatives from Bolivia and Peru participate via diplomatic correspondence. The Declaration of Montevideo established the Organización Demócrata Cristiana de América (ODCA), although the name was not formalized until their second meeting in July 1949.
- 03 June 1947: European Christian Democrats formed the Nouvelles Équipes Internationales (NEI) in Chaudfontaine, Belgium, prompted by the suggestion of the Swiss a year before restarting the SIPDIC. The NEI was open to non-Catholic parties as long as they ascribed to the principles of social democracy. They saw European integration as the best way to prevent the spread of communism into western Europe and thus encouraged exile groups from Bulgaria, Romania, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia to attend. The NEI also played a significant role in preparations for the Hague Congress and the eventual establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community.
- 26 July 1950: The Christian Democratic Union of Central Europe (CDUCE) is formed in New York City to assist Christian democratic parties in exile by organizing forces in opposition to communism according to a constitutional charter. By 1955, it had begun working with underground operatives in the Soviet bloc while simultaneously trying to coordinate efforts between European and Latin American Christian Democratic parties.
- May, July 1956: The ODCA, NEI, and CDUCE meet for the first time in Paris at a gathering consisting of 33 delegations from 28 countries to discuss the creation of a global Christian democratic organization.
- 1960: The three regional Christian democratic organizations establish the Christian Democratic International Information and Documentation Centre (CDI-IDC) in Rome to provide political analyses for Christian democratic parties around the world.
- 1961: The World Union of Christian Democrats (WUCD) is established in Santiago.
- 1982: The WUCD changes its name to the Christian Democrat International (CDI).
- 1999: The CDI changes its name to the Centrist Democrat International due to the increasing membership of non-Christian political parties. Since October 2000, some have also informally referred to the CDI as the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International.
Member-parties of the CDI today also tend to be members of either the ODCA or the European People's Party (EPP; successor to NEI), although it is not required. Conversely, there may also be member-parties of either the ODCA and the EPP that are not member-parties of the CDI. The CDI also maintains a relationship with the United States through the National Democratic Institute.
The CDI Executive Committee is the highest body of the organization. It consists of the president, the executive secretary, and the vice-presidents.
The members of the executive committee are:
- Andrés Pastrana Arango (Colombia) – President
- Antonio López-Istúriz (Spain) – Executive Secretary
- Mário David (Portugal) – Deputy Executive Secretary
- César Maia (Brazil) – Vice-President
- Lourdes Flores (Peru) – Vice-President
- Mike Eman (Aruba) – Vice-President
- Mariano Rajoy (Spain) – Vice-President
- Juan Luis Seliman (Dominican Republic) – Vice-President
- Gonzalo Arenas (Chile) – Vice-President
- Naha Mint Mouknass (Mauritania) – Vice-President
- Abbas El Fassi (Morocco) – Vice-President
- Edcel Lagman (Philippines) – Vice-President
- Mikulas Dzurinda (Slovakia) – Vice-President
- Viktor Orbán (Hungary) – Vice-President
- Elmar Brok (Germany) – Vice-President
- Jadranka Kosor (Croatia) – Vice-President
- Adalberto Costa Júnior (Angola) – Vice-President
- Andrés Pastrana (Colombia) – Vice-President
- Luís Marques Mendes (Portugal) – Vice-President
- Wilfried Martens (Belgium) – Ex officio Vice-President (as President of the EPP)
- Jorge Ocejo Moreno (Mexico) – Ex officio Vice-President (as President of the ODCA)
- Carlos Veiga (Cape Verde) – Ex officio Vice-President
The CDI has 80 full members, including:
The CDI has 10 observers, including:
- Armenia – Heritage (Armenian: Ժառանգություն)
- Azerbaijan – New Azerbaijan Party (Azerbaijani: Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası, YAP)
- Belarus – Belarusian Christian Democracy (Belarusian: Беларуская хрысьціянская дэмакратыя, BKhD)
- Brazil – Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Brazilian Portuguese: Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, PSDB)
- Equatorial Guinea – Popular Union of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Partido Unión Popular, PUP)
- Honduras – National Party of Honduras (Spanish: Partido Nacional de Honduras, PNH)
- Madagascar – Fanorenana
- Mozambique – Mozambican National Resistance (Portuguese: Resistência Nacional Moçambicana, RENAMO)
- Durand, Jean-Dominique, ed. (2015-01-01). Christian Democrat Internationalism. Peter Lang. p. 71. doi:10.3726/978-3-0352-6492-0. ISBN 978-3-0352-9924-3.
- Wilfried Martens (2008). Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome. Springer / Centre for European Studies. p. 220. ISBN 9783540892892.
- "Organization page on the official CDI website". Archived from the original on Mar 27, 2012.
- Safitri, Eva. "PKB Resmi Jadi Anggota Koalisi Partai Demokratis Internasional". detiknews.
- Parties, Centrist Democrat International, idc-cdi.com, retrieved 31 August 2016.
- "Conference of Centrist Democrat International held in Budapest". Daily News Hungary. 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
- "The Heritage Party Has Become an Observer Member of Centrist Democrat International". www.heritage.am.
- "parties". IDC-CDI. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- Papini, Roberto (1997). The Christian Democrat International. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.