Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines

The speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines (Filipino: tagapagsalita ng Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas), more popularly known as the House speaker, is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives, as well as the fourth-highest official of the government of the Philippines.

Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
Tagapagsalita ng Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas
Seal of the Philippine House of Representatives.svg
Seal of the Philippine House of Representatives
Flag of the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines.svg
Flag of the House of Representatives
Ferdinand Martin Gomez Romualdez.jpg
Incumbent
Martin Romualdez

since July 25, 2022
StyleMr. Speaker
(informal)
The Honorable
(formal)
TypeSpeaker of the lower house
Member ofHouse of Representatives of the Philippines
AppointerPhilippine House of Representatives
Term lengthAt the House's pleasure[note 1]
Inaugural holderSergio Osmeña
FormationOctober 16, 1907; 114 years ago (1907-10-16)
SuccessionThird in the Presidential Line of Succession
WebsiteSpeaker of the House

The speaker is elected by a majority of all of the representatives from among themselves. The speaker is the third and last in the line of succession to the presidency, after the vice president and the Senate president.

A speaker may be removed from office in a coup, or can be replaced by death or resignation. In some cases, a speaker may be compelled to resign at the middle of a Congress' session after he has lost support of the majority of congressmen; in that case, an election for a new speaker is held. Despite being a partisan official, the speaker (or whoever is presiding) does not vote unless in breaking ties in accordance with the Rules of the House of Representatives.

The current House speaker is Martin Romualdez of Leyte-1st congressional district. He was elected as speaker on July 25, 2022, the first day of the 19th Congress.

ElectionEdit

When the office of speaker is vacant (usually at the beginning of a new Congress), the secretary-general of the House sits as the speaker until a person is elected. A speaker is usually elected via majority vote via roll call of the representatives, after nomination at the start of each new Congress. Usually, despite the current multi-party system used, only two representatives are nominated, with nominations being agreed upon before each Congress during caucuses between the administration and opposition coalitions, with the chosen candidate of the majority coalition being almost certain to win by a large margin. The two competing candidates by tradition vote for each other; those who voted for the speaker-elect is assigned as the "majority" coalition while those who didn't are the minority coalition, with the losing candidate usually being named as minority leader.

In the 2013 election, there were three candidates for the speakership. In this case, the candidates didn't vote for each other, and the second-placed candidate became minority leader and headed the minority bloc. The third-placed candidate became the leader of the "independent minority" bloc. Only the majority and minority blocs were given seats in committees. There was a chance that neither candidate would get a majority of votes; it is undetermined on what should be done if that happened.

RoleEdit

According to Section 15 of Rule 4 of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the duties and powers of the speaker as the political and administrative head of the House are as follows:

a. prepare the legislative agenda for every regular session, establish systems and procedures to ensure full deliberation and swift approval of measures included therein, and may, for the purpose, avail of the assistance of the Deputy Speakers, the Majority Leader, the Chairpersons of the standing committees and other Members of the House;

b. conduct regular monthly caucus of all Members or groups thereof or as often as may be necessary to discuss priority measures and to facilitate dialogue, consensus and action on issues and concerns affecting the House and the performance of its functions;

c. exercise general supervision over all committees and, in furtherance thereof, conduct regular monthly meetings with the Chairpersons and Vice-Chairpersons of all standing and special committees to set legislative targets, review performance in the attainment of targets, ensure that the priority legislative measures of committees are attuned to the legislative agenda of the House, and resolve such other issues and concerns that affect the operations and performance of the committees;

d. as far as practicable, establish an efficient information management system in the House utilizing among others, modern digital technology, that can:

1. facilitate access to and dissemination of data and information needed in legislation inclusive of facilitating real time translation of plenary proceedings in the major Philippine dialects and languages;

2. provide a simplified and comprehensive process of gathering, recording, storage and retrieval of data and information relating to activities and proceedings of the House;

3.sustain a public information program that will provide accessible, timely and accurate information relating to the House, its Members and officers, its committees and its legislative concerns inclusive of facilitating, as far as practicable, broadcast coverage of plenary and committee proceedings;

e. establish an efficient and effective system to monitor and evaluate the performance of legislative tasks and duties of the House, its Members and its committees;

f. establish coordinative linkages with the Senate of the Philippines to efficiently monitor and facilitate Senate action on House measures pending with the same;

g. preside over the sessions of the House and decide all questions of order subject to appeal by any Member who may explain the appeal in not more than five (5) minutes: Provided, That the appeal shall not be subject to debate, and no explanation of vote shall be allowed in case of nominal voting;

h. designate a Member as temporary presiding officer after informing the Deputy Speakers: Provided, That any such designation shall be effective for one session day only;

i. take appropriate measures as may be deemed advisable or as the House may direct, to preserve order and decorum in the session hall, the galleries, lobbies, chambers, offices, corridors and premises of the House;

j. sign all acts, resolutions, memorials, writs, warrants and subpoenas that may be issued by or upon order of the House;

k. perform administrative functions such as, among others:

k1. appointment of personnel of the House with authority to delegate this power;

k2. suspension, dismissal or imposition of other disciplinary measures on House personnel in accordance with Civil Service rules: Provided, That the suspension or dismissal of the Secretary General and the Sergeant-at-Arms shall take effect only upon the concurrence of the majority of all the Members;

k3. consolidation or splitting of vacant positions carrying salaries and wages which may be increased or reduced in the process, and/or creation of new positions in accordance with the General Appropriations Act: Provided, That the total amount involved shall not exceed the total amount appropriated for the salaries and wages of the personnel of the House; and

k4. implementation of merit-based policies and programs on personnel recruitment, training and development, promotions, incentives and benefits to ensure that the House has a corps of competent professionals able to provide needed legislative support services;

l. prepare the annual budget of the House with the assistance of the Committee on Accounts;

m. in consultation with the Committee on Rules, prepare the rules and regulations governing public access to personal data and related information, including statements of assets and liabilities, of Members of the House;

n. in consultation with the Minority Leader, shall develop through an appropriate entity of the House a system for drug testing in the House of Representatives, which may provide for the testing of any Member, officer, or employee of the House, and otherwise shall be comparable in scope to the system for drug testing in the executive branch, Provided, That the expenses of the system may be paid from applicable accounts of the House for official expenses; and

o. require the submission of performance reports at the end of every regular session and fiscal year from the committee chairpersons, the Secretary General and the Sergeant-at-Arms, and such other reports as may be required from all concerned officers and offices of the House.

And according to Section 16 of the Rule 4 of the Rules of the House, the speaker must "be the permanent head of delegation and representative of the House in all international parliamentary gatherings and organizations: Provided, that the Speaker may designate any Member to be the representative of the Speaker. The Speaker shall also determine, upon the recommendation of the Majority Leader, in consultation with the Chairperson of the Committee on Inter-Parliamentary Relations and Diplomacy, who shall constitute the House delegation to any international conference or forum of parliamentarians and legislators and the secretariat support staff to be mobilized for the purpose."

List of speakersEdit

Image Speaker Political party Term start Term end Legislature
National Assembly
1898–1901
  Pedro Paterno
Member for Ilocos Norte
(1857–1911)
Independent September 15, 1898 November 13, 1899 National Assembly
Philippine Assembly
1907–1916
  Sergio Osmeña
Member for Cebu–2nd
(1878–1961)
Nacionalista October 16, 1907 May 20, 1909 1st Legislature
March 28, 1910 February 6, 1912 2nd Legislature
October 16, 1912 February 24, 1916 3rd Legislature
House of Representatives of the Philippine Islands
1916–1935
  Sergio Osmeña
Member for Cebu–2nd
(1878–1961)
Nacionalista October 16, 1916 March 8, 1919 4th Legislature
July 21, 1919 March 14, 1922 5th Legislature
  Manuel Roxas
Member for Capiz–1st
(1892–1948)
Nacionalista Colectivista October 27, 1922 February 8, 1925 6th Legislature
Nacionalista Consolidado July 16, 1925 November 9, 1927 7th Legislature
July 26, 1928 November 7, 1930 8th Legislature
July 16, 1931 May 5, 1934 9th Legislature
  Quintin Paredes
Member for Abra
(1884-1973)
Nacionalista Democratico July 16, 1934 November 15, 1935 10th Legislature
National Assembly of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
1935–1941
  Gil Montilla
Member for Negros Occidental–3rd
(1876–1946)
Nacionalista Democratico November 15, 1935 August 15, 1938 1st National Assembly
  José Yulo
Member for Negros Occidental–3rd
(1894–1976)
Nacionalista January 24, 1939 December 16, 1941 2nd National Assembly
National Assembly of the Republic of the Philippines
1943–1945
  Benigno Aquino Sr.
Member for Tarlac
(1894–1947)
KALIBAPI September 25, 1943 February 2, 1944 National Assembly
House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
1945–1946
  José Zulueta
Member for Iloilo–1st
(1889–1972)
Nacionalista June 9, 1945 December 20, 1945 1st Congress
  Eugenio Pérez
Member for Pangasinan–2nd
(1896–1957)
Liberal May 25, 1946 July 4, 1946 2nd Congress
House of Representatives of the Philippines
1946–1972
  Eugenio Perez
Member for Pangasinan–2nd
(1896–1957)
Liberal July 4, 1946 December 30, 1949 1st Congress
December 30, 1949 December 30, 1953 2nd Congress
  Jose Laurel Jr.
Member for Batangas–3rd
(1912–1998)
Nacionalista January 25, 1954 December 30, 1957 3rd Congress
  Daniel Z. Romualdez
Member for Leyte–4th (until 1961)
Member for Leyte–1st (from 1961)
(1907–1965)
Nacionalista January 27, 1958 December 30, 1961 4th Congress
January 22, 1962 March 9, 1962 5th Congress
  Cornelio Villareal
Member for Capiz–2nd
(1904–1992)
Liberal March 9, 1962 December 30, 1965
January 17, 1966 February 2, 1967 6th Congress
  Jose Laurel Jr.
Member for Batangas–3rd
(1912–1998)
Nacionalista February 2, 1967 July 17, 1969
January 26, 1970 April 1, 1971 7th Congress
  Cornelio Villareal
Member for Capiz–2nd
(1904–1992)
Liberal April 1, 1971 September 23, 1972
Batasang Pambansa
1978–1986
  Querube Makalintal
Member for Region IV
(1910–2002)
KBL June 12, 1978 June 30, 1984 Interim Batasang Pambansa
  Nicanor Yñiguez
Member for Southern Leyte
(1915–2007)
KBL July 23, 1984 March 25, 1986 Regular Batasang Pambansa
House of Representatives of the Philippines
1987–present
  Ramon Mitra Jr.
Member for Palawan–2nd
(1928–2000)
LDP July 27, 1987 June 30, 1992 8th Congress
  Jose de Venecia Jr.
Member for Pangasinan–4th
(born 1936)
Lakas July 27, 1992 June 30, 1995 9th Congress
July 24, 1995 June 30, 1998 10th Congress
  Manny Villar
Member for Las Piñas
(born 1949)
LAMMP July 27, 1998 November 13, 2000 11th Congress
  Arnulfo Fuentebella
Member for Camarines Sur–3rd
(1945–2020)
NPC November 13, 2000 January 24, 2001
  Feliciano Belmonte Jr.
Member for Quezon City–4th
(born 1936)
Lakas January 24, 2001 June 30, 2001
  Jose de Venecia Jr.
Member for Pangasinan–4th
(born 1936)
Lakas July 23, 2001 June 30, 2004 12th Congress
July 26, 2004 June 30, 2007 13th Congress
July 23, 2007 February 5, 2008 14th Congress
  Prospero Nograles
Member for Davao City–1st
(1947–2019)
Lakas February 5, 2008 June 30, 2010
  Feliciano Belmonte Jr.
Member for Quezon City–4th
(born 1936)
Liberal July 26, 2010 June 30, 2013 15th Congress
July 22, 2013 June 30, 2016 16th Congress
  Pantaleon Alvarez
Member for Davao del Norte–1st
(born 1958)
PDP–Laban July 25, 2016 July 23, 2018 17th Congress
  Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Member for Pampanga–2nd
(born 1947)
PDP–Laban July 23, 2018 June 30, 2019
  Alan Peter Cayetano
Member for Taguig–Pateros
(born 1970)
Nacionalista July 22, 2019 October 12, 2020 18th Congress
  Lord Allan Jay Velasco
Member for Marinduque
(born 1977)
PDP–Laban October 12, 2020 June 30, 2022
  Martin Romualdez
Member for Leyte–1st
(born 1963)
Lakas July 25, 2022 Incumbent 19th Congress

TimelineEdit

Living former Speakers of the HouseEdit

As of October 2022, there are seven living former speakers of the house:

Legend: Boldface means still an incumbent Representative.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ By convention, the Speaker is an incumbent member of the House of Representatives. As such, they are limited to three consecutive terms of three years each (Article VI, Section 7 of the Constitution of the Philippines).

ReferencesEdit