National Economic and Development Authority

The National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA; Filipino: Pambansang Pangasiwaan sa Kabuhayan at Pagpapaunlad) is an independent cabinet-level agency of the Philippine government responsible for economic development and planning. It is headed by the president of the Philippines as chairman of the NEDA board, with the Secretary of Socioeconomic Planning as vice-chairman. A number of Cabinet members, the Governor of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the Chairperson of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, the Chief Minister of Bangsamoro, the Secretary of Information and Communications Technology, the Chairman of the Subic–Clark Area Development Corporation, and the National President of the Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines are members of the NEDA Board.

National Economic and Development Authority
Pambansang Pangasiwaan sa Kabuhayan at Pagpapaunlad
National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA).svg
Agency overview
FormedDecember 23, 1935; 86 years ago (1935-12-23)[1]
Preceding agencies
  • National Economic Council (NEC)
  • National Planning Board
  • Program Implement Agency
Headquarters12 St. J.Escriva Drive, Ortigas Center, Pasig City
14°34.7′N 121°3.6′E / 14.5783°N 121.0600°E / 14.5783; 121.0600
Employees1,160 (2020)[2]
Annual budget₱1.720 billion (2022)[3]
Agency executive
Child agencies

The agency has been headed by Arsenio Balisacan since June 30, 2022.[4]

History and precursor agenciesEdit

National Economic CouncilEdit

On November 15, 1935, the Commonwealth of the Philippines was inaugurated with Manuel L. Quezon as president, Sergio Osmeña as vice president, and a unicameral National Assembly as the Legislature. One of the first acts of Quezon administration was to call for a special session of Congress to enact certain laws needed by the government.[5] Under Commonwealth Act No. 2, enacted on December 23, 1935, an advisory body for economic concerns of the Philippines called the National Economic Council was tasked with advising the government on economic and financial matters, and formulate an economic program based on national independence.[6] The president was authorized to appoint its respective members with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of the National Assembly.[7][8]

The year following its creation, the National Economic Council was organized on February 14, 1936, composed of its inaugural members – the Secretary of Finance (who served as chairman), the Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce, the chairman of the Board of Directors of the Philippine National Bank, the President of the National Development Company, the President of the Manila Railroad Company, Mr. Joaquin M. Elizalde, Hon. R.J. Fernandez, Mr. Wenceslao Trinidad, Mr. Vicente Madrigal, Hon. Francisco Varona, Mr. Ramon Soriano, Hon. Vicente Singson Encarnacion, Hon. Rafael R. Alunan and Hon. Manuel Roxas.[7][9]

The council was organized into eight committees: (1) Committee on agriculture and natural resources, (2) industry, (3) foreign trade and tariff, (4) domestic trade, (5) transportation and communication, (6) taxation, (7) labor and immigration, and (8) banking and finance. The first act of the council was to survey and adopt plans for an effective utilization and conservation of our natural resources. The council also undertook a study, in cooperation with the National Development Company and Metropolitan Water District, on the potential of water power resources which eventually led to the enactment of Commonwealth Act No. 120,[10] creating the National Power Corporation. [7][8]

After World War II, the First Congress of the Philippines enacted Republic Act No. 51,[11] which allowed the President of the Philippines to reorganize the Executive Branch of Government as he sees fit within one year of its enactment. President Manuel Roxas, subsequently, amended the Administration Code of 1917 by issuing Executive Order No. 94, s. 1947. The Executive Order made the President of the Philippines the head of the National Economic Council.[7][12]

During his administration, President Carlos P. Garcia saw the need to create a new office in charge of the supervision of government corporations, which he called the National Development Authority. President Garcia asked Congress to enact such a law during his 1958 State of the Nation Address.[7][13] When Congress finally passed the law creating the National Development Authority, President Garcia disagreed with its limited powers, thus vetoing the bill sent to him as he mentioned in his 1959 State of the Nation Address[14]

In 1960, Congress passed a law, which changed the composition of the National Economic Council through Republic Act No. 2699[15] enacted on June 18, 1960. The law increased the council's membership by including the Secretary of Commerce and Industry and granting the minority party representation in the membership of the National Economic Council. The council would continue to perform its functions throughout the Third Republic until the declaration of Martial Law on September 23, 1972.[7]

National Economic Development AuthorityEdit

The need for an office in charge of national development was revived during the administration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. In his 1970 State of the Nation Address,[16] Marcos said the administrative machinery of government must be restructured and revitalized to meet the challenge of change and development. Marcos, thereafter, crafted a government reorganization plan which included a National Economic Development Authority and submitted it to Congress for their approval.[7]

In 1972, the National Economic Development Authority (without the conjunction “and”) was created as the government's central planning body. The first major thrust of the government-wide reorganization effected through Presidential Decree (P.D.) No. 1 issued on September 24, 1972,[17] otherwise known as the Integrated Reorganization Plan (IRP), was the provision for an integrated organizational complex for development planning and program implementation to correct the deficiencies of the system then existing. The IRP identified these deficiencies as: (1) the dispersal of planning functions among several economic planning bodies and ad hoc councils; (2) the lack of effective coordination among economic bodies; (3) the weak link between plan formulation and program execution; (4) the need to improve the capacity for sectoral and regional planning. The decree merged the National Economic Council and the Presidential Economic staff, created by Executive Order No. 8, s. 1966,[18] and renamed it to the National Economic Development Authority.[7] President Marcos subsequently issued Presidential Decree No. 1-A which delineated the composition of the National Economic Development Authority.[19]

National Economic and Development AuthorityEdit

In 1973, the National Economic Development Authority was dissolved by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 107, s. 1973.[20] The Presidential Decree created the National Economic and Development Authority (now, with the conjunction “and”), which absorbed the National Economic Development Authority as mandated in the 1973 Constitution.[7]

On March 12, 1986, after the February 1986 revolution, Executive Order (EO) No. 5 was issued by President Corazon C. Aquino, directing a government-wide reorganization to promote economy, efficiency and effectiveness in the delivery of public services.

On July 22, 1987, Executive Order No. 230 was issued reorganizing the NEDA. The implementation of this EO was completed on February 16, 1988, when the NEDA commenced operations under its reorganized setup.

List of NEDA Director-Generals and Socioeconomic Planning SecretariesEdit

# Term Began Term Ended President
Third Republic of the Philippines
? Sixto Roxas 1963 March 1, 1964 Diosdado Macapagal
Ferdinand E. Marcos
? Hilario Henares March 2, 1964 1969
Fourth Republic of the Philippines
1 Gerardo Sicat 1970 (NEC)
1973 (NEDA)
1973 (NEC)
1981 (NEDA)
Ferdinand E. Marcos
2 Placido Mapa Jr. 1970 (NEC)
1981 (NEDA)
1970 (NEC)
1983 (NEDA)
3 Cesar Virata[21] 1983 1984
4 Vicente Valdepeñas Jr. 1984 1986
Fifth Republic of the Philippines
5 Solita Monsod July 22, 1987 1989 Corazon C. Aquino
6 Jesus Estanislao 1989 January 1, 1990
7 Cayetano Paderanga Jr. January 2, 1990 June 30, 1992
8 Cielito Habito June 30, 1992 June 30, 1998 Fidel V. Ramos
9 Felipe Medalla June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Joseph Ejercito Estrada
10 Dante Canlas January 20, 2001 December 13, 2002 Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
11 Romulo Neri December 13, 2002 July 14, 2005
Augusto Santos (acting) July 14, 2005 February 16, 2006
(11) Romulo Neri February 16, 2006 August 16, 2007
Augusto Santos (acting) August 16, 2007 July 23, 2008
12 Ralph Recto July 23, 2008 August 16, 2009
Augusto Santos (acting) August 19, 2009 June 30, 2010
(7) Cayetano Paderanga Jr. June 30, 2010 May 10, 2012 Benigno S. Aquino III
13 Arsenio Balisacan May 10, 2012 January 31, 2016
Emmanuel Esguerra (acting) February 1, 2016 June 30, 2016
14 Ernesto Pernia June 30, 2016 April 16, 2020 Rodrigo Roa Duterte
15 Karl Kendrick Chua April 17, 2020 June 30, 2022
(13) Arsenio Balisacan[22][23] June 30, 2022 Incumbent Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr.

Governing LawEdit

The present form of the NEDA was organized by President Corazon C. Aquino on July 22, 1987, through Executive Order No. 230. It defined the composition of the NEDA Board and the Secretariat and its powers and functions, the powers and functions of the Authority and its committees.[24]

On July 26, 1994, President Fidel V. Ramos signed Memorandum Order No. 222 which reactivated the NEDA Board Executive Committee and mandating that the decisions of the NEDA Board Executive Committee shall be final, executory and binding upon the NEDA Board.[25]

On July 27, 1992, president Ramos signed Republic Act No. 7640, which constituted the Legislative-Executive Development Advisory Committee (LEDAC). The LEDAC serves as a consultative and advisory body to the President as the head of the NEDA and gives advice on certain programs and policies, which are essential to the realization of the goals of national development.[26]

NEDA BoardEdit

The powers and functions of the NEDA reside in the NEDA Board. It is the Philippines' premier social and economic development planning and policy coordinating body. The Board is composed of the President as chairman, the Secretary of Socio-Economic Planning and NEDA Director-General as vice-chairman, and the following as members: the Executive Secretary and the Secretaries of Finance, Trade and Industry, Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources, Public Works and Highways, Budget and Management, Labor and Employment, and Interior and Local Government.

The following have since been added as members to the Board: the Secretaries of Health, Foreign Affairs, and Agrarian Reform (per Memorandum Order No. 164, dated March 21, 1988); the Secretary of Science and Technology (per Memorandum Order No. 235, dated May 19, 1989); and the Secretary of Transportation and Communications (per Memorandum Order No. 321, dated September 26, 1990). In addition, the Secretary of Energy (per Republic Act No. 7638, approved December 9, 1992) and the Governor of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (per Section 124 of Republic Act No. 7653, approved June 14, 1993).

On April 22, 2006, the NEDA Board was reconstituted through Administrative Order No. 148, adding eight new members and replacing five original members.

On October 20, 2017, President Rodrigo Duterte issued Administrative Order No. 8, s. 2017, reconstituting the present NEDA Board, which is composed of the following as of June 30, 2022:

Board Position Incumbent Office
Chairman: Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr. President of the Philippines
Vice-Chairman: Arsenio Balisacan Secretary of Socioeconomic Planning
Members: Victor D. Rodriguez Executive Secretary
Zenaida Angping Chief of the Presidential Management Staff
Felipe Medalla Governor of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
Benjamin Diokno Secretary of Finance
Amenah Pangandaman Secretary of Budget and Management
Alfredo E. Pascual Secretary of Trade and Industry
Manuel Bonoan Secretary of Public Works and Highways
Jaime Bautista Secretary of Transportation
Jose L. Acuzar Secretary of Human Settlements and Urban Development
Raphael Perpetuo Lotilla Secretary of Energy

The Board is assisted by six Cabinet-level inter-agency committees:

  1. Development Budget Coordination Committee (DBCC)
  2. Infrastructure Committee (InfraCom)
  3. Investment Coordination Committee (ICC)
  4. Social Development Committee (SDC)
  5. Committee on Tariff and Related Matters (CTRM)
  6. Regional Development Committee (RDCom)
  7. National Land Use Committee (NLUC)

Further, Section 34, Article VII of Republic Act 11054: Bangsamoro Organic Law, provides that the Chief Minister of the Bangsamoro Region shall be an Ex-Officio Member of the NEDA Board on matters concerning the Bangsamoro Region.

National Innovation CouncilEdit

The National Innovation Council (NIC; Filipino: Pambansang Konseho sa Inobasyon) is the Philippine government's highest policy-making body for national innovation development. It was established to develop the country's innovation goals, priorities, and long-term national strategy established by virtue of Republic Act No. 11293 or the Philippine Innovation Act of 2018.[27] It is headed by the president of the Philippines as chairman of the NIC, with the Secretary of Socioeconomic Planning as vice-chairman.[28]

The NIC is operationalized by an Executive Director who also leads the National Innovation Council Secretariat which is housed under the National Economic and Development Authority. It provides strategic foresight, funding, capacity building, and policy coordination initiatives for a smarter and more innovative Philippines.[29]

The primary functions of the NIC are in the formulation and development of the National Innovation Agenda and Strategy Document (NIASD), the management of the Innovation Fund, the oversight over Innovation Credit and Financing programs through the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, and in monitoring the Global Innovation Index (GII) ranking of the country.[30]

As defined by the law, "innovation" refers to the creation of new ideas that results in the development of new or improved policies, products, processes, or services which are then spread or transferred across the market.[27]

Other OfficesEdit

  1. The Legislative-Executive Development Advisory Council (LEDAC) Secretariat.
  2. The Legislative Liaison Office (LLO)

Attached AgenciesEdit

  1. Commission on Population and Development (POPCOM),
  2. Tariff Commission (TC),
  3. Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Center,
  4. Philippine National Volunteer Service Coordinating Agency (PNVSCA),
  5. Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA),
  6. Philippine Statistical Research and Training Institute (PSRTI), and
  7. Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).

Moreover, the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) is attached to the NEDA for policy and program coordination or integration.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ National Economic and Development Authority (July 29, 2020). "About NEDA".
  2. ^ Department of Budget and Management (August 21, 2019). Staffing Summaries of National Government Agencies (PDF) (Report). p. 226.
  3. ^ "General Appropriations Act of Fiscal Year 2022". Republic Act No. 11639 of December 30, 2021 (PDF). Congress of the Philippines. p. 449.
  4. ^ "Marcos picks Aquino's NEDA chief Balisacan to return to agency". Rappler. May 23, 2022. Retrieved July 8, 2022.
  5. ^ "History: The Department of National Defense". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  6. ^ "Commonwealth Act No. 2 (December 23, 1935)". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of the National Economic and Development Authority". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  8. ^ a b "The First Annual Report of the President of the Philippines to the President of the United States Covering the Period of November 15, 1935 to December 31, 1936". Internet Archive. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  9. ^ Quezon, Manuel. "Second State of the Nation Address, 16 June 1936". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  10. ^ "Commonwealth Act No. 120". ChanRobles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 51". The Lawphil Project. Arellano Law Foundation. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  12. ^ "Executive Order No. 94, s. 1947". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  13. ^ Garcia, Carlos. "First State of the Nation Address". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  14. ^ Garcia, Carlos. "Second State of the Nation Address". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  15. ^ "Republic Act No. 2699". ChanRobles Virtual Law Library. ChanRobles Publishing Company. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  16. ^ Marcos, Ferdinand. "Fifth State of the Nation Address". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  17. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 1, s. 1972". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines.
  18. ^ "Executive Order No. 8, s. 1966". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  19. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 1-A, 1972". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  20. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 107, s. 1973". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  21. ^ The Prime Minister of the Philippines acts as the Director-General of the National Economic Development Authority under the 1973 Constitution.
  22. ^ "Ex-Aquino Cabinet Arsenio Balisacan is Marcos Jr.'s NEDA chief". Philippine Daily Inquirer. May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  23. ^ "Who's who: The Marcos Cabinet". Philippine Star. May 24, 2022. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  24. ^ Executive Order No. 230
  25. ^ Memorandum Order No. 222
  26. ^ Republic Act No. 7640
  27. ^ a b "The Philippine Innovation Act". The National Economic and Development Authority. February 19, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  28. ^ rex (February 7, 2022). "NEDA chairs first national innovation council meeting". Daily Guardian. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  29. ^ Neil (November 17, 2021). "NEDA setting up innovation office to oversee RA 11293". BusinessWorld Online. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  30. ^ Simeon, Louise Maureen. "Continued innovation to help Philippines upgrade income status". Retrieved February 8, 2022.

External linksEdit