Kilusang Bagong Lipunan

The New Society Movement (Filipino: Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, KBL), formerly named the New Society Movement of United Nationalists, Liberals, et cetera (Filipino: Kilusang Bagong Lipunan ng Nagkakaisang Nacionalista, Liberal, at iba pa, KBLNNL), is a right-wing[7][8] political party in the Philippines. It was first formed in 1978 as an umbrella coalition of parties supporting then-President Ferdinand E. Marcos for the Interim Batasang Pambansa (the unicameral parliament) and was his political vehicle during his 20-year regime.[9] It was reorganized as a political party in 1986,[10] and is the furthest to the right of the political spectrum among active parties after Marcos' ouster.[10]

New Society Movement
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
PresidentEfren "Rambo" Rafanan
ChairmanImelda Marcos (emerita)
Secretary-GeneralJoeme Erroba
FounderFerdinand Marcos Sr.
FoundedFebruary 1978; 46 years ago (1978-02)
Split fromNacionalista
Headquarters3rd Floor Narsan Bldg. West 4th, Brgy. West Triangle, Quezon City Quezon City
Libertarianism[6][verification needed]

Political positionRight-wing[7]
National affiliationUniTeam
Colors  Blue,   white,   red, and   yellow
Seats in the Senate
0 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
0 / 316
Provincial governorships
1 / 81

Since 1986, the KBL has contested in most of the national and local elections in the Philippines, but retained a single seat in the House of Representatives in Ilocos Norte, which was held by former First Lady Imelda Marcos until 2019.

Establishment and ideology edit

The ideological roots of the "Bagong Lipunan" ("new society") concept can be traced to one Marcos' rationalizations for the declaration of Martial Law in September we 1972.[11]: "66"  In his rhetoric, Marcos contended that a system of "constitutional authoritarianism" was necessary in order to "reform society" and create a "new society" under his authority.[11]: "29" [12][13]

Six years after the declaration of Martial Law, Marcos adopted this rhetoric and used the phrase as the name of the umbrella coalition of administration parties running in the 1978 Philippine parliamentary election.[9] The coalition retained the name when it was reorganized as a political party in 1986.

Splinter factions after the People Power Revolution edit

After the 1986 People Power Revolution ended Ferdinand Marcos' 21 years in power, he, his family and key followers fled to Hawaii. Marcos' party machinery quickly began to break into numerous factions, the most successful of which were Blas Ople's Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas, a reorganized Nacionalista Party led by Rafael Palmares and Renato Cayetano after the death of Senator Jose Roy, and a reorganized Kilusang Bagong Lipunan led by Nicanor Yñiguez.[14][15]

By the time of the 1987 Philippine constitutional plebiscite, the reconstituted KBL under Yñiguez as the party furthest to the right among the rightwing political parties of the mid-1980s[10] - remaining loyal to Marcos' authoritarian ideology in contrast to the Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas, which took a conservative centrist stance, and the Palmares wing of the Nacionalista party and the Kalaw wing of the Liberal Party took center-right stances.[14]

2009 Party division edit

Former logo of KBL

On November 20, 2009, the KBL forged an alliance with the Nacionalista Party (NP) between Bongbong Marcos and NP Chairman Senator Manny Villar at the Laurel House in Mandaluyong.[16][failed verification] Bongbong was later on removed as a member by the KBL National Executive Committee on November 29.[17] As such, the NP broke its alliance with the KBL due to internal conflicts within the party, though Marcos remained part of the NP Senatorial line-up.[16][failed verification]

Candidates for the 2010 Philippine general election edit

  • Vetellano Acosta – Presidential Candidate (lost)
  • Jay Sonza – Vice Presidential Candidate (lost)
  • Senatorial slate:
    1. Alma Lood (lost)
    2. Hector Villanueva (lost)
    3. Shariff Ibrahim Albani (lost)

Notable members edit

Past edit

Present edit

  • Remy Albano- Vice Governor of Apayao
  • Raymond BagatsingManila vice mayoral candidate (2022), actor
  • Roberto "Amay Bisaya" Reyes Jambongana – Bohol gubernatorial candidate (2019), comedian
  • Jerry Dalipog- Governor of Ifugao
  • Larry Gadon – secretary for poverty alleviation, senatorial candidate (2016, 2019 and 2022), former lawyer; pushed for the impeachment of former Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno[18][19]
  • Efren Rafanan Sr.- Provincial Board Member of Ilocos Sur

Electoral performance edit

Presidential and vice presidential elections edit

Year Presidential election Vice presidential election
Candidate Vote share Result Candidate Vote share Result
1981 Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
Vice presidency abolished
1986 Ferdinand Marcos
See article for details
Arturo Tolentino
See article for details
1992 Imelda Marcos
Fidel Ramos
Vicente Magsaysay
Joseph Estrada
1998 Imelda Marcos Withdraw Joseph Estrada
None[n 1] Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
None[n 2]
2004 None[n 3] Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
None[n 4] Noli de Castro
2010 Vetallano Acosta[n 5]
Benigno Aquino III
Jay Sonza
Jejomar Binay
2016 None[n 6] Rodrigo Duterte
None[n 7] Leni Robredo
2022 None[n 8] Bongbong Marcos
(Partido Federal)
None[n 9] Sara Z. Duterte

Legislative elections edit

Interim Batasang Pambansa
Year Seats won Result Senate abolished
150 / 179
KBL majority
Regular Batasang Pambansa
Year Seats won Result Senate abolished
110 / 197
KBL majority
Congress of the Philippines
Year Seats won Result Year Seats won Ticket Result
11 / 200
Lakas ng Bansa / PDP–Laban plurality 1987
0 / 24
Split ticket LABAN win 22/24 seats
3 / 200
LDP plurality 1992
0 / 24
Single party ticket LDP win 16/24 seats
1 / 204
Lakas / LDP majority 1995
0 / 12
Nationalist People's Coalition ticket Lakas-Laban Coalition win 9/12 seats
0 / 258
Lakas plurality 1998 Not
LAMMP win 7/12 seats
2001 Not
Lakas plurality 2001
0 / 13
Single party ticket People Power Coalition win 8/13 seats
1 / 261
Lakas plurality 2004
0 / 12
Single party ticket K4 win 7/12 seats
1 / 270
Lakas plurality 2007
0 / 12
Single party ticket Genuine Opposition win 8/12 seats
1 / 286
Lakas plurality 2010
0 / 12
Single party ticket Liberal Party win 4/12 seats
1 / 292
Liberal Party plurality 2013 Not
Team PNoy win 9/12 seats
0 / 297
Liberal Party plurality 2016
0 / 12
Single party ticket Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid win 7/12 seats
0 / 304
PDP–Laban plurality 2019
0 / 12
Single party ticket Hugpong ng Pagbabago win 9/12 seats
0 / 316
PDP-Laban plurality 2022
0 / 12
UniTeam ticket UniTeam win 6/12 seats
  1. ^ Endorsed the candidacy of Edgardo Angara of LDPPMP who lost.
  2. ^ Endorsed the candidacy of Joseph Estrada of LAMMPPMP who won.
  3. ^ Endorsed the candidacy of Fernando Poe Jr. of KNP who lost.
  4. ^ Endorsed the candidacy of Loren Legarda of KNP who lost.
  5. ^ Acosta was disqualified from the presidential race.
  6. ^ Endorsed the candidacy of Miriam Defensor Santiago of PRP who lost.
  7. ^ Endorsed the candidacy of Bongbong Marcos an Independent who lost.
  8. ^ Endorsed the candidacy of Bongbong Marcos of Partido Federal ng Pilipinas who won.
  9. ^ Endorsed the candidacy of Sara Duterte of Lakas–CMD who won.

References edit

  1. ^ Celoza, A. (1997). Ferdinand Marcos and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism. Connecticut, USA: Praeger Publishers.[need quotation to verify]
  2. ^ Timberman, D. (1991) A Changeless Land: Continuity and Change in Philippine Politics: Continuity and Change in Philippine Politics. USA: Taylor and Francis.[verification needed]
  3. ^ Bello, Madge; Reyes, Vincent (1986). "Filipino Americans and the Marcos Overthrow: The Transformation of Political Consciousness". Amerasia Journal. 13: 73–83. doi:10.17953/amer.13.1.21h54l86268n023n.[need quotation to verify]
  4. ^ a b Pinches, Michael (1997). "Elite democracy, development and people power: Contending ideologies and changing practices in Philippine politics". Asian Studies Review. 21 (2–3): 104–120. doi:10.1080/03147539708713166.
  5. ^ Celoza, A. (1997). Ferdinand Marcos and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism. Connecticut, USA: Praeger Publishers.
  6. ^ Landé, Carl (1996). Post-Marcos Politics: A Geographical and Statistical Analysis of the 1992 Presidential Election. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 37.
  7. ^ a b Derbyshire, J. Denis (1991). Political Systems Of The World. Allied Publishers. p. 120.[need quotation to verify]
  8. ^ Griffin, Roger (1990). The Nature of Fascism. St. Martin's Press. p. 37.[need quotation to verify]
  9. ^ a b "Philippines - Local government". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c Villegas, Bernardo M. (February 1, 1958). "The Philippines in 1986: Democratic Reconstruction in the Post-Marcos Era". Asian Survey. 27 (2): 194–205. doi:10.2307/2644614. ISSN 0004-4687. JSTOR 2644614. Finally, at the extreme right is the reorganized Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) under Nicanor Yniguez, which remains loyal to Marcos.
  11. ^ a b Brillantes, Alex B. Jr. (1987). Dictatorship & martial law : Philippine authoritarianism in 1972. Quezon City, Philippines: University of the Philippines Diliman School of Public Administration. ISBN 978-9718567012.
  12. ^ Navera, G.S. (2019). "Metaphorizing Martial Law: Constitutional Authoritarianism in Marcos's Rhetoric (1972–1985)". Philippine Studies. 66 (4).
  13. ^ Beltran, J. C. A.; Chingkaw, Sean S. (October 20, 2016). "On the shadows of tyranny". The Guidon. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  14. ^ a b Villegas, Bernardo M. (February 1, 1958). "The Philippines in 1986: Democratic Reconstruction in the Post-Marcos Era". Asian Survey. 27 (2): 194–205. doi:10.2307/2644614. ISSN 0004-4687. JSTOR 2644614.
  15. ^ Kimura, Masataka (December 1989). "The Revolution and Realigntnent of Political Parties in the Philippines (December 1985-January 1988): With a Case in the Province of Batangas" (PDF). Southeast Asian Studies. 27 (3): 352–379.
  16. ^ a b "Feed a hungry child this Christmas". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on February 8, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  17. ^ "Filing of COCs at Comelec on Day 4". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  18. ^ Editorial (May 31, 2018). "Revising history — yet again". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  19. ^ "Impeachment lawyer blasts 'yellow virus', denies he wants gov't post". ABS-CBN News. October 24, 2017. Retrieved July 24, 2018.