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The Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan (lit. 'Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power'), more commonly known as PDP–Laban, is a left-wing political party in the Philippines founded in 1982 and the ruling party since 2016.
The current PDP–Laban logo with the "Duterte fist", first used in 2016
|President||Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III|
|Founder||Aquilino Pimentel Jr. (PDP)|
Benigno Aquino Jr. (LABAN)
|Founded||February 6, 1983 (merger)|
|Merger of||PDP and LABAN|
|Headquarters||2240-B Harrison Avenue, Pasay, Metro Manila|
|Think tank||PDP-Laban Federalism Institute|
|Political position||Centre-left to left-wing|
|National affiliation||Coalition for Change (2016–present)|
|Colors||Yellow, dark blue, and red|
"National March of the PDP–Laban"
|Seats in the Senate|
5 / 24
|Seats in the House of Representatives|
65 / 304
41 / 81
|Provincial vice governorships|
32 / 81
|Provincial board members|
263 / 1,023
Background and early history, 1983–1988Edit
The party now known as PDP–Laban is the result of a merger between the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino and Lakas ng Bayan. Former Olongapo City mayor Teodoro “Teddy” Macapagal, Rodrigo Duterte and Nene Pimentel founded PDP LABAN.
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino (PDP) was founded on February 6, 1982 in Cebu City by Aquilino "Nene" Pimentel Jr. and a group of protesters against the authoritarian government of Ferdinand Marcos, the 10th President of the Philippines, and the then-ruling Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL). These protesters included the leaders of Davao City and Cagayan de Oro City, such as Zafiro L. Respicio, Rey Magno Teves, Cesar R. Ledesma, Samuel Occeña, Crispin Lanorias and Mords Cua.
Merger and participation in the 1986 snap electionEdit
In 1986, the two groups merged to form the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan or PDP–Laban. During that period, PDP–Laban became the single biggest opposition group to run against the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos in the 1986 snap presidential election. Corazon Aquino, the widow of the assassinated senator Benigno Aquino Jr., became the party's nominee to run for President. Aquino was persuaded to run by businessman, newspaperman and street parliamentarian Joaquin Roces, who was convinced that Aquino would have the biggest chance to defeat Marcos in the polls.
Roces started the "Cory Aquino for President" movement to gather one million voters in one week to urge Aquino to run for president. However, another opposition group led by Senator Salvador Laurel of Batangas was also participating in the election, with Laurel being its presidential bet. Before the election, Aquino approached Laurel and offered to give up her allegiance to the PDP–Laban party and run as president under Laurel's United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) party. Laurel later approached Aquino, offering her only the vice-vresidential nomination of UNIDO (or Unity). In the end, Laurel became the vice-presidential running-mate of Aquino, after being convinced to do so by the Archbishop of Manila, Jaime Cardinal Sin.
PDP–Laban then aligned itself with UNIDO, which became the main group and leader of the coalition which opposed Marcos. After the People Power Revolution of 1986, which saw Aquino and Laurel proclaimed President and Vice President respectively, PDP–Laban continued its alliance with UNIDO until the latter's dissolution in 1987. In 1988, PDP–Laban was split into two factions: the Pimentel Wing led by Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. and the Cojuangco Wing led by Jose Cojuangco, Jr.. The Cojuangco Wing and the Lakas ng Bayan party of House Speaker Ramon Mitra, Jr. merged in 1988 to form the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino party.
Presidency of Rodrigo Duterte and majority in Congress, 2016–presentEdit
As of May 2016,[update] PDP–Laban is headed by its president, senator Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III, after the then incumbent Vice-President of the Philippines, Jejomar Binay, resigned as party chairman and left the party. Binay later created United Nationalist Alliance or UNA.
The party is currently re-grouping, and there are some movements of expansion especially in Mindanao, where it originated, particularly in the Davao region. Two of the party's founders, Crispin Lanorias and Cesar Ledesma, are again active in recent party activities. After the 2016 elections, PDP–Laban signed a coalition agreement with the Nacionalista Party, Lakas-CMD, National Unity Party and the Nationalist People's Coalition, witnessed by then President-elect Rodrigo Duterte.
Immediately after the May 2016 elections, several representatives from other parties moved to PDP–Laban, notably: Geraldine Roman (Bataan), Alfred Vargas (Quezon City), and Ansaruddin Adiong (Lanao del Sur). The party's presence in the House of Representatives eventually grew from three members in the 16th Congress, to 123 members in the current 17th Congress. By April 2018, 300,000 politicians had joined the party, according to Koko Pimentel.
Reacting to the influx of new members, party founder Nene Pimentel urged members to question the motivations of new incoming politicians and ensure they are interested in the party's ideals. He stated that these new members might only be interested in identifying with the current administration, in order to boost their chances of winning in the upcoming 2019 elections.
PDP–Laban plans to learn from the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). It is set to send some of its members to the CCP's school in Fujian for "policy training" to learn more on how the party is organized. The Filipino party also established ties with United Russia, Russia's ruling party, on October 2017. PDP–Laban has also expressed interest in sending a delegation to the Workers' Party of Korea, which is the ruling party of North Korea. A four-member delegation is set to meet with the North Korean party in July 2018.
On July 23, 2018, the same day as Duterte's third State of the Nation Address, an internal leadership dispute within the House of Representatives' majority resulted in former President and current Pampanga representative Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo becoming Speaker of the lower house, replacing Pantaleon Alvarez. The resolution was adopted that same night with 184 voting in favor and 12 abstaining. Arroyo was previously a member of Lakas-CMD, before switching to PDP–Laban in 2017.
Some representatives, including Deputy Speaker Rolando Andaya (Camarines Sur), are eyeing to shift towards other political parties after Arroyo's ascendance to the House's leadership. Andaya also said that some lawmakers might join Lakas-CMD, Arroyo's former party, and merge with Sara Duterte-Carpio's Hugpong ng Pagbabago (HNP). Duterte-Carpio denied rumors that members of PDP–Laban were seeking to move into HNP, which is a regional party based in Davao Region.
Succeeding these events, a faction sought to unseat PDP–Laban's high-ranking officials. Willy Talag, president of the party's Makati City council and chair of the membership committee of the NCR Chapter, said during an assembly of the party on July 27 that PDP–Laban's current leaders have committed violations, including holding mass oath taking of members “without proper basic seminar” and swearing in officials that are “involved in illegal drugs." The faction elected Rogelio Garcia and Talag as party president and chairman, respectively, removing Senator Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III and Rep. Pantaleon Alvarez from their respective positions. Koko Pimentel dismissed the election of new leaders, disowning the group and assembly, and called the event an "unofficial, unauthorized, rogue assembly using the name of PDP-Laban". Sen. Pimentel, who has personally dismissed the election, together with PDP–Laban vice chairman and Department of Energy Sec. Alfonso Cusi, and Rep. Alvarez have notified members that the supposed national assembly was not officially sanctioned by the party. Special Assistant to the President Bong Go said in an interview with CNN Philippines that Duterte is set to meet the two factions, in an effort to unite the party.
Events prior to the 2019 general electionEdit
Months later, on November 30, the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) released a statement recognizing Pimentel's group as the legitimate leadership of PDP–Laban. Following this, Pimentel has said that his faction will not recognize candidates from the Garcia wing. In a move branded as an 'ideology flip-flop', the party endorsed Imee Marcos as one of its senatorial candidates. Marcos, who has been implicated on numerous graft and corruption cases, is the daughter of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos, whose authoritarian regime sparked the establishment of PDP–Laban and the party's democratic revolution against the Marcos dictatorship.
Ideology and platformEdit
According to self-published material, PDP-LABAN seeks a peaceful and democratic way of life characterized by "freedom, solidarity, justice, equity, social responsibility, self-reliance, efficiency and enlightened nationalism". It has touted as its five guiding principles the following: theism, authentic humanism, enlightened nationalism, democratic socialism, and consultative and participatory democracy.
The party advocates a transition to a federal, semi-presidential parliamentary form of government from the current unitary presidential system through a revision of the present 1987 Constitution of the Philippines.
From the 1980s, the 'Laban' or 'L' sign was a hand gesture used by the party, along with other members of the UNIDO coalition, which originally supported Corazon Aquino. This was done by raising the thumb and index finger over the forehead, forming a letter "L' shape. This was popularized during the People Power Revolution. During the campaign and presidency of Rodrigo Duterte, the Laban sign fell into disuse within PDP-Laban and was replaced with the "Duterte fist", which was the hand symbol popularized by Rodrigo Duterte. The "Duterte fist" was later included in the party's current logo.
Current party officialsEdit
- Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III – national president of the party
- Rodrigo Duterte – national chairman of the party; current president of the Philippines; former mayor of Davao City (also a member of Hugpong Sa Tawong Lungsod, a local party based in Davao City)
- Alfonso Cusi – vice chairman of the party; current department secretary of energy
- Jorge Bernardo – executive vice president of the party
- Salvador Ty – vice president of the party for the National Capital Region
- Virgilio Bote, Jr. – vice president of the party for Luzon; incumbent Mayor of General Tinio, Nueva Ecija
- Lutgardo Barbo – vice president of the party for Visayas
- Charito B. Plaza – vice president of the party for Mindanao
- Pantaleon "Bebot" Alvarez – secretary-general of the party; incumbent Davao del Norte 1st district congressman;
- Congressman Vincent "BingBong" P. Crisologo – PDP Laban Quezon City Council President Quezon City
- Edwin Dayrit Rodriguez – PDP Laban Quezon City Council Secretary General Quezon City
- Melvin Matibag – overall deputy secretary of the party
- Ronwald Munsayac – Chairman of the Public Information Committee and Chief Political Affairs Officer of the Party President Senate President Koko Pimentel
- Martin Diño – deputy secretary-general of the party for Luzon; also Chairman of the Volunteers Against Crime and Corruption
- Benito L. Ranque – deputy secretary-general of the party for Mindanao
- Mario Espinosa – deputy secretary-general of the party for Bicol Region
- Ronald Marapon dela Rosa – incumbent Senator from Davao del Sur
- Francis Tolentino – incumbent Senator from Cavite
- Christopher Lawrence "Bong" Tesoro Go – incumbent Senator from Davao City
Notable and former membersEdit
Elected President of the PhilippinesEdit
- Corazon C. Aquino (11th President of the Philippines)
- Rodrigo Roa Duterte (16th and incumbent President of the Philippines; former Mayor of Davao City; party chairman)
Elected Vice President of the PhilippinesEdit
- Jejomar Binay (13th Vice President of the Philippines; former Mayor of Makati City; former party chairman; moved to UNA)
- Ansaruddin Alonto Adiong (incumbent Representative of Lanao del Sur's 1st District)
- Rolando Andaya Jr. (Deputy Speaker for the 17th Congress; incumbent Representative of Camarines Sur's 1st District; former Secretary of Budget and Management)
- Pantaleon Alvarez (Speaker of the House for the 17th Congress; incumbent Representative of Davao del Norte's 1st District; secretary-general of the party)
- Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (former President of the Philippines, and incumbent Representative of 2nd District of Pampanga, house speaker|former)
- Alan Peter Cayetano (former Secretary of Foreign Affairs; former Senator; former Senate Majority Floor Leader; former Senate Minority Floor Leader; former Representative of Taguig City-Pateros' Lone District)
- Monsour del Rosario (incumbent Representative of Makati's 1st district and former actor and taekwondo champion)
- JV Ejercito (incumbent Senator; former Representative of San Juan's Lone district and former Mayor of San Juan)
- Amado Espino Jr. (incumbent Representative of Pangasinan's 5th District and former Governor of Pangasinan)
- Joseph Estrada (former President of the Philippines, and (Mayor|former of the City of Manila)
- Bayani Fernando (incumbent Representative of Marikina's 1st District)
- Gwendolyn Garcia (Deputy Speaker for the 17th Congress; incumbent Representative of Cebu's 3rd District; former governor of Cebu)
- Teodoro Locsin Jr. (incumbent Permanent Representative of the Philippines to the United Nations; former Representative of Makati's 1st District from 2001 to 2010)
- Ernesto Maceda (former Senator who ran under this party from 1987 to 1992; later defected to Nationalist People's Coalition in 1992)
- Sergio Osmeña III (former Senator who ran under this party from 2001 to 2007)
- Manny Pacquiao (incumbent Senator; former Representative of Sarangani's Lone District)
- Aquilino "Nene" Pimentel, Jr. (former Senate President; former Mayor of Cagayan de Oro)
- Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III (Senate President for the 17th Congress; president of the party)
- Strike Revilla (incumbent Representative of Cavite's 2nd District; former Mayor of Bacoor)
- Lani Mercado (former Representative of Cavite's 2nd District; incumbent Mayor of Bacoor)
- Ralph Recto (Senate President pro tempore for the 17th Congress)
- Geraldine Roman (incumbent Representative of Bataan's 1st District)
- Joey Salceda (incumbent Representative of Albay's 2nd District; former Governor of Albay)
- Federico Sandoval II (incumbent Representative of Malabon's Lone District)
- Gustavo Tambunting (incumbent Representative of Parañaque's 2nd District)
- Abraham Tolentino (incumbent Representative of Cavite's 7th District; former mayor of Tagaytay)
- Lucy Torres (incumbent Representative of Leyte's 4th District, actress; wife of actor and Ormoc mayor Richard Gomez)
- Rolando Uy (incumbent Representative of Cagayan de Oro's 1st District)
- Alfred Vargas (incumbent Representative of Quezon City's 5th District)
- Luis Raymund Villafuerte (incumbent Representative of Camarines Sur's 2nd District; former Governor of Camarines Sur)
- Ronaldo Zamora (incumbent Representative of San Juan's Lone District)
- Juan Miguel Zubiri (current Senator; former Senate Majority Floor Leader; former Representative of Bukidnon's 3rd District)
- Yul Servo (born John Marvin Nieto) (incumbent Representative and former Councilor of Manila's 3rd District, former actor)
- Bingbong Crisologo (incumbent Representative of Quezon City District 1)
- Bong Go (incumbent Senator)
- Ronald dela Rosa (incumbent Senator)
Other notable membersEdit
- John "Bong" A. Alvarez – incumbent Vice Mayor of San Miguel, Bulacan
- Leonor Briones – Education Secretary
- Jesus B. Cabanacan – incumbent Sangguniang Bayan Member of Barugo, Leyte; Vice-President of the party for the Province of Leyte
- Atty. Shimonette P. Francisco- Incumbent Mayor of New Washington, Aklan
- Clint Geronimo (incumbent Navotas Vice Mayor)
- Richard Gomez (Ormoc City Mayor and Actor)
- Arnell Ignacio – Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation Assistant Vice President
- Mel Lopez – (former Manila Mayor from 1988 to 1992)
- Jiggy Manicad – television journalist
- Joselito R. Mendoza – former Congressman of 3rd District of Bulacan
- Lodivico Mosot – incumbent Vice-Mayor of Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte; Secretary-General of the party for the Province of Southern Leyte
- David M. Navarro – incumbent Mayor of Clarin, Misamis Occidental
- Emmanuel Piñol (former Agriculture Secretary, former Governor and former Vice Governor of North Cotabato
- Benito L. Ranque – Current Department of Energy (Philippines) Undersecretary for Special Concerns & Local Government Units, former National Secretary General
- Allan L. Rellon – Tagum mayor
- Felipe Antonio "Ipe" B. Remollo – incumbent Mayor of Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental
- Aiza Seguerra – former National Youth Commission Chairman
- Gian Sotto (incumbent Councilor of Quezon City's Third District)
- Ismael Sueno – former governor of South Cotabato; former Secretary of the Department of Interior & Local Government, former national chairman of the party
- Roy M. Yap – incumbent board member of the First District of Misamis Occidental; Provincial President of the party for the Province of Misamis Occidental
- Francis Zamora (incumbent San Juan Mayor and former Vice Mayor)
- Presidential candidate
- Rodrigo Roa Duterte (formally announced candidacy on November 21, 2015 and officially filed Certificate of Candidacy on November 27 and December 8) – WON
- Martin Diño (filed his candidacy on October 16, 2015, withdrawn on October 29)
- Note: Diño earlier stated that should he withdraw his intention to run for president, Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte would be his substitute.
- Vice presidential candidate
- Senatorial Candidates
Current members, 18th CongressEdit
- Manny Pacquiao
- Joel "Tesdaman" Villanueva
- Ronald "Bato" Dela Rosa
- Christopher Lawrence "Bong" Go
- Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III
- Francis "Tol" Tolentino
House of RepresentativesEdit
- Ma. Victoria Umali (A-Teacher)
- J. Stephen Paduano (Abang Lingkod)
- Bernadette Herrera-Dy (BH)
- Domingo Rivera (Cibac)
- Bro. Eddie Villanueva (Cibac)
- Sabiano Canama (COOP-NATCCO)
- Albert Pacquiao (OFW Family)
- Argel Joseph Cabatbat (Magsasaka)
- Jorge Bustos (Patrol)
- Jericho Nograles (PBA)
- Rodolfo Ceasar Fariñas I (Probinsyano Ako)
- Jose Singson, Jr. (Probinsyano Ako)
- Aloysia Lim (RAM)
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