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The Legislative districts of Leyte are the representations of the province of Leyte and the independent cities of Ormoc and Tacloban in the various national legislatures of the Philippines. The province, along with the cities of Ormoc and Tacloban, are currently represented in the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines through the first, second, third, fourth and fifth congressional districts of Leyte.

Southern Leyte and Biliran last formed part of the province's representation in 1961 and 1995, respectively.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Leyte was originally divided into four congressional districts from 1907 until 1931, when it was redistricted to five congressional districts by virtue of Act No. 3788[1].

When seats for the upper house of the Philippine Legislature were elected from territory-based districts between 1916 and 1935, the province formed part of the ninth senatorial district which elected two out of the 24-member senate.

In the disruption caused by the Second World War, two delegates represented the province in the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored Second Philippine Republic: one was the provincial governor (an ex officio member), while the other was elected through a provincial assembly of KALIBAPI members during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Upon the restoration of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1945, the province retained its five pre-war representative districts.

Even after receiving their own city charters, Ormoc and Tacloban remained part of the representation of the Province of Leyte by virtue of Section 90 of Republic Act No. 179 (June 21, 1947),[2] and Section 91 of Republic Act No. 760 (June 20, 1952)[3], respectively.

Republic Act No. 2227, enacted on May 22, 1959, created the province of Southern Leyte from the southern municipalities of Leyte that constituted its third congressional district.[4] Per Section 5 of R.A. 2227, the incumbent representatives of all five districts of Leyte continued to serve for the remainder of 4th Congress. Starting in the 1961 elections, Leyte's remaining four districts were renumbered; the first, second, fourth and fifth districts were re-designated as the third, fourth, first and second districts, respectively.

Leyte was represented in the Interim Batasang Pambansa as part of Region VIII from 1978 to 1984. The province returned five representatives, elected at-large, to the Regular Batasang Pambansa in 1984.

Under the new Constitution which was proclaimed on 11 February 1987, the province was re-apportioned into five districts,[5] each of which elected its member to the restored House of Representatives starting that same year.

A plebiscite held on May 11, 1992 approved the establishment of Biliran (a sub-province of Leyte since 1959[6]) as a regular province, by virtue of Section 462 of Republic Act No. 7160 (Local Government Code of 1991).[7] Biliran continued to be represented as part of the third district of Leyte until it elected its own representative in the 1995 elections.

1st DistrictEdit

 
Map of the current 1st District of Leyte
Period Representative[8]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Cirilo Roy G. Montejo
9th Congress
1992–1995
10th Congress
1995–1998
Imelda R. Marcos[b]
11th Congress
1998–2001
Alfred S. Romualdez
12th Congress
2001–2004
Mario Teodoro E. Failon
(Mario Teodoro F. Etong)[c]
13th Congress
2004–2007
Remedios L. Petilla
14th Congress
2007–2010
Ferdinand Martin G. Romualdez
15th Congress
2010–2013
16th Congress
2013–2016
17th Congress
2016–2019
Yedda Marie Romualdez
18th Congress
2019–2022
Ferdinand Martin G. Romualdez

Notes

  1. ^ Does not vote for provincial officials since becoming a highly urbanized city in 1988. Only votes with Leyte for representation in the various national legislatures.
  2. ^ Assumed office on October 27, 1995, after the Supreme Court dismissed the disqualification case filed against her for supposedly failing to meet residency requirements.
  3. ^ Mario Teodoro F. Etong was the name he used on his Certificate of Candidacy.

1907–1931Edit

Period Representative
1st Philippine Legislature
1907–1909
Quiremon Alkuino
2nd Philippine Legislature
1909–1912
Estanislao Granados
3rd Philippine Legislature
1912–1916
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Manuel Veloso
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Francisco D. Enage
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Carlos S. Tan
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Juan Veloso
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Bernardo Torres

1931–1961Edit

Period Representative[8]
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Carlos S. Tan
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Jose Maria Veloso
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Carlos S. Tan
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
Mateo Canonoy
1st Congress
1946–1949
Carlos S. Tan[a]
Jose R. Martinez[b]
2nd Congress
1949–1953
Mateo Canonoy
3rd Congress
1953–1957
Carlos S. Tan
4th Congress
1957–1961
Marcelino R. Veloso

Notes

  1. ^ Proclaimed as senator in 1947 elections, per decision of Senate Electoral Tribunal dated December 16, 1947.[8]
  2. ^ Won in special election held on March 23, 1948 to fill vacant seat.[8]

1961–1972Edit

Period Representative[8]
5th Congress
1961–1965
Daniel Z. Romualdez
6th Congress
1965–1969
Artemio E. Mate
7th Congress
1969–1972

2nd DistrictEdit

 
Map of the current 2nd District of Leyte
Period Representative[8]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Manuel L. Horca, Jr.
9th Congress
1992–1995
Sergio Antonio F. Apostol[a]
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
vacant
12th Congress
2001–2004
Trinidad G. Apostol
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
15th Congress
2010–2013
Sergio Antonio F. Apostol
16th Congress
2013–2016
17th Congress
2016–2019
Henry Ong
18th Congress
2019–2022
Lolita T. Javier

Notes

  1. ^ Appointed Chairman of Philippine National Oil Company—Exploration and Development Corporation in 2001; seat remained vacant until the end of the 11th Congress.[8]

1907–1931Edit

Period Representative[8]
1st Philippine Legislature
1907–1909
Florentino Peñaranda
2nd Philippine Legislature
1909–1912
Francisco Zialcita
3rd Philippine Legislature
1912–1916
Dalmacio Costas
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Ciriaco K. Kangleon
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Tomas Oppus
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931

1931–1961Edit

Period Representative[8]
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Pacifico Ybañez
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Dominador M. Tan
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
1st Congress
1946–1949
Domingo Veloso
2nd Congress
1949–1953
3rd Congress
1953–1957
4th Congress
1957–1961
Alberto Aguja

1961–1972Edit

Period Representative[8]
5th Congress
1961–1965
Primo "Olong" Avestruz Villasin
6th Congress
1965–1969
Salud Vivero Parreño[a]
7th Congress
1969–1972
vacant[b]

Notes

  1. ^ Died on December 27, 1969, three days before end of term.
  2. ^ Salud Vivero Parreño was re-elected in the 1969 elections for a second term, but died before the opening of the 7th Congress. No special election was held to fill the seat vacancy.[8]

3rd DistrictEdit

 
Map of the current 3rd District of Leyte
Period Representative[8]
10th Congress
1995–1998
Alberto S. Veloso
11th Congress
1998–2001
Eduardo K. Veloso
12th Congress
2001–2004
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
Andres D. Salvacion, Jr.
15th Congress
2010–2013
16th Congress
2013–2016
17th Congress
2016–2019
Vicente Sofronio E. Veloso
18th Congress
2019–2022

1907–1931Edit

Period Representative[8]
1st Philippine Legislature
1907–1909
Florentino Peñaranda
2nd Philippine Legislature
1909–1912
Abdon Marchadesch
3rd Philippine Legislature
1912–1916
Miguel Romualdez
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Segundo Apostol
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Julio Siayangco
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Jose Maria Veloso
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Ruperto Kapunan
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Jorge B. Delgado

1931–1961Edit

Period Representative[8]
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Tomas Oppus
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
1st Congress
1946–1949
Francisco M. Pajao
2nd Congress
1949–1953
3rd Congress
1953–1957
4th Congress
1957–1961
Nicanor E. Yñiguez

1961–1972Edit

Period Representative[8]
5th Congress
1961–1965
Marcelino R. Veloso
6th Congress
1965–1969
7th Congress
1969–1972

1987–1995Edit

Period Representative[8]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Alberto S. Veloso
9th Congress
1992–1995

4th DistrictEdit

 
Map of the current 4th District of Leyte
Period Representative[8]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Carmelo J. Locsin
9th Congress
1992–1995
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
Ma. Victoria L. Locsin[b]
12th Congress
2001–2004
Eufrocino M. Codilla, Sr.[c]
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
15th Congress
2010–2013
Lucy Marie T. Gomez[d]
vacant
16th Congress
2013–2016
Lucy Marie T. Gomez
17th Congress
2016–2019
18th Congress
2019–2022

Notes

  1. ^ Does not vote for provincial officials since becoming a chartered city in 1947. Only votes with Leyte for representation in the various national legislatures.
  2. ^ Declared winner in 2001 election and assumed second term of office on June 30, 2001. Unseated after losing election protest filed by Eufrocinio M. Codilla, Sr. on December 10, 2002.[8][9]
  3. ^ Won election protest against Ma. Victoria Locsin; took oath of office on December 11, 2002.[8][9]
  4. ^ Disqualified by the Supreme Court on March 19, 2013 for being ineligible to run for office as substitute of Richard Gomez.[8][10] Seat remained vacant until the end of 15th Congress.

1907–1931Edit

Period Representative[8]
1st Philippine Legislature
1907–1909
Jaime C. De Veyra
2nd Philippine Legislature
1909–1912
3rd Philippine Legislature
1912–1916
Francisco D. Enage
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Ruperto Kapunan
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Filomeno Montejo
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Cirilo Bayaya

1931–1961Edit

Period Representative[8]
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Cirilo Bayaya
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Fortunato M. Sevilla
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Francisco D. Enage
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Norberto Romualdez
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
Filomeno Montejo
1st Congress
1946–1949
Juan R. Perez
2nd Congress
1949–1953
Daniel Z. Romualdez
3rd Congress
1953–1957
4th Congress
1957–1961

1961–1972Edit

Period Representative[8]
5th Congress
1961–1965
Dominador M. Tan
6th Congress
1965–1969
7th Congress
1969–1972
Rodolfo Rivilla

5th DistrictEdit

 
Map of the current 5th District of Leyte
Period Representative[8]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Eriberto V. Loreto
9th Congress
1992–1995
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
Ma. Catalina L. Loreto-Go
12th Congress
2001–2004
Carmen L. Cari
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
15th Congress
2010–2013
Jose Carlos L. Cari
16th Congress
2013–2016
17th Congress
2016–2019
18th Congress
2019–2022
Carl Nicolas C. Cari

1931–1961Edit

Period Representative[8]
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Ruperto Kapunan
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Jorge B. Delgado
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Ruperto Kapunan[a]
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Atilano R. Cinco[b]
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
Jose Maria Veloso
1st Congress
1946–1949
Atilano R. Cinco
2nd Congress
1949–1953
3rd Congress
1953–1957
Alberto T. Aguja
4th Congress
1957–1961

Notes

  1. ^ Died on February 4, 1939.[8]
  2. ^ Won in special election held on December 10, 1940 to fill vacant seat.[8]

At-Large (defunct)Edit

1943–1944Edit

Period Representatives[8]
National Assembly
1943–1944
Jose Maria Veloso[11]
Bernardo Torres (ex officio)[11]

1984–1986Edit

Period Representatives[8]
Regular Batasang Pambansa
1984–1986
Damian V. Aldaba
Artemio E. Mate
Emiliano J. Melgazo
Benjamin T. Romualdez
Alberto S. Veloso

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Philippine Legislature (1935). "Public laws enacted by the Philippine Legislature: during the period from Sept. 1, 1900 to Nov. 14, 1935; comprising acts nos. 1 to 4275, Volume 31". Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  2. ^ Congress of the Philippines (21 June 1947). "Republic Act No. 179 – An Act Creating Ormoc City". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  3. ^ Congress of the Philippines (June 20, 1952). "Republic Act No. 760 – An Act Creating the City of Tacloban". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Republic Act No. 2227 - An Act Creating the Province of Southern Leyte". The LawPhil Project. 22 May 1959. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  5. ^ 1986 Constitutional Commission (2 February 1987). "1987 Constitution of the Philippines - Apportionment Ordinance". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Republic Act No. 2141 - An Act Creating the Sub-Province of Biliran". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  7. ^ Congress of the Philippines (10 October 1991). "Republic Act No. 7160 - Local Government Code of 1991". Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Congressional Library Bureau. "Roster of Philippine Legislators". Republic of the Philippines, House of Representatives. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  9. ^ a b Supreme Court of the Philippines (10 December 2002). "G.R. No. 150605 - EUFROCINO M. CODILLA, SR., Petitioner, vs. HON. JOSE DE VENECIA, ROBERTO P. NAZARENO, in their official capacities as Speaker and Secretary-General of the House of Representatives, respectively, and MA. VICTORIA L. LOCSIN, Respondents". Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  10. ^ Supreme Court of the Philippines (19 March 2013). "G.R. No. 202202 - SILVERIO R. TAGOLINO, Petitioner, vs. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL AND LUCY MARIE TORRES-GOMEZ, Respondents". Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  11. ^ a b Official program of the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines and the induction into office of His Excellency Jose P. Laurel. Bureau of Printing. 1943.