List of political parties in the Philippines

There are many and diverse political parties in the Philippines. Most party membership consists primarily of political figures and leaders, with little or no grassroots membership.[citation needed]

Evolution of political parties.

The Philippines has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments for political expediency and convenience. Since no political parties have sustaining membership to which party leaders are developed, most of the political parties have the rise-and-fall-and-rise character.

There are three types of parties in the Philippines. These are: (a) major parties,[1][2] which typically correspond to traditional political parties; (b) minor parties or party-list organizations, which rely on the party-list system to win Congressional seats; and (c) regional or provincial parties, which correspond to region-wide or province-wide organizations, respectively.

National parties in officeEdit

Major partiesEdit

There are two major coalitions for the upcoming 2019 Philippine general election:[3]

  1. PDP–Laban, the ruling party, leads the Coalition for Change. Most of the coalition's members are also part of the Hugpong ng Pagbabago.
  2. Liberal Party leads the Oposisyon Koalisyon, together with Akbayan and Aksyon Demokratiko, which serve as the opposition bloc.

Five major parties are listed below:[4]

Philippine name English name Abbreviation and color Leader Founded Ideology International Status Seats in the lower house Seats in the upper house
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power PDP-Laban Emmanuel Pacquiao[5] 1983 Democratic socialism[6] none In government
63 / 304
5 / 24
Nacionalista Party Nationalist Party NP Manuel Villar, Jr. 1907 Conservatism[7][8] none In coalition
42 / 304
4 / 24
Nationalist People's Coalition NPC Giorgidi B. Aggabao 1992 Liberal conservatism none In coalition
33 / 304
3 / 24
Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats Power-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas–CMD Ferdinand Romualdez 2008 Christian democracy[9][10] CDI In coalition
19 / 304
1 / 24
Partido Liberal Liberal Party LP Francis Pangilinan 1946 Liberalism[11] LI, CALD In opposition
17 / 304
3 / 24

Parties represented in CongressEdit

Philippine name English name Abbr. and color Leader Founded Ideology International Seats in the lower house Seats in the upper house
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino Fight of Democratic Filipinos LDP Sonny Angara 1988 Fiscal conservatism CDI
2 / 304
1 / 24
Akbayan Citizens' Action Party Akbayan Risa Hontiveros 1998 Democratic socialism and Progressivism PA
0 / 304
1 / 24
United Nationalist Alliance UNA Gregorio Honasan 2012 Right libertarianism none
0 / 304
1 / 24
Bagumbayan-Volunteers for a New Philippines New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines Bagumbayan-VNP Richard Gordon 2009 Voluntarism none
0 / 304
1 / 24
National Unity Party NUP Elpidio Barzaga Jr. 2011 Conservatism[12] none
45 / 304
0 / 24
Partido Federal ng Pilipinas Federal Party of the Philippines PFP Jesus Hinlo Jr. 2018 Federalism none
5 / 304
0 / 24
People's Reform Party PRP Narciso Santiago Jr. 1991 Reformism none
1 / 304
0 / 24
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino Force of the Filipino Masses PMP Joseph Estrada 1991 Populism none
1 / 304
0 / 24
Aksyon Demokratiko Democratic Action Aksyon Vico Sotto 1997 Progressivism none
1 / 304
0 / 24
Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines CDP Rufus Rodriguez 2010 Christian democracy none
1 / 304
0 / 24

Party-lists represented in CongressEdit

These parties won more than 2% of the vote. For the complete list, see Philippine House of Representatives election, 2019 (party-list).

Philippine name English translation Abbr. and color Ideology/sector Seats in the lower house (PL only)
Anti-Crime and Terrorism Community Involvement and Support Partylist ACT-CIS Counterterrorism
3 / 59
Bayan Muna Bayan Muna Anti-imperialism
3 / 59
Ako Bicol Political Party I am Bicol Political Party AKB Bicolano ethnic interests
2 / 59
One Patriotic Coalition of Marginalized Nationals 1-PACMAN Filipino nationalism
2 / 59

Other national partiesEdit

COMELEC classifies "national" parties as parties that are not restricted to one locality (province/district/city/municipality).

Philippine name English name Abbr. and colour Leader Ideology
Alliance for Barangay Concerns ABC James Marty Lim
Ang Kapatiran The Brotherhood or Alliance for the Common Good KPTRAN Reynaldo Pacheco Christian democracy
Bangon Pilipinas Rise Up Philippines BP Eddie Villanueva Christian left
Bigkis Pinoy Movement Bind Filipinos Movement BIGKIS Amando Ocampo
Buklod Unite BUKLOD Benjamin Punongbayan Social democracy
Democratic Party of the Philippines DPP Baldomero Falcone Popular democracy
Katipunan ng Demokratikong Pilipino Society/Association of Democratic Filipinos KDP Antonio A.S. Valdez
Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago Movement for National Renewal BAGO Eduardo Bondoc
Laban para sa Kapayapaan, Katarungan at Kaunlaran Struggle for Peace, Progress and Justice KKK Rafaelito Garayblas
Ladlad Coming out or LGBT Party LADLAD Danton Remoto LGBT interests
National Alliance for Democracy NAD Joel Pontillas
Organized Support for the Movement to Enhance the National Agenda OSMEÑA John Henry Osmeña
Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas Philippine Democratic Socialist Party PDSP Norberto Gonzales Democratic socialism
Partido Lakas ng Masa Party of the Laboring Masses PLM Sonny Melencio Socialism
Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas Nationalist Party of the Philippines PNP Susan Ople Fiscal conservatism
Partido para sa Demokratikong Reporma Party for Democratic Reform PDR Renato de Villa Social conservatism
Partido ng Manggagawa at Magsasaka Workers' and Farmers' Party PMM Hermogenes Ebdane Labor movement
Philippine Green Republican Party PGRP Felix Cantal Green politics
Probinsya Muna Development Initiative Provinces First Development Initiative PROMDI Achilles Cañete Grassroots democracy
Rizalist Party RIZALIST Gregorio Maunahan Rizal-styled federalism
Sanlakas SANLAKAS Fr. Max Abalos, SVD Progressivism
Social Justice Society SJS Samson Alcantara Conservatism

Local partiesEdit

Name Abbr. Location Leader Notes
Luzon
Move Makati Makati Romulo de Guzman
Malay Democrats of the Philippines MDP NCR Bayan Dela Cruz affiliated with National Economic Protectionism Association
Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran KABAKA Manila's 5th and 6th congressional districts Carlito Guang supports Lito Atienza
Philippine Christian Nationalist Party PCNP Quezon City Andres Genito
Retailers Party Manila's 3rd congressional district Estelito Mendoza
Liping Kalookan Caloocan Macario Asistio formerly Grand Kalookan Coalition
Katipunan ng Bagong Caloocan KABACA Caloocan Gwendolyn Emnace
Kasangga ng Bayan, Tao, Kalikasan at Kaunlaran KABATAK Parañaque Joey Marquez
Kilusang Diwa ng Taguig KDT Taguig Dante Tinga affiliated with Liberal Party
Caloocan Team for Action and Progress CATAPAT Caloocan Bonifacio Alis
Partido Tapat Taguig and Pateros Edmundo de Borja also known as Taguig-Pateros Action Team
Partido Navoteño NAVOTENO Navotas Toby Tiangco Affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino and United Nationalist Alliance
Reform Caloocan Party Caloocan Russel Ramirez
United Citizens of Caloocan Party UCCP Caloocan Nilo Divina
Partido Magdiwang San Juan Joseph Victor Ejercito affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Lingkod Bayan-Sulong Taguig Coalition LINGKOD TAGUIG Taguig Angelito Reyes
Asenso Manileño AMM Manila Danilo Lacuna affiliated with National Unity Party
Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan KKK Manila Alfredo Lim affiliated with Liberal Party, coalition partner with Asenso Manileño Movement
Movement for Economic Transformation & Righteous Opportunities METRO National Capital Region Rodolfo John O. Teope (Founder)
Bileg Ti La Union La Union Joaquin Ortega
Bileg Ti Ilocano BILEG Ilocos Sur Luis Singson
Biskeg na Pangasinan Party BISKEG Pangasinan Oscar Lambino affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Democratic Tabula Tua Cagayan Delfin Telan Ting affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Buklod Capampangan Pampanga and Angeles Estelito Mendoza
Lapiang Bagong Lakas ng Nueva Ecija BALANE Nueva Ecija Tomas Joson affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition and PDP–Laban
Lingap Lugud Capampangan Party Pampanga Lito Lapid affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Pinag-isang Lakas Tungo sa Pagbabako PINATUBO Zambales and Olongapo Philip Camara
Sama Sama Tarlac Tarlac Candido Guiam
Democratic Alliance DA Central Luzon Romeo Taruc
Partido del Pilar Bulacan Manuel G. Roxas affiliated with Liberal Party
Nagkakaisang Partido ng mga Kapampangan Pampanga Zenaide Ducut
Unang Sigaw-Partido ng Pangagago USPP Nueva Ecija Aurelio Umali
Kalapian ng mga Kaibigan ng Kaunlaran-Bayan ng Hagonoy LAPIANG K Hagonoy, Bulacan Angel Cruz, Jr.
Kapanalig at Kambilan Ning Memalen Pampanga KAMBILAN Pampanga Rosve Henson
Partido Malolenyo PM Malolos, Bulacan Carolina Mangawang
Sulong Zambales Party SZP Zambales Hermogenes Ebdane (Chairman)
Jun Omar Ebdane (President)
Partido ABE Kapampangan PAK, ABE Angeles City, Pampanga Edgardo Pamintuan (chairman)
Alex Cauguiran (president)
Founded March 28, 2012.

[13]

Partido Balikatan ng Bataan BALIKATAN Bataan Enrique Garcia, Jr.
Partido Magdalo Cavite Jonvic Remulla affiliated with Nacionalista Party and the United Nationalist Alliance
Forward with Vitality for Reforms-Sigaw ng Kabite FVR-Sigaw Cavite Franco Loyola
Quezon Nationalist Democratic Party QNDP Quezon and Lucena Bienvenido Marquez, Jr.
Pangkat Laguna Laguna Marito Mendoza
Partido Dimasalang Laguna Teresita Lazaro affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Partido Batangueño Batangas Franklin Tabaquin, Jr.
Partido ng Masang Batangueno PMB Batangas Nicanor Briones
Union of Nationalist Democratic Filipino Organization UNIDO Region 4A Josef Cea Maganduga (President/Convenor)
One Batangas Movement One Batangas Batangas Vilma Santos-Recto affiliated with Nacionalista Party
Partido Bagong San Pablo San Pablo, Laguna Arsenio Escuderro, Jr.
People's Alliance Development of Romblon PADER Romblon Natalio Beltran, Jr.
Partido Pagbabago ng Palawan PPP Palawan Jose Alvarez affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Sulong Palawan Party SPP Palawan and Puerto Princesa Vincent Dennis Socrates
Mindoro Sandugo Para sa Kaunlaran SANDUGO Oriental Mindoro Agustin Cusi
Bicol Saro Bicol Region Ma. Corazon Imperial
Catanduanes Alliance for Reform and Democracy CARD Catanduanes Dexter Francisco
Alliance of Bicolnon Party ABP-BICOLNON Bicol Region Enrique Olonan
Ako Bicol Political Party AKB Bicol Region Elizalde Co
Visayas
Panaghiusa Cebu and Cebu City John Osmeña
Mike Rama
succeeded by Partido Barug
Paglaum Party Negros Occidental Alfredo Montelibano, Jr. affiliated with the Nacionalista Party
Kusog Han Eastern Samar Eastern Samar Jaime Opinion
People's Progressive Alliance for Peace and Good Government Towards Alleviation of Poverty and Social Advancement Partido PAGASA Western Visayas Rene Juaneza
Pusyon Pilipino Central Visayas Casimiro Madarang, Jr.
Abante Anak Bisaya Central Visayas Geraldo Carillo
United Negros Alliance UNA Negros Occidental Alfredo Marañon, Jr. formerly affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition, now with Liberal Party
Barug Alang sa Kauswagan ug Demokrasya BAKUD Cebu's 5th congressional district Ramon Durano III
Alayon Alang sa Kalambu-an ng Kalinaw ALAYON Central Visayas Eduardo Gullas
Katig-buan Nortehanon Northern Samar Emil Ong
Partido Pundok Biliranon Biliran Danilo Parilla
Aton Tamdon Utod Negros-anon ATUN Negros Occidental Rafael Coscolluela
Kugi Uswag Sugbu KUSUG Cebu City Alvin Garcia
Ugyon Visayas Franklin Drilon affiliated with Liberal Party
Timawa Iloilo City Rona Anape-Ganzon affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
United Guardians Party UGP Western Visayas and Central Visayas Clodualdo P. Dedicatoria
Economic Development and Social Advancement EDSA Central Visayas Melchor Cubillo
Democracy of the Independent Liberal Conservative Party DILC Liloan, Cebu Vincent Frasco
Ugyon Kita Capiz UK CAPIZ Capiz Frenedil Castro affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
One Cebu 1-CEBU Cebu Gwendolyn Garcia affiliated with National Unity Party
Bando Osmeña - Pundok Kauswagan BOPK Cebu City Tomas Osmeña affiliated with Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Partido Barug BARUG Cebu City Michael Rama affiliated with PDP–Laban
Mindanao
Christian Muslim Independent Party CMIP Zamboanga del Norte Tiburcio Pasquil
Aggrupation of Parties for Progress APP Zamboanga del Norte Romeo Jalosjos affiliated with Hugpong ng Pagbabago
Sarangani Reconciliation and Reformation Organization SARRO Sarangani Estelito Mendoza affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Islamic Party of the Philippines IPP Mindanao Ebrahim Abdurrahman
Democratic Alliance of Mindanaoans for Good Government DAMAGO Davao Region and Soccsksargen Fernando Toquillo
Muslim Reform Party MRP Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur Kamar Mindalano
Ummah Party Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur and Iligan Geraldo Carillo
Compostela Valley Rainbow Alliance CORAL Davao de Oro Rogelio Sarmiento
Cotabato United People's Movement Cotabato Emmanuel Piñol
Lanao People's Party Lanao del Sur Casan Macabanding
Siap Party Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Aleem Abdul Matabalo Amerol
Padajon Surigao PS Surigao del Norte Francisco Matugas affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
People's Champ Movement PCM General Santos and Sarangani Manny Pacquiao affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Citizens Call for Action Party of Zamboanga City CCA Zamboanga City Susan de los Reyes
Adelante Zamboanga Party AZAP Zamboanga City Jose Lobregat
Aksyon Magsasaka-Partido ng Tinig ng Masa AKMA-PTM Soccsksargen Ali Sangki
Achievers with Integrity Movement AIM South Cotabato Adelbert Antonino
Padayon Pilipino PDP Cagayan de Oro Vicene Emano affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
People's Consultative (Mushawara) Party Bangsamoro, Lanao del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur Basher Caluato Edris
Bukidnon Paglaum BPP Bukidnon Jose Maria Zubiri Jr.
United Bangsamoro Justice Party UBJP Bangsamoro Murad Ibrahim

Not registered with the governmentEdit

These are national parties that are not registered with the Commission on Elections:

Name Abbr. Leader Ideology Position Notes
Green Party of the Philippines GPP-KALIKASAN MUNA David D. D'Angelo green politics, specifically environmentalism; nonviolence; social justice; participatory, grassroots democracy; gender equality; LGBT rights; anti-war; anti-racism and ecosocialism. Green Party / Environmentalism GPP-KALIKASAN MUNA is a recognized member of the Asia Pacific Greens Federation (APGF) and the Global Greens Network making it recognized internationally. The party aims to become a national green political party in the Philippines and is committed to pushing policies and programs to benefit key environmental and sustainable development agendas. It is basically guided by a GREEN AGENDA approved by the National Council of the party.
MAKAKALIKASAN (Nature Party Philippines) MAKAKALIKASAN Roy J. Cabonegro Ecologism Communitarian Unites local green/environmental movements, ecologists & environmentalists who are ready for green governance & politics through the principles of active non violence (ANV), ecological wisdom, social & ecological justice, grassroots democracy and personal & collective integrity to a national green political party to pursue the 15-Point GREEN AGENDA towards the GREEN NORMAL of sustainability & regeneration in a meaningful local communitarian experience as citizens of the planet. The Party considers itself completing the lost ecological dimension of the KATIPUNAN revolution.
Philippine Libertarian Party PHILIPA Julius Apud (interim chairman, Technical Working Group) Right-libertarianism Right-wing Emergent political party representing the local liberty movement; formerly an unregistered party list representing traders, innovators, and technologists for industrial modernization
Libertarian Conservative Party of the Philippines LCPP Manuel Cababan Libertarian conservatism Right-wing The political philosophy that seeks to enlighten and liberate the Filipinos.
Koalisyong Katoliko Kristiyano KKK Rizalito David Christian democracy Centre-right Emergent political party that is the offshoot of the Ang Kapatiran
Communist Party of the Philippines CPP Jose Maria Sison Marxism–Leninism–Maoism Far-left Offshoot of the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930
Lakas Partido Komunista LPK Ban James Lumacad / John Wendell Lagazo / Jefferson Magbutay Marxism–Leninism Far-left Separate youth entity
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 (Philippine Communist Party) PKP-1930 Antonio Paris Marxism–Leninism Far-left Established as Comintern Philippine branch
Marxist-Leninist Party of the Philippines (Marxista-Leninistang Partido ng Pilipinas) MLPP Caridad Magpantay Marxism–Leninism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 1997
Partido ng Manggagawang Pilipino – Pinagsanib (Filipino Workers Party) PMP-Pinagsanib Patricio Ramirez Syndicalism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 2001
Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Manggagagawa – Pilipinas (Revolutionary Workers' Party of the Philippines) RPM-P Arturo Tabara / Nilo dela Cruz Marxism–Leninism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 1998

Historical parties/coalitionsEdit

PartiesEdit

Major coalitionsEdit

Election year Administration Opposition
Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) was the incumbent.
1986 Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO)
Marcos was declared winner but was overthrown at the People Power Revolution days later. His supporters were forced into opposition.
1987 United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD)
In 1992, UNIDO broke up and the Marcos loyalists coalesced with the other parties. Fidel V. Ramos (Lakas-NUCD) won the presidential election and his supporters became the administration coalition
1995 Lakas-Laban Coalition Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC)
1998 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP)
In 2001, Joseph Estrada was overthrown at the 2001 EDSA Revolution; his supporters were forced into opposition.
2001 People Power Coalition (PPC) Puwersa ng Masa (PnM)
2004 Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4) Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP)
2007 TEAM Unity Genuine Opposition (GO)
In 2010, the anti-Arroyo forces were split into different parties: Aquino defeated Estrada and eight others to lead the government under the Liberal Party.
2010 Lakas Kampi CMD Liberal Party (LP)
Nacionalista Party (NP)
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP)
In 2013, the main opposition party Lakas–CMD (formerly as Lakas-Kampi CMD) has weakened following the arrest of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
Thus, the Estrada-Binay group established the United Nationalist Alliance as the main opposition party.
2013 Team PNoy United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)
2016 Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid (KDM) United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)
Partido ng Galing at Puso (PGP)
Coalition for Change
2019 Hugpong ng Pagbabago Otso Diretso

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "LP declared as dominant minority (7:57 p.m.)". Sunstar Manila. May 7, 2010. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Hugpong ng Pagbabago vs. Otso Diretso Debate Unlikely, Says Comelec. The Philippine Star. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  4. ^ Dominant parties: LP, UNA to get more perks, Rappler.
  5. ^ ‘Fair but firm’: Pacquiao installed as PDP-Laban national party president
  6. ^ "Philippines with Chinese characteristics? – The Manila Times Online". www.manilatimes.net. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  7. ^ Bertrand, J. (2013). Political Change in Southeast Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  8. ^ Berneo, N.; Yashar, D. (2016). Parties, Movements, and Democracy in the Developing World. New York: Cambridge University Press USA.
  9. ^ abs-cbnNEWS.com/Newsbreak, by Carmela Fonbuena. "JDV quits Lakas, won't join Lakas-Kampi". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  10. ^ "Major party-list groups join Lakas | Philstar.com". philstar.com. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  11. ^ "Values Charter – Liberal Party of the Philippines". Liberal Party of the Philippines. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  12. ^ https://www.esquiremag.ph/politics/news/political-parties-in-the-philippines-a00287-20190127-lfrm
  13. ^ COMELEC OKs Partido ABE Kapampangan Archived December 3, 2012, at Archive.today