1992 Philippine presidential election
Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. This was the first general election held under the 1987 Constitution. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the presidency down to municipal councilors.
Election results per province/city.
The new constitution limited the president to a single six-year term with no possibility of reelection, even if nonsuccessive. Although some of President Corazon Aquino's advisers suggested that she could run for a second term, as she was sworn in before the 1987 Constitution took effect, Aquino did not run again.
In the presidential election, retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas–NUCD narrowly defeated populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of the People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in the Philippine electoral history, and beat the previous election for the closest margin of victory, percentage-wise (this record would later be beaten by the 2004 election).
Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days but then was overtaken by Ramos in a few days. Santiago cried fraud and filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence. Various media personnel became witnesses to the fraud made in the election, where the phrase, 'Miriam won in the election, but lost in the counting' became popular. However, her protest was eventually dismissed by the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
The 1992 election was the second time both president and vice president came from different parties. Movie actor and Senator Joseph Estrada, running with presidential candidate Eduardo Cojuanco, won a six-year term as Vice-President.
Under the transitory provisions of the Constitution, 24 senators were elected in this election. The first 12 senators who garnered the highest votes would have six-year terms while the next 12 senators would have three-year terms. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. Television personality and Quezon City Vice Mayor Vicente Sotto III (also known as Tito Sotto) got the highest number of votes.
|Fidel V. Ramos||Lakas–NUCD (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats)||5,342,521||23.58%|
|Miriam Defensor-Santiago||People's Reform Party||4,468,173||19.72%|
|Eduardo Cojuangco Jr.||Nationalist People's Coalition||4,116,376||18.17%|
|Ramon Mitra Jr.||Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos)||3,316,661||14.64%|
|Imelda Marcos||Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement)||2,338,294||10.32%|
|Jovito Salonga||Liberal Party||2,302,123||10.16%|
|Salvador Laurel||Nacionalista Party (Nationalist Party)||770,046||3.40%|
|Cordillera Administrative Region||76,643||18.14||66,348||15.71||89,441||21.17||76,224||18.04||65,969||15.62||45,133||10.68||2,542||0.60|
|National Capital Region||679,171||20.53||990,288||29.94||572,301||17.30||193,398||5.84||379,846||11.47||438,048||13.24||54,273||1.64|
For Vice PresidentEdit
|Ramon Magsaysay Jr.||PRP||2,900,556||14.20%|
|Aquilino Pimentel Jr.||PDP-Laban||2,023,289||9.91%|
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