Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino

The Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (lit.'Fight of Democratic Filipinos') is a centre-right political party in the Philippines.

Fight of Democratic Filipinos
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
PresidentBellaflor Angara-Castillo
ChairmanJuan Edgardo M. Angara
Secretary-GeneralArthur Angara
FounderRamon Villarosa Mitra, Jr.
Jose "Peping" S. Cojuangco, Jr.
FoundedSeptember 16, 1988
Split fromPartido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan
Headquarters3-B Osmena Bldg., 1991 A. Mabini St., Malate, Manila
IdeologyEconomic liberalism
Conservative liberalism
Political positionCentre-right[1]
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
Colors  Blue,   dark blue, and   Yellow
Seats in the Senate
1 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
1 / 316
Provincial governorships
0 / 81
Provincial vice governorships
0 / 81
Provincial board members
4 / 1,023

There are no results available for the 2004 election for the House of Representatives, but according to the website of the House, the party held 7 out of 235 seats. The party is divided into two factions. The faction led by Edgardo Angara contested in the 2004 elections as a member party of the Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (Coalition of United Filipinos).

In the May 14, 2007 national elections, the party won 3 seats in the House of Representatives.[2]

HistoryEdit

In the mid-1980s, the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino, Lakas ng Bayan (LABAN) and Lakas ng Bansa parties became members of the United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) coalition that supported the candidacy of Corazon C. Aquino and Salvador H. Laurel for president and vice president, respectively in the February 7, 1986 snap election.[3] By early 1986, PDP had merged with LABAN, founded in 1978 by the late Senator Benigno Aquino Jr., to form the PDP–Laban.[3]

In the 1987 legislative elections, UNIDO, under the name "Lakas ng Bayan", became the dominant party in both houses of Congress, electing Representative Ramon V. Mitra, Jr. of Palawan as Speaker of the House of Representatives. UNIDO would be dissolved soon after.

In September 1988, PDP–Laban was split into two factions: the Pimentel Wing of Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr. and the Cojuangco Wing of Jose "Peping" S. Cojuangco, Jr. The Cojuangco Wing and the Lakas ng Bansa party of Speaker Mitra merged on September 16, 1988 to form the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino party, while the Pimentel Wing remained as the PDP–Laban party. In the November 1991 LDP National Convention, the party nominated Speaker Mitra as its nominee for President of the Philippines, while runner-up former National Defense Secretary Fidel V. Ramos bolted the party and formed Partido Lakas ng Tao, and won the presidency in the May 11, 1992 presidential election.

In 1994, LDP formed a major coalition with Lakas—NUCD of President Ramos (dubbed as the "Lakas-Laban Coalition") for the May 1995 midterm legislative elections, winning a majority of all seats in both houses of Congress.

In 1997, the party supported the candidacy of then-Vice President Joseph Estrada for the presidency, coalesced with two other parties to form the Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (lit.'Fight of the Patriotic Filipino Masses').

Recent eventsEdit

In the 2004 elections, the party was critically divided by two factions between its party president Senator Edgardo Angara, who supported the candidacy of party outsider actor Fernando Poe Jr., and party secretary general Makati representative Agapito Aquino, who supported Senator Panfilo Lacson's candidacy for president.

It was planned that the LDP would form the core of the main opposition coalition, the Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP). However, members of the party disagreed on which person to support for president. Panfilo Lacson, a member of the party, advanced his candidacy for president but was not considered by Edgardo Angara, the president of the party. Angara supported Fernando Poe, Jr. Together with the party's secretary-general Agapito "Butz" Aquino, Lacson gathered the support of some members of the party and went ahead with his candidacy. The LDP was subsequently polarized between those supporting Angara and Poe, and those for Lacson and Aquino.

By then, Poe and Lacson have both filed their certificates of candidacies. According to the rules of candidacy, every presidential candidate must have a political party to back him or her. With the obvious split within the ranks of the LDP, and with no signs that the two factions would come to an agreement, the COMELEC decided to informally split the party into the Aquino and the Angara wings. Lacson then ran under the LDP – Aquino Wing, and Poe under the LDP – Angara Wing, which would later become the KNP.

During the campaign period, there had been numerous unification talks between the two factions. The opposition saw the need to become united under one banner to boost their chances of winning the presidential election against the organized political machinery of Arroyo. The plans of unification did not materialize due to the stubbornness of both Poe and Lacson. Lacson wanted Poe to concede to him and run as his vice-presidential candidate while the supporters of Poe wanted Lacson to back-out from his candidacy and instead support Poe, citing his low performance in the surveys.

Party officialsEdit

Current membersEdit

Notable membersEdit

Electoral performanceEdit

Presidential and vice presidential electionsEdit

Year Presidential election Vice presidential election
Candidate Vote share Result Candidate Vote share Result
1992 Ramon Mitra Jr.
14.64%
Fidel Ramos
(Lakas–NUCD)
Marcelo Fernan
21.74%
Joseph Estrada
(NPC)
1998 None[n 1] Joseph Estrada
(PMP)
Edgardo Angara
22.11%
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(Lakas–CMD)
2004 Panfilo Lacson
10.88%
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(Lakas–CMD)
None[n 2] Noli de Castro
(Independent)
2010 None Benigno Aquino III
(Liberal)
None Jejomar Binay
(PDP–Laban)
2016 None[n 3] Rodrigo Duterte
(PDP–Laban)
None[n 4] Leni Robredo
(Liberal)
2022 None Ferdinand Marcos, Jr.(Partido Federal) None Sara Z. Duterte
(Lakas–CMD)

Legislative electionsEdit

Congress of the Philippines
Year Seats won Result Year Seats won Ticket Result
1987[n 5]
45 / 200
Lakas ng Bansa / PDP–Laban plurality 1987[n 6]
1 / 24
LABAN LABAN win 22/24 seats
1992
86 / 200
LDP plurality 1992
16 / 24
Single party ticket LDP win 16/24 seats
1995[n 7]
42 / 204
Lakas / LDP majority 1995
4 / 12
Lakas-Laban Coalition Lakas-Laban Coalition win 9/12 seats
1998[n 8]
55 / 258
Lakas plurality 1998
4 / 12
LAMMP LAMMP win 7/12 seats
2001
21 / 256
Lakas plurality 2001
2 / 13
Puwersa ng Masa People Power Coalition win 8/13 seats
2004
15 / 261
Lakas plurality 2004
1 / 12
Split ticket K4 win 7/12 seats
2007
5 / 270
Lakas plurality 2007
1 / 12
TEAM Unity Genuine Opposition win 8/12 seats
2010
2 / 286
Lakas plurality 2010 Did not participate Liberal Party win 4/12 seats
2013
2 / 292
Liberal Party plurality 2013
1 / 12
Team PNoy Team PNoy win 9/12 seats
2016
2 / 297
Liberal Party plurality 2016 Did not participate Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid win 7/12 seats
2019
2 / 304
PDP–Laban plurality 2019
1 / 12
Hugpong ng Pagbabago Hugpong ng Pagbabago win 9/12 seats
2022
1 / 316
PDP–Laban plurality 2022 Did not participate UniTeam Alliance win 6/12 seats
  1. ^ Angara's running mate was Joseph Estrada of the PMP.
  2. ^ Lacson did not have a running mate.
  3. ^ Supported Rodrigo Duterte who won.
  4. ^ Supported Bongbong Marcos who lost
  5. ^ The pre-merger Lakas ng Bansa participated. LDP had not yet formed. Contested in an electoral alliance with PDP–Laban. Seat total consists of 24 Lakas ng Bansa representatives and 21 dual representatives of Lakas ng Bansa and PDP–Laban.
  6. ^ The pre-merger Bansang Nagkakaisa sa Diwa at Layunin (BANDILA) participated. LDP had not yet formed.
  7. ^ Contested in an electoral alliance with the Lakas–CMD. Seat total consists of 17 LDP representatives and 25 dual representatives of Lakas–CMD and LDP.
  8. ^ Contested in an electoral alliance with NPC and PMP as LAMMP. Seat total consists of 55 LAMMP representatives. LDP did not stand any candidates outside the LAMMP alliance.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derbyshire, ed. (2016). Encyclopedia of World Political Systems. Routledge. p. 751. ISBN 9781317471561. ... was formed in 1997 through the merger of the center-right Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP: Democratic Filipino Struggle Party), the rightwing Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) and the Partido ng Masang Pilipino (PMP). ...
  2. ^ See 2007 Philippine general election.
  3. ^ a b Dayley, Robert (2016). Southeast Asia In The New International Era. ISBN 9780813350110. Retrieved April 19, 2017.